Fayetteville, North Carolina Population 2023

210,883

Fayetteville is a city located in Cumberland County North Carolina. With a 2023 population of 210,883, it is the 6th largest city in North Carolina and the 120th largest city in the United States.Fayetteville is currently growing at a rate of 0.38% annually and its population has increased by 1.14% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 208,501 in 2020. Spanning over 150 miles, Fayetteville has a population density of 1,426 people per square mile.

The average household income in Fayetteville is $58,752 with a poverty rate of 23.2%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Fayetteville is 30.1 years, 28 years for males, and 33 years for females.

Fayetteville serves as the county seat for Cumberland County. This award-winning city is most known for being the home of Fort Bragg. It is the largest city by population in the southeastern region of the state.

Fayetteville Population and Labor Statistics

Fort Bragg and Pope Field drive Fayetteville’s economy, bringing in about $4.5 billion annually. The city is also a hub in the region for health care, entertainment, services, lodging, and shops. Fayetteville has a meager unemployment rate. Fort Bragg is the city’s largest employer, providing jobs to over 15,000 people. Other top employers in Fayetteville include the Cumberland County Public School System, Cape Fear Valley Health System, Wal-Mart and Good Year Tire.

Fayetteville Population Growth

The city has seen impressive population growth throughout the years. Despite some drops in population during the 1800s, the 1900s and 2000s have brought nothing but growth. The city passed 50,000 residents by the time of the 1970 census. This number had risen significantly in 1990, with the population showing over 75,000 residents. The 2000 census reflected even more growth, pushing the total population count past 121,000. The annexation of Fort Bragg contributed to a significant increase by the next census, which recorded more than 200,000 living in Fayetteville. Recent estimates show that the population boom has dropped off a bit, growing just 2.1% since the last census in 2010. However, the low unemployment rates, Fort Bragg and other employment opportunities, and the revitalization of Fayetteville are sure to help continue to boost these rates into the future.

Before the city of Fayetteville was settled by Europeans, it was first inhabited by many tribes, including the Shakori, Waccamaw and Eno tribes – to name a few. Prior even to this, other indigenous people occupied the land for over 12,000 years.

Settlement in the area around the Cape Fear River was encouraged following the Tuscarora and Yamasee Wars. Scots were the first Europeans to settle the area. They created two settlements – Cross Creek and Campbellton. In 1783, the two settlements were unified and given the name Fayetteville.

The 1780s brought much activity to Fayetteville. It was here where the US Constitution was ratified. The first church was built in the late 1700s by Henry Evans. By 1820, about 3,500 residents were living in Fayetteville. While this was a large number, it still trailed behind Wilmington. Fayetteville had a setback in 1831 with a “Great Fire” that destroyed homes, businesses and public buildings. The leaders of Fayetteville reacted quickly to rebuild the city.

In 1865, Fayetteville was attacked during the civil war. Foundries and factories were destroyed during this attack. During World War II, Fort Brag became the site of the Field Artillery and served as a base to approximately 5,000 soldiers. It was in 2008 when the city of Fayetteville annexed most of Fort Bragg, which significantly increased its population.

In the 20th century was when Fayetteville’s population began to grow. Cumberland County’s population soared by 43%. As the city’s population continued to grow, so did the city itself with the construction of new suburban homes, shopping centers, and other structures.

Today, the city is working on multiple revitalization projects throughout the city, particularly its downtown area. It continues to bring in visitors and residents with the addition of parks, museums, retail shops, and other attractions. The city is home to many large companies including Wal-Mart and General Dynamics. The city itself continues to grow, as do the surrounding suburban areas.

Fayetteville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fayetteville was:

  • White: 42.68%
  • Black or African American: 42.6%
  • Two or more races: 7.2%
  • Asian: 3.07%
  • Other race: 3.04%
  • Native American: 0.94%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.48%
The current population of Fayetteville, North Carolina is 210,883 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 208,501.

Fayetteville, North Carolina Population 2023

Fayetteville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Fayetteville Population by Race

Fayetteville Population Pyramid 2023

Fayetteville Median Age

30.1

Total

28

Male

33

Female

Fayetteville Adults

There are 161,661 adults, (25,314 of whom are seniors) in Fayetteville.

Fayetteville Age Dependency

54.9

Age Dependency Ratio

18.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Fayetteville Sex Ratio

Female104,65449.55%
Male106,54750.45%

Fayetteville Population by Age

Fayetteville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.12

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

44.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Fayetteville Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Fayetteville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Fayetteville Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 87.53%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 33.22%.

Fayetteville Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$33,225

Average Earnings

$37,358

Average Male

$29,175

Average Female

Fayetteville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Fayetteville Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Fayetteville Language

86.93% of Fayetteville residents speak only English, while 13.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.82% of the population.

Fayetteville Language

Fayetteville Poverty by Race

rate

23.2%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.93%

Male Poverty Rate

21.79%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fayetteville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fayetteville is Multiple, with 36.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fayetteville is White, with 13.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.15%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.34%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.37%.

Fayetteville Poverty

Fayetteville Poverty Rate by Education

Fayetteville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Fayetteville Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Fayetteville Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.3%

Male Marriage Rate

39.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Fayetteville Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Fayetteville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Fayetteville Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Fayetteville Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

26,823

Number of Veterans

21,296

Male Veterans

5,527

Female Veterans

Fayetteville Veterans by War

Fayetteville Veterans by Age

count

Fayetteville Veterans by Race

Fayetteville Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

9.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.94%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fayetteville Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

66.2%

Labor Force Participation

47%

Employment Rate

8.4%

Unemployment Rate

Fayetteville Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Fayetteville Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Fayetteville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

42.04%

Born in Fayetteville

93.67%

Native Born

7.62%

Foreign Born

3.26%

Non Citizen

4.36%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.67% of Fayetteville residents were born in the United States, with 42.04% having been born in North Carolina. 3.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Fayetteville Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Fayetteville Population by Year