Elba, Alabama Population 2021

3,825
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Elba is a city located in Coffee County Alabama. It is also the county seat of Coffee County. With a 2020 population of 3,825, it is the 124th largest city in Alabama and the 5530th largest city in the United States . Elba is currently growing at a rate of 0.18% annually but its population has decreased by -2.92% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,940 in 2010. Elba reached it's highest population of 4,634 in 1970. Spanning over 15 miles, Elba has a population density of 249 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elba is $46,125 with a poverty rate of 21.98%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $627 per month, and the median house value is $77,800. The median age in Elba is 42.2 years, 39.4 years for males, and 46.8 years for females.

Elba Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elba was:

  • White: 58.01%
  • Black or African American: 36.61%
  • Two or more races: 2.86%
  • Asian: 1.80%
  • Other race: 0.52%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elba, Alabama is 3,825 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 3,804.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 3,940.

Elba, Alabama Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,22858.01%
Black or African American1,40636.61%
Two or More Races1102.86%
Asian691.80%
Some Other Race200.52%
American Indian and Alaska Native80.21%
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Elba Population by Race

Elba Population Pyramid $2021

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Elba Median Age

42.2


Total

39.4


Male

46.8


Female

Elba Adults

There are 3,155 adults, (716 of whom are seniors) in Elba.

Elba Age Dependency

57.5

Age Dependency Ratio

29.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Elba Sex Ratio

Female

1,848

48.11%

Male

1,993

51.89%

Elba Population by Age

Elba Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elba Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.4%17.6%
All55.4%44.6%
Non Family51%49%
Female26.9%73.1%
Male17.7%82.3%

55.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elba Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,4272.4655.4
Married5293.0682.4
Non Family5101.0951
Female2753.2326.9
Male1133.9717.7

3.08

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

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Elba Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1364.99%
9th to 12th Grade55120.23%
High School Graduate1,00136.75%
Some College66224.30%
Associates Degree903.30%
Bachelors Degree2328.52%
Graduate Degree521.91%
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Elba Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White1,7461,333241
Black92166743
Hispanic277
Asian2222
Other Race20
Native American88

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 13.80%.

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$21,697$22,135$21,436
Less Than 9th Grade$18,722$19,806$12,563
High School Graduate$20,261$14,727$21,027
Some College$25,750$30,000$21,159
Bachelors Degree$43,207$$34,722
Graduate Degree$$$

$21,697

Average Earnings

$22,135

Average Male

$21,436

Average Female

Elba Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elba Language by Age

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Elba Language

96.99% of Elba residents speak only English, while 3.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.46% of the population.

Elba Language

Elba Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black1,23840832.96%
White2,05526712.99%
Asian6969100.00%
Hispanic2727100.00%
Other2020100.00%

21.98%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.85%

Male Poverty Rate

25.97%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elba

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elba is Asian, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elba is White, with 12.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 9.72%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.25%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.61%.

Elba Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.92%
High School20.43%
Some College6.16%
Bachelors or Greater2.90%

Elba Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed44.00%
Female Employed18.26%
Male Employed10.22%
Male Unemployed8.70%

Elba Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elba Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,134$46,125
Families$41,287$50,402
Married Families$57,279-
Non Families$21,081$34,579
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Income by Household Type

Elba Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.9%

Male Marriage Rate

36.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Elba Married by Age and Sex

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Elba Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elba Marital Status by Race

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Elba Marital Status

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246

Number of Veterans

215

Male Veterans

31

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam61
Second Gulf War61
Korea57
First Gulf War21
World War II

Elba Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+104
55 to 6449
18 to 3439
65 to 7438
35 to 5416

Elba Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White19910.17%
Black393.39%
Native American8100.00%

Elba Veterans by Race

Elba Veterans by Education

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5.53%

Veteran Poverty Rate

52.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elba Veterans by Education

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49.5%

Labor Force Participation

44.3%

Employment Rate

10.6%

Unemployment Rate

Elba Employment by Age

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Elba Employment by Race

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Elba Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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79.09%

Born in Elba

98.91%

Native Born

1.09%

Foreign Born

1.09%

Non Citizen

0.00%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.91% of Elba residents were born in the United States, with 79.09% having been born in Alabama. 1.09% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Elba Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20213,82570.18%
20203,81870.18%
20193,81170.18%
20183,804-33-0.86%
20173,837100.26%
20163,827-48-1.24%
20153,87590.23%
20143,866-20-0.51%
20133,886-52-1.32%
20123,938110.28%
20113,927-22-0.56%
20103,949-236-0.58%
20004,1851740.43%
19904,011-344-0.82%
19804,355-279-0.62%
19704,6343130.70%
19604,3211,3853.94%
19502,9364130.76%
19302,5230.00%

Elba Population by Year