Hartford, Connecticut Population 2020

121,033

Hartford is a city located in Connecticut. With a 2020 population of 121,033, it is the 4th largest city in Connecticut (after , , and ) and the 237th largest city in the United States. Hartford is currently declining at a rate of -0.64% annually and its population has decreased by -3.00% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 124,775 in 2010. Hartford reached it's highest population of 177,397 in 1950. Spanning over 18 miles, Hartford has a population density of 6,964 people per square mile.

The average household income in Hartford is $50,765 with a poverty rate of 30.09%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $959 per month, and the median house value is $162,800. The median age in Hartford is 31.5 years, 30.1 years for males, and 32.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males.

Hartford is one of the oldest cities in the country, and it is home to many of the oldest landmarks in the United States. Once one of the richest cities in the U.S., Hartford is now one of the poorest.

Hartford Population Growth

Hartford’s population grew at a steady rate during its earliest years. However, at the time of the 1960 census, the city’s population was dropping, as more people were moving to suburban areas surrounding the city. This trend continued until the census of 1990. The population peaked in 1950 with over 177,000 residents. Today, however, that number has dropped significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has again dropped over 1% since the last census taken in 2010. Socio-economic disparities between the city and its suburbs, high poverty rates and the city’s financial problems are a contributing factor to the reduced population.

The region that is now Hartford was originally inhabited by multiple tribes, including Podunks, Walgunks, and the Saukiog. The area was first reached by the Europeans in the early 1600s, with the Dutch later coming to establish a trading post called Fort Hoop. The Dutch were soon outnumbered as more English settlers came to the area. During the 1650s, a boundary was created to separate the two colonies.

When the English arrived in the 1630s, the settlement was first called Newtown which was changed later to Hartford. It was also during the 1630s when Thomas Hooker delivered a speech that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which gave the power of governance to the settlement’s people. It’s believed that this document was the inspiration for the Constitution.

Hartford continued to serve as a potent political presence through the 19th century. It was a center of influence, had a strong economy and was one of the wealthiest cities in the country. One of the most notable residents during the 19th century was Samuel Colt, who patented a revolver mechanism that allowed a gun to be shot multiple times without the need to reload. , and Colt created his corporation located near what is now downtown Hartford.

Colt also opened the Colt Armory and used advanced techniques to produce 150 weapons per day. During the Civil War, the armory thrived. In addition to becoming very wealthy and creating over 400,000 revolvers in just 25 years, Colt was a pioneer in product placement and marketing because of his innovative business practices.

Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th century, Hartford had secured its place as a major manufacturing city. The city produced many products, including sewing machines, bicycles, cars, and typewriters.

The arrival of the 20th century also brought about some hardships for the city. This included one of the worst fires in the history of the US—the Hartford Circus Fire. Despite the disaster, the city was continuing to grow, with many Puerto Ricans moving to the area. However, in the 1950s, the expansion of suburbs led to population loss in the city limits. Businesses shut down or moved as suburban areas continued to grow. The population continued to drop through the 1990s, and it has been up and down ever since.

Today, the city of Hartford is a very diverse city. It has a thriving theater and arts scene, and it is the site of many events, including concerts and festivals. It is home to many higher education institutions including Trinity College and has many parks, churches, historical sites and attractions for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Hartford Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hartford was:

  • Black or African American: 36.87%
  • White: 33.10%
  • Other race: 21.05%
  • Two or more races: 5.55%
  • Asian: 2.95%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Hartford, Connecticut is 121,033, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 122,587.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 124,775.

Hartford, Connecticut Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,205,460-420-0.03%
20191,205,880-420-0.03%
20181,206,300-420-0.03%
20171,206,720-1,700-0.14%
20161,208,420-3,180-0.26%
20151,211,600-2,200-0.18%
20141,213,800-860-0.07%
20131,214,660-440-0.04%
20121,215,100-880-0.07%
20111,215,9801,9200.16%
20101,214,0600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American45,58436.87%
White40,92133.10%
Some Other Race26,02921.05%
Two or More Races6,8615.55%
Asian3,6512.95%
American Indian and Alaska Native5130.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander690.06%

Hartford Population Pyramid 2020

Hartford Median Age

31.5


Total

30.1


Male

32.9


Female

Hartford Adults

There are 94,190 adults, (13,258 of whom are seniors) in Hartford.

