Knoxville, Tennessee Population 2022

188,326
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Knoxville is a city located in Knox County Tennessee. Knoxville has a 2020 population of 188,326. It is also the county seat of Knox County. Knoxville is currently growing at a rate of 0.13% annually and its population has increased by 5.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 178,258 in 2010.

The average household income in Knoxville is $58,801 with a poverty rate of 22.48%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $883 per month, and the median house value is $142,700. The median age in Knoxville is 32.7 years, 31.5 years for males, and 34.1 years for females.

Knoxville is a city in Tennessee and the third-largest city in the state. The city was geographically isolated for much of its early history, although it quickly grew after the Civil War and is now one of the largest cities in the Appalachian area.

Knoxville Poverty and Health Statistics

Knoxville has a poverty rate of 25%, well above the Tennessee average (16.1%) and the national average (15.1%). A 2009 study found that Knoxville residents have a life expectancy of 76 years.

The study also found that 22% of adults smoked, 11% were binge drinkers, 14% did not have health insurance and 28% were obese.

Knoxville Population Growth

Knoxville experienced its first population decline in the 1950s, when it lost more than 10% of its population, although it more than made up the loss by 1970, posting a 56% increase. Today, Knoxville is among the ten fastest-growing U.S. cities with the best employment outlook in the country. Knoxville also has a low cost of living that is 80% of the national average along with low crime, which is attracting young college graduates.

Knoxville Facts

  • Knoxville was the first capital of Tennessee.
  • According to a 2006 study by the Economic Research Institute, Knoxville is the most affordable U.S. city for new college graduates based on typical salary and cost of living.
  • Knoxville is the base for Jewelry Television, a home shopping channel, as well as Scripps Networks Interactive, which operates HGTV, DIY Network, Food Network, and Travel Channel.
  • Quentin Tarantino and Johnny Knoxville were both born in Knoxville.
  • In 2013, there was not a single day of the year that remained at or below freezing. This has also happened in 1990, 1921 and 1915.
  • Mountain Dew was first marketed in Knoxville in 1948 as a whiskey mixer.

Knoxville was first inhabited during the Woodland period (c. 1000 BC to AD 1000), with an ancient burial mound still present on the University of Tennessee campus. The Cherokee people were dominant in the area by the 18th century due to wars with the Shawnee and Creek. The first European-American explorers arrived in the area at the end of the 17th century, although there is evidence Hernando de Soto visited Bussell Island in 1540.

The end of the French and Indian War and the American Revolution led to an increase in the Euro-American population west of the Appalachians, with establishments in the 1780s. In 1785, Congress ordered illegal settlers to leave the area, but it was not successful. More settlers arrived, and tensions between them and the Cherokee grew.

White's Fort was constructed near the mouth of the First Creek in 1786 by James White, a Revolutionary War officer, and it eventually grew into a town. The [Treaty of Holston](https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-09-02-0100) was signed at the fort in 1791 to establish boundaries and resolve issues with the Cherokee. White's Fort was named as the new capital of the area after Revolutionary War general Henry Knox.

Knoxville was the capital of the Southwest Territory and then Tennessee after it became a state in 1796, although the capital was moved to Murfreesboro in 1817. The early history of the city was filled with theft, murder, and hostility from Cherokee attacks, but it eventually became a merchandising center in the region, and its population doubled in the 1850s when the railroad arrived.

The anti-slavery and anti-secession sentiment was high in the area leading up to the Civil War, and East Tennessee and the greater Knox County voted against secession in 1861. The same year, however, Tennessee joined the Confederacy, and martial law was instituted. The Union Army captured Knoxville, and the Confederate army was unsuccessful in its attempt to recapture the city.

Knoxville recovered relatively quickly after the war. In 1869, federal wartime restitution funding expanded the college, which was occupied by both armies during the war, and it changed its name to the University of Tennessee a decade later. Many immigrants came to the city during its manufacturing boom, and its population grew from 5,000 in 1860 to more than 32,600 by 1900.

Knoxville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Knoxvillewas:

  • White: 75.63%
  • Black or African American: 16.94%
  • Two or more races: 3.86%
  • Asian: 1.68%
  • Other race: 1.56%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Knoxville, Tennessee is 188,326 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 188,326.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 178,258.

Knoxville, Tennessee Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010815,9840.00%
2011820,7024,7180.57%
2012825,0074,3050.52%
2013829,0174,0100.48%
2014832,9283,9110.47%
2015837,8184,8900.58%
2016844,9427,1240.84%
2017853,6458,7031.02%
2018861,2347,5890.88%
2019869,0467,8120.90%
2020876,8587,8120.89%
2021884,6707,8120.88%

Knoxville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White141,79975.63%
Black or African American31,75816.94%
American Indian and Alaska Native5250.28%
Asian3,1471.68%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander900.05%
Some Other Race2,9321.56%
Two or More Races7,2363.86%
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Knoxville Population by Race

Knoxville Population Pyramid 2022

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Knoxville Median Age

32.9


Total

31.6


Male

34.5


Female

Knoxville Adults

There are 152,131 adults, (26,005 of whom are seniors) in Knoxville.

