Columbia, Pennsylvania Population 2021

10,305
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Columbia is a city located in Lancaster County Pennsylvania. With a 2020 population of 10,305, it is the 65th largest city in Pennsylvania and the 3031st largest city in the United States . Columbia is currently declining at a rate of -0.24% annually and its population has decreased by -0.91% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,400 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 2 miles, Columbia has a population density of 4,269 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $55,852 with a poverty rate of 20.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $804 per month, and the median house value is $107,900. The median age in Columbia is 37.6 years, 36.3 years for males, and 39.9 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbiawas:

  • White: 81.74%
  • Black or African American: 13.16%
  • Two or more races: 2.96%
  • Other race: 1.11%
  • Asian: 0.63%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Columbia, Pennsylvania is 10,305 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,355.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,400.

Columbia, Pennsylvania Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White8,48681.74%
Black or African American1,36613.16%
Two or More Races3072.96%
Some Other Race1151.11%
Asian650.63%
American Indian and Alaska Native430.41%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbia Median Age

37.6


Total

36.3


Male

39.9


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 7,918 adults, (1,815 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

70.1

Age Dependency Ratio

29.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

5,364

51.67%

Male

5,018

48.33%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female25.2%74.8%
Non Family39.7%60.3%
Male44.8%55.2%
All52.3%47.7%
Married83.4%16.6%

52.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All4,3832.3252.3
Non Family1,8221.1639.7
Married1,5033.0883.4
Female7993.2825.2
Male2593.144.8

3.03

Average Family Size

2.32

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2393.36%
9th to 12th Grade89312.56%
High School Graduate3,19144.88%
Some College1,03714.59%
Associates Degree6579.24%
Bachelors Degree80211.28%
Graduate Degree2914.09%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White5,7334,863882
Black802609105
Hispanic52343072
2+ Races927119
Other Race7676
Asian534444
Native American4343

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 83.02%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,023$38,220$30,535
Less Than 9th Grade$27,930$31,607$24,044
High School Graduate$31,179$36,556$27,239
Some College$32,263$39,038$30,383
Bachelors Degree$42,759$48,583$34,750
Graduate Degree$51,818$$62,250

$32,023

Average Earnings

$38,220

Average Male

$30,535

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

89.15% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 10.85% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.81% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White7,25690812.51%
Hispanic1,40068248.71%
Black1,36041730.66%
Multiple26616160.53%
Other1155245.22%

20.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.11%

Male Poverty Rate

22.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Multiple, with 60.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 12.51% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.14%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.65%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade21.08%
Some College13.92%
High School12.96%
Bachelors or Greater3.94%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed48.09%
Male Unemployed20.86%
Female Employed12.16%
Male Employed4.46%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$41,475$55,852
Families$47,835$67,092
Married Families$70,225-
Non Families$30,150$36,806
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.7%

Male Marriage Rate

36.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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581

Number of Veterans

511

Male Veterans

70

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam188
First Gulf War112
Second Gulf War52
World War II43
Korea35

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54154
65 to 74141
55 to 64132
75+126
18 to 3428

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5498.25%
Black323.39%
Hispanic91.10%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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11.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.03%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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60.1%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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77.47%

Born in Columbia

96.47%

Native Born

3.53%

Foreign Born

1.68%

Non Citizen

1.85%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.47% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 77.47% having been born in Pennsylvania. 1.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202110,305-25-0.24%
202010,330-25-0.24%
201910,355-25-0.24%
201810,380-17-0.16%
201710,39710.01%
201610,396-9-0.09%
201510,405-7-0.07%
201410,41270.07%
201310,40590.09%
201210,39610.01%
201110,39530.03%
201010,392810.08%
200010,311-390-0.37%
199010,7012350.22%
198010,466-771-0.71%
197011,237-838-0.72%
196012,075820.07%
195011,9934460.38%
194011,5471980.17%
193011,3495130.46%
192010,836-618-0.55%
191011,454-862-0.72%
190012,3161,7171.51%
189010,5992,2872.46%
18808,3121,8512.55%
18706,4611,4542.58%
18605,0078671.92%
18504,1401,4214.29%
18402,7190.00%

Columbia Population by Year