Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2021

887,232
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Indianapolis is a city located in Indiana. With a 2020 population of 887,232, it is the largest city in Indiana and the 16th largest city in the United States. Indianapolis is currently growing at a rate of 0.62% annually and its population has increased by 8.14% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 820,445 in 2010. Indianapolis reached it's highest population of 887,232 in 2021. Spanning over 368 miles, Indianapolis has a population density of 2,454 people per square mile.

The average household income in Indianapolis is $68,367 with a poverty rate of 18.05%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $892 per month, and the median house value is $137,000. The median age in Indianapolis is 34.2 years, 33.1 years for males, and 35.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.1 males.

Indianapolis was also recently ranked by Forbes as one of the best downtowns in the country with movie theaters, museums, art galleries, parks, retail shops, and entertainment, and its greater area has seen moderate growth in the past few years.

Indianapolis Diversity

In 2013, it was announced that African Americans in Indianapolis had reached a new milestone: a total population of 300,000, which is an increase of 3.9% over the 2010 Census data. The city and county are now 29.3% African American, but the metropolitan area is 16% black. 1 in 8 people living in Central Indiana is African American.

In 1970, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 80% of the Indianapolis population, and Indianapolis was the 11th largest city in the US. In the 1970s and '80s, the city suffered from white flight and urban decay, and major revitalization efforts in the most blighted areas during the 1980's help to accelerate growth on the fringes of the metro region.

A 2010 study from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee found that Indianapolis is the least segregated city in the northern US, with 25% of its population living on a block with both black and white residents.

Indianapolis Population Growth

For the 6th year in a row, Indiana's population growth rate has dropped. The US Census Bureau estimates that Indiana's population grew about 0.3% in 2012, although it has remained higher than adjacent states and this sluggish growth is typical throughout the United States.

Columbus, Ohio has a population that's pretty comparable to Indianapolis, but about 30,000 lower. Columbus has a much higher growth rate, and it's believed it will surpass Indianapolis by 2020.

Despite its sluggish growth, it's predicted the entire state of Indiana will grow 15% by 2050, and populations in counties surrounding Indianapolis are expected to grow the most. The Indianapolis-Carmel metro area has always been the growth engine for the state and accounted for 57% of Indiana's growth between 2000 and 2010. By 2030, it's expected to be responsible for 62% of the state's growth. It will be interesting to see just how many people Indianapolis can add by the next census in 2020.

The area of Indianapolis was initially inhabited by the Miami and Lenape (Delaware) Native American tribes, who were displaced around 1820. Indianapolis was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1820 and, while most state capitals are chosen in the central area of the state, Indianapolis is the closest capital to being in the exact center of Indianapolis.

The city was founded on the White River on the false assumption that this river could be a source of significant transportation, but settlers eventually found it was too sandy for trade transportation. The city's name comes from Jeremiah Sullivan, a judge for the Indiana Supreme Court, who joined Indiana with "polis," a Greek word meaning city.

Alexander Ralston was then commissioned to design the new city and had assisted previously with the design for Washington, D.C. By the early 20th century, Indianapolis was a major auto manufacturer, rivaling Detroit, and it was a major hub of regional transport that earned it the nickname "the Crossroads of America."

Through the beginning of the 20th century, Indianapolis proliferated, although fast suburbanization started around 1950 and race relations deteriorated. It's believed a speech by Robert Kennedy, in town campaigning for President on the night that Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated, that saved Indianapolis from riots that occurred throughout the United States.

While its growth has slowed significantly, Indianapolis is still a major transportation hub with a thriving economy and population.

Indianapolis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Indianapolis was:

  • White: 60.90%
  • Black or African American: 28.55%
  • Other race: 3.47%
  • Asian: 3.43%
  • Two or more races: 3.34%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Indianapolis, Indiana is 887,232, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 870,960.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 820,445.

Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,118,88022,1701.05%
20202,096,71022,1701.06%
20192,074,54022,1701.07%
20182,052,37024,7901.21%
20172,027,58020,8201.03%
20162,006,76020,6401.03%
20151,986,12015,1100.76%
20141,971,01017,4100.88%
20131,953,60023,9201.22%
20121,929,68018,9600.98%
20111,910,72018,0800.95%
20101,892,6400.00%

Indianapolis Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White526,46360.90%
Black or African American246,83728.55%
Some Other Race29,9823.47%
Asian29,6603.43%
Two or More Races28,8883.34%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,4560.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1610.02%
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Indianapolis Population by Race

Indianapolis Population Pyramid 2021

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Indianapolis Median Age

34.2


Total

33.1


Male

35.2


Female

Indianapolis Adults

There are 651,238 adults, (105,185 of whom are seniors) in Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Age Dependency

