Elk Grove, California Population 2021

179,119
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Elk Grove is a city located in Sacramento County California. With a 2020 population of 179,119, it is the 26th largest city in California and the 146th largest city in the United States . Elk Grove is currently growing at a rate of 1.23% annually and its population has increased by 17.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 153,015 in 2010. Elk Grove reached it's highest population of 179,119 in 2021. Spanning over 42 miles, Elk Grove has a population density of 4,261 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elk Grove is $112,137 with a poverty rate of 8.06%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,695 per month, and the median house value is $406,300. The median age in Elk Grove is 37.5 years, 35.5 years for males, and 39.2 years for females.

Elk Grove is located in Sacramento County, California just outside Sacramento. Elk Grove is part of the Sacramento-Arden Arcade-Roseville metropolitan area which has a population of about 2.2 million thanks to rapid growth over the last decade.

Diversity

Elk Grove has a very diverse culture with Asians accounting for the largest minority. This isn't surprising as Sacramento is one of America's most ethnically diverse cities. According to the Sacramento Bee, there's an 81% chance that two people picked randomly from Elk Grove or other urban communities in the area will be from different ethnic backgrounds.

The beginning of Elk Grove's ethnic diversity began in 1852 when the McCauleys left the South and moved to the area with 50 former slaves, the first African-Americans in the area. The construction of the railroads in the 1860s introduced a large Chinese community. Other cultures came to Elk Grove in the 1890s, including immigrants from Germany, Portugal, Switzerland, Mexico, and the Philippines. One of the largest immigrant groups of the era was the Japanese who moved from other areas of California thanks to the booming wine industry.

Between the 1940s and 1990s, other groups came to the Sacramento area such as the Dutch in the 1940s, Spaniards in the 1960s, and a surge of immigrants from China, Russia, India, and Vietnam in the 1970s.

Population Growth

In 2004 and 2005, Elk Grove's population growth peaked when it became the fastest growing city in the United States. Between 2000 and 2010, Elk Grove grew an astounding 155% from 59,000 to more than 153,000. While the city's growth has slowed, it remains impressive. A survey found the city has one of the country's fastest growing economies the Sacramento area is one of the fastest growing in the nation. Elk Grove is expected to hit a population of 200,000 by 2029 as the city struggles to keep up with its rapid growth by expanding safety services.

The area around Sacramento and Elk Grove was explored by a Spaniard named Gabriel Moraga in 1808 who named the valley Sacramento Valley for Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish. In 1850, Elk Grove was founded to create a stage stop for people coming from San Francisco and Sacramento. Within twenty years, the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came within one mile of Elk Grove.

Elk Grove remained a small farming town with little development for almost 100 years. It wasn't until suburban developments began in the 1980s that the community began to grow. Elk Grove rapidly grew from a population of just 3,700 in 1970 to 11,000 in 1980 and 59,000 by 2000 when it was incorporated as a city.

Elk Grove Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elk Grove was:

  • White: 45.15%
  • Asian: 28.83%
  • Black or African American: 11.53%
  • Two or more races: 8.16%
  • Other race: 3.88%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.85%
  • Native American: 0.60%
The current population of Elk Grove, California is 179,119 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 172,603.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 153,015.

Elk Grove, California Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White77,12945.15%
Asian49,25028.83%
Black or African American19,70011.53%
Two or More Races13,9338.16%
Some Other Race6,6243.88%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,1581.85%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0310.60%
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Elk Grove Population by Race

Elk Grove Population Pyramid $2021

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Elk Grove Median Age

37.5


Total

35.5


Male

39.2


Female

Elk Grove Adults

There are 126,599 adults, (21,572 of whom are seniors) in Elk Grove.

