Dayton, Ohio Population 2022

136,868
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Dayton is a city located in Greene County and Montgomery County Ohio. Dayton has a 2020 population of 136,868. It is also the county seat of Montgomery County. Dayton is currently declining at a rate of -0.28% annually and its population has decreased by -0.56% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 137,644 in 2010.

The average household income in Dayton is $46,430 with a poverty rate of 29.56%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $724 per month, and the median house value is $69,400. The median age in Dayton is 33 years, 31.6 years for males, and 34.4 years for females.

Part of Dayton is located in neighboring Greene County. The city is the sixth most populous in the state, and its metro area is the fourth largest in Ohio.

Dayton Population, Age, and Labor Statistics

The top employer of Dayton is Premier Health Partners, which employs over 14,000 people. Other top employers are Montgomery County, Sinclair Community College, Dayton Public Schools and the University of Dayton.

Dayton Population Growth

Through the 1960s, Dayton experienced significant growth, exceeding 116,000 residents in 1910 and then surpassing 200,000 in 1930. The population peaked at the time of the 1960 census, which showed that there were 262,332 residents. However, the population began to drop after, falling to 141,759 at the time of the 2010 census. Recent estimates show that the population has fallen 0.9% since the last census, indicating that the loss in population may be slowing down and efforts to revitalize the city may be successful.

The city of Dayton was founded in 1796 by the Thompson Party. Other groups arrived shortly after that to the area. Just one year later, the “Mad River Country” was open to settlers, and an overland connection was created between the city and Cincinnati. Dayton was incorporated as a city in 1805 and was named in honor of the Revolutionary War captain Jonathan Dayton.

In the 1820s, the Dayton-Cincinnati canal was constructed. This provided means for transporting goods and helped boost the city’s economy throughout the 19th century. It was during this time that many essential items were invented in Dayton, including the first mechanical cash register and the hydraulic jump.

It was the invention of the cash register that led to the formation of the National Cash Register Company in the late 1800s. This began Dayton’s journey into manufacturing, which would only continue to bolster the economy in the years ahead. A manufacturing boom occurred during World War II, and the population grew so rapidly that emergency housing was constructed.

The city continued to grow through the 1970s as veterans came to the area for the industrial and manufacturing opportunities that were available. There was also a suburban boom as the city expanded and over 127,000 homes were constructed in the 1950s.

However, this population boom didn’t last. Beginning in the 1980s, the population began to decline because of the national housing crisis of 2008 and the loss of manufacturing jobs. The city has taken steps to boost its growth, including diversifying the workforce and expanding the downtown area.

Dayton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Daytonwas:

  • White: 54.15%
  • Black or African American: 38.92%
  • Two or more races: 3.84%
  • Other race: 1.55%
  • Asian: 1.10%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
The current population of Dayton, Ohio is 136,868 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 137,644.

Dayton, Ohio Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010799,6720.00%
2011800,8581,1860.15%
2012801,6037450.09%
2013801,390-213-0.03%
2014801,017-373-0.05%
2015800,124-893-0.11%
2016801,6611,5370.19%
2017803,2331,5720.20%
2018805,0881,8550.23%
2019807,6112,5230.31%
2020810,1342,5230.31%
2021812,6572,5230.31%

Dayton Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White76,05654.15%
Black or African American54,66038.92%
American Indian and Alaska Native4870.35%
Asian1,5411.10%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1240.09%
Some Other Race2,1801.55%
Two or More Races5,3963.84%
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Dayton Population by Race

Dayton Population Pyramid 2022

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Dayton Median Age

33.5


Total

32.1


Male

34.7


Female

Dayton Adults

There are 111,082 adults, (18,286 of whom are seniors) in Dayton.

