Columbia, Tennessee Population 2021

42,281
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Columbia is a city located in Maury County Tennessee. It is also the county seat of Maury County. With a 2020 population of 42,281, it is the 19th largest city in Tennessee and the 929th largest city in the United States . Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 2.36% annually and its population has increased by 21.91% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 34,681 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 33 miles, Columbia has a population density of 1,282 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $59,966 with a poverty rate of 13.94%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $864 per month, and the median house value is $151,000. The median age in Columbia is 36.5 years, 35.2 years for males, and 37.9 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbiawas:

  • White: 75.66%
  • Black or African American: 18.45%
  • Two or more races: 3.98%
  • Other race: 1.25%
  • Asian: 0.43%
  • Native American: 0.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Columbia, Tennessee is 42,281 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 40,335.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 34,681.

Columbia, Tennessee Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White29,03875.66%
Black or African American7,08318.45%
Two or More Races1,5283.98%
Some Other Race4811.25%
Asian1640.43%
American Indian and Alaska Native670.17%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander190.05%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbia Median Age

36.5


Total

35.2


Male

37.9


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 28,661 adults, (5,448 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

65.3

Age Dependency Ratio

23.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

20,384

53.11%

Male

17,996

46.89%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female28.4%71.6%
Male43.1%56.9%
Non Family49.5%50.5%
All57.3%42.7%
Married80.6%19.4%

57.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All15,0702.4857.3
Married5,9753.1780.6
Non Family5,2151.1949.5
Female2,9623.1228.4
Male9183.1943.1

3.09

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9173.57%
9th to 12th Grade1,8017.01%
High School Graduate9,71037.81%
Some College5,77022.47%
Associates Degree2,66610.38%
Bachelors Degree3,10112.07%
Graduate Degree1,7186.69%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White18,62416,9073,994
Black4,7054,153508
Hispanic1,6821,285178
2+ Races45945982
Other Race33926265
Asian12010443
Native American676714
Islander1212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 35.83%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,647$41,120$30,595
Less Than 9th Grade$23,237$28,681$17,909
High School Graduate$30,223$35,325$25,699
Some College$37,533$46,336$31,758
Bachelors Degree$42,918$47,500$34,460
Graduate Degree$56,733$70,650$52,003

$34,647

Average Earnings

$41,120

Average Male

$30,595

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

92.25% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 7.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.94% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White25,4012,61210.28%
Black6,8361,31119.18%
Hispanic3,50191626.16%
Multiple1,52349532.50%
Other4819018.71%
Native675379.10%
Asian1644024.39%

13.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.30%

Male Poverty Rate

16.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Native, with 79.10% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 10.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.39%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.80%
High School13.53%
Some College9.38%
Bachelors or Greater3.90%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed25.58%
Male Unemployed16.85%
Female Employed8.62%
Male Employed4.84%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$49,284$59,966
Families$56,765$67,067
Married Families$71,496-
Non Families$33,777$44,012
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

39.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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2,020

Number of Veterans

1,859

Male Veterans

161

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam738
First Gulf War446
Second Gulf War329
Korea143
World War II75

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74567
55 to 64525
75+385
35 to 54370
18 to 34173

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,5597.06%
Black3606.62%
Other Race5615.34%
2+ Races458.08%
Hispanic442.17%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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6.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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62%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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61.18%

Born in Columbia

95.90%

Native Born

4.10%

Foreign Born

2.65%

Non Citizen

1.45%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.90% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 61.18% having been born in Tennessee. 2.65% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202142,2819732.36%
202041,3089732.41%
201940,3359732.47%
201839,3621,0042.62%
201738,3581,0942.94%
201637,2647271.99%
201536,5376301.75%
201435,9075011.42%
201335,4065001.43%
201234,9061110.32%
201134,795650.19%
201034,7301,6750.50%
200033,0554,4721.46%
199028,5832,0120.73%
198026,5715,1002.15%
197021,4713,8471.99%
196017,6246,7134.91%
195010,9113320.31%
194010,5792,6972.99%
19307,8822,3563.61%
19205,526-228-0.40%
19105,754-298-0.50%
19006,0526821.20%
18905,3701,9704.68%
18803,4008502.92%
18702,550-1,519-4.57%
18604,0691,0923.17%
18502,9770.00%

Columbia Population by Year