Greenfield, Massachusetts Population 2024

17,601

Greenfield is a city located in Franklin County Massachusetts. Greenfield has a 2024 population of 17,601. Greenfield is currently declining at a rate of -0.15% annually and its population has decreased by -0.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 17,709 in 2020.

The average household income in Greenfield is $70,501 with a poverty rate of 15.51%. The median age in Greenfield is 44.1 years: 41 years for males, and 47.7 years for females.

Greenfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Greenfield was:

  • White: 89.26%
  • Other race: 3.28%
  • Two or more races: 3.15%
  • Black or African American: 2.43%
  • Asian: 1.73%
  • Native American: 0.1%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Land Area (mi²)
21.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
822.0/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-0.61% (-108)
The current population of Greenfield, Massachusetts is 17,601 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 17,709.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White15,77689.26%
Other race5803.28%
Two or more races5573.15%
Black or African American4302.43%
Asian3051.73%
Native American180.1%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander80.05%

White

Other race

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Greenfield Population by Race

Greenfield Population Pyramid 2024

Greenfield Median Age

44.1

Total

41

Male

47.7

Female

Greenfield Adults

There are 14,400 adults, (4,314 of whom are seniors) in Greenfield.

Greenfield Age Dependency

75.2

Age Dependency Ratio

42.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Greenfield Sex Ratio

Female8,95750.68%
Male8,71749.32%

Greenfield Population by Age

Greenfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All8,1462.0955.244.8
Non Family3,9711.2740.159.9
Married2,7182.847921
Female9823.0847.352.7
Male4752.6462.537.5

2.72

Average Family Size

2.09

Average Household Size

55.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Greenfield Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade7725.85%
Associates Degree1,47011.14%
Bachelors Degree2,84821.59%
Graduate Degree2,03415.42%
High School Graduate3,51526.65%
Less Than 9th Grade3682.79%
Some College2,18316.55%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Greenfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Greenfield Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White11,69510,9154,303
Hispanic638442197
2+ Races431397256
Other Race32621287
Black285204106
Asian23818889
Native American1800

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.33%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 59.4%.

Greenfield Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$38,750$41,500$36,568
Graduate Degree$61,250$58,315$65,491
High School Graduate$35,847$43,472$23,214
Less Than 9th Grade$36,341$38,500$0
Overall$40,605$44,828$35,728
Some College$37,538$44,023$34,010

$40,605

Average Earnings

$44,828

Average Male

$35,728

Average Female

Greenfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Greenfield Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Greenfield Language

91.71% of Greenfield residents speak only English, while 8.29% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.17% of the population.

Greenfield Language

Greenfield Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White14,8231,87912.68%
Hispanic1,06332130.2%
Multiple54823643.07%
Other57221838.11%
Black37013335.95%
Asian2968127.36%

15.51%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.3%

Male Poverty Rate

17.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Greenfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Greenfield is Multiple, with 43.07% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Greenfield is White, with 12.68% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.17%.

Greenfield Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade43.42%
High School21.91%
Some College10.28%
Bachelors or Greater8.76%

Greenfield Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed25.36%
Female Unemployed20.33%
Male Employed8.03%
Female Employed6.15%

Greenfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Greenfield Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$71,765$91,045
Households$53,149$70,501
Married Families$102,951$-999,999,999
Non Families$33,937$45,076

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Greenfield Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.1%

Male Marriage Rate

38.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Greenfield Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Greenfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Greenfield Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Greenfield Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,259

Number of Veterans

1,106

Male Veterans

153

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam601
Second Gulf War132
Korea84
First Gulf War67
World War II21

Greenfield Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 74538
75+258
35 to 54205
55 to 64178
18 to 3480

Greenfield Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White1,2429.56%
2+ Races112.35%
Black61.92%

Greenfield Veterans by Race

Greenfield Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

57.46%

Veteran Disability Rate

Greenfield Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

57.1%

Labor Force Participation

54%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Greenfield Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Greenfield Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Greenfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

66.65%

Born in Greenfield

94.76%

Native Born

5.24%

Foreign Born

1.19%

Non Citizen

4.05%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.76% of Greenfield residents were born in the United States, with 66.65% having been born in Massachusetts. 1.19% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Greenfield Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202917,466-27-0.15%
202817,493-27-0.15%
202717,520-27-0.15%
202617,547-27-0.15%
202517,574-27-0.15%
202417,601-27-0.15%
202317,628-50-0.28%
202217,67810.01%
202117,677-32-0.18%
202017,70917,709Infinity
201900NaN
201800NaN
201700NaN
201600NaN
201500NaN
201400NaN
201300NaN
201200NaN
201100NaN
2010000%

Greenfield Population by Year