Hartford Age Dependency

52.8

Age Dependency Ratio

16.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Hartford Sex Ratio

Female

64,538

52.20%

Male

59,090

47.80%

Hartford Households and Families

Hartford Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Hartford Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married45.5%54.5%
Male24.1%75.9%
All23.8%76.2%
Non Family17.3%82.7%
Female16.9%83.1%

23.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,8792.5323.8
Non Family19,5601.2317.3
Female13,0573.5816.9
Married9,9673.4545.5
Male3,2953.2924.1

3.33

Average Family Size

2.53

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hartford Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,21512.21%
9th to 12th Grade10,21713.54%
High School Graduate25,34433.59%
Some College13,13017.40%
Associates Degree4,8606.44%
Bachelors Degree7,63210.11%
Graduate Degree5,0616.71%

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic31,39818,7752,266
Black28,70123,5873,882
Other Race15,7609,171908
White12,06910,6214,757
Multiple Races2,9802,298439
Asian2,4431,9591,549
Native American369225
Islander1616

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 63.41%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,161$32,662$27,383
Less Than High School$21,613$23,923$19,202
High School Grad$27,279$30,097$25,129
Some College$29,776$35,519$27,166
Bachelors Degree$45,688$54,643$38,096
Graduate Degree$62,720$65,536$60,801

$30,161

Average Earnings

$32,662

Average Male

$27,383

Average Female

Hartford Language

Hartford Language by Age

Hartford Language

55.71% of Hartford residents speak only English, while 44.29% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.80% of the population.

Hartford Poverty

Hartford Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic54,29720,26437.32%
Black44,14011,85026.85%
Other25,4438,78734.54%
White14,2722,69218.86%
Multiple6,7302,35234.95%
Asian3,48545012.91%
Native48918036.81%

30.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

29.11%

Male Poverty Rate

30.97%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hartford

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Hispanic, with 37.32% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Asian, with 12.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.97%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.27%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.35%
High School25.36%
Some College19.52%
Bachelors or Greater9.67%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.24%
Male Unemployed37.35%
Female Employed14.24%
Male Employed9.73%

Hartford Income

Hartford Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,338$50,765
Families$39,453$57,284
Married Families$62,719$86,312
Non Families$22,411$37,465

Hartford Marital Status

Hartford Marital Status

Marriage Rates

24.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

27.2%

Male Marriage Rate

22.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Hartford Married by Age and Sex

Hartford Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hartford Marital Status by Race

Hartford Veterans

2,700

Number of Veterans

2,501

Male Veterans

199

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam746
Second Gulf War606
First Gulf War409
Korea193
World War II122
Name Veterans % of Total
Black1,2433.62%
White1,0243.10%
Hispanic7031.82%
Other2811.45%
2 or More1343.45%
Asian150.49%
Indian30.72%

$Hartford Veterans by Education

15.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hartford Employment Status

60%

Labor Force Participation

51.8%

Employment Rate

13.6%

Unemployment Rate

Hartford Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.77%

Born in Connecticut

78.49%

Native Born

21.51%

Foreign Born

12.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

78.49% of Hartford residents were born in the United States, with 45.77% having been born in Connecticut. 12.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020121,033-777-0.64%
2019121,810-777-0.63%
2018122,587-315-0.26%
2017122,902-777-0.63%
2016123,679-659-0.53%
2015124,338-345-0.28%
2014124,683-459-0.37%
2013125,142-135-0.11%
2012125,277-154-0.12%
2011125,431720.06%
2010125,3593,7810.31%
2000121,578-18,161-1.38%
1990139,7393,3470.24%
1980136,392-21,625-1.46%
1970158,017-4,161-0.26%
1960162,178-15,219-0.89%
1950177,39711,1300.65%
1940166,2672,1950.13%
1930164,07226,0361.74%
1920138,03639,1213.39%
191098,91519,0652.16%
190079,85026,6204.14%
189053,23011,2152.39%
188042,0154,8351.23%
187037,18010,2633.28%
186026,91713,3627.10%
185013,5554,0873.65%
18409,4682,3942.96%
18307,0742,3484.12%
18204,7267711.80%
18103,9554321.16%
18003,5238402.76%
17902,6830.00%