Hartford, Connecticut Population 2023

119,938

Hartford is a city located in Hartford County Connecticut. It is also the county seat of Hartford County. With a 2023 population of 119,938, it is the 4th largest city in Connecticut and the 260th largest city in the United States.Hartford is currently declining at a rate of -0.31% annually and its population has decreased by -2.13% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 122,549 in 2020. Spanning over 18 miles, Hartford has a population density of 6,901 people per square mile.

The average household income in Hartford is $52,689 with a poverty rate of 32.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Hartford is 32.9 years, 31.1 years for males, and 34.6 years for females.

Hartford is one of the oldest cities in the country, and it is home to many of the oldest landmarks in the United States. Once one of the richest cities in the U.S., Hartford is now one of the poorest.

Hartford Population Growth

Hartford’s population grew at a steady rate during its earliest years. However, at the time of the 1960 census, the city’s population was dropping, as more people were moving to suburban areas surrounding the city. This trend continued until the census of 1990. The population peaked in 1950 with over 177,000 residents. Today, however, that number has dropped significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has again dropped over 1% since the last census taken in 2010. Socio-economic disparities between the city and its suburbs, high poverty rates and the city’s financial problems are a contributing factor to the reduced population.

The region that is now Hartford was originally inhabited by multiple tribes, including Podunks, Walgunks, and the Saukiog. The area was first reached by the Europeans in the early 1600s, with the Dutch later coming to establish a trading post called Fort Hoop. The Dutch were soon outnumbered as more English settlers came to the area. During the 1650s, a boundary was created to separate the two colonies.

When the English arrived in the 1630s, the settlement was first called Newtown which was changed later to Hartford. It was also during the 1630s when Thomas Hooker delivered a speech that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which gave the power of governance to the settlement’s people. It’s believed that this document was the inspiration for the Constitution.

Hartford continued to serve as a potent political presence through the 19th century. It was a center of influence, had a strong economy and was one of the wealthiest cities in the country. One of the most notable residents during the 19th century was Samuel Colt, who patented a revolver mechanism that allowed a gun to be shot multiple times without the need to reload. , and Colt created his corporation located near what is now downtown Hartford.

Colt also opened the Colt Armory and used advanced techniques to produce 150 weapons per day. During the Civil War, the armory thrived. In addition to becoming very wealthy and creating over 400,000 revolvers in just 25 years, Colt was a pioneer in product placement and marketing because of his innovative business practices.

Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th century, Hartford had secured its place as a major manufacturing city. The city produced many products, including sewing machines, bicycles, cars, and typewriters.

The arrival of the 20th century also brought about some hardships for the city. This included one of the worst fires in the history of the US—the Hartford Circus Fire. Despite the disaster, the city was continuing to grow, with many Puerto Ricans moving to the area. However, in the 1950s, the expansion of suburbs led to population loss in the city limits. Businesses shut down or moved as suburban areas continued to grow. The population continued to drop through the 1990s, and it has been up and down ever since.

Today, the city of Hartford is a very diverse city. It has a thriving theater and arts scene, and it is the site of many events, including concerts and festivals. It is home to many higher education institutions including Trinity College and has many parks, churches, historical sites and attractions for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Hartford Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hartford was:

  • Black or African American: 37.19%
  • White: 29.60%
  • Other race: 20.48%
  • Two or more races: 9.68%
  • Asian: 2.53%
  • Native American: 0.46%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Hartford, Connecticut is 119,938 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 122,549.

Hartford, Connecticut Population 2023

Hartford Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Black or African American

White

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Hartford Population by Race

Hartford Population Pyramid 2023

Hartford Median Age

32.9

Total

31.1

Male

34.6

Female

Hartford Adults

There are 94,102 adults, (14,334 of whom are seniors) in Hartford.

Hartford Age Dependency

53.6

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Hartford Sex Ratio

Female64,35852.52%
Male58,19147.48%

Hartford Population by Age

Hartford Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.27

Average Family Size

2.41

Average Household Size

24.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Hartford Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Hartford Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 74.60%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 62.30%.

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$31,688

Average Earnings

$36,314

Average Male

$28,808

Average Female

Hartford Earnings by Educational Attainment

Hartford Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Hartford Language

56.72% of Hartford residents speak only English, while 43.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 36.11% of the population.

Hartford Language

Hartford Poverty by Race

rate

32.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.13%

Male Poverty Rate

28.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hartford

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Hispanic, with 46.35% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Asian, with 12.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.28%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.62%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 45.66%.

Hartford Poverty

Hartford Poverty Rate by Education

Hartford Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Hartford Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Hartford Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

23.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.6%

Male Marriage Rate

21.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Hartford Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Hartford Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hartford Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Hartford Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,160

Number of Veterans

1,988

Male Veterans

172

Female Veterans

Hartford Veterans by War

Hartford Veterans by Age

count

Hartford Veterans by Race

Hartford Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

18.54%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.96%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hartford Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60.2%

Labor Force Participation

53.3%

Employment Rate

11.3%

Unemployment Rate

Hartford Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Hartford Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Hartford Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

46.21%

Born in Hartford

79.92%

Native Born

21.32%

Foreign Born

11.86%

Non Citizen

9.46%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.92% of Hartford residents were born in the United States, with 46.21% having been born in Connecticut. 11.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Hartford Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Hartford Population by Year