Harrisburg, Illinois Population 2024

7,796

Harrisburg is a city located in Saline County Illinois. Harrisburg has a 2024 population of 7,796. It is also the county seat of Saline County.Harrisburg is currently declining at a rate of -1.18% annually and its population has decreased by -4.86% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 8,194 in 2020.

The average household income in Harrisburg is $58,374 with a poverty rate of 24.1%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Harrisburg is 36.6 years, 35.7 years for males, and 40.8 years for females.

Harrisburg Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Harrisburg was:

  • White: 91.49%
  • Two or more races: 5.41%
  • Black or African American: 2.21%
  • Asian: 0.64%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.25%
  • Native American:
  • Other race:
Land Area (mi²)
6.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,184.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.86% (-398)
The current population of Harrisburg, Illinois is 7,796 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 8,194.

Harrisburg, Illinois Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White7,66791.49%
Two or more races4535.41%
Black or African American1852.21%
Asian540.64%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander210.25%
Native American
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Native American

Other race

Harrisburg Population by Race

Harrisburg Population Pyramid 2024

Harrisburg Median Age

36.6

Total

35.7

Male

40.8

Female

Harrisburg Adults

There are 6,425 adults, (1,617 of whom are seniors) in Harrisburg.

Harrisburg Age Dependency

74.3

Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Harrisburg Sex Ratio

Female4,41752.71%
Male3,96347.29%

Harrisburg Population by Age

Harrisburg Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,5792.256238
Non Family1,5331.1749.250.8
Married1,1983.0985.314.7
Female6272.9246.353.7
Male2213.2468.831.2
showing: 5 rows

2.9

Average Family Size

2.25

Average Household Size

62.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Harrisburg Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Harrisburg Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Harrisburg Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 76.19%.

Harrisburg Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$32,669

Average Earnings

$36,484

Average Male

$28,018

Average Female

Harrisburg Earnings by Educational Attainment

Harrisburg Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Harrisburg Language

98.69% of Harrisburg residents speak only English, while 1.31% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 0.47% of the population.

Harrisburg Language

Harrisburg Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White7,2871,84625.33%
Black1164740.52%
Multiple446204.48%
Hispanic9733.09%
showing: 4 rows

24.1%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.38%

Male Poverty Rate

25.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Harrisburg

The race most likely to be in poverty in Harrisburg is Black, with 40.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Harrisburg is Hispanic, with 3.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.28%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.38%.

Harrisburg Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade41.74%
High School32.19%
Some College14.79%
Bachelors or Greater7.3%
showing: 4 rows

Harrisburg Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed41.84%
Female Employed20.49%
Male Employed6.05%
Female Unemployed5.7%
showing: 4 rows

Harrisburg Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Harrisburg Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Harrisburg Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.1%

Male Marriage Rate

32.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Harrisburg Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Harrisburg Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Harrisburg Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Harrisburg Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

528

Number of Veterans

496

Male Veterans

32

Female Veterans

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Harrisburg Veterans by War

count

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Harrisburg Veterans by Age

count

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Harrisburg Veterans by Race

Harrisburg Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

19.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

53.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Harrisburg Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

56.9%

Labor Force Participation

52.5%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Harrisburg Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Harrisburg Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Harrisburg Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

75.67%

Born in Harrisburg

99.47%

Native Born

0.53%

Foreign Born

0.29%

Non Citizen

0.24%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.47% of Harrisburg residents were born in the United States, with 75.67% having been born in Illinois. 0.29% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Harrisburg Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20297,331-93-1.25%
20287,424-93-1.24%
20277,517-93-1.22%
20267,610-93-1.21%
20257,703-93-1.19%
20247,796-93-1.18%
20237,889-93-1.17%
20227,982-93-1.15%
20218,075-119-1.45%
20208,194-336-3.94%
20198,530-81-0.94%
20188,611-72-0.83%
20178,683-89-1.01%
20168,772-99-1.12%
20158,871-3-0.03%
20148,874-107-1.19%
20138,981-42-0.47%
20129,02340.04%
20119,01910.01%
20109,018-842-8.54%
20009,8605716.15%
19909,289-1,121-10.77%
198010,4108759.18%
19709,5353643.97%
19609,171-1,828-16.62%
195010,999-454-3.96%
194011,453-172-1.48%
193011,6254,50063.16%
19207,1251,81634.21%
19105,309
showing: 30 rows

Harrisburg Population by Year