Gainesville, Florida Population 2021

134,661
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Gainesville is a city located in Florida. With a 2020 population of 134,661, it is the 14th largest city in Florida and the 204th largest city in the United States. Gainesville is currently growing at a rate of 0.25% annually and its population has increased by 8.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 124,354 in 2010. Gainesville reached it's highest population of 134,661 in 2021. Spanning over 64 miles, Gainesville has a population density of 2,135 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gainesville is $55,795 with a poverty rate of 30.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $953 per month, and the median house value is $161,900. The median age in Gainesville is 26.3 years, 26.2 years for males, and 26.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.9 males.

Gainesville is located in Alachua County, where it has been designated as the county city. The city has been ranked as one of the best places in the U.S. to live.

Gainesville Population and Labor Statistics

The University of Florida is the largest employer in the city, with over 27,000 employees. UF Health, Alachua County School Board, Gainesville Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the City of Gainesville are other top employers, providing jobs to thousands of residents.

Gainesville Population Growth

Since the census taken in 1890, Gainesville has seen nothing but growth across its population. By 1930, the city had over 10,000 residents. This number had nearly tripled by the 1950 census. The population grew significantly between 1950 and 1960, exploding from over 29,000 residents to over 64,000. By 2000, the population had nearly reached 100,000. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by 5.8% since the 2010 census. At this rate, the population will reach 150,000 soon.

The Gainesville region was originally inhabited by Paleo-Indians approximately 12,000 years ago. The European explorer Hernando de Soto passed through the area in 1539. Once the Europeans arrived, many Native Americans perished from diseases that were brought over.

The city of Gainesville was founded to serve as the Alachua County seat because of its position along the Florida Railroad Company’s route. The original proposed name of the city was Hogtown, but a settlement located near Westside Park already had this name, so the city name was adopted. This former site was later annexed in 1961.

In 1854, the public sale of lots was ordered. Two years later, a courthouse was constructed, and the following year, a well was dug and a jail was constructed. The property values during this time began to rise quickly. The city continued to grow and by the end of the 1850s, there were multiple stores and hotels.

Gainesville was incorporated as a city in 1866, but the government was weak at this time. The city was reincorporated in 1869 by order of the Florida legislature. After the Civil War, the city’s economy revolved around cotton shipping and was the leading shipping facility in the state. More railroads arrived, continuing the growth of the city. For a brief period, citrus growing became an important part of the economy but ended following freezes.

Heading into the 20th century, Gainesville became known as a rough city. Lots of violence included severe injuries and killings. This included racial violence.

In the 20th century, a new charter was requested and was granted in 1905. The borders of the city were also expanded. A bond issue was offered this year and was used to launch a sewer system and pave roads. A generating plant was built in 1914. The University of Florida had also been established by this time.

The city faced its hardships in the 20th century, including exhausting its water supply. A new well was drilled and a water tower built. Agriculture remained the dominant industry in Gainesville. It was also still a major shipping point through until a boll weevil infestation destroyed crops.

In the 1920s, a land boom occurred, and new subdivisions were developed. More schools opened, the government added a city manager, and the police force expanded. The city continued to grow. When the Great Depression hit, Gainesville wasn’t affected nearly as bad as other cities and had a lower unemployment rate than many other areas in the country. During World War II, the city continued to grow both in terms of the economy and population. The airport was updated, and the hospital was expanded, while the university was used to train military personnel. Following the war, enrollment at the University of Florida grew, bringing veterans and their families to the area.

The city continued to see a pattern of growth through the 1960s when it became known for college activism. This rose again during the 1980s. Today, the city has been named as one of the best places to live in the U.S. It is known for its low cost of living. One drawback is that with so many educated residents, the job market is quite weak and the median income falls below the national average. The city welcomes many visitors each year, who come to see the cultural facilities and festivities, historic sites and landmarks, and other attractions that Gainesville has to offer.

Gainesville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gainesville was:

  • White: 65.41%
  • Black or African American: 21.76%
  • Asian: 7.20%
  • Two or more races: 3.92%
  • Other race: 1.18%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
The current population of Gainesville, Florida is 134,661, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 133,665.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 124,354.