Knoxville Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

20.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28

Child Dependency Ratio

Knoxville Sex Ratio

Female

97,447

51.98%

Male

90,040

48.02%

Knoxville Population by Age

Knoxville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Knoxville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.3%30.7%
All46.9%53.1%
Male42.6%57.4%
Non Family37.4%62.6%
Female34.1%65.9%

46.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Knoxville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All82,0882.1846.9
Married25,0493.0669.3
Male3,1493.0642.6
Female11,2413.0834.1
Non Family42,6491.3637.4

2.97

Average Family Size

2.18

Average Household Size

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Knoxville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,6553.07%
9th to 12th Grade8,4397.08%
High School Graduate32,72927.48%
Some College24,32620.42%
Associates Degree10,0508.44%
Bachelors Degree24,10220.23%
Graduate Degree15,81113.27%
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Knoxville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Knoxville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Islander707053
Asian2,1481,9501,558
White90,87183,10833,387
Hispanic4,7303,2751,268
Other Race1,310909347
2+ Races2,7262,209697
Black18,75016,4252,966
Native American39330247

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 75.71%.

Knoxville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,192$37,450$30,221
Less Than 9th Grade$20,742$24,130$17,517
High School Graduate$25,707$29,476$22,038
Some College$31,301$36,363$27,455
Bachelors Degree$42,862$49,188$38,038
Graduate Degree$51,620$61,020$48,786

$33,192

Average Earnings

$37,450

Average Male

$30,221

Average Female

Knoxville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Knoxville Language by Age

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Knoxville Language

92.61% of Knoxville residents speak only English, while 7.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.47% of the population.

Knoxville Language

Knoxville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black30,74011,51737.47%
Multiple6,9702,47335.48%
Hispanic9,9192,64226.64%
White129,72124,04518.54%
Native5008216.40%
Asian2,90544015.15%
Other734NaN%

22.48%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.33%

Male Poverty Rate

23.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Knoxville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Knoxville is Black, with 37.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Knoxville is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.22%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.50%.

Knoxville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.63%
High School23.17%
Some College14.95%
Bachelors or Greater6.15%

Knoxville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed10.06%
Male Unemployed42.82%
Female Employed14.14%
Female Unemployed50.37%

Knoxville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Knoxville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$41,598$59,948
Families$55,835$77,588
Married Families$74,297$97,436
Non Families$30,756$42,244
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Income by Household Type

Knoxville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

34.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.7%

Male Marriage Rate

33.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Knoxville Married by Age and Sex

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Knoxville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Knoxville Marital Status by Race

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Knoxville Marital Status

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10,201

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,189
First Gulf War2,001
Vietnam3,093
Korea803
World War II365

Knoxville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,236
35 to 542,432
55 to 641,969
65 to 742,253
75+2,311

Knoxville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,2936.92%
Black1,5356.68%
Native American184.04%
Asian190.66%
2+ Races3368.18%
Hispanic1482.35%

Knoxville Veterans by Race

Knoxville Veterans by Education

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13.13%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.22%

Veteran Disability Rate

Knoxville Veterans by Education

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63.8%

Labor Force Participation

60.2%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Knoxville Employment by Age

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Knoxville Employment by Race

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Knoxville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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58.45%

Born in Knoxville

93.90%

Native Born

6.10%

Foreign Born

4.18%

Non Citizen

1.92%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.90% of Knoxville residents were born in the United States, with 58.45% having been born in Tennessee. 4.18% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Knoxville Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18502,1000.00%
18604,0001,9006.66%
18708,6824,6828.06%
18809,6931,0111.11%
189022,53512,8428.80%
190032,63710,1023.77%
191036,3463,7091.08%
192077,81841,4727.91%
1930105,80227,9843.12%
1940111,5805,7780.53%
1950124,76913,1891.12%
1960111,827-12,942-1.09%
1970174,58762,7604.56%
1980175,0454580.03%
1990165,121-9,924-0.58%
2000173,8908,7690.52%
2010178,2584,3680.25%
2011179,9551,6970.95%
2012181,0931,1380.63%
2013181,7796860.38%
2014182,6318520.47%
2015184,0461,4150.77%
2016184,9869400.51%
2017186,9051,9191.04%
2018187,3624570.24%
2019187,6032410.13%
2020187,8442410.13%
2021188,0852410.13%
2022188,3262410.13%

Knoxville Population by Year