Jacksonville, Illinois Population 2024

16,883

Jacksonville is a city located in Morgan County Illinois. Jacksonville has a 2024 population of 16,883. It is also the county seat of Morgan County.Jacksonville is currently declining at a rate of -1.16% annually and its population has decreased by -4.01% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 17,588 in 2020.

The average household income in Jacksonville is $76,891 with a poverty rate of 17.67%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Jacksonville is 37.8 years, 36.6 years for males, and 40.3 years for females.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jacksonville was:

  • White: 83.48%
  • Black or African American: 8.41%
  • Two or more races: 5.86%
  • Other race: 1.16%
  • Asian: 0.91%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
10.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,598.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.01% (-705)
The current population of Jacksonville, Illinois is 16,883 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 17,588.

Jacksonville, Illinois Population 2024

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Jacksonville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White14,72583.48%
Black or African American1,4848.41%
Two or more races1,0345.86%
Other race2041.16%
Asian1600.91%
Native American320.18%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Jacksonville Population by Race

Jacksonville Population Pyramid 2024

Jacksonville Median Age

37.8

Total

36.6

Male

40.3

Female

Jacksonville Adults

There are 14,617 adults, (3,286 of whom are seniors) in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

55.7

Age Dependency Ratio

29

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Sex Ratio

Female8,76249.67%
Male8,87750.33%

Jacksonville Population by Age

Jacksonville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All6,9192.1962.137.9
Non Family3,2521.1343.156.9
Married2,3862.9591.18.9
Female9603.7249.550.5
Male3212.5776.923.1
showing: 5 rows

2.96

Average Family Size

2.19

Average Household Size

62.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Jacksonville Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among hispanic people with a rate of 26.8%.

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$41,039

Average Earnings

$46,367

Average Male

$33,769

Average Female

Jacksonville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jacksonville Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Jacksonville Language

96.01% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 3.99% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.58% of the population.

Jacksonville Language

Jacksonville Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White13,1231,80013.72%
Multiple86743950.63%
Black89129933.56%
Hispanic38616943.78%
Native211047.62%
showing: 5 rows

17.67%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.44%

Male Poverty Rate

16.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jacksonville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Multiple, with 50.63% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is White, with 13.72% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.37%.

Jacksonville Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade27.29%
High School20.33%
Some College12.68%
Bachelors or Greater6.57%
showing: 4 rows

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed50.7%
Female Unemployed21.16%
Female Employed12.86%
Male Employed8.11%
showing: 4 rows

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jacksonville Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Jacksonville Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

34.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Jacksonville Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Jacksonville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jacksonville Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Jacksonville Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,125

Number of Veterans

1,085

Male Veterans

40

Female Veterans

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Jacksonville Veterans by War

count

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Jacksonville Veterans by Age

count

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Jacksonville Veterans by Race

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

3.94%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

53.6%

Labor Force Participation

49.2%

Employment Rate

8.2%

Unemployment Rate

Jacksonville Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Jacksonville Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Jacksonville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

86.87%

Born in Jacksonville

98.99%

Native Born

1.01%

Foreign Born

0.49%

Non Citizen

0.52%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.99% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 86.87% having been born in Illinois. 0.49% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Jacksonville Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202915,893-198-1.23%
202816,091-198-1.22%
202716,289-198-1.2%
202616,487-198-1.19%
202516,685-198-1.17%
202416,883-198-1.16%
202317,081-198-1.15%
202217,279-198-1.13%
202117,477-111-0.63%
202017,588-1,033-5.55%
201918,621-168-0.89%
201818,789-118-0.62%
201718,907-196-1.03%
201619,1031230.65%
201518,980550.29%
201418,925-258-1.34%
201319,183-180-0.93%
201219,363-32-0.16%
201119,395-23-0.12%
201019,4184782.52%
200018,940-384-1.99%
199019,324-960-4.73%
198020,284-269-1.31%
197020,553-1,137-5.24%
196021,6901,3036.39%
195020,3875432.74%
194019,8442,09711.82%
193017,7472,03412.94%
192015,7133872.53%
191015,3262481.64%
190015,0782,14316.57%
189012,9352,00818.38%
188010,9271,72418.73%
18709,2033,67566.48%
18605,5282,783101.38%
18502,745
showing: 36 rows

Jacksonville Population by Year