Fairbanks, Alaska Population 2021

29,859
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Fairbanks is a city located in Fairbanks North Star County Alaska. With a 2020 population of 29,859, it is the 3rd largest city in Alaska (after Anchorage and ) and the 1292nd largest city in the United States . Fairbanks is currently declining at a rate of -1.74% annually and its population has decreased by -5.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 31,535 in 2010. Fairbanks reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 33 miles, Fairbanks has a population density of 940 people per square mile.

The average household income in Fairbanks is $82,258 with a poverty rate of 11.03%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,388 per month, and the median house value is $211,500. The median age in Fairbanks is 27.6 years, 27.2 years for males, and 28.4 years for females.

Fairbanks serves as a borough seat for Fairbanks North Star Borough. Fairbanks is the largest city in the interior region of Alaska. Over 20% of people 25 years and older have at least a bachelor’s degree. Eighty-eight percent of the adult population has at least a high school diploma.

Fairbanks Population Growth

Fairbanks’ population from the 1930s experienced significant growth. In 1960, the city had over 13,000 residents. This number had more than doubled at the time of the 1990 census. However, the next poll showed a population loss of 2%. In 2010, however, the population grew again at a rate of over 4%. Current estimates indicate that the population is up nearly 4% since the last census was taken. This shows that while the city is still growing, it is not growing quite as rapidly as it was during its early history.

In its earliest years, the region that is now Fairbanks was used by the Athabascan tribe, although it was not settled permanently. Archaeological evidence shows that Native Americans were in the area approximately 3,500 years ago, and it has been determined that the tribes were using the region for seasonal fishing and hunting.

The city of Fairbanks was settled by the Europeans in the early 20th century when it was founded by Captain E. T. Barnette. It was named after the Republican senator Charles Fairbanks. A trading post was set up in the area by Barnette before local gold prospectors came to the city to build mines and dredges.

Agriculture played a significant role in the city’s first years, particularly in the Tanana Valley. In the 1930s, construction began on the Ladd Army Airfield, and major infrastructure was installed for the first time in the area. This led to significant growth in the population and the economy. The University of Alaska Fairbanks was also constructed and was the founding campus of the University of Alaska system. The Moose Creek Dam was constructed following a devastating flood that almost flooded all of Fairbanks.

Today, Fairbanks’ population only continues to grow. It is home to several minor league sports teams and boasts many attractions, restaurants, and businesses. It is also the site of the Yukon Quest international sled dog race. Growth has slowed since the 1990s, however, and this could be due to Fairbanks’ ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in the U.S. for women and an overall crime rate that is higher than both the state and national averages.

Fairbanks Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fairbankswas:

  • White: 66.98%
  • Native American: 9.38%
  • Two or more races: 8.97%
  • Black or African American: 8.66%
  • Asian: 4.37%
  • Other race: 1.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.43%
The current population of Fairbanks, Alaska is 29,859 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 30,917.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 31,535.

Fairbanks, Alaska Population 2021

2020 and 2021 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202193,417-1,716-1.84%
202095,133-1,716-1.80%
201996,849-1,716-1.77%
201898,565-1,110-1.13%
201799,675-958-0.96%
2016100,6339970.99%
201599,6363820.38%
201499,254-1,679-1.69%
2013100,9336220.62%
2012100,3112,1912.18%
201198,120-144-0.15%
201098,2640.00%

Fairbanks Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White21,13266.98%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,9619.38%
Two or More Races2,8298.97%
Black or African American2,7338.66%
Asian1,3784.37%
Some Other Race3811.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1370.43%
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Fairbanks Population by Race

Fairbanks Population Pyramid $2021

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Fairbanks Median Age

27.6


Total

27.2


Male

28.4


Female

Fairbanks Adults

There are 23,964 adults, (2,762 of whom are seniors) in Fairbanks.

