Green Bay is a city located in Brown County Wisconsin. Green Bay has a 2023 population of 106,817. It is also the county seat of Brown County.Green Bay is currently declining at a rate of -0.09% annually and its population has decreased by -0.28% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 107,114 in 2020.
The average household income in Green Bay is $70,879 with a poverty rate of 15.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Green Bay is 35.5 years, 35 years for males, and 36.1 years for females.
Green Bay is a predominantly Catholic city, at more than 71% of the population. Lutherans account for 16%, followed by Protestant denominations at 12%. There are also small populations of Jewish and Islamic people.
Hispanic people have fueled much of the growth in Green Bay over the last decade. Brown County's population is now at its highest ever thanks to a jump in the number of Hispanics in the area, which grew to by 10.4%.
Green Bay's history dates back to the founding of La Baye or La Baie des Puants ("the stinking Bay"), a small trading post formed in 1634 by Jean Nicolet. Nicolet was commissioned by de Champlain, New France's founder, to create an alliance with the Indians in the western regions who were interfering with France's fur trade. When Nicolet first came to the Green Bay region, it was already inhabited by the Menominee. He remained with the tribe for almost a year and allied.
A Jesuit Mission was established in the area in 1671. A fort was added decades later, and the town was incorporated in 1754. The town came under the control of the British in 1761 during the Seven Years' War, eventually controlling all of Wisconsin two years later. In 1745, the first permanent settler in the area, Charles de Langlade, established a trading post at Green Bay.
After the War of 1812, the United States built Fort Howard to protect its border. As more British settlers moved to the area, they began referring to the town as Green Bay. Green Bay grew into a large trading center as after the completion of the Erie Canal. The town was incorporated as the city of Green Bay in 1854. By 1950, the city had grown to 52,700 people.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Green Bay was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 80.7%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 24.38%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
83.49% of Green Bay residents speak only English, while 16.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.75% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Green Bay is Islander, with 45.45% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Green Bay is White, with 10.24% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.78%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Green Bay
93.8% of Green Bay residents were born in the United States, with 71.43% having been born in Wisconsin. 6.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.