Fairfield, Illinois Population 2021

4,858
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Fairfield is a city located in Wayne County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Wayne County. With a 2020 population of 4,858, it is the 336th largest city in Illinois and the 4845th largest city in the United States . Fairfield is currently declining at a rate of -0.80% annually and its population has decreased by -5.74% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 5,154 in 2010. Fairfield reached it's highest population of 6,362 in 1960. Spanning over 4 miles, Fairfield has a population density of 1,205 people per square mile.

The average household income in Fairfield is $49,227 with a poverty rate of 21.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $622 per month, and the median house value is $74,800. The median age in Fairfield is 43.1 years, 40.3 years for males, and 44.9 years for females.

Fairfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fairfield was:

  • White: 92.46%
  • Black or African American: 4.45%
  • Two or more races: 2.58%
  • Asian: 0.33%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Fairfield, Illinois is 4,858 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 4,975.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 5,154.

Fairfield, Illinois Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White4,69992.46%
Black or African American2264.45%
Two or More Races1312.58%
Asian170.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native90.18%
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Fairfield Population by Race

Fairfield Population Pyramid $2021

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Fairfield Median Age

43.1


Total

40.3


Male

44.9


Female

Fairfield Adults

There are 3,917 adults, (1,108 of whom are seniors) in Fairfield.

Fairfield Age Dependency

80.9

Age Dependency Ratio

39.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Fairfield Sex Ratio

Female

2,639

51.93%

Male

2,443

48.07%

Fairfield Population by Age

Fairfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Fairfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.8%21.2%
Male72.3%27.7%
All59.6%40.4%
Non Family53.4%46.6%
Female28.9%71.1%

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fairfield Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,4312.0859.6
Non Family1,1701.1153.4
Married8822.8578.8
Female3323.3828.9
Male472.6472.3

2.91

Average Family Size

2.08

Average Household Size

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Fairfield Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2136.12%
9th to 12th Grade2697.73%
High School Graduate1,13332.54%
Some College76021.83%
Associates Degree51414.76%
Bachelors Degree48013.79%
Graduate Degree1133.25%
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Fairfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Fairfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White3,3212,858540
Black777544
2+ Races5151
Asian17
Native American999
Hispanic77

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

Fairfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,119$40,365$23,832
Less Than 9th Grade$22,083$40,435$14,152
High School Graduate$31,713$38,692$23,000
Some College$35,268$43,478$25,833
Bachelors Degree$40,000$42,560$32,969
Graduate Degree$32,083$$40,250

$34,119

Average Earnings

$40,365

Average Male

$23,832

Average Female

Fairfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Fairfield Language by Age

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Fairfield Language

98.10% of Fairfield residents speak only English, while 1.90% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.46% of the population.

Fairfield Language

Fairfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White4,68179316.94%
Black22220893.69%
Multiple1314131.30%
Asian1717100.00%
Hispanic171058.82%
Native99100.00%

21.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.28%

Male Poverty Rate

23.04%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fairfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fairfield is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fairfield is White, with 16.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.81%.

Fairfield Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade23.96%
High School19.24%
Some College17.78%
Bachelors or Greater10.62%

Fairfield Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed38.30%
Male Unemployed23.53%
Female Employed13.54%
Male Employed5.67%

Fairfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Fairfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$39,469$49,227
Families$57,729$63,578
Married Families$70,567-
Non Families$26,477$32,423
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Income by Household Type

Fairfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.5%

Male Marriage Rate

43.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Fairfield Married by Age and Sex

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Fairfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Fairfield Marital Status by Race

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Fairfield Marital Status

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318

Number of Veterans

316

Male Veterans

2

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam89
Second Gulf War71
Korea42
World War II23
First Gulf War21

Fairfield Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+118
65 to 7477
18 to 3463
55 to 6441
35 to 5419

Fairfield Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2677.26%
2+ Races5045.45%
Black11.10%

Fairfield Veterans by Race

Fairfield Veterans by Education

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9.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.97%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fairfield Veterans by Education

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55.1%

Labor Force Participation

53.2%

Employment Rate

2.9%

Unemployment Rate

Fairfield Employment by Age

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Fairfield Employment by Race

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Fairfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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73.46%

Born in Fairfield

99.29%

Native Born

0.71%

Foreign Born

0.51%

Non Citizen

0.20%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.29% of Fairfield residents were born in the United States, with 73.46% having been born in Illinois. 0.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Fairfield Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20214,858-39-0.80%
20204,897-39-0.79%
20194,936-39-0.78%
20184,975-23-0.46%
20174,998-48-0.95%
20165,04680.16%
20155,038-38-0.75%
20145,076-23-0.45%
20135,099-1-0.02%
20125,100-10-0.20%
20115,110-31-0.60%
20105,141-280-0.53%
20005,421-18-0.03%
19905,439-515-0.90%
19805,954570.10%
19705,897-465-0.76%
19606,3627861.33%
19505,5761,5683.36%
19404,0087282.02%
19303,2805261.76%
19202,7540.00%

Fairfield Population by Year