Hartford, Connecticut Population 2021

121,203
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Hartford is a city located in Hartford County Connecticut. It is also the county seat of Hartford County. With a 2020 population of 121,203, it is the 4th largest city in Connecticut (after , , and ) and the 238th largest city in the United States . Hartford is currently declining at a rate of -0.37% annually and its population has decreased by -2.86% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 124,775 in 2010. Hartford reached it's highest population of 177,397 in 1950. Spanning over 18 miles, Hartford has a population density of 6,974 people per square mile.

The average household income in Hartford is $52,689 with a poverty rate of 28.12%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $985 per month, and the median house value is $165,300. The median age in Hartford is 32.1 years, 30.9 years for males, and 33.2 years for females.

Hartford is one of the oldest cities in the country, and it is home to many of the oldest landmarks in the United States. Once one of the richest cities in the U.S., Hartford is now one of the poorest.

Hartford Population Growth

Hartford’s population grew at a steady rate during its earliest years. However, at the time of the 1960 census, the city’s population was dropping, as more people were moving to suburban areas surrounding the city. This trend continued until the census of 1990. The population peaked in 1950 with over 177,000 residents. Today, however, that number has dropped significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has again dropped over 1% since the last census taken in 2010. Socio-economic disparities between the city and its suburbs, high poverty rates and the city’s financial problems are a contributing factor to the reduced population.

The region that is now Hartford was originally inhabited by multiple tribes, including Podunks, Walgunks, and the Saukiog. The area was first reached by the Europeans in the early 1600s, with the Dutch later coming to establish a trading post called Fort Hoop. The Dutch were soon outnumbered as more English settlers came to the area. During the 1650s, a boundary was created to separate the two colonies.

When the English arrived in the 1630s, the settlement was first called Newtown which was changed later to Hartford. It was also during the 1630s when Thomas Hooker delivered a speech that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which gave the power of governance to the settlement’s people. It’s believed that this document was the inspiration for the Constitution.

Hartford continued to serve as a potent political presence through the 19th century. It was a center of influence, had a strong economy and was one of the wealthiest cities in the country. One of the most notable residents during the 19th century was Samuel Colt, who patented a revolver mechanism that allowed a gun to be shot multiple times without the need to reload. , and Colt created his corporation located near what is now downtown Hartford.

Colt also opened the Colt Armory and used advanced techniques to produce 150 weapons per day. During the Civil War, the armory thrived. In addition to becoming very wealthy and creating over 400,000 revolvers in just 25 years, Colt was a pioneer in product placement and marketing because of his innovative business practices.

Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th century, Hartford had secured its place as a major manufacturing city. The city produced many products, including sewing machines, bicycles, cars, and typewriters.

The arrival of the 20th century also brought about some hardships for the city. This included one of the worst fires in the history of the US—the Hartford Circus Fire. Despite the disaster, the city was continuing to grow, with many Puerto Ricans moving to the area. However, in the 1950s, the expansion of suburbs led to population loss in the city limits. Businesses shut down or moved as suburban areas continued to grow. The population continued to drop through the 1990s, and it has been up and down ever since.

Today, the city of Hartford is a very diverse city. It has a thriving theater and arts scene, and it is the site of many events, including concerts and festivals. It is home to many higher education institutions including Trinity College and has many parks, churches, historical sites and attractions for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Hartford Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hartford was:

  • Black or African American: 37.70%
  • White: 31.25%
  • Other race: 21.48%
  • Two or more races: 6.40%
  • Asian: 2.68%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Hartford, Connecticut is 121,203 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 122,556.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 124,775.

Hartford, Connecticut Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20211,202,350-1,270-0.11%
20201,203,620-1,260-0.10%
20191,204,880-1,260-0.10%
20181,206,140-890-0.07%
20171,207,030-1,570-0.13%
20161,208,600-3,150-0.26%
20151,211,750-2,140-0.18%
20141,213,890-890-0.07%
20131,214,780-530-0.04%
20121,215,310-780-0.06%
20111,216,0902,0000.16%
20101,214,0900.00%

Hartford Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American46,40037.70%
White38,47131.25%
Some Other Race26,43621.48%
Two or More Races7,8806.40%
Asian3,2962.68%
American Indian and Alaska Native5330.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander720.06%
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Hartford Population by Race

Hartford Population Pyramid $2021

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Hartford Median Age

32.1


Total

30.9


Male

33.2


Female

Hartford Adults

There are 94,125 adults, (13,868 of whom are seniors) in Hartford.

