Harlan, Kentucky Population 2024

1,795

Harlan is a city located in Harlan County Kentucky. Harlan has a 2024 population of 1,795. It is also the county seat of Harlan County.Harlan is currently declining at a rate of -2.45% annually and its population has decreased by -9.34% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,980 in 2020.

The average household income in Harlan is $44,843 with a poverty rate of 41.46%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Harlan is 41 years, 41.7 years for males, and 40.6 years for females.

Harlan Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Harlan was:

  • White: 90.62%
  • Black or African American: 6.66%
  • Asian: 1.57%
  • Two or more races: 1.15%
  • Native American:
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
  • Other race:
Land Area (mi²)
1.3 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,378.70/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-9.34% (-185)
The current population of Harlan, Kentucky is 1,795 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,980.

Harlan, Kentucky Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White1,72990.62%
Black or African American1276.66%
Asian301.57%
Two or more races221.15%
Native American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Harlan Population by Race

Harlan Population Pyramid 2024

Harlan Median Age

41

Total

41.7

Male

40.6

Female

Harlan Adults

There are 1,476 adults, (322 of whom are seniors) in Harlan.

Harlan Age Dependency

65.3

Age Dependency Ratio

27.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Harlan Sex Ratio

Female1,16160.85%
Male74739.15%

Harlan Population by Age

Harlan Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All8782.1735.564.5
Non Family3701.224.675.4
Married2562.8962.137.9
Female2312.8418.681.4
Male213.2990.59.5
showing: 5 rows

2.82

Average Family Size

2.17

Average Household Size

35.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Harlan Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Harlan Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Harlan Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

Harlan Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$34,688

Average Earnings

$34,432

Average Male

$35,114

Average Female

Harlan Earnings by Educational Attainment

Harlan Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Harlan Language

98.16% of Harlan residents speak only English, while 1.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.67% of the population.

Harlan Language

Harlan Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White1,72675843.92%
Black1272015.75%
Multiple221359.09%
showing: 3 rows

41.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

36.28%

Male Poverty Rate

44.79%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Harlan

The race most likely to be in poverty in Harlan is Multiple, with 59.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Harlan is Black, with 15.75% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 13.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 55.46%.

Harlan Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade73.33%
High School47.17%
Some College22.91%
Bachelors or Greater2.25%
showing: 4 rows

Harlan Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed100%
Female Unemployed100%
Female Employed17.39%
Male Employed8.04%
showing: 4 rows

Harlan Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Harlan Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Harlan Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

37.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

29.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Harlan Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Harlan Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Harlan Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Harlan Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

54

Number of Veterans

48

Male Veterans

6

Female Veterans

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Harlan Veterans by War

count

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Harlan Veterans by Age

count

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Harlan Veterans by Race

Harlan Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

31.48%

Veteran Poverty Rate

66.67%

Veteran Disability Rate

Harlan Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

46.6%

Labor Force Participation

41.1%

Employment Rate

11.8%

Unemployment Rate

Harlan Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Harlan Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Harlan Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

81.18%

Born in Harlan

99.84%

Native Born

0.16%

Foreign Born

Non Citizen

0.16%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.84% of Harlan residents were born in the United States, with 81.18% having been born in Kentucky. of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from North America.

Harlan Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20291,570-45-2.79%
20281,615-45-2.71%
20271,660-45-2.64%
20261,705-45-2.57%
20251,750-45-2.51%
20241,795-45-2.45%
20231,840-45-2.39%
20221,885-45-2.33%
20211,930-50-2.53%
20201,98048332.26%
20191,497-28-1.84%
20181,525-24-1.55%
20171,549-20-1.27%
20161,569-35-2.18%
20151,604-33-2.02%
20141,637-35-2.09%
20131,672-19-1.12%
20121,691-33-1.91%
20111,724-11-0.63%
20101,735
showing: 20 rows

Harlan Population by Year