El Centro is a city located in Imperial County California. It is also the county seat of Imperial County. With a 2020 population of 44,666, it is the 208th largest city in California and the 995th largest city in the United States. El Centro is currently growing at a rate of 0.39% annually and its population has increased by 0.78% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 44,322 in 2020. Spanning over 12 miles, El Centro has a population density of 3,881 people per square mile.
The average household income in El Centro is $65,899 with a poverty rate of 24.17%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $821 per month, and the median house value is $210,100. The median age in El Centro is 32.9 years, 30.5 years for males, and 35.1 years for females.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Centrowas:
2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.
Rate of Home Ownership
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 46.67%.
24.92% of El Centro residents speak only English, while 75.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 73.41% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Native, with 50.11% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.27%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.96%.
Number of Veterans
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in El Centro
72.13% of El Centro residents were born in the United States, with 62.20% having been born in California. 14.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.