El Centro, California Population 2024

43,031

El Centro is a city located in Imperial County California. El Centro has a 2024 population of 43,031. It is also the county seat of Imperial County.El Centro is currently declining at a rate of -0.9% annually and its population has decreased by -2.66% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 44,207 in 2020.

The average household income in El Centro is $73,280 with a poverty rate of 21.14%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in El Centro is 32.2 years, 29.9 years for males, and 35 years for females.

El Centro Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Centro was:

  • Other race: 45.98%
  • White: 27.16%
  • Two or more races: 20.89%
  • Black or African American: 3.58%
  • Asian: 1.49%
  • Native American: 0.84%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
Land Area (mi²)
11.5 sq mi
Density (mi²)
3,738.90/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-2.66% (-1,176)
The current population of El Centro, California is 43,031 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 44,207.

El Centro, California Population 2024

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El Centro Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
Other race20,31545.98%
White12,00027.16%
Two or more races9,23020.89%
Black or African American1,5813.58%
Asian6571.49%
Native American3710.84%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander300.07%
showing: 7 rows

Other race

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

El Centro Population by Race

El Centro Population Pyramid 2024

El Centro Median Age

32.2

Total

29.9

Male

35

Female

El Centro Adults

There are 30,908 adults, (6,159 of whom are seniors) in El Centro.

El Centro Age Dependency

78.5

Age Dependency Ratio

24.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

53.6

Child Dependency Ratio

El Centro Sex Ratio

Female22,06749.94%
Male22,11750.06%

El Centro Population by Age

El Centro Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All12,2253.5850.749.3
Married6,0984.1564.935.1
Non Family2,7501.336.763.3
Female2,4104.4934.165.9
Male9674.2442.857.2
showing: 5 rows

4.12

Average Family Size

3.58

Average Household Size

50.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

El Centro Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

El Centro Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

El Centro Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.81%.

El Centro Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$34,610

Average Earnings

$41,409

Average Male

$25,719

Average Female

El Centro Earnings by Educational Attainment

El Centro Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

El Centro Language

23.78% of El Centro residents speak only English, while 76.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 74.95% of the population.

El Centro Language

El Centro Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic38,7408,31121.45%
Other20,1234,15120.63%
Multiple9,2152,46826.78%
White3,09661019.7%
Black1,55734922.41%
Native37121257.14%
Asian602284.65%
Islander1915.26%
showing: 8 rows

21.14%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.4%

Male Poverty Rate

24.87%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Centro

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Native, with 57.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Centro is Asian, with 4.65% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.9%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.21%.

El Centro Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade20.55%
High School19.53%
Some College15.49%
Bachelors or Greater10.52%
showing: 4 rows

El Centro Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed42.92%
Male Unemployed27.04%
Female Employed10.24%
Male Employed8.54%
showing: 4 rows

El Centro Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

El Centro Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

El Centro Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

39.7%

Female Marriage Rate

El Centro Married by Age and Sex

male

female

El Centro Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

El Centro Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

El Centro Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,703

Number of Veterans

1,583

Male Veterans

120

Female Veterans

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El Centro Veterans by War

count

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El Centro Veterans by Age

count

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El Centro Veterans by Race

El Centro Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

14.62%

Veteran Poverty Rate

39.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Centro Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58%

Labor Force Participation

52.1%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

El Centro Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

El Centro Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

El Centro Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

60.75%

Born in El Centro

70.99%

Native Born

29.01%

Foreign Born

12.77%

Non Citizen

16.24%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

70.99% of El Centro residents were born in the United States, with 60.75% having been born in California. 12.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

El Centro Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202941,081-390-0.94%
202841,471-390-0.93%
202741,861-390-0.92%
202642,251-390-0.91%
202542,641-390-0.91%
202443,031-390-0.9%
202343,421-390-0.89%
202243,811-390-0.88%
202144,201-6-0.01%
202044,2074431.01%
201943,764-254-0.58%
201844,018-34-0.08%
201744,0521450.33%
201643,9071790.41%
201543,728970.22%
201443,6312630.61%
201343,3681680.39%
201243,2001470.34%
201143,0532700.63%
201042,7834,94813.08%
200037,8356,45120.56%
199031,3847,38830.79%
198023,9964,72424.51%
197019,2722,46114.64%
196016,8114,22133.53%
195012,5902,57325.69%
194010,0171,58318.77%
19308,4342,97054.36%
19205,4643,854239.38%
19101,610
showing: 30 rows

El Centro Population by Year