Garland, Texas Population 2021

236,366
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Garland is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 236,366, it is the 13th largest city in Texas and the 95th largest city in the United States. Garland is currently declining at a rate of -0.75% annually but its population has increased by 4.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 226,876 in 2010. Garland reached it's highest population of 241,709 in 2018. Spanning over 57 miles, Garland has a population density of 4,142 people per square mile.

The average household income in Garland is $76,872 with a poverty rate of 13.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,133 per month, and the median house value is $160,800. The median age in Garland is 34.3 years, 32.9 years for males, and 36 years for females. For every 100 females there are 98.6 males.

Garland is a city that is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex in the state of Texas. Garland is located almost entirely in Dallas County, with a small portion located in Collin and Rockwall counties.

Garland Diversity and Language

According to the 2010 United States Census, Garland’s racial makeup was 57.5% white, 14.5% black, 0.8% Native American, 9.4% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.4% other races, and 3.3% of two or more races. Non-Hispanic whites comprised 36.7% of the population, down from 86.5% in 1980.

English is the official language of Garland. 51.74% of Garland residents speak only English, while 48.26% speak other languages. The most-spoken non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.09% of the population.

Garland Population Growth

In 1890, Garland’s population was 478, which grew to 242,507 in 2018.

Between 1900 and 1910, Garland experienced its only decrease in population by 1.8% from 819 people to 804 people.

Garland experienced its largest population growth between 1940 and 1950, where it grew by 373.4% from 2,233 to 10,571. In the following decade, the population grew 264.2% from 10,571 to 38,501.

The population growth rate has decreased significantly. From 2010 to 2018, the population grew 6.9%, less than 1.0% growth per year.

Around 1850, immigrants began arriving to the area of modern-day Garland and two communities formed by 1874: Embree and Duck Creek. The two communities grew a rivalry around the Santa Fe Railroad depot and fought over which town would get the local post office for several years. In 1887, Congressman Joe Abbott submitted a bill to Congress to move the post office to a place between the two towns. The new location was named Garland after President Grover Cleveland’s Attorney General, Augustus H. Garland. Soon after, the Embree and Duck Creek communities joined with Garland to form the city of Garland.

By 1890, Garland had four churches, three gristmills, three cotton gins, a flour mill, and several hotels and businesses. Garland was incorporated on April 21, 1891, and had a population of 819 people by 1904.

In 1920, a local businessman financed a new electrical generator plant, which led to the formation of Garland Power and Light. Garland Power and Light still powers the city today. The first car dealership was built in the 1920s. Unfortunately, a tornado in 1927 destroyed much of the city and killed seventeen people, including the former mayor S.E. Nicholson.

In the late 1930s, the Craddock food company and the Byer-Rolnick hat factory moved into Garland. The first radio tower, the KRLD (Dallas) radio tower, was constructed and is still operational to this day. Kraft Foods bought a motor plant to rebuild for its manufacture. In the 1940s, Garland was a major onion-shipping point.

Garland’s government changed to a city-manager government in 1951, with L.E. Stark becoming the first city manager. Between 1954 and 1957, Garland grew from 6,832 acres to 8,000 acres. By the late 1960s, the city had 80 churches, 28 schools, 15 parks, four banks, and two hospitals.

Garland has one of the lowest poverty rates of U.S. cities. In 1990, Garland’s population was at 180,650 and had 2,227 businesses, making it the second-largest city in Dallas County and the tenth-largest city in Texas.

The 2000s brought several developments for Garland, including the Hawaiian Falls waterpark in 2003, the Garland Independent School District’s Curtis Culwell Center (an arena and conference facility) in 2005, and the Firewheel Town Center in 2005, an outdoor mall with over 100 businesses and an AMC theater. In 2009, the 5th Street Crossing was developed, a mixed-use, transit-oriented project with 189 apartment units, 11,000 square feet of retail, and six live-work units.

On December 26, 2015, the southeast part of Garland was struck by an EF4 tornado causing at least eight fatalities.

Garland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Garland was:

  • White: 63.84%
  • Black or African American: 14.88%
  • Asian: 11.19%
  • Other race: 6.05%
  • Two or more races: 3.47%
  • Native American: 0.53%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Garland, Texas is 236,366, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 241,709.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 226,876.

