Elba, Alabama Population 2022

3,422
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Elba is a city located in Coffee County Alabama. Elba has a 2020 population of 3,422. It is also the county seat of Coffee County. Elba is currently declining at a rate of -1.24% annually and its population has decreased by -2.45% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,508 in 2010.

The average household income in Elba is $46,125 with a poverty rate of 10.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $629 per month, and the median house value is $82,600. The median age in Elba is 42.2 years, 39.4 years for males, and 46.8 years for females.

Elba Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elbawas:

  • White: 60.30%
  • Black or African American: 36.76%
  • Two or more races: 2.68%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Asian: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Elba, Alabama is 3,422 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 3,508.

Elba, Alabama Population 2022

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,33660.30%
Black or African American1,42436.76%
American Indian and Alaska Native100.26%
Two or More Races1042.68%
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Elba Population by Race

Elba Population Pyramid 2022

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Elba Median Age

47.9


Total

47


Male

53.3


Female

Elba Adults

There are 3,259 adults, (852 of whom are seniors) in Elba.

Elba Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Elba Sex Ratio

Female

1,853

47.83%

Male

2,021

52.17%

Elba Population by Age

Elba Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elba Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married85.9%14.1%
Non Family67.6%32.4%
All67.1%32.9%
Female42.5%57.5%
Male18.2%81.8%

67.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elba Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,3902.5567.1
Married5462.9885.9
Male774.9418.2
Female2733.7742.5
Non Family4941.0367.6

3.26

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

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Elba Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1123.76%
9th to 12th Grade61320.56%
High School Graduate1,02234.28%
Some College65321.91%
Associates Degree1946.51%
Bachelors Degree31810.67%
Graduate Degree692.31%
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Elba Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White1,9881,530348
Black96069339
Native American1010
2+ Races1717
Hispanic66

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 17.51%.

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$23,153$23,874$21,530
Less Than 9th Grade$21,176$21,765$
High School Graduate$22,919$23,248$21,438
Some College$24,688$27,025$15,714
Bachelors Degree$43,393$$33,750
Graduate Degree$24,063$$24,063

$23,153

Average Earnings

$23,874

Average Male

$21,530

Average Female

Elba Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elba Language by Age

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Elba Language

98.99% of Elba residents speak only English, while 1.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.55% of the population.

Elba Language

Elba Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic20630.00%
Black1,26628222.27%
White2,155884.08%
OtherNaN%

10.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.61%

Male Poverty Rate

11.62%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elba

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elba is Hispanic, with 30.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elba is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.95%. Among those working part-time, it was 6.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 11.73%.

Elba Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade19.72%
High School5.33%
Some College4.76%
Bachelors or Greater0.00%

Elba Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed0.00%
Male Unemployed0.00%
Female Employed11.29%
Female Unemployed0.00%

Elba Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elba Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,124$48,944
Families$42,308$57,080
Married Families$58,365-
Non Families$23,378$31,074
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Income by Household Type

Elba Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Elba Married by Age and Sex

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Elba Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elba Marital Status by Race

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Elba Marital Status

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202

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War58
First Gulf War19
Vietnam63
Korea31
World War II

Elba Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3436
35 to 5410
55 to 6448
65 to 7439
75+69

Elba Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1557.41%
Black373.25%
Native American10100.00%

Elba Veterans by Race

Elba Veterans by Education

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1.56%

Veteran Poverty Rate

47.92%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elba Veterans by Education

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44.1%

Labor Force Participation

39.9%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

Elba Employment by Age

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Elba Employment by Race

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Elba Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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83.09%

Born in Elba

99.82%

Native Born

0.18%

Foreign Born

0.00%

Non Citizen

0.18%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.82% of Elba residents were born in the United States, with 83.09% having been born in Alabama. 0.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Elba Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19302,5230.00%
19502,9364130.76%
19604,3211,3853.94%
19704,6343130.70%
19804,355-279-0.62%
19904,011-344-0.82%
20004,1851740.43%
20103,940-245-0.60%
20113,897-43-1.09%
20123,854-43-1.10%
20133,811-43-1.12%
20143,768-43-1.13%
20153,725-43-1.14%
20163,682-43-1.15%
20173,639-43-1.17%
20183,596-43-1.18%
20193,553-43-1.20%
20203,508-45-1.27%
20213,465-43-1.23%
20223,422-43-1.24%

Elba Population by Year