Dayton Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Dayton Sex Ratio

Female

70,982

50.54%

Male

69,462

49.46%

Dayton Population by Age

Dayton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Dayton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.7%26.3%
All47.1%52.9%
Male42.7%57.3%
Non Family41.2%58.8%
Female31.6%68.4%

47.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Dayton Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All58,7482.1647.1
Married14,1803.1273.7
Male2,8533.1142.7
Female12,2343.1131.6
Non Family29,4811.241.2

2.99

Average Family Size

2.16

Average Household Size

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Dayton Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,2723.66%
9th to 12th Grade10,61311.86%
High School Graduate26,29929.40%
Some College24,84527.77%
Associates Degree7,9758.91%
Bachelors Degree10,43411.66%
Graduate Degree6,0276.74%
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Dayton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Dayton Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian1,031911597
Islander19194
White47,68740,7689,920
2+ Races2,1332,041378
Black35,71830,0305,227
Hispanic2,9121,865376
Other Race87745178
Native American3122373

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.90%.

Dayton Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,332$33,641$26,898
Less Than 9th Grade$19,300$24,326$14,705
High School Graduate$25,938$30,133$21,906
Some College$30,018$34,216$26,020
Bachelors Degree$42,430$50,844$39,253
Graduate Degree$58,545$62,308$56,679

$30,332

Average Earnings

$33,641

Average Male

$26,898

Average Female

Dayton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Dayton Language by Age

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Dayton Language

93.47% of Dayton residents speak only English, while 6.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.87% of the population.

Dayton Language

Dayton Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native47825753.77%
Black53,44719,88437.20%
Hispanic5,8861,84931.41%
Multiple5,1941,61931.17%
Islander1243729.84%
White62,18214,20022.84%
Asian1,46532522.18%
Other879NaN%

29.56%

Overall Poverty Rate

29.04%

Male Poverty Rate

30.05%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Dayton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Native, with 53.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.77%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.93%.

Dayton Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade40.97%
High School27.22%
Some College22.47%
Bachelors or Greater8.68%

Dayton Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed12.74%
Male Unemployed40.21%
Female Employed16.01%
Female Unemployed64.40%

Dayton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Dayton Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$34,457$49,544
Families$43,485$59,568
Married Families$71,143$84,533
Non Families$24,837$37,103
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Income by Household Type

Dayton Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

27.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

27.9%

Male Marriage Rate

26.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Dayton Married by Age and Sex

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Dayton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Dayton Marital Status by Race

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Dayton Marital Status

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9,021

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,782
First Gulf War1,782
Vietnam2,854
Korea442
World War II119

Dayton Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34972
35 to 542,107
55 to 642,547
65 to 741,949
75+1,446

Dayton Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,5648.69%
Black3,0617.48%
Native American92.52%
Asian100.73%
Other Race574.91%
2+ Races32011.24%
Hispanic2476.42%

Dayton Veterans by Race

Dayton Veterans by Education

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10.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.66%

Veteran Disability Rate

Dayton Veterans by Education

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58.7%

Labor Force Participation

52.4%

Employment Rate

10.3%

Unemployment Rate

Dayton Employment by Age

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Dayton Employment by Race

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Dayton Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.34%

Born in Dayton

95.13%

Native Born

4.87%

Foreign Born

2.84%

Non Citizen

2.03%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.13% of Dayton residents were born in the United States, with 71.34% having been born in Ohio. 2.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Dayton Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18104000.00%
18201,0006009.60%
18302,9501,95011.42%
18406,0673,1177.48%
185010,9774,9106.11%
186020,0819,1046.23%
187030,47310,3924.26%
188038,6788,2052.41%
189061,22022,5424.70%
190085,33324,1133.38%
1910116,57731,2443.17%
1920152,55935,9822.73%
1930200,98248,4232.79%
1940210,7189,7360.47%
1950243,87233,1541.47%
1960262,33218,4600.73%
1970243,023-19,309-0.76%
1980193,536-49,487-2.25%
1990182,044-11,492-0.61%
2000166,179-15,865-0.91%
2010141,527-24,652-1.59%
2011141,139-388-0.27%
2012140,751-388-0.27%
2013140,363-388-0.28%
2014139,975-388-0.28%
2015139,587-388-0.28%
2016139,199-388-0.28%
2017138,811-388-0.28%
2018138,423-388-0.28%
2019138,035-388-0.28%
2020137,644-391-0.28%
2021137,256-388-0.28%
2022136,868-388-0.28%

Dayton Population by Year