Gainesville, Texas Population 2021

17,452
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Gainesville is a city located in Cooke County Texas. It is also the county seat of Cooke County. With a 2020 population of 17,452, it is the 162nd largest city in Texas and the 2076th largest city in the United States . Gainesville is currently growing at a rate of 1.65% annually and its population has increased by 9.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 16,002 in 2010. Gainesville reached it's highest population of 17,452 in 2021. Spanning over 19 miles, Gainesville has a population density of 904 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gainesville is $53,887 with a poverty rate of 24.65%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $889 per month, and the median house value is $107,900. The median age in Gainesville is 33.4 years, 30.3 years for males, and 36 years for females.

Gainesville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gainesville was:

  • White: 85.01%
  • Black or African American: 6.02%
  • Two or more races: 4.42%
  • Asian: 1.78%
  • Native American: 1.40%
  • Other race: 1.33%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Gainesville, Texas is 17,452 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 16,603.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 16,002.

Gainesville, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202142,7637531.76%
202042,0107531.79%
201941,2577531.83%
201840,5045721.41%
201739,9325891.48%
201639,3431730.44%
201539,1704061.04%
201438,7643080.79%
201338,456-261-0.68%
201238,7172740.71%
201138,443-29-0.08%
201038,4720.00%

Gainesville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White13,97685.01%
Black or African American9896.02%
Two or More Races7274.42%
Asian2931.78%
American Indian and Alaska Native2301.40%
Some Other Race2191.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander70.04%
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Gainesville Population by Race

Gainesville Population Pyramid $2021

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Gainesville Median Age

33.4


Total

30.3


Male

36


Female

Gainesville Adults

There are 11,909 adults, (2,284 of whom are seniors) in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

70.8

Age Dependency Ratio

23.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Sex Ratio

Female

8,365

50.88%

Male

8,076

49.12%

Gainesville Population by Age

Gainesville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gainesville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.4%33.6%
All49.7%50.3%
Non Family41.3%58.7%
Female31.8%68.2%
Male22.5%77.5%

49.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gainesville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All6,0452.6549.7
Married2,6853.3466.4
Non Family1,9581.3741.3
Female1,0023.0431.8
Male4003.2222.5

3.15

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

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Gainesville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,08010.70%
9th to 12th Grade1,09010.79%
High School Graduate3,45834.24%
Some College2,40123.78%
Associates Degree7387.31%
Bachelors Degree8368.28%
Graduate Degree4954.90%
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Gainesville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White6,4635,6391,094
Hispanic2,3971,272123
Black74362734
Asian23816341
2+ Races18118115
Native American1339124
Other Race8734
Islander7

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 18.05%.

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,534$33,349$26,441
Less Than 9th Grade$23,207$30,563$14,370
High School Graduate$26,670$30,837$21,313
Some College$36,172$42,917$29,716
Bachelors Degree$40,792$58,065$35,368
Graduate Degree$55,667$30,714$58,793

$30,534

Average Earnings

$33,349

Average Male

$26,441

Average Female

Gainesville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gainesville Language by Age

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Gainesville Language

72.75% of Gainesville residents speak only English, while 27.25% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.53% of the population.

Gainesville Language

Gainesville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic5,3631,73032.26%
White8,7541,61018.39%
Black96035637.08%
Multiple71626436.87%
Native2087636.54%
Other2113617.06%
Asian28172.49%
Islander77100.00%

24.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.34%

Male Poverty Rate

28.85%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gainesville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Asian, with 2.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.81%.

Gainesville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade22.01%
Some College16.73%
High School16.18%
Bachelors or Greater5.86%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed61.22%
Male Unemployed27.01%
Female Employed17.46%
Male Employed10.42%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gainesville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$44,753$53,887
Families$47,819$58,625
Married Families$62,753-
Non Families$32,891$38,783
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Income by Household Type

Gainesville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.8%

Male Marriage Rate

46.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Gainesville Married by Age and Sex

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Gainesville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Gainesville Marital Status by Race

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Gainesville Marital Status

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667

Number of Veterans

643

Male Veterans

24

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam271
Second Gulf War144
First Gulf War70
World War II46
Korea45

Gainesville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74222
75+156
35 to 54107
18 to 34101
55 to 6481

Gainesville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5405.22%
Black556.97%
Hispanic451.41%
2+ Races4117.90%
Native American137.26%
Other Race1010.20%
Asian83.11%

Gainesville Veterans by Race

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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10.42%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.29%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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66.6%

Labor Force Participation

62.3%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Gainesville Employment by Age

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Gainesville Employment by Race

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Gainesville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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64.27%

Born in Gainesville

86.76%

Native Born

13.24%

Foreign Born

10.66%

Non Citizen

2.58%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.76% of Gainesville residents were born in the United States, with 64.27% having been born in Texas. 10.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Gainesville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202117,4522831.65%
202017,1692831.68%
201916,8862831.70%
201816,6032051.25%
201716,3981981.22%
201616,200380.24%
201516,1621330.83%
201416,0291190.75%
201315,910-136-0.85%
201216,046790.49%
201115,967-48-0.30%
201016,0154770.30%
200015,5381,2820.86%
199014,2561750.12%
198014,0812510.18%
197013,8307470.56%
196013,0831,8371.52%
195011,2461,5951.54%
19409,6517360.80%
19308,9152670.30%
19208,6481,0241.27%
19107,624-250-0.32%
19007,8741,2801.79%
18906,5943,9279.47%
18802,6670.00%

Gainesville Population by Year