Elgin, Texas Population 2021

10,598
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Elgin is a city located in Bastrop County Texas. With a 2020 population of 10,598, it is the 234th largest city in Texas and the 2978th largest city in the United States . Elgin is currently growing at a rate of 1.36% annually and its population has increased by 30.28% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 8,135 in 2010. Elgin reached it's highest population of 10,598 in 2021. Spanning over 6 miles, Elgin has a population density of 1,651 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elgin is $66,343 with a poverty rate of 13.27%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $948 per month, and the median house value is $155,900. The median age in Elgin is 33.5 years, 31.2 years for males, and 36.6 years for females.

Elgin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elgin was:

  • White: 48.37%
  • Black or African American: 27.45%
  • Other race: 21.87%
  • Two or more races: 1.92%
  • Asian: 0.39%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elgin, Texas is 10,598 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,172.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 8,135.

Elgin, Texas Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White4,86848.37%
Black or African American2,76327.45%
Some Other Race2,20121.87%
Two or More Races1931.92%
Asian390.39%
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Elgin Population by Race

Elgin Population Pyramid $2021

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Elgin Median Age

33.5


Total

31.2


Male

36.6


Female

Elgin Adults

There are 7,108 adults, (1,161 of whom are seniors) in Elgin.

Elgin Age Dependency

69.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Elgin Sex Ratio

Female

5,152

51.19%

Male

4,912

48.81%

Elgin Population by Age

Elgin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elgin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.7%37.3%
All56.4%43.6%
Female53.4%46.6%
Male50.8%49.2%
Non Family46.2%53.8%

56.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elgin Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,7503.656.4
Married1,4654.2362.7
Non Family7331.2946.2
Female4875.0353.4
Male654.7550.8

4.2

Average Family Size

3.6

Average Household Size

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Elgin Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade94915.31%
9th to 12th Grade5578.99%
High School Graduate2,08533.65%
Some College1,49724.16%
Associates Degree3084.97%
Bachelors Degree5358.63%
Graduate Degree2664.29%
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Elgin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic2,6451,53971
White1,9591,836541
Black1,5671,290190
Other Race1,239729
2+ Races13265
Asian393922

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 56.41%.

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$28,684$29,557$26,415
Less Than 9th Grade$22,870$28,413$16,393
High School Graduate$28,233$42,593$25,498
Some College$30,268$29,896$30,410
Bachelors Degree$44,300$2,500$50,575
Graduate Degree$51,227$$51,667

$28,684

Average Earnings

$29,557

Average Male

$26,415

Average Female

Elgin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elgin Language by Age

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Elgin Language

64.19% of Elgin residents speak only English, while 35.81% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.00% of the population.

Elgin Language

Elgin Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black2,71369025.43%
White2,60834213.11%
Hispanic4,4952826.27%
Other2,1871737.91%

13.27%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.55%

Male Poverty Rate

12.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elgin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Black, with 25.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Hispanic, with 6.27% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.98%.

Elgin Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade17.60%
High School11.60%
Some College4.85%
Bachelors or Greater1.02%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed40.00%
Female Unemployed7.02%
Female Employed6.05%
Male Employed4.89%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elgin Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,816$66,343
Families$69,757$74,957
Married Families$78,371-
Non Families$26,483$34,989
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Income by Household Type

Elgin Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.8%

Male Marriage Rate

43.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Elgin Married by Age and Sex

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Elgin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elgin Marital Status by Race

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Elgin Marital Status

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347

Number of Veterans

301

Male Veterans

46

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam205
Second Gulf War119
First Gulf War110
Korea33
World War II

Elgin Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
55 to 64131
65 to 74111
18 to 3447
75+39
35 to 5419

Elgin Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2406.74%
Black914.66%
Hispanic832.77%
Other Race161.12%

Elgin Veterans by Race

Elgin Veterans by Education

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0.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elgin Veterans by Education

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68.7%

Labor Force Participation

61.8%

Employment Rate

10%

Unemployment Rate

Elgin Employment by Age

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Elgin Employment by Race

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Elgin Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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69.93%

Born in Elgin

86.85%

Native Born

13.15%

Foreign Born

8.80%

Non Citizen

4.34%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.85% of Elgin residents were born in the United States, with 69.93% having been born in Texas. 8.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elgin Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202110,5981421.36%
202010,4561421.38%
201910,3141421.40%
201810,1722702.73%
20179,9022732.84%
20169,6294074.41%
20159,2223864.37%
20148,8361962.27%
20138,640630.73%
20128,5772192.62%
20118,358610.74%
20108,2972,5973.83%
20005,7008541.64%
19904,8463110.67%
19804,5357031.70%
19703,8323210.88%
19603,5113431.03%
19503,1680.00%

Elgin Population by Year