Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2022

901,082
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Indianapolis is a city located in Hamilton County and Marion County Indiana. It is also the county seat of Marion County. With a 2020 population of 901,082, it is the largest city in Indiana and the 16th largest city in the United States. Indianapolis is currently growing at a rate of 0.75% annually and its population has increased by 1.51% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 887,642 in 2020. Spanning over 368 miles, Indianapolis has a population density of 2,492 people per square mile.

The average household income in Indianapolis is $68,367 with a poverty rate of 16.92%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Indianapolis is 34.2 years, 33.1 years for males, and 35.2 years for females.

Indianapolis was also recently ranked by Forbes as one of the best downtowns in the country with movie theaters, museums, art galleries, parks, retail shops, and entertainment, and its greater area has seen moderate growth in the past few years.

Indianapolis Diversity

In 2013, it was announced that African Americans in Indianapolis had reached a new milestone: a total population of 300,000, which is an increase of 3.9% over the 2010 Census data. The city and county are now 29.3% African American, but the metropolitan area is 16% black. 1 in 8 people living in Central Indiana is African American.

In 1970, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 80% of the Indianapolis population, and Indianapolis was the 11th largest city in the US. In the 1970s and '80s, the city suffered from white flight and urban decay, and major revitalization efforts in the most blighted areas during the 1980's help to accelerate growth on the fringes of the metro region.

A 2010 study from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee found that Indianapolis is the least segregated city in the northern US, with 25% of its population living on a block with both black and white residents.

Indianapolis Population Growth

For the 6th year in a row, Indiana's population growth rate has dropped. The US Census Bureau estimates that Indiana's population grew about 0.3% in 2012, although it has remained higher than adjacent states and this sluggish growth is typical throughout the United States.

Columbus, Ohio has a population that's pretty comparable to Indianapolis, but about 30,000 lower. Columbus has a much higher growth rate, and it's believed it will surpass Indianapolis by 2020.

Despite its sluggish growth, it's predicted the entire state of Indiana will grow 15% by 2050, and populations in counties surrounding Indianapolis are expected to grow the most. The Indianapolis-Carmel metro area has always been the growth engine for the state and accounted for 57% of Indiana's growth between 2000 and 2010. By 2030, it's expected to be responsible for 62% of the state's growth. It will be interesting to see just how many people Indianapolis can add by the next census in 2020.

The area of Indianapolis was initially inhabited by the Miami and Lenape (Delaware) Native American tribes, who were displaced around 1820. Indianapolis was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1820 and, while most state capitals are chosen in the central area of the state, Indianapolis is the closest capital to being in the exact center of Indianapolis.

The city was founded on the White River on the false assumption that this river could be a source of significant transportation, but settlers eventually found it was too sandy for trade transportation. The city's name comes from Jeremiah Sullivan, a judge for the Indiana Supreme Court, who joined Indiana with "polis," a Greek word meaning city.

Alexander Ralston was then commissioned to design the new city and had assisted previously with the design for Washington, D.C. By the early 20th century, Indianapolis was a major auto manufacturer, rivaling Detroit, and it was a major hub of regional transport that earned it the nickname "the Crossroads of America."

Through the beginning of the 20th century, Indianapolis proliferated, although fast suburbanization started around 1950 and race relations deteriorated. It's believed a speech by Robert Kennedy, in town campaigning for President on the night that Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated, that saved Indianapolis from riots that occurred throughout the United States.

While its growth has slowed significantly, Indianapolis is still a major transportation hub with a thriving economy and population.

Indianapolis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Indianapoliswas:

  • White: 58.96%
  • Black or African American: 28.96%
  • Two or more races: 4.23%
  • Other race: 3.89%
  • Asian: 3.72%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Indianapolis, Indiana is 901,082 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 887,642.

Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Indianapolis Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Indianapolis Population by Race

Indianapolis Population Pyramid 2022

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Indianapolis Median Age

34.2


Total

33.1


Male

35.2


Female

Indianapolis Adults

There are 655,680 adults, (107,987 of whom are seniors) in Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Indianapolis Sex Ratio

Female

450,649

51.84%

Male

418,738

48.16%

Indianapolis Population by Age

Indianapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Indianapolis Household Types

54.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Indianapolis Households and Families

3.38

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

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Indianapolis Households by Type

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Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 93.18%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.93%.

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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$37,543

Average Earnings

$41,461

Average Male

$34,052

Average Female

Indianapolis Earnings by Educational Attainment

Indianapolis Language by Age

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Indianapolis Language

86.06% of Indianapolis residents speak only English, while 13.94% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.14% of the population.

Indianapolis Language

Indianapolis Poverty by Race

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16.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.45%

Male Poverty Rate

18.28%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Indianapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Black, with 25.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.92%.

Indianapolis Poverty

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Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Education

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Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Indianapolis Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Indianapolis Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.8%

Male Marriage Rate

36.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Indianapolis Married by Age and Sex

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Indianapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Indianapolis Marital Status by Race

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Indianapolis Marital Status

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41,597

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Indianapolis Veterans by War

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Indianapolis Veterans by Age

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Indianapolis Veterans by Race

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

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8.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

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66.6%

Labor Force Participation

62.8%

Employment Rate

5.7%

Unemployment Rate

Indianapolis Employment by Age

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Indianapolis Employment by Race

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Indianapolis Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.85%

Born in Indianapolis

90.32%

Native Born

9.68%

Foreign Born

6.59%

Non Citizen

3.09%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.32% of Indianapolis residents were born in the United States, with 65.85% having been born in Indiana. 6.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Indianapolis Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Indianapolis Population by Year