Fairbanks Age Dependency

48.8

Age Dependency Ratio

13

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Fairbanks Sex Ratio

Female

14,703

46.60%

Male

16,848

53.40%

Fairbanks Population by Age

Fairbanks Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Fairbanks Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female28.1%71.9%
Non Family30.2%69.8%
Male33.5%66.5%
All35.8%64.2%
Married41.9%58.1%

35.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fairbanks Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All10,8662.6535.8
Married5,2033.3241.9
Non Family3,8451.4130.2
Female1,1343.4428.1
Male6843.2933.5

3.22

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

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Fairbanks Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5032.80%
9th to 12th Grade8764.87%
High School Graduate4,72126.27%
Some College5,61531.24%
Associates Degree1,3627.58%
Bachelors Degree3,20617.84%
Graduate Degree1,6909.40%
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Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White11,42910,9113,730
Native American1,8441,41665
Black1,4851,396359
Hispanic1,3741,259245
Asian1,053924294
2+ Races949790229
Other Race21621619
Islander7878

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 32.64%.

Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,218$51,509$32,066
Less Than 9th Grade$24,283$23,882$24,439
High School Graduate$37,031$41,627$30,259
Some College$43,727$52,011$31,310
Bachelors Degree$44,970$61,713$37,696
Graduate Degree$69,048$77,292$55,602

$43,218

Average Earnings

$51,509

Average Male

$32,066

Average Female

Fairbanks Earnings by Educational Attainment

Fairbanks Language by Age

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Fairbanks Language

86.56% of Fairbanks residents speak only English, while 13.44% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.32% of the population.

Fairbanks Language

Fairbanks Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White17,6041,5068.55%
Native2,86376126.58%
Multiple2,66346317.39%
Hispanic2,7732739.84%
Black2,22823510.55%
Asian1,283967.48%
Islander1183327.97%
Other381236.04%

11.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.59%

Male Poverty Rate

12.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fairbanks

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Islander, with 27.97% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Other, with 6.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.09%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.68%.

Fairbanks Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School15.06%
Less Than 9th Grade15.04%
Some College5.97%
Bachelors or Greater3.48%

Fairbanks Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed30.96%
Female Unemployed28.34%
Female Employed8.22%
Male Employed4.04%

Fairbanks Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Fairbanks Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$62,602$82,258
Families$70,258$91,279
Married Families$83,326-
Non Families$47,116$61,617
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Income by Household Type

Fairbanks Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

48.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.9%

Male Marriage Rate

52.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Fairbanks Married by Age and Sex

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Fairbanks Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Fairbanks Marital Status by Race

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Fairbanks Marital Status

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2,948

Number of Veterans

2,378

Male Veterans

570

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,590
First Gulf War788
Vietnam521
World War II40
Korea25

Fairbanks Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54981
18 to 34978
55 to 64411
65 to 74398
75+180

Fairbanks Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,92514.48%
Black49733.58%
Hispanic29518.58%
Native American1717.24%
2+ Races14911.37%
Asian13313.54%
Other Race5425.84%
Islander1922.62%

Fairbanks Veterans by Race

Fairbanks Veterans by Education

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7.62%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fairbanks Veterans by Education

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71.6%

Labor Force Participation

50.1%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Fairbanks Employment by Age

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Fairbanks Employment by Race

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Fairbanks Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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30.49%

Born in Fairbanks

93.44%

Native Born

6.56%

Foreign Born

2.85%

Non Citizen

3.71%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.44% of Fairbanks residents were born in the United States, with 30.49% having been born in Alaska. 2.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Fairbanks Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202129,859-529-1.74%
202030,388-529-1.71%
201930,917-529-1.68%
201831,446-287-0.90%
201731,733-263-0.82%
201631,9963581.13%
201531,6381130.36%
201431,525-861-2.66%
201332,3863231.01%
201232,0631,3204.29%
201130,743-1,018-3.21%
201031,7611,5370.50%
200030,224-619-0.20%
199030,8438,1983.14%
198022,6457,8744.37%
197014,7711,4601.05%
196013,3117,6869.00%
19505,6252,1704.99%
19403,4551,3555.10%
19302,1009005.76%
19201,200-2,341-10.26%
19103,541410.12%
19003,5000.00%

Fairbanks Population by Year