Columbia, Tennessee Population 2020

41,508

Columbia is a city located in Tennessee. With a 2020 population of 41,508, it is the 19th largest city in Tennessee and the 944th largest city in the United States. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 2.64% annually and its population has increased by 19.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 34,681 in 2010. Spanning over 33 miles, Columbia has a population density of 1,259 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $56,044 with a poverty rate of 18.01%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $831 per month, and the median house value is $137,800. The median age in Columbia is 36.8 years, 35.6 years for males, and 38.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 87.0 males.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 75.35%
  • Black or African American: 19.65%
  • Two or more races: 2.84%
  • Other race: 1.19%
  • Asian: 0.76%
  • Native American: 0.16%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Columbia, Tennessee is 41,508, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 39,376.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 34,681.

Columbia, Tennessee Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White28,22275.35%
Black or African American7,36119.65%
Two or More Races1,0652.84%
Some Other Race4451.19%
Asian2840.76%
American Indian and Alaska Native590.16%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander190.05%

Columbia Population Pyramid 2020

Columbia Median Age

36.8


Total

35.6


Male

38.5


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 27,986 adults, (5,615 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

67.4

Age Dependency Ratio

25.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

20,032

53.48%

Male

17,423

46.52%

Columbia Households and Families

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.7%24.3%
All55.1%44.9%
Male48.4%51.6%
Non Family46.7%53.3%
Female31%69%

55.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All14,6382.4955.1
Married5,7113.1475.7
Non Family5,2041.1846.7
Female2,8313.2631
Male8923.4548.4

3.12

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

4.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Columbia Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,1614.63%
9th to 12th Grade1,9577.80%
High School Graduate9,31737.14%
Some College5,56722.19%
Associates Degree2,56410.22%
Bachelors Degree2,97811.87%
Graduate Degree1,5456.16%

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White18,18916,1913,864
Black4,7654,088405
Hispanic1,5841,176156
Other Race32726260
Multiple Races23923937
Asian19918751
Native American595910
Islander1111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 25.63%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,876$38,764$28,608
Less Than High School$21,297$29,063$17,774
High School Grad$28,371$32,264$24,675
Some College$32,367$41,956$30,518
Bachelors Degree$40,731$44,519$34,450
Graduate Degree$51,959$54,491$50,239

$31,876

Average Earnings

$38,764

Average Male

$28,608

Average Female

Columbia Language

Columbia Language by Age

Columbia Language

91.55% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 8.45% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.92% of the population.

Columbia Poverty

Columbia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White24,5163,22013.13%
Black7,1311,75324.58%
Hispanic3,3371,06231.82%
Multiple1,05930628.90%
Asian28417360.92%
Other4387817.81%
Native594983.05%

18.01%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.24%

Male Poverty Rate

20.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Native, with 83.05% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 13.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.80%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.67%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.24%
High School15.80%
Some College10.07%
Bachelors or Greater5.11%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed34.40%
Female Unemployed24.53%
Female Employed12.05%
Male Employed6.41%

Columbia Income

Columbia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,343$56,044
Families$53,378$64,266
Married Families$67,473-
Non Families$29,388$38,684

Columbia Marital Status

Columbia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.9%

Male Marriage Rate

38.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Columbia Veterans

2,143

Number of Veterans

2,060

Male Veterans

83

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam809
First Gulf War460
Second Gulf War407
Korea167
World War II81
Age Group Veterans
65 to 74582
55 to 64557
75+390
35 to 54390
18 to 34224
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,7127.97%
Black3596.45%
Other7219.94%
Hispanic412.10%

$Columbia Veterans by Education

4.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Employment Status

59.2%

Labor Force Participation

56%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

60.01%

Born in Tennessee

94.98%

Native Born

5.02%

Foreign Born

3.43%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.98% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 60.01% having been born in Tennessee. 3.43% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202041,5081,0662.64%
201940,4421,0662.71%
201839,3761,0842.83%
201738,2921,0662.86%
201637,2267181.97%
201536,5086191.72%
201435,8895191.47%
201335,3705251.51%
201234,845860.25%
201134,759280.08%
201034,7311,6760.50%
200033,0554,4721.46%
199028,5832,0120.73%
198026,5715,1002.15%
197021,4713,8471.99%
196017,6246,7134.91%
195010,9113320.31%
194010,5792,6972.99%
19307,8822,3563.61%
19205,526-228-0.40%
19105,754-298-0.50%
19006,0526821.20%
18905,3701,9704.68%
18803,4008502.92%
18702,550-1,519-4.57%
18604,0691,0923.17%
18502,9770.00%