Elba is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 3,825, it is the 124th largest city in Alabama and the 5530th largest city in the United States. Elba is currently growing at a rate of 0.18% annually but its population has decreased by -2.92% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,940 in 2010. Elba reached it's highest population of 4,634 in 1970. Spanning over 15 miles, Elba has a population density of 249 people per square mile.
The average household income in Elba is $46,125 with a poverty rate of 21.98%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $627 per month, and the median house value is $77,800. The median age in Elba is 42.2 years, 39.4 years for males, and 46.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 107.8 males.