Elk Grove, California Population 2023

183,057

Elk Grove is a city located in Sacramento County California. With a 2023 population of 183,057, it is the 25th largest city in California and the 150th largest city in the United States.Elk Grove is currently growing at a rate of 1.28% annually and its population has increased by 3.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 176,124 in 2020. Spanning over 42 miles, Elk Grove has a population density of 4,355 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elk Grove is $112,137 with a poverty rate of 10.02%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Elk Grove is 37.7 years, 36 years for males, and 39.2 years for females.

Elk Grove is located in Sacramento County, California just outside Sacramento. Elk Grove is part of the Sacramento-Arden Arcade-Roseville metropolitan area which has a population of about 2.2 million thanks to rapid growth over the last decade.

Diversity

Elk Grove has a very diverse culture with Asians accounting for the largest minority. This isn't surprising as Sacramento is one of America's most ethnically diverse cities. According to the Sacramento Bee, there's an 81% chance that two people picked randomly from Elk Grove or other urban communities in the area will be from different ethnic backgrounds.

The beginning of Elk Grove's ethnic diversity began in 1852 when the McCauleys left the South and moved to the area with 50 former slaves, the first African-Americans in the area. The construction of the railroads in the 1860s introduced a large Chinese community. Other cultures came to Elk Grove in the 1890s, including immigrants from Germany, Portugal, Switzerland, Mexico, and the Philippines. One of the largest immigrant groups of the era was the Japanese who moved from other areas of California thanks to the booming wine industry.

Between the 1940s and 1990s, other groups came to the Sacramento area such as the Dutch in the 1940s, Spaniards in the 1960s, and a surge of immigrants from China, Russia, India, and Vietnam in the 1970s.

Population Growth

In 2004 and 2005, Elk Grove's population growth peaked when it became the fastest growing city in the United States. Between 2000 and 2010, Elk Grove grew an astounding 155% from 59,000 to more than 153,000. While the city's growth has slowed, it remains impressive. A survey found the city has one of the country's fastest growing economies the Sacramento area is one of the fastest growing in the nation. Elk Grove is expected to hit a population of 200,000 by 2029 as the city struggles to keep up with its rapid growth by expanding safety services.

The area around Sacramento and Elk Grove was explored by a Spaniard named Gabriel Moraga in 1808 who named the valley Sacramento Valley for Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish. In 1850, Elk Grove was founded to create a stage stop for people coming from San Francisco and Sacramento. Within twenty years, the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came within one mile of Elk Grove.

Elk Grove remained a small farming town with little development for almost 100 years. It wasn't until suburban developments began in the 1980s that the community began to grow. Elk Grove rapidly grew from a population of just 3,700 in 1970 to 11,000 in 1980 and 59,000 by 2000 when it was incorporated as a city.

Elk Grove Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elk Grove was:

  • White: 43.12%
  • Asian: 28.92%
  • Black or African American: 10.98%
  • Two or more races: 9.93%
  • Other race: 4.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 2.00%
  • Native American: 0.61%
The current population of Elk Grove, California is 183,057 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 176,124.

Elk Grove, California Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Asian

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Native American

Elk Grove Population by Race

Elk Grove Population Pyramid 2023

Elk Grove Median Age

37.7

Total

36

Male

39.2

Female

Elk Grove Adults

There are 127,609 adults, (21,242 of whom are seniors) in Elk Grove.

Elk Grove Age Dependency

63

Age Dependency Ratio

20

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43

Child Dependency Ratio

Elk Grove Sex Ratio

Female89,90751.86%
Male83,46348.14%

Elk Grove Population by Age

Elk Grove Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.62

Average Family Size

3.22

Average Household Size

73.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Elk Grove Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 84.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 37.80%.

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$54,191

Average Earnings

$63,418

Average Male

$47,033

Average Female

Elk Grove Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elk Grove Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Elk Grove Language

66.21% of Elk Grove residents speak only English, while 33.79% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 24.92% of the population.

Elk Grove Language

Elk Grove Poverty by Race

rate

10.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.43%

Male Poverty Rate

8.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elk Grove

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Native, with 16.40% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Islander, with 4.33% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.15%. Among those working part-time, it was 8.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 14.41%.

Elk Grove Poverty

Elk Grove Poverty Rate by Education

Elk Grove Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elk Grove Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Elk Grove Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

53.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

56.9%

Male Marriage Rate

51.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Elk Grove Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Elk Grove Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elk Grove Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Elk Grove Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

7,266

Number of Veterans

6,422

Male Veterans

844

Female Veterans

Elk Grove Veterans by War

Elk Grove Veterans by Age

count

Elk Grove Veterans by Race

Elk Grove Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

5.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.32%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elk Grove Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

64.8%

Labor Force Participation

61.1%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Elk Grove Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Elk Grove Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Elk Grove Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

57.74%

Born in Elk Grove

74.63%

Native Born

23.80%

Foreign Born

6.03%

Non Citizen

17.77%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

74.63% of Elk Grove residents were born in the United States, with 57.74% having been born in California. 6.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Elk Grove Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Elk Grove Population by Year