Groton, New York Population 2024

5,309

Groton is a city located in Cayuga County, Cortland County, and Tompkins County New York. Groton has a 2024 population of 5,309. Groton is currently declining at a rate of -2.35% annually and its population has decreased by -6.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 5,705 in 2020.

The average household income in Groton is $74,789 with a poverty rate of 10.32%. The median age in Groton is 41.6 years: 43.2 years for males, and 40.7 years for females.

Groton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Groton was:

  • White: 91.82%
  • Two or more races: 6.2%
  • Black or African American: 0.84%
  • Other race: 0.77%
  • Asian: 0.19%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
49.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
107.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-6.94% (-396)
The current population of Groton, New York is 5,309 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 5,705.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White5,24091.82%
Two or more races3546.2%
Black or African American480.84%
Other race440.77%
Asian110.19%
Native American100.18%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Groton Population by Race

Groton Population Pyramid 2024

Groton Median Age

41.6

Total

43.2

Male

40.7

Female

Groton Adults

There are 4,372 adults, (1,081 of whom are seniors) in Groton.

Groton Age Dependency

73.4

Age Dependency Ratio

32.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Groton Sex Ratio

Female2,90750.94%
Male2,80049.06%

Groton Population by Age

Groton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All2,4102.3373.226.8
Married1,2693.0279.220.8
Non Family8731.2169.830.2
Female1452.7746.253.8
Male1232.6467.532.5

2.9

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

73.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Groton Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade1664.09%
Associates Degree41910.33%
Bachelors Degree46211.39%
Graduate Degree3177.82%
High School Graduate1,72642.55%
Less Than 9th Grade2135.25%
Some College75318.57%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Groton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Groton Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White3,8143,467672
2+ Races14512363
Hispanic716443
Black34319
Other Race16168
Asian111111
Native American101010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

Groton Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$49,688$70,694$40,341
Graduate Degree$59,375$58,403$60,625
High School Graduate$37,643$39,099$36,563
Less Than 9th Grade$23,970$29,896$23,574
Overall$41,260$51,940$35,672
Some College$51,528$77,917$33,977

$41,260

Average Earnings

$51,940

Average Male

$35,672

Average Female

Groton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Groton Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Groton Language

95.59% of Groton residents speak only English, while 4.41% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 2.52% of the population.

Groton Language

Groton Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White5,1363897.57%
Multiple34817048.85%
Hispanic861315.12%
Black33618.18%

10.32%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.53%

Male Poverty Rate

12.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Groton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Groton is Multiple, with 48.85% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Groton is White, with 7.57% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.5%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.48%.

Groton Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade18.82%
Some College10.89%
High School8.74%
Bachelors or Greater1.18%

Groton Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed73.47%
Male Unemployed59.09%
Female Employed5.47%
Male Employed1.94%

Groton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Groton Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$77,401$86,211
Households$65,088$74,789
Married Families$85,197$-999,999,999
Non Families$47,260$53,054

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Groton Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

59.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

59.7%

Male Marriage Rate

59.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Groton Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Groton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Groton Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Groton Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

518

Number of Veterans

348

Male Veterans

170

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Second Gulf War181
Vietnam130
First Gulf War90
Korea7
World War II0

Groton Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
18 to 34139
55 to 64125
35 to 5490
75+83
65 to 7481

Groton Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White48811.95%
2+ Races2310.65%
Black720.59%

Groton Veterans by Race

Groton Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

12.3%

Veteran Disability Rate

Groton Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

64.9%

Labor Force Participation

62.3%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Groton Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Groton Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Groton Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

87.56%

Born in Groton

98.72%

Native Born

1.28%

Foreign Born

0.21%

Non Citizen

1.07%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.72% of Groton residents were born in the United States, with 87.56% having been born in New York. 0.21% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Groton Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20294,669-128-2.67%
20284,797-128-2.6%
20274,925-128-2.53%
20265,053-128-2.47%
20255,181-128-2.41%
20245,309-128-2.35%
20235,437-128-2.3%
20225,565-128-2.25%
20215,693-12-0.21%
20205,705-58-1.01%
20195,763-100-1.71%
20185,863-55-0.93%
20175,918-61-1.02%
20165,979-31-0.52%
20156,010-50-0.83%
20146,060-23-0.38%
20136,083510.85%
20126,032530.89%
20115,97960.1%
20105,97300%

Groton Population by Year