El Centro, California Population 2021

44,059
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El Centro is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 44,059, it is the 194th largest city in California and the 882nd largest city in the United States. El Centro is currently declining at a rate of -0.02% annually but its population has increased by 3.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 42,598 in 2010. El Centro reached it's highest population of 44,114 in 2017. Spanning over 12 miles, El Centro has a population density of 3,828 people per square mile.

The average household income in El Centro is $65,899 with a poverty rate of 24.84%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $803 per month, and the median house value is $192,600. The median age in El Centro is 32.9 years, 30.5 years for males, and 35.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.9 males.

El Centro Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Centro was:

  • Other race: 47.64%
  • White: 41.83%
  • Two or more races: 4.92%
  • Asian: 2.42%
  • Black or African American: 2.16%
  • Native American: 0.78%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.25%
The current population of El Centro, California is 44,059, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 44,089.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 42,598.

El Centro, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021180,599-308-0.17%
2020180,907-308-0.17%
2019181,215-308-0.17%
2018181,523-126-0.07%
2017181,6491,4700.81%
2016180,1791,2420.69%
2015178,9379630.54%
2014177,9741,5360.86%
2013176,438-137-0.08%
2012176,5757890.45%
2011175,7861,0700.61%
2010174,7160.00%

El Centro Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Some Other Race20,96247.64%
White18,40841.83%
Two or More Races2,1634.92%
Asian1,0672.42%
Black or African American9502.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native3440.78%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1090.25%
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El Centro Population by Race

El Centro Population Pyramid 2021

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El Centro Median Age

32.9


Total

30.5


Male

35.1


Female

El Centro Adults

There are 31,052 adults, (5,874 of whom are seniors) in El Centro.

El Centro Age Dependency

74.8

Age Dependency Ratio

23.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

51.4

Child Dependency Ratio

El Centro Sex Ratio

Female

22,231

50.52%

Male

21,772

49.48%

El Centro Population by Age

El Centro Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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El Centro Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.7%37.3%
Male59.8%40.2%
All50.8%49.2%
Female36.4%63.6%
Non Family36.1%63.9%

50.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

El Centro Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All11,6253.7450.8
Married5,6614.4462.7
Female2,5644.5636.4
Non Family2,5591.336.1
Male8414.0359.8

4.31

Average Family Size

3.74

Average Household Size

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El Centro Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,77217.92%
9th to 12th Grade3,24612.19%
High School Graduate5,81621.84%
Some College6,14723.08%
Associates Degree1,9067.16%
Bachelors Degree3,04011.41%
Graduate Degree1,7056.40%
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El Centro Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

El Centro Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic22,08514,4583,401
Other Race12,1927,3181,481
White3,1553,005916
Multiple Races1,000848245
Asian710628391
Black63947449
Native American23218756
Islander10010015

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 55.07%.

El Centro Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,045$32,713$25,535
Less Than High School$18,717$22,265$12,153
High School Grad$24,755$30,880$21,050
Some College$30,796$31,952$29,890
Bachelors Degree$44,970$55,903$33,844
Graduate Degree$72,522$64,803$72,772

$30,045

Average Earnings

$32,713

Average Male

$25,535

Average Female

El Centro Earnings by Educational Attainment

El Centro Language by Age

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El Centro Language

20.18% of El Centro residents speak only English, while 79.82% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 77.90% of the population.

El Centro Language

El Centro Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic37,93410,12226.68%
Other20,6596,22130.11%
White3,63053014.60%
Black92539943.14%
Multiple2,14933215.45%
Native3368023.81%
Asian970141.44%

24.84%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.21%

Male Poverty Rate

27.38%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Centro

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Black, with 43.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Asian, with 1.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.80%.

El Centro Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.98%
High School22.08%
Some College15.97%
Bachelors or Greater5.88%

El Centro Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.69%
Male Unemployed36.68%
Female Employed13.30%
Male Employed10.02%

El Centro Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

El Centro Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,864$65,899
Families$53,424$70,711
Married Families$66,317-
Non Families$24,622$41,127
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Income by Household Type

El Centro Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.8%

Female Marriage Rate

El Centro Married by Age and Sex

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El Centro Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

El Centro Marital Status by Race

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El Centro Marital Status

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1,299

Number of Veterans

1,231

Male Veterans

68

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam419
First Gulf War307
Second Gulf War278
Korea106
World War II22

El Centro Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54400
65 to 74342
75+286
55 to 64186
18 to 3485

El Centro Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White9667.30%
Hispanic8143.09%
Other2491.70%
Asian324.16%
Black294.07%
Indian196.81%
2 or More40.32%

El Centro Veterans by Race

El Centro Veterans by Education

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8.89%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Centro Veterans by Education

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55.9%

Labor Force Participation

48.5%

Employment Rate

13.1%

Unemployment Rate

El Centro Employment by Age

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El Centro Employment by Race

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El Centro Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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58.63%

Born in California

68.86%

Native Born

31.14%

Foreign Born

15.89%

Non Citizen

15.25%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

68.86% of El Centro residents were born in the United States, with 58.63% having been born in California. 15.89% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

El Centro Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202144,059-10-0.02%
202044,069-10-0.02%
201944,079-10-0.02%
201844,089-25-0.06%
201744,114860.20%
201644,0283730.85%
201543,6551590.37%
201443,4961800.42%
201343,3162930.68%
201243,023460.11%
201142,9772990.70%
201042,6784,8431.21%
200037,8356,4511.89%
199031,3847,3882.72%
198023,9964,7242.22%
197019,2722,4611.38%
196016,8114,2212.93%
195012,5902,5732.31%
194010,0171,5831.74%
19308,4342,9704.44%
19205,4643,85413.00%
19101,6100.00%

El Centro Population by Year