Columbus, New Mexico Population 2024

1,493

Columbus is a city located in Luna County New Mexico. Columbus has a 2024 population of 1,493. Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.95% annually and its population has increased by 3.75% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,439 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbus is $34,022 with a poverty rate of 27.71%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbus is 31.4 years, 33.8 years for males, and 28.3 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 69.32%
  • Two or more races: 30.68%
  • Black or African American: 0%
  • Native American: 0%
  • Asian: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
  • Other race: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
4.7 sq mi
Density (mi²)
320.0/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
3.75% (54)
The current population of Columbus, New Mexico is 1,493 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,439.

Columbus, New Mexico Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White88869.32%
Two or more races39330.68%
Black or African American00%
Native American00%
Asian00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%
Other race00%

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid 2024

Columbus Median Age

31.4

Total

33.8

Male

28.3

Female

Columbus Adults

There are 857 adults, (177 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

88.4

Age Dependency Ratio

26

Old Age Dependency Ratio

62.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female67152.38%
Male61047.62%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All4452.8856.243.8
Married1713.9871.328.7
Non Family1501.213664
Female1053.4452.447.6
Male193.051000

3.73

Average Family Size

2.88

Average Household Size

56.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbus Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20025.94%
9th to 12th Grade21928.4%
High School Graduate9812.71%
Some College11314.66%
Associates Degree455.84%
Bachelors Degree557.13%
Graduate Degree415.32%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Hispanic64725961
2+ Races21511661
White1249335

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 28.37%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$17,174$27,750$12,400
Less Than 9th Grade$14,432$0$9,722
High School Graduate$0$0$0
Some College$70,861$0$0
Bachelors Degree$0$0$0
Graduate Degree$0$0$0

$17,174

Average Earnings

$27,750

Average Male

$12,400

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbus Language

13.2% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 86.8% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 86.8% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,15729525.5%
White1246048.39%
Multiple393287.12%

27.71%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.56%

Male Poverty Rate

28.76%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is White, with 48.39% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Multiple, with 7.12% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 17.44%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.99%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.25%.

Columbus Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School43.88%
Less Than 9th Grade32.46%
Some College18.99%
Bachelors or Greater11.46%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Employed29.35%
Male Unemployed21.88%
Male Employed16.35%
Female Unemployed0%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$26,549$34,022
Families$30,031$41,900
Married Families$29,148$-999,999,999
Non Families$14,674$18,528

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbus Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

97

Number of Veterans

97

Male Veterans

0

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam38
Korea19
Second Gulf War0
First Gulf War0
World War II0

Columbus Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
75+83
65 to 7414
18 to 340
35 to 540
55 to 640

Columbus Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White7812.15%
2+ Races198.84%
Hispanic192.59%

Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

14.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.02%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

51.5%

Labor Force Participation

44.5%

Employment Rate

13.7%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

44.89%

Born in Columbus

63.15%

Native Born

36.85%

Foreign Born

22.01%

Non Citizen

14.83%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

63.15% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 44.89% having been born in New Mexico. 22.01% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbus Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20291,560130.84%
20281,547140.91%
20271,533130.86%
20261,520140.93%
20251,506130.87%
20241,493140.95%
20231,479130.89%
20221,466201.38%
20211,44670.49%
20201,439-172-10.68%
20191,611-9-0.56%
20181,620-16-0.98%
20171,636-14-0.85%
20161,65010.06%
20151,649-3-0.18%
20141,652-8-0.48%
20131,660-22-1.31%
20121,682-12-0.71%
20111,69430.18%
20101,69100%

Columbus Population by Year