58.3

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Indianapolis Sex Ratio

Female

447,554

51.77%

Male

416,893

48.23%

Indianapolis Population by Age

Indianapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Indianapolis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.9%23.1%
All53.1%46.9%
Male49.8%50.2%
Non Family40.5%59.5%
Female37.7%62.3%

53.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Indianapolis Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All338,2082.5153.1
Non Family155,1711.2940.5
Married117,1083.3876.9
Female50,0613.8337.7
Male15,8683.8649.8

3.42

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Indianapolis Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,9984.93%
9th to 12th Grade52,6749.27%
High School Graduate158,58427.92%
Some College110,39119.43%
Associates Degree43,0527.58%
Bachelors Degree113,80420.03%
Graduate Degree61,54610.83%
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Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White344,911310,894129,860
Black150,705127,49827,492
Hispanic42,77624,5145,339
Asian18,65414,2188,783
Other Race15,0827,9621,534
Multiple Races10,5089,4363,509
Native American1,4861,214329
Islander10587

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.14%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.08%.

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,304$40,283$32,194
Less Than High School$22,033$25,843$18,028
High School Grad$30,027$32,399$25,738
Some College$33,738$39,514$30,619
Bachelors Degree$48,011$54,654$42,794
Graduate Degree$61,885$68,171$56,733

$36,304

Average Earnings

$40,283

Average Male

$32,194

Average Female

Indianapolis Earnings by Educational Attainment

Indianapolis Language by Age

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Indianapolis Language

86.19% of Indianapolis residents speak only English, while 13.81% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.31% of the population.

Indianapolis Language

Indianapolis Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black241,68561,11125.29%
White459,94456,18412.22%
Hispanic89,15625,54128.65%
Other29,5709,53232.24%
Asian29,4905,46318.52%
Multiple28,2575,39719.10%
Native2,33134514.80%
Islander1321914.39%

18.05%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.55%

Male Poverty Rate

19.43%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Indianapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Other, with 32.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is White, with 12.22% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.19%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.72%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.91%.

Indianapolis Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.76%
High School17.00%
Some College11.86%
Bachelors or Greater5.22%

Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.73%
Male Unemployed36.22%
Female Employed9.46%
Male Employed6.64%

Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Indianapolis Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,873$68,367
Families$61,830$83,801
Married Families$81,866$104,226
Non Families$33,929$47,881
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Income by Household Type

Indianapolis Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.8%

Male Marriage Rate

35.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Indianapolis Married by Age and Sex

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Indianapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Indianapolis Marital Status by Race

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Indianapolis Marital Status

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42,717

Number of Veterans

38,341

Male Veterans

4,376

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam14,264
First Gulf War8,154
Second Gulf War7,375
Korea2,412
World War II1,402

Indianapolis Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5410,863
65 to 7410,069
55 to 649,905
75+8,037
18 to 343,843

Indianapolis Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White29,3947.02%
Black11,6586.62%
Hispanic1,2022.27%
2 or More9286.37%
Other3491.91%
Asian2191.01%
Indian1548.94%
Hawaiian1512.61%

Indianapolis Veterans by Race

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

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8.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

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66.9%

Labor Force Participation

62.6%

Employment Rate

6.4%

Unemployment Rate

Indianapolis Employment by Age

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Indianapolis Employment by Race

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Indianapolis Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.10%

Born in Indiana

90.34%

Native Born

9.66%

Foreign Born

6.66%

Non Citizen

3.00%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.34% of Indianapolis residents were born in the United States, with 66.10% having been born in Indiana. 6.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Indianapolis Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021887,2325,4240.62%
2020881,8085,4240.62%
2019876,3845,4240.62%
2018870,9607,4820.87%
2017863,4784,4290.52%
2016859,0495,3350.62%
2015853,7143,5500.42%
2014850,1645,4680.65%
2013844,6969,1971.10%
2012835,4997,8350.95%
2011827,6646,0850.74%
2010821,57939,7090.50%
2000781,87050,5430.67%
1990731,32730,5200.43%
1980700,807-43,817-0.60%
1970744,624268,3664.57%
1960476,25849,0851.09%
1950427,17340,2010.99%
1940386,97222,8110.61%
1930364,16149,9671.49%
1920314,19480,5443.01%
1910233,65064,4863.28%
1900169,16463,7284.84%
1890105,43630,3803.46%
188075,05626,8124.52%
187048,24429,6339.99%
186018,61110,5208.69%
18508,0915,39911.63%
18402,6920.00%

Indianapolis Population by Year