Jacksonville, Illinois Population 2021

18,267
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Jacksonville is a city located in Morgan County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Morgan County. With a 2020 population of 18,267, it is the 137th largest city in Illinois and the 1996th largest city in the United States . Jacksonville is currently declining at a rate of -0.91% annually and its population has decreased by -6.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 19,446 in 2010. Jacksonville reached it's highest population of 21,690 in 1960. Spanning over 11 miles, Jacksonville has a population density of 1,729 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jacksonville is $57,921 with a poverty rate of 16.47%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $716 per month, and the median house value is $103,900. The median age in Jacksonville is 37.3 years, 34.8 years for males, and 42 years for females.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jacksonville was:

  • White: 84.19%
  • Black or African American: 12.00%
  • Two or more races: 2.56%
  • Asian: 0.62%
  • Native American: 0.39%
  • Other race: 0.24%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Jacksonville, Illinois is 18,267 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 18,771.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 19,446.

Jacksonville, Illinois Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202137,919-345-0.91%
202038,264-345-0.90%
201938,609-345-0.89%
201838,954-274-0.70%
201739,228-456-1.16%
201639,684-99-0.25%
201539,783-60-0.15%
201439,843-368-0.92%
201340,211-393-0.98%
201240,604-106-0.26%
201140,710-120-0.29%
201040,8300.00%

Jacksonville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White15,87784.19%
Black or African American2,26312.00%
Two or More Races4822.56%
Asian1170.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native730.39%
Some Other Race450.24%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander20.01%
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Jacksonville Population by Race

Jacksonville Population Pyramid $2021

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Jacksonville Median Age

37.3


Total

34.8


Male

42


Female

Jacksonville Adults

There are 15,690 adults, (3,436 of whom are seniors) in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

53.9

Age Dependency Ratio

28

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Sex Ratio

Female

9,325

49.45%

Male

9,534

50.55%

Jacksonville Population by Age

Jacksonville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jacksonville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.5%22.5%
Male68.1%31.9%
All59.6%40.4%
Non Family50.2%49.8%
Female43.2%56.8%

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jacksonville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,2482.1359.6
Non Family3,2511.1950.2
Married2,5912.8777.5
Female1,1183.0643.2
Male2882.668.1

2.8

Average Family Size

2.13

Average Household Size

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Jacksonville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3552.80%
9th to 12th Grade9807.72%
High School Graduate5,10740.25%
Some College3,20725.28%
Associates Degree9177.23%
Bachelors Degree1,38110.88%
Graduate Degree7415.84%
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Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White10,98410,0361,947
Black1,19494545
Hispanic39828386
2+ Races1107819
Asian795555
Other Race1313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 69.62%.

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,126$37,266$29,770
Less Than 9th Grade$21,083$22,841$
High School Graduate$27,186$31,680$25,177
Some College$35,557$38,608$31,693
Bachelors Degree$36,687$40,795$33,194
Graduate Degree$54,550$71,688$53,200

$32,126

Average Earnings

$37,266

Average Male

$29,770

Average Female

Jacksonville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jacksonville Language by Age

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Jacksonville Language

94.55% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 5.45% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.05% of the population.

Jacksonville Language

Jacksonville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White13,4111,98514.80%
Black1,37424217.61%
Hispanic40620951.48%
Multiple41213833.50%
Asian1032423.30%

16.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.47%

Male Poverty Rate

16.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jacksonville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Hispanic, with 51.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is White, with 14.80% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.26%.

Jacksonville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.64%
High School14.61%
Some College10.69%
Bachelors or Greater5.89%

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed30.00%
Male Unemployed26.77%
Female Employed10.83%
Male Employed5.62%

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jacksonville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,976$57,921
Families$57,108$71,715
Married Families$69,911-
Non Families$28,784$37,754
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Income by Household Type

Jacksonville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

35.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.6%

Male Marriage Rate

34.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Jacksonville Married by Age and Sex

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Jacksonville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jacksonville Marital Status by Race

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Jacksonville Marital Status

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1,229

Number of Veterans

1,084

Male Veterans

145

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam408
First Gulf War201
Korea168
Second Gulf War163
World War II26

Jacksonville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+360
65 to 74339
35 to 54282
55 to 64186
18 to 3462

Jacksonville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,1658.70%
Black502.78%
Hispanic213.26%
2+ Races145.17%

Jacksonville Veterans by Race

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

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3.58%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

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54.5%

Labor Force Participation

50.5%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Jacksonville Employment by Age

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Jacksonville Employment by Race

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Jacksonville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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82.28%

Born in Jacksonville

97.55%

Native Born

2.45%

Foreign Born

1.35%

Non Citizen

1.10%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.55% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 82.28% having been born in Illinois. 1.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

Jacksonville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202118,267-168-0.91%
202018,435-168-0.90%
201918,603-168-0.89%
201818,771-115-0.61%
201718,886-201-1.05%
201619,0871230.65%
201518,964480.25%
201418,916-259-1.35%
201319,175-186-0.96%
201219,361-31-0.16%
201119,392-27-0.14%
201019,4194790.25%
200018,940-384-0.20%
199019,324-960-0.48%
198020,284-269-0.13%
197020,553-1,137-0.54%
196021,6901,3030.62%
195020,3875430.27%
194019,8442,0971.12%
193017,7472,0341.22%
192015,7133870.25%
191015,3262480.16%
190015,0782,1431.54%
189012,9352,0081.70%
188010,9271,7241.73%
18709,2033,6755.23%
18605,5282,7837.25%
18502,7450.00%

Jacksonville Population by Year