Fremont is a city located in Alameda County California. Fremont has a 2023 population of 219,419. Fremont is currently declining at a rate of -1.8% annually and its population has decreased by -5.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 231,673 in 2020.
The average household income in Fremont is $183,248 with a poverty rate of 4.87%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Fremont is 38.4 years, 38.4 years for males, and 38.4 years for females.
Fremont is located in Alameda County and is in the southeast region of the San Francisco Bay Area. Together with Newark and Union City, Fremont is part of the Tri-City area.
Over half of Fremont’s residents are of Asian ancestry, and there are large populations of Asian Indians, Filipinos and Chinese residents living within the city. About one-quarter of the total population is under the age of 18. The most significant percentage of the population falls within the 25 to 44 age group, which makes up 26.4% of the population. Over 10% of the population is at least 65 years old. There are more females than males living in Fremont. The median income is quite high in Fremont. Estimates from 2007 show that the median income per household was over $93,000, while family income was over $103,000. Over 5% of the population live below the federal poverty line.
The city’s largest employer is Tesla, which has approximately 6,000 employees. Fremont Unified School District, Washington Hospital, Lam Research Corporation, and Western Digital round out the top five employers in Fremont.
Fremont has seen impressive population growth since it was founded in the 1950s. Population growth has been recorded during every 10-year census since 1960. In 1970, the population topped 100,0000 after experienced 130.3% growth in just ten years. At the time of the 2000 census, the population had doubled to over 200,000. Most recently, the population between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016 reflect a population growth of 8.9%. Based on these trends, as well as the many opportunities offered to residents, Fremont should see continued steady growth into the future.
Fremont was first incorporated as a city in 1956 after five communities were merged. These communities were Warm Springs, Mission San Jose, Niles, Irvington, and Centerville. Fremont saw a period of growth during the 1950s and 1960s when it became industrialized. Further growth occurred during the 1980s, and 1990s as the city had more high-tech employment, linking it to nearby Silicon Valley. Fremont was the site of the Apple factory that made the first Mac computer. This led to the development of other tech companies, including Asyst Technologies, Nextlink California, and Cirrus Logic, to name a few. There were about 750 tech companies located in Fremont by the time the 2000s rolled around.
Since the 1980s, Fremont has also played an essential role in the automotive industry, as it was the location of the General Motors auto assembly plant. The plant later became a joint venture between GM and Toyota, although operations closed in 2010. However, Tesla has since acquired part of the plant. The city was also home to Solyndra, which manufactures solar panels. Though it shut its doors in 2011, the building has since been taken over by Seagate Technology, continuing the city’s history of tech and innovation.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fremont was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.78%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.21%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
36.77% of Fremont residents speak only English, while 63.23% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 50.59% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Fremont is Native, with 20.02% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Fremont is Asian, with 5.12% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.64%. Among those working part-time, it was 5.98%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 12.03%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Fremont
52.15% of Fremont residents were born in the United States, with 41.47% having been born in California. 22.19% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.