Cortland, New York Population 2021

18,696
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Cortland is a city located in Cortland County New York. With a 2020 population of 18,696, it is the 46th largest city in New York and the 1958th largest city in the United States . Cortland is currently growing at a rate of 0.07% annually but its population has decreased by -2.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 19,204 in 2010. Cortland reached it's highest population of 20,138 in 1980. Spanning over 4 miles, Cortland has a population density of 4,801 people per square mile.

The average household income in Cortland is $58,634 with a poverty rate of 27.02%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $754 per month, and the median house value is $109,400. The median age in Cortland is 27.5 years, 28.5 years for males, and 26.6 years for females.

Cortland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cortland was:

  • White: 92.64%
  • Black or African American: 3.76%
  • Two or more races: 2.28%
  • Other race: 0.82%
  • Asian: 0.50%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Cortland, New York is 18,696 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 18,657.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 19,204.

Cortland, New York Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202147,299-141-0.30%
202047,440-141-0.30%
201947,581-141-0.30%
201847,722-93-0.19%
201747,815-100-0.21%
201647,915-375-0.78%
201548,290-450-0.93%
201448,740-165-0.34%
201348,905-118-0.24%
201249,023-357-0.73%
201149,3801010.20%
201049,2790.00%

Cortland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White17,36092.64%
Black or African American7043.76%
Two or More Races4272.28%
Some Other Race1540.82%
Asian940.50%
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Cortland Population by Race

Cortland Population Pyramid $2021

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Cortland Median Age

27.5


Total

28.5


Male

26.6


Female

Cortland Adults

There are 15,859 adults, (2,405 of whom are seniors) in Cortland.

Cortland Age Dependency

39.3

Age Dependency Ratio

17.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Cortland Sex Ratio

Female

10,073

53.75%

Male

8,666

46.25%

Cortland Population by Age

Cortland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Cortland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.3%19.7%
All46.7%53.3%
Female40.1%59.9%
Male37%63%
Non Family27.3%72.7%

46.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Cortland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All6,6572.3646.7
Non Family3,3531.6727.3
Married2,1862.9780.3
Female7613.2740.1
Male3573.2737

2.85

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

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Cortland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3473.45%
9th to 12th Grade6846.81%
High School Graduate3,03330.18%
Some College1,95319.43%
Associates Degree1,26212.56%
Bachelors Degree1,55215.44%
Graduate Degree1,21812.12%
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Cortland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Cortland Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White9,3068,3132,610
Hispanic34032071
Black29127861
2+ Races13913473
Other Race1281278
Asian282810

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 52.52%.

Cortland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,875$40,630$28,837
Less Than 9th Grade$25,588$26,429$18,571
High School Graduate$27,575$35,352$25,302
Some College$35,500$39,519$30,221
Bachelors Degree$39,941$50,658$34,432
Graduate Degree$54,828$55,250$54,457

$34,875

Average Earnings

$40,630

Average Male

$28,837

Average Female

Cortland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Cortland Language by Age

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Cortland Language

96.98% of Cortland residents speak only English, while 3.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.58% of the population.

Cortland Language

Cortland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White14,3553,80926.53%
Hispanic54425847.43%
Multiple34317751.60%
Black4916813.85%
Other1283325.78%
Asian28621.43%

27.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.17%

Male Poverty Rate

32.08%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cortland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cortland is Multiple, with 51.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cortland is Black, with 13.85% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 42.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.08%.

Cortland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade39.94%
High School21.59%
Bachelors or Greater11.73%
Some College10.21%

Cortland Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed63.22%
Male Unemployed44.81%
Female Employed21.76%
Male Employed11.47%

Cortland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Cortland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$44,317$58,634
Families$60,943$76,156
Married Families$74,265-
Non Families$28,100$37,157
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Income by Household Type

Cortland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.5%

Male Marriage Rate

27.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Cortland Married by Age and Sex

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Cortland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Cortland Marital Status by Race

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Cortland Marital Status

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931

Number of Veterans

828

Male Veterans

103

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War251
Vietnam248
First Gulf War159
World War II82
Korea64

Cortland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
55 to 64242
35 to 54213
75+191
65 to 74177
18 to 34108

Cortland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White9186.21%
Hispanic336.69%
Other Race138.78%

Cortland Veterans by Race

Cortland Veterans by Education

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15.61%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.30%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cortland Veterans by Education

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57.9%

Labor Force Participation

54.9%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Cortland Employment by Age

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Cortland Employment by Race

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Cortland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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86.80%

Born in Cortland

98.12%

Native Born

1.88%

Foreign Born

0.64%

Non Citizen

1.25%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.12% of Cortland residents were born in the United States, with 86.80% having been born in New York. 0.64% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Cortland Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202118,696130.07%
202018,683130.07%
201918,670130.07%
201818,657-60-0.32%
201718,717-45-0.24%
201618,762-100-0.53%
201518,862-186-0.98%
201419,048-111-0.58%
201319,159630.33%
201219,096-202-1.05%
201119,2981210.63%
201019,1774370.23%
200018,740-1,061-0.55%
199019,801-337-0.17%
198020,1385170.26%
197019,6214400.23%
196019,1811,0290.55%
195018,1522,2711.35%
194015,8818380.54%
193015,0431,7491.24%
192013,2941,7901.46%
191011,5042,4902.47%
19009,0144240.48%
18908,5904,5407.81%
18804,0509842.82%
18703,0660.00%

Cortland Population by Year