Columbus, New Mexico Population 2023

1,475

Columbus is a city located in Luna County New Mexico. With a 2023 population of 1,475, it is the 54th largest city in New Mexico and the 8730th largest city in the United States.Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.55% annually and its population has increased by 1.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,451 in 2020. Spanning over 5 miles, Columbus has a population density of 316 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $24,420 with a poverty rate of 41.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbus is 31.4 years, 26.8 years for males, and 42.3 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 99.71%
  • Other race: 0.29%
  • Black or African American: 0%
  • Native American: 0%
  • Asian: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
  • Two or more races: 0%
The current population of Columbus, New Mexico is 1,475 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,451.

Columbus, New Mexico Population 2023

Population by Race

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White

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Two or more races

Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid 2023

Columbus Median Age

31.4

Total

26.8

Male

42.3

Female

Columbus Adults

There are 750 adults, (143 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

72

Age Dependency Ratio

23.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female48045.98%
Male56454.02%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.66

Average Family Size

3.04

Average Household Size

72.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbus Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 46.95%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 14.63%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$11,950

Average Earnings

$15,417

Average Male

$9,904

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbus Language

20.65% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 79.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 79.35% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

rate

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41.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

28.01%

Male Poverty Rate

41.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Hispanic, with 47.76% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is White, with 15.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 23.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.03%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.28%.

Columbus Poverty

rate

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Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.1%

Male Marriage Rate

45.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbus Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

52

Number of Veterans

52

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

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Columbus Veterans by War

count

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Columbus Veterans by Age

count

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Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

0%

Veteran Poverty Rate

57.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

49.6%

Labor Force Participation

42.5%

Employment Rate

14.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

27.22%

Born in Columbus

45.28%

Native Born

26.67%

Foreign Born

21.02%

Non Citizen

5.65%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

45.28% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 27.22% having been born in New Mexico. 21.02% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbus Place of Birth

Note: data after 2021 is projected based on recent change
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Columbus Population by Year