Elba, New York Population 2024

2,085

Elba is a city located in Genesee County and Orleans County New York. Elba has a 2024 population of 2,085. Elba is currently declining at a rate of -0.9% annually and its population has decreased by -3.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,156 in 2020.

The average household income in Elba is $86,073 with a poverty rate of 7.21%. The median age in Elba is 37.4 years: 36.3 years for males, and 38.5 years for females.

Elba Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elba was:

  • White: 85.03%
  • Two or more races: 11.42%
  • Other race: 3.51%
  • Native American: 0.05%
  • Black or African American: 0%
  • Asian: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
35.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
58.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-3.29% (-71)
The current population of Elba, New York is 2,085 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,156.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White1,81785.03%
Two or more races24411.42%
Other race753.51%
Native American10.05%
Black or African American00%
Asian00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Black or African American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Elba Population by Race

Elba Population Pyramid 2024

Elba Median Age

37.4

Total

36.3

Male

38.5

Female

Elba Adults

There are 1,547 adults, (303 of whom are seniors) in Elba.

Elba Age Dependency

71.8

Age Dependency Ratio

24.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Elba Sex Ratio

Female1,02848.1%
Male1,10951.9%

Elba Population by Age

Elba Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All7602.8188.811.2
Married4883.1792.87.2
Non Family1781.2484.315.7
Male483.677.122.9
Female464.2676.123.9

3.2

Average Family Size

2.81

Average Household Size

88.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Elba Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade815.81%
Associates Degree27819.96%
Bachelors Degree21015.08%
Graduate Degree1258.97%
High School Graduate44031.59%
Less Than 9th Grade302.15%
Some College22916.44%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Elba Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White1,2451,175323
Hispanic91547
2+ Races90705
Other Race32140
Native American110

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 25.94%.

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$58,333$72,679$53,750
Graduate Degree$81,250$108,750$73,750
High School Graduate$42,273$43,500$32,857
Less Than 9th Grade$52,500$55,938$36,346
Overall$44,114$52,734$36,809
Some College$41,316$55,833$32,500

$44,114

Average Earnings

$52,734

Average Male

$36,809

Average Female

Elba Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elba Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Elba Language

90.67% of Elba residents speak only English, while 9.33% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.67% of the population.

Elba Language

Elba Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic2839232.51%
White1,729492.83%
Other753952%
Multiple244218.61%

7.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.66%

Male Poverty Rate

6.71%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elba

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elba is Other, with 52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elba is White, with 2.83% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 3.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.15%.

Elba Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade22.52%
Some College6.11%
Bachelors or Greater2.09%
High School1.82%

Elba Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed24.14%
Female Employed2.3%
Male Employed1.52%
Female Unemployed0%

Elba Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elba Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$85,357$94,959
Households$77,024$86,073
Married Families$98,958$-999,999,999
Non Families$42,222$45,488

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Elba Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

62.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

59.6%

Male Marriage Rate

66.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Elba Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Elba Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elba Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Elba Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

107

Number of Veterans

104

Male Veterans

3

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
First Gulf War36
Vietnam30
Second Gulf War27
Korea0
World War II0

Elba Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 6433
35 to 5427
65 to 7421
75+18
18 to 348

Elba Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White946.67%
2+ Races1314.44%

Elba Veterans by Race

Elba Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

3.74%

Veteran Poverty Rate

42.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elba Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

67.6%

Labor Force Participation

62.4%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Elba Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Elba Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Elba Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

89.28%

Born in Elba

95.74%

Native Born

4.26%

Foreign Born

3.65%

Non Citizen

0.61%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.74% of Elba residents were born in the United States, with 89.28% having been born in New York. 3.65% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elba Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20291,990-19-0.95%
20282,009-19-0.94%
20272,028-19-0.93%
20262,047-19-0.92%
20252,066-19-0.91%
20242,085-19-0.9%
20232,104-19-0.89%
20222,123-19-0.89%
20212,142-14-0.65%
20202,156-95-4.22%
20192,251-12-0.53%
20182,263-11-0.48%
20172,274-10-0.44%
20162,284-24-1.04%
20152,308-14-0.6%
20142,322-15-0.64%
20132,337-25-1.06%
20122,362-6-0.25%
20112,368-6-0.25%
20102,37400%

Elba Population by Year