Effingham, Illinois Population 2024

12,099

Effingham is a city located in Effingham County Illinois. Effingham has a 2024 population of 12,099. It is also the county seat of Effingham County.Effingham is currently declining at a rate of -0.45% annually and its population has decreased by -1.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 12,290 in 2020.

The average household income in Effingham is $79,543 with a poverty rate of 16.38%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Effingham is 37.1 years, 36.5 years for males, and 39.7 years for females.

Effingham Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Effingham was:

  • White: 94.14%
  • Two or more races: 2.19%
  • Black or African American: 1.72%
  • Asian: 1.17%
  • Other race: 0.76%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
10.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,182.70/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.55% (-191)
The current population of Effingham, Illinois is 12,099 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 12,290.

Effingham, Illinois Population 2024

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Effingham Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White11,52694.14%
Two or more races2682.19%
Black or African American2101.72%
Asian1431.17%
Other race930.76%
Native American40.03%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Effingham Population by Race

Effingham Population Pyramid 2024

Effingham Median Age

37.1

Total

36.5

Male

39.7

Female

Effingham Adults

There are 9,433 adults, (2,404 of whom are seniors) in Effingham.

Effingham Age Dependency

74.2

Age Dependency Ratio

34.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40

Child Dependency Ratio

Effingham Sex Ratio

Female6,53153.34%
Male5,71346.66%

Effingham Population by Age

Effingham Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All5,1402.3163.636.4
Non Family2,1721.274753
Married2,1013.088614
Female6653.0849.550.5
Male2022.9555.944.1
showing: 5 rows

2.97

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

63.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Effingham Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Effingham Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Effingham Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

Effingham Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$42,151

Average Earnings

$48,261

Average Male

$35,444

Average Female

Effingham Earnings by Educational Attainment

Effingham Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Effingham Language

93.49% of Effingham residents speak only English, while 6.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.17% of the population.

Effingham Language

Effingham Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White10,8111,64815.24%
Black20413767.16%
Hispanic50911923.38%
Multiple2684215.67%
showing: 4 rows

16.38%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.9%

Male Poverty Rate

19.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Effingham

The race most likely to be in poverty in Effingham is Black, with 67.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Effingham is White, with 15.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.2%.

Effingham Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade22.92%
High School21.15%
Some College7.99%
Bachelors or Greater1.01%
showing: 4 rows

Effingham Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed30.87%
Female Unemployed29.63%
Female Employed12.16%
Male Employed4.25%
showing: 4 rows

Effingham Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Effingham Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Effingham Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.6%

Male Marriage Rate

44.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Effingham Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Effingham Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Effingham Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Effingham Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

570

Number of Veterans

519

Male Veterans

51

Female Veterans

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Effingham Veterans by War

count

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Effingham Veterans by Age

count

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Effingham Veterans by Race

Effingham Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

12.4%

Veteran Poverty Rate

44.66%

Veteran Disability Rate

Effingham Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

64%

Labor Force Participation

62.1%

Employment Rate

2.9%

Unemployment Rate

Effingham Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Effingham Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Effingham Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

81.22%

Born in Effingham

95.66%

Native Born

4.34%

Foreign Born

2.63%

Non Citizen

1.71%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.66% of Effingham residents were born in the United States, with 81.22% having been born in Illinois. 2.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Effingham Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202911,824-55-0.46%
202811,879-55-0.46%
202711,934-55-0.46%
202611,989-55-0.46%
202512,044-55-0.45%
202412,099-55-0.45%
202312,154-55-0.45%
202212,209-55-0.45%
202112,264-26-0.21%
202012,290-262-2.09%
201912,552-79-0.63%
201812,631390.31%
201712,592130.1%
201612,579460.37%
201512,533330.26%
201412,500-14-0.11%
201312,514-20-0.16%
201212,534130.1%
201112,5211761.43%
201012,345-39-0.31%
200012,3845334.5%
199011,8515815.16%
198011,2701,81219.16%
19709,4581,28615.74%
19608,1721,28018.57%
19506,89271211.52%
19406,1801,20224.15%
19304,97895423.71%
19204,0241263.23%
19103,8981243.29%
19003,77451415.77%
18903,2601956.36%
18803,065
showing: 33 rows

Effingham Population by Year