Garland, Texas Population 2023

251,760

Garland is a city located in Dallas County Texas. With a 2023 population of 251,760, it is the 13th largest city in Texas and the 94th largest city in the United States.Garland is currently growing at a rate of 0.77% annually and its population has increased by 2.33% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 246,018 in 2020. Spanning over 57 miles, Garland has a population density of 4,412 people per square mile.

The average household income in Garland is $76,872 with a poverty rate of 15.53%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Garland is 34.2 years, 32.8 years for males, and 35.7 years for females.

Garland is a city that is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex in the state of Texas. Garland is located almost entirely in Dallas County, with a small portion located in Collin and Rockwall counties.

Garland Diversity and Language

According to the 2010 United States Census, Garland’s racial makeup was 57.5% white, 14.5% black, 0.8% Native American, 9.4% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.4% other races, and 3.3% of two or more races. Non-Hispanic whites comprised 36.7% of the population, down from 86.5% in 1980.

English is the official language of Garland. 51.74% of Garland residents speak only English, while 48.26% speak other languages. The most-spoken non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.09% of the population.

Garland Population Growth

In 1890, Garland’s population was 478, which grew to 242,507 in 2018.

Between 1900 and 1910, Garland experienced its only decrease in population by 1.8% from 819 people to 804 people.

Garland experienced its largest population growth between 1940 and 1950, where it grew by 373.4% from 2,233 to 10,571. In the following decade, the population grew 264.2% from 10,571 to 38,501.

The population growth rate has decreased significantly. From 2010 to 2018, the population grew 6.9%, less than 1.0% growth per year.

Around 1850, immigrants began arriving to the area of modern-day Garland and two communities formed by 1874: Embree and Duck Creek. The two communities grew a rivalry around the Santa Fe Railroad depot and fought over which town would get the local post office for several years. In 1887, Congressman Joe Abbott submitted a bill to Congress to move the post office to a place between the two towns. The new location was named Garland after President Grover Cleveland’s Attorney General, Augustus H. Garland. Soon after, the Embree and Duck Creek communities joined with Garland to form the city of Garland.

By 1890, Garland had four churches, three gristmills, three cotton gins, a flour mill, and several hotels and businesses. Garland was incorporated on April 21, 1891, and had a population of 819 people by 1904.

In 1920, a local businessman financed a new electrical generator plant, which led to the formation of Garland Power and Light. Garland Power and Light still powers the city today. The first car dealership was built in the 1920s. Unfortunately, a tornado in 1927 destroyed much of the city and killed seventeen people, including the former mayor S.E. Nicholson.

In the late 1930s, the Craddock food company and the Byer-Rolnick hat factory moved into Garland. The first radio tower, the KRLD (Dallas) radio tower, was constructed and is still operational to this day. Kraft Foods bought a motor plant to rebuild for its manufacture. In the 1940s, Garland was a major onion-shipping point.

Garland’s government changed to a city-manager government in 1951, with L.E. Stark becoming the first city manager. Between 1954 and 1957, Garland grew from 6,832 acres to 8,000 acres. By the late 1960s, the city had 80 churches, 28 schools, 15 parks, four banks, and two hospitals.

Garland has one of the lowest poverty rates of U.S. cities. In 1990, Garland’s population was at 180,650 and had 2,227 businesses, making it the second-largest city in Dallas County and the tenth-largest city in Texas.

The 2000s brought several developments for Garland, including the Hawaiian Falls waterpark in 2003, the Garland Independent School District’s Curtis Culwell Center (an arena and conference facility) in 2005, and the Firewheel Town Center in 2005, an outdoor mall with over 100 businesses and an AMC theater. In 2009, the 5th Street Crossing was developed, a mixed-use, transit-oriented project with 189 apartment units, 11,000 square feet of retail, and six live-work units.

On December 26, 2015, the southeast part of Garland was struck by an EF4 tornado causing at least eight fatalities.

Garland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Garland was:

  • White: 58.28%
  • Black or African American: 14.23%
  • Asian: 11.03%
  • Two or more races: 9.3%
  • Other race: 6.59%
  • Native American: 0.56%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Garland, Texas is 251,760 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 246,018.

Garland, Texas Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Garland Population by Race

Garland Population Pyramid 2023

Garland Median Age

34.2

Total

32.8

Male

35.7

Female

Garland Adults

There are 174,528 adults, (28,115 of whom are seniors) in Garland.

Garland Age Dependency

63

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Garland Sex Ratio

Female120,30550.42%
Male118,31749.58%

Garland Population by Age

Garland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.65

Average Family Size

3.14

Average Household Size

63.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Garland Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Garland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Garland Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 29.11%.

Garland Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$35,375

Average Earnings

$39,757

Average Male

$31,248

Average Female

Garland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Garland Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Garland Language

47.87% of Garland residents speak only English, while 52.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 37.74% of the population.

Garland Language

Garland Poverty by Race

rate

15.53%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.97%

Male Poverty Rate

12.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Garland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Garland is Multiple, with 25.76% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Garland is White, with 6.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.19%.

Garland Poverty

Garland Poverty Rate by Education

Garland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Garland Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Garland Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

49.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.5%

Male Marriage Rate

47.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Garland Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Garland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Garland Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Garland Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

8,759

Number of Veterans

7,953

Male Veterans

806

Female Veterans

Garland Veterans by War

Garland Veterans by Age

count

Garland Veterans by Race

Garland Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.28%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Garland Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

69.6%

Labor Force Participation

65.8%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Garland Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Garland Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Garland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

48.99%

Born in Garland

67.61%

Native Born

29.39%

Foreign Born

17.57%

Non Citizen

11.81%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

67.61% of Garland residents were born in the United States, with 48.99% having been born in Texas. 17.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Garland Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Garland Population by Year