Harlan, Iowa Population 2024

4,706

Harlan is a city located in Shelby County Iowa. Harlan has a 2024 population of 4,706. It is also the county seat of Shelby County.Harlan is currently declining at a rate of -1.38% annually and its population has decreased by -3.88% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,896 in 2020.

The average household income in Harlan is $83,132 with a poverty rate of 10.9%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Harlan is 50.2 years, 52 years for males, and 48.7 years for females.

Harlan Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Harlan was:

  • White: 91.28%
  • Two or more races: 4.02%
  • Other race: 2.45%
  • Black or African American: 2.14%
  • Native American: 0.1%
  • Asian:
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
State
Iowa
Land Area (mi²)
4.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,071.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-3.88% (-190)
The current population of Harlan, Iowa is 4,706 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 4,896.

Harlan, Iowa Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White4,47091.28%
Two or more races1974.02%
Other race1202.45%
Black or African American1052.14%
Native American50.1%
Asian
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Harlan Population by Race

Harlan Population Pyramid 2024

Harlan Median Age

50.2

Total

52

Male

48.7

Female

Harlan Adults

There are 4,038 adults, (1,275 of whom are seniors) in Harlan.

Harlan Age Dependency

77.2

Age Dependency Ratio

46.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Harlan Sex Ratio

Female2,63353.77%
Male2,26446.23%

Harlan Population by Age

Harlan Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All2,2142.1670.129.9
Married1,0652.9182.917.1
Non Family9901.1356.843.2
Female1182.959.340.7
Male415.8890.29.8
showing: 5 rows

2.86

Average Family Size

2.16

Average Household Size

70.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Harlan Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Harlan Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Harlan Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 50%.

Harlan Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$41,243

Average Earnings

$51,798

Average Male

$34,758

Average Female

Harlan Earnings by Educational Attainment

Harlan Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Harlan Language

98.18% of Harlan residents speak only English, while 1.82% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.82% of the population.

Harlan Language

Harlan Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White4,35651511.82%
Hispanic10376.8%
showing: 2 rows

10.9%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.93%

Male Poverty Rate

12.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Harlan

The race most likely to be in poverty in Harlan is White, with 11.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Harlan is Hispanic, with 6.8% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.4%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.63%.

Harlan Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.23%
High School12.56%
Some College11.52%
Bachelors or Greater3.8%
showing: 4 rows

Harlan Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Employed6.09%
Male Employed2.77%
Male Unemployed
Female Unemployed
showing: 4 rows

Harlan Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Harlan Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Harlan Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

52.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

57.2%

Male Marriage Rate

48.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Harlan Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Harlan Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Harlan Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Harlan Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

444

Number of Veterans

439

Male Veterans

5

Female Veterans

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Harlan Veterans by War

count

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Harlan Veterans by Age

count

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Harlan Veterans by Race

Harlan Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

2.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.23%

Veteran Disability Rate

Harlan Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58.8%

Labor Force Participation

56.7%

Employment Rate

3.4%

Unemployment Rate

Harlan Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Harlan Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Harlan Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

65.94%

Born in Harlan

97.12%

Native Born

2.88%

Foreign Born

1.76%

Non Citizen

1.12%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.12% of Harlan residents were born in the United States, with 65.94% having been born in Iowa. 1.76% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Harlan Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20294,376-66-1.49%
20284,442-66-1.46%
20274,508-66-1.44%
20264,574-66-1.42%
20254,640-66-1.4%
20244,706-66-1.38%
20234,772-66-1.36%
20224,838-66-1.35%
20214,90480.16%
20204,8961272.66%
20194,769-52-1.08%
20184,821-11-0.23%
20174,832-40-0.82%
20164,872-53-1.08%
20154,925-49-0.99%
20144,974-11-0.22%
20134,985-55-1.09%
20125,040350.7%
20115,005-77-1.52%
20105,082-200-3.79%
20005,2821342.6%
19905,148-209-3.9%
19805,3573086.1%
19705,04969916.07%
19604,35043511.11%
19503,9151885.04%
19403,72758218.51%
19303,14531411.09%
19202,83126110.16%
19102,570
showing: 30 rows

Harlan Population by Year