Garland, Texas Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White152,21763.84%
Black or African American35,48214.88%
Asian26,69011.19%
Some Other Race14,4266.05%
Two or More Races8,2713.47%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,2610.53%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander710.03%
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Garland Population by Race

Garland Population Pyramid 2021

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Garland Median Age

34.3


Total

32.9


Male

36


Female

Garland Adults

There are 173,595 adults, (27,912 of whom are seniors) in Garland.

Garland Age Dependency

63.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Garland Sex Ratio

Female

120,055

50.35%

Male

118,363

49.65%

Garland Population by Age

Garland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Garland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.5%25.5%
All62.5%37.5%
Male53.3%46.7%
Non Family52.2%47.8%
Female43.3%56.7%

62.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Garland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,2343.1662.5
Married39,1743.874.5
Non Family19,2321.3152.2
Female11,3983.7643.3
Male5,4303.8653.3

3.71

Average Family Size

3.16

Average Household Size

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Garland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,80512.48%
9th to 12th Grade15,71810.43%
High School Graduate36,36824.13%
Some College34,62322.97%
Associates Degree10,6627.07%
Bachelors Degree23,58515.65%
Graduate Degree10,9687.28%
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Garland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Garland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White55,93552,17516,964
Hispanic51,93627,7534,666
Black21,50119,6046,237
Asian18,39514,0005,779
Other Race7,6874,537670
Multiple Races3,2622,8541,059
Native American83665485
Islander7154

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.28%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among multiple races people with a rate of 32.46%.

Garland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,240$38,204$30,610
Less Than High School$25,641$30,392$18,407
High School Grad$30,369$34,596$23,863
Some College$36,144$40,197$32,496
Bachelors Degree$50,287$53,064$47,496
Graduate Degree$61,312$72,009$56,130

$34,240

Average Earnings

$38,204

Average Male

$30,610

Average Female

Garland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Garland Language by Age

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Garland Language

49.56% of Garland residents speak only English, while 50.44% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 36.38% of the population.

Garland Language

Garland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic100,91917,12216.97%
Black35,3126,09517.26%
White68,2264,4026.45%
Asian26,6163,15011.83%
Other14,4051,65311.48%
Multiple8,2611,29715.70%
Native1,26125520.22%

13.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.32%

Male Poverty Rate

13.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Garland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Garland is Native, with 20.22% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Garland is White, with 6.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.24%.

Garland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School16.47%
High School9.43%
Some College8.04%
Bachelors or Greater4.26%

Garland Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed20.26%
Male Unemployed17.35%
Female Employed7.50%
Male Employed5.49%

Garland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Garland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,211$76,872
Families$66,982$82,466
Married Families$76,780$93,799
Non Families$42,476$54,994
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Income by Household Type

Garland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.4%

Male Marriage Rate

47.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Garland Married by Age and Sex

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Garland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Garland Marital Status by Race

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Garland Marital Status

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9,004

Number of Veterans

8,090

Male Veterans

914

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,431
Second Gulf War1,581
First Gulf War1,316
Korea628
World War II212

Garland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,361
75+2,183
55 to 641,768
35 to 541,694
18 to 34998

Garland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,7445.97%
Black1,4555.88%
Hispanic1,1921.86%
Other3513.66%
2 or More2174.99%
Asian1860.89%
Indian515.19%

Garland Veterans by Race

Garland Veterans by Education

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5.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Garland Veterans by Education

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69.3%

Labor Force Participation

65.6%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Garland Employment by Age

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Garland Employment by Race

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Garland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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50.68%

Born in Texas

70.44%

Native Born

29.56%

Foreign Born

17.66%

Non Citizen

11.89%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

70.44% of Garland residents were born in the United States, with 50.68% having been born in Texas. 17.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Garland Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021236,366-1,781-0.75%
2020238,147-1,781-0.74%
2019239,928-1,781-0.74%
2018241,7093,3821.42%
2017238,3272,0170.85%
2016236,310-851-0.36%
2015237,1611,5710.67%
2014235,5909300.40%
2013234,6609620.41%
2012233,6983,6431.58%
2011230,0552,7101.19%
2010227,34511,5770.52%
2000215,76835,1181.79%
1990180,65041,7932.67%
1980138,85757,4205.48%
197081,43742,9367.78%
196038,50127,93013.80%
195010,5718,37117.00%
19402,2001,4002.56%
19008000.00%

Garland Population by Year