Effingham, Illinois Population 2021

12,323
map placeholder

Effingham is a city located in Effingham County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Effingham County. With a 2020 population of 12,323, it is the 193rd largest city in Illinois and the 2663rd largest city in the United States . Effingham is currently declining at a rate of -0.76% annually and its population has decreased by -0.04% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 12,328 in 2010. Effingham reached it's highest population of 12,605 in 2018. Spanning over 10 miles, Effingham has a population density of 1,205 people per square mile.

The average household income in Effingham is $68,927 with a poverty rate of 15.64%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $599 per month, and the median house value is $126,800. The median age in Effingham is 36.7 years, 36 years for males, and 37.1 years for females.

Effingham Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Effingham was:

  • White: 94.44%
  • Other race: 1.67%
  • Black or African American: 1.49%
  • Two or more races: 1.39%
  • Asian: 0.93%
  • Native American: 0.08%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Effingham, Illinois is 12,323 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 12,605.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 12,328.

Effingham, Illinois Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202133,662-173-0.51%
202033,835-173-0.51%
201934,008-173-0.51%
201834,181580.17%
201734,123-47-0.14%
201634,170-32-0.09%
201534,202800.23%
201434,122-95-0.28%
201334,217-56-0.16%
201234,27330.01%
201134,270460.13%
201034,2240.00%

Effingham Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White11,86594.44%
Some Other Race2101.67%
Black or African American1871.49%
Two or More Races1741.39%
Asian1170.93%
American Indian and Alaska Native100.08%
Loading...

Effingham Population by Race

Effingham Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Effingham Median Age

36.7


Total

36


Male

37.1


Female

Effingham Adults

There are 9,629 adults, (2,162 of whom are seniors) in Effingham.

Effingham Age Dependency

68.2

Age Dependency Ratio

29

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Effingham Sex Ratio

Female

6,725

53.53%

Male

5,838

46.47%

Effingham Population by Age

Effingham Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Effingham Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.9%23.1%
Male61%39%
All59.7%40.3%
Non Family46.7%53.3%
Female45.9%54.1%

59.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Effingham Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All5,3362.2859.7
Non Family2,2551.2146.7
Married2,1603.0576.9
Female5883.0445.9
Male3333.2261

2.93

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

Loading...

Effingham Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4034.64%
9th to 12th Grade3213.69%
High School Graduate3,07235.35%
Some College1,88021.63%
Associates Degree1,07712.39%
Bachelors Degree1,25414.43%
Graduate Degree6847.87%
Loading...

Effingham Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Effingham Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White8,1207,4791,785
Hispanic29521649
Black131996
2+ Races10010038
Other Race956337
Asian787860
Native American1010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.92%.

Effingham Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,343$40,100$25,745
Less Than 9th Grade$18,167$22,917$
High School Graduate$27,083$35,107$16,903
Some College$32,292$40,282$26,114
Bachelors Degree$42,331$44,127$38,173
Graduate Degree$63,750$86,103$46,806

$32,343

Average Earnings

$40,100

Average Male

$25,745

Average Female

Effingham Earnings by Educational Attainment

Effingham Language by Age

Loading...

Effingham Language

93.91% of Effingham residents speak only English, while 6.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.17% of the population.

Effingham Language

Effingham Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White11,1841,63714.64%
Hispanic59813422.41%
Multiple1749856.32%
Black1682011.90%
Asian1171815.38%

15.64%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.17%

Male Poverty Rate

16.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Effingham

The race most likely to be in poverty in Effingham is Multiple, with 56.32% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Effingham is Black, with 11.90% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.22%.

Effingham Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.44%
High School18.26%
Some College10.73%
Bachelors or Greater4.21%

Effingham Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed31.06%
Female Unemployed26.53%
Female Employed11.49%
Male Employed5.44%

Effingham Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Effingham Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$47,582$68,927
Families$64,178$90,943
Married Families$75,806-
Non Families$26,844$34,691
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Effingham Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

46.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.1%

Male Marriage Rate

42.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Effingham Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Effingham Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Effingham Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Effingham Marital Status

Loading...

667

Number of Veterans

626

Male Veterans

41

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam215
Second Gulf War158
First Gulf War110
Korea107
World War II9

Effingham Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
75+220
35 to 54145
18 to 34113
55 to 64111
65 to 7478

Effingham Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White6677.25%
Hispanic61.80%

Effingham Veterans by Race

Effingham Veterans by Education

Loading...

18.58%

Veteran Poverty Rate

39.88%

Veteran Disability Rate

Effingham Veterans by Education

Loading...

62.8%

Labor Force Participation

60.9%

Employment Rate

2.9%

Unemployment Rate

Effingham Employment by Age

Loading...

Effingham Employment by Race

Loading...

Effingham Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

78.34%

Born in Effingham

95.95%

Native Born

4.05%

Foreign Born

3.26%

Non Citizen

0.79%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.95% of Effingham residents were born in the United States, with 78.34% having been born in Illinois. 3.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Effingham Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202112,323-94-0.76%
202012,417-94-0.75%
201912,511-94-0.75%
201812,605360.29%
201712,56920.02%
201612,567430.34%
201512,524320.26%
201412,492-19-0.15%
201312,511-15-0.12%
201212,526120.10%
201112,5141771.43%
201012,337-47-0.04%
200012,3845330.44%
199011,8515810.50%
198011,2701,8121.77%
19709,4581,2861.47%
19608,1721,2801.72%
19506,8927121.10%
19406,1801,2022.19%
19304,9789542.15%
19204,0241260.32%
19103,8981240.32%
19003,7745141.47%
18903,2601950.62%
18803,0650.00%

Effingham Population by Year