Gainesville, Florida Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021331,5181,1950.36%
2020330,3231,1950.36%
2019329,1281,1950.36%
2018327,9333,4481.05%
2017324,4853,0670.95%
2016321,4185,3871.68%
2015316,0314,2881.36%
2014311,7432,8780.92%
2013308,8656250.20%
2012308,2401,2610.41%
2011306,9791,6450.54%
2010305,3340.00%

Gainesville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White86,42265.41%
Black or African American28,74821.76%
Asian9,5157.20%
Two or More Races5,1743.92%
Some Other Race1,5591.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native5720.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1370.10%
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Gainesville Population by Race

Gainesville Population Pyramid 2021

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Gainesville Median Age

26.3


Total

26.2


Male

26.5


Female

Gainesville Adults

There are 114,688 adults, (14,245 of whom are seniors) in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

31.5

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Sex Ratio

Female

68,850

52.11%

Male

63,277

47.89%

Gainesville Population by Age

Gainesville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gainesville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.1%31.9%
Male45.9%54.1%
All38.9%61.1%
Female31.1%68.9%
Non Family27.8%72.2%

38.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gainesville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All49,1432.3838.9
Non Family30,2161.7427.8
Married12,4443.1968.1
Female4,8933.9431.1
Male1,5903.5545.9

3.35

Average Family Size

2.38

Average Household Size

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Gainesville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,7303.86%
9th to 12th Grade2,6803.79%
High School Graduate14,18220.03%
Some College11,93916.86%
Associates Degree7,34010.37%
Bachelors Degree16,70523.60%
Graduate Degree15,22121.50%
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Gainesville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White40,70538,62621,362
Black16,32914,1463,090
Hispanic7,0836,3443,439
Asian5,0514,7923,281
Multiple Races1,9711,667898
Other Race805748309
Native American418373102
Islander818150

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 64.96%.

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,547$35,990$31,984
Less Than High School$15,972$15,625$16,088
High School Grad$25,416$28,584$23,814
Some College$27,449$30,908$26,128
Bachelors Degree$40,296$42,739$38,043
Graduate Degree$49,261$53,112$45,887

$33,547

Average Earnings

$35,990

Average Male

$31,984

Average Female

Gainesville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gainesville Language by Age

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Gainesville Language

82.89% of Gainesville residents speak only English, while 17.11% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.20% of the population.

Gainesville Language

Gainesville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White65,73817,55526.70%
Black26,7659,05633.84%
Hispanic13,6005,35039.34%
Asian8,5313,24638.05%
Multiple4,7731,45330.44%
Other1,49443028.78%
Native55616329.32%
Islander1314836.64%

30.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.59%

Male Poverty Rate

30.66%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gainesville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Hispanic, with 39.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is White, with 26.70% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 45.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 47.36%.

Gainesville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.54%
High School20.18%
Some College15.67%
Bachelors or Greater11.86%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed55.74%
Female Unemployed55.72%
Female Employed19.48%
Male Employed18.79%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gainesville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,264$55,795
Families$65,057$84,382
Married Families$85,208$103,594
Non Families$25,353$37,023
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Income by Household Type

Gainesville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

24.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.1%

Male Marriage Rate

23.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Gainesville Married by Age and Sex

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Gainesville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Gainesville Marital Status by Race

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Gainesville Marital Status

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5,798

Number of Veterans

4,982

Male Veterans

816

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,963
Second Gulf War1,372
First Gulf War966
Korea458
World War II163

Gainesville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,470
35 to 541,380
55 to 641,159
75+1,064
18 to 34725

Gainesville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,1815.32%
Black1,3386.05%
Hispanic3852.84%
2 or More1203.54%
Other604.74%
Indian539.55%
Asian440.51%
Hawaiian21.64%

Gainesville Veterans by Race

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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10.85%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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57.4%

Labor Force Participation

54.3%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Gainesville Employment by Age

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Gainesville Employment by Race

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Gainesville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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53.47%

Born in Florida

88.41%

Native Born

11.59%

Foreign Born

6.73%

Non Citizen

4.86%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.41% of Gainesville residents were born in the United States, with 53.47% having been born in Florida. 6.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Gainesville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021134,6613320.25%
2020134,3293320.25%
2019133,9973320.25%
2018133,6651,6241.23%
2017132,0414610.35%
2016131,5802,2241.72%
2015129,3561,7851.40%
2014127,5711,2310.97%
2013126,3403470.28%
2012125,9933220.26%
2011125,6719900.79%
2010124,68129,2342.71%
200095,44710,6771.19%
199084,7703,3990.41%
198081,37116,8612.35%
197064,51034,8098.07%
196029,7012,8401.01%
195026,86113,1046.92%
194013,7573,2922.77%
193010,4653,6054.31%
19206,8606771.04%
19106,1832,5505.46%
19003,6338432.68%
18902,7900.00%

Gainesville Population by Year