Elk Grove Age Dependency

62.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Elk Grove Sex Ratio

Female

88,579

51.85%

Male

82,246

48.15%

Elk Grove Population by Age

Elk Grove Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elk Grove Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.3%18.7%
All74.9%25.1%
Non Family67.7%32.3%
Male65%35%
Female59.5%40.5%

74.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elk Grove Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,1823.274.9
Married32,9403.7381.3
Non Family10,6911.2667.7
Female7,1053.4959.5
Male2,4463.5765

3.61

Average Family Size

3.2

Average Household Size

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Elk Grove Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,5995.00%
9th to 12th Grade4,9874.45%
High School Graduate19,51417.43%
Some College28,56225.51%
Associates Degree12,03810.75%
Bachelors Degree28,36725.33%
Graduate Degree12,91811.54%
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Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White43,05241,50016,342
Asian33,26728,33314,895
Hispanic17,15014,4363,964
Black12,89912,0234,361
2+ Races5,0314,6201,598
Other Race4,5373,517790
Islander2,1781,834540
Native American703645107

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.40%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.77%.

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$52,876$60,296$46,189
Less Than 9th Grade$25,109$30,222$21,860
High School Graduate$38,200$42,380$32,275
Some College$46,106$55,095$39,864
Bachelors Degree$69,936$75,955$62,946
Graduate Degree$85,015$95,057$75,632

$52,876

Average Earnings

$60,296

Average Male

$46,189

Average Female

Elk Grove Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elk Grove Language by Age

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Elk Grove Language

65.41% of Elk Grove residents speak only English, while 34.59% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 16.76% of the population.

Elk Grove Language

Elk Grove Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian49,0974,1408.43%
White58,0244,1257.11%
Black19,5622,32611.89%
Hispanic31,3992,2657.21%
Multiple13,8351,2459.00%
Other6,6165838.81%
Native1,03016315.83%
Islander3,131772.46%

8.06%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.59%

Male Poverty Rate

8.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elk Grove

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Native, with 15.83% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Islander, with 2.46% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.68%. Among those working part-time, it was 8.99%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 14.86%.

Elk Grove Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade17.21%
High School10.43%
Some College7.18%
Bachelors or Greater3.67%

Elk Grove Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed16.60%
Male Unemployed15.97%
Female Employed3.70%
Male Employed3.49%

Elk Grove Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elk Grove Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$93,780$112,137
Families$103,330$119,739
Married Families$115,564$132,119
Non Families$55,490$72,765
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Income by Household Type

Elk Grove Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

55.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

58.5%

Male Marriage Rate

51.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Elk Grove Married by Age and Sex

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Elk Grove Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elk Grove Marital Status by Race

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Elk Grove Marital Status

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8,175

Number of Veterans

7,393

Male Veterans

782

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,911
First Gulf War1,927
Second Gulf War1,541
Korea644
World War II358

Elk Grove Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,156
65 to 741,907
55 to 641,715
75+1,635
18 to 34762

Elk Grove Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,3118.96%
Black1,2928.55%
Hispanic1,2456.11%
Asian7051.90%
2+ Races4416.61%
Other Race2715.44%
Islander933.69%
Native American627.73%

Elk Grove Veterans by Race

Elk Grove Veterans by Education

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6.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elk Grove Veterans by Education

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63.9%

Labor Force Participation

60.2%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Elk Grove Employment by Age

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Elk Grove Employment by Race

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Elk Grove Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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58.74%

Born in Elk Grove

75.93%

Native Born

24.07%

Foreign Born

6.17%

Non Citizen

17.90%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

75.93% of Elk Grove residents were born in the United States, with 58.74% having been born in California. 6.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Elk Grove Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021179,1192,1721.23%
2020176,9472,1721.24%
2019174,7752,1721.26%
2018172,6031,1780.69%
2017171,4252,2691.34%
2016169,1563,1591.90%
2015165,9973,2962.03%
2014162,7012,4501.53%
2013160,2512,1681.37%
2012158,0832,4681.59%
2011155,6152,2401.46%
2010153,37593,3759.84%
200060,00042,51713.12%
199017,4836,5244.78%
198010,9597,23811.41%
19703,7211,5165.37%
19602,2051,6056.72%
19406003982.20%
18902020.00%

Elk Grove Population by Year