Hartford Age Dependency

53.4

Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Hartford Sex Ratio

Female

64,488

52.39%

Male

58,600

47.61%

Hartford Population by Age

Hartford Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Hartford Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.9%52.1%
Male24.1%75.9%
All24%76%
Female19.1%80.9%
Non Family15.9%84.1%

24.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Hartford Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,6902.4824
Non Family20,6031.2315.9
Female13,2143.5519.1
Married9,6333.4247.9
Male3,2403.2324.1

3.3

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

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Hartford Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,96811.76%
9th to 12th Grade10,50313.78%
High School Graduate25,32933.23%
Some College13,76918.06%
Associates Degree4,7896.28%
Bachelors Degree7,64210.02%
Graduate Degree5,2346.87%
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Hartford Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic31,41518,6212,168
Black29,80624,7054,214
Other Race15,6878,980809
White12,27510,8054,737
2+ Races3,3472,271403
Asian2,3321,9651,585
Native American344226
Islander1616

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 67.97%.

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,086$35,257$27,240
Less Than 9th Grade$22,244$24,421$19,874
High School Graduate$28,214$31,392$24,202
Some College$31,065$38,201$27,175
Bachelors Degree$48,415$54,789$41,136
Graduate Degree$63,393$71,371$57,992

$31,086

Average Earnings

$35,257

Average Male

$27,240

Average Female

Hartford Earnings by Educational Attainment

Hartford Language by Age

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Hartford Language

56.91% of Hartford residents speak only English, while 43.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.18% of the population.

Hartford Language

Hartford Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic53,67718,94135.29%
Black44,84610,87124.24%
Other25,7648,62533.48%
White14,4442,55417.68%
Multiple7,7442,26629.26%
Asian3,17943813.78%
Native53316931.71%

28.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.18%

Male Poverty Rate

28.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hartford

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Hispanic, with 35.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Asian, with 13.78% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 45.10%.

Hartford Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.49%
High School24.62%
Some College18.59%
Bachelors or Greater9.65%

Hartford Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed48.15%
Male Unemployed40.67%
Female Employed14.34%
Male Employed9.01%

Hartford Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Hartford Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$36,278$52,689
Families$42,536$59,767
Married Families$68,393$88,899
Non Families$23,563$38,946
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Income by Household Type

Hartford Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

24.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.6%

Male Marriage Rate

21.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Hartford Married by Age and Sex

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Hartford Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hartford Marital Status by Race

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Hartford Marital Status

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2,595

Number of Veterans

2,362

Male Veterans

233

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam856
Second Gulf War530
First Gulf War336
Korea238
World War II86

Hartford Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74641
75+527
35 to 54525
55 to 64478
18 to 34424

Hartford Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black1,2453.52%
White9943.13%
Hispanic5821.52%
Other Race2301.20%
2+ Races1032.29%
Asian230.80%

Hartford Veterans by Race

Hartford Veterans by Education

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16.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hartford Veterans by Education

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60.7%

Labor Force Participation

53.3%

Employment Rate

12%

Unemployment Rate

Hartford Employment by Age

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Hartford Employment by Race

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Hartford Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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45.79%

Born in Hartford

78.52%

Native Born

21.48%

Foreign Born

12.26%

Non Citizen

9.21%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

78.52% of Hartford residents were born in the United States, with 45.79% having been born in Connecticut. 12.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Hartford Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021121,203-451-0.37%
2020121,654-451-0.37%
2019122,105-451-0.37%
2018122,556-332-0.27%
2017122,888-766-0.62%
2016123,654-657-0.53%
2015124,311-354-0.28%
2014124,665-463-0.37%
2013125,128-138-0.11%
2012125,266-168-0.13%
2011125,434800.06%
2010125,3543,7760.31%
2000121,578-18,161-1.38%
1990139,7393,3470.24%
1980136,392-21,625-1.46%
1970158,017-4,161-0.26%
1960162,178-15,219-0.89%
1950177,39711,1300.65%
1940166,2672,1950.13%
1930164,07226,0361.74%
1920138,03639,1213.39%
191098,91519,0652.16%
190079,85026,6204.14%
189053,23011,2152.39%
188042,0154,8351.23%
187037,18010,2633.28%
186026,91713,3627.10%
185013,5554,0873.65%
18409,4682,3942.96%
18307,0742,3484.12%
18204,7267711.80%
18103,9554321.16%
18003,5238402.76%
17902,6830.00%

Hartford Population by Year