Lancaster, Pennsylvania Population 2021

58,981
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Lancaster is a city located in Lancaster County Pennsylvania. It is also the county seat of Lancaster County. With a 2020 population of 58,981, it is the 8th largest city in Pennsylvania and the 655th largest city in the United States . Lancaster is currently declining at a rate of -0.24% annually and its population has decreased by -0.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 59,322 in 2010. Lancaster reached it's highest population of 63,774 in 1950. Spanning over 7 miles, Lancaster has a population density of 8,161 people per square mile.

The average household income in Lancaster is $57,768 with a poverty rate of 23.91%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $866 per month, and the median house value is $114,600. The median age in Lancaster is 32 years, 31.4 years for males, and 32.6 years for females.

Lancaster is the county seat of Lancaster County and is one of the oldest cities in the country. Lancaster once served as the capital of Pennsylvania. It was also once the capital of the United States. However, it only held this role for one day.

Lancaster Diversity and Population Statistics

The largest ethnic group residing within Lancaster is Puerto Ricans, making up 29.2% of the population. Germans, Black Americans, Irish and English are also significant ethnic groups living in this Pennsylvania City.

Its concentration of Puerto Rican residents is the second largest in the state, falling only behind Reading. There is also a large Amish community in Lancaster.

Over 900 children in Lancaster are listed as homeless according to public school records, and the poverty rate is twice that of Pennsylvania’s state average. Lancaster General Hospital is the city’s top employer, giving jobs to over 7,000 people. RR Donnelley, County of Lancaster, Armstrong World Industries, and the School District of Lancaster are other top employers in the region.

Lancaster Population Growth

Lancaster, for the most part, has seen significant growth throughout its history. However, during the 1950s through 1980s, the city’s population dropped. Recent revitalization efforts have once again put the community on an upward trend. The city’s population peaked at the time of the 1950 census at 63,774. Today, the population is estimated to be over 59,000. Though it has remained about the same as it was during the 2010 census, continued efforts to revitalize the city could lead to significant growth in the future.

The city that is now Lancaster was once named Hickory Town. However, it was renamed to Lancaster after the English city. James Hamilton laid out the plans for the city in the 1730s, and in the next decade, it was incorporated as a borough. In 1777, Lancaster was designated as the capital of the United States. However, it was moved to York, Pennsylvania. The city also was the state capital from 1799 through 1812 before Harrisburg was designated as the new capital city.

Lancaster was officially incorporated as a city in 1818. The city through the 19th century continued to grow. Part of the first paved road in the country was located in Lancaster. The county prison, which is still in use today was also built during the 1800s. As the city grew, so did its population, and Lancaster was home to many prominent people, including James Buchanan. Buchanan’s estate, Wheatland, is a top tourist destination in Lancaster to this day.

Lancaster was an iron-foundry enter following the American Revolution. Many items were manufacturers here, including wagons and rifles. Toward the end of the 19th century, the first “five and dime” store was opened in Lancaster by Franklin Winfield Woolworth. During the 20th century, a US Navy research, development and manufacturing center was opened. It is no longer in use by the United States government today, but the facility has since become the site of RCA and later, Burle Industries.

In the 21st century, Gallery Row was established and today, the city has a thriving art community. In 2010, Lancaster began revitalizing its downtown and surrounding areas with shops, clubs, bars, and restaurants. Lancaster is also home to Central Market, the oldest farmers market in the country, as well as Park City Center, the largest indoor shopping mall in the South Central region of the state.

Lancaster Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Lancaster was:

  • White: 59.79%
  • Black or African American: 17.18%
  • Other race: 11.64%
  • Two or more races: 6.67%
  • Asian: 4.38%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
The current population of Lancaster, Pennsylvania is 58,981 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 59,407.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 59,322.

Lancaster, Pennsylvania Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021549,2341,7550.32%
2020547,4791,7550.32%
2019545,7241,7550.32%
2018543,9692,6370.48%
2017541,3323,1720.59%
2016538,1602,3490.44%
2015535,8112,5220.47%
2014533,2893,2770.61%
2013530,0123,1340.59%
2012526,8782,9210.55%
2011523,9573,6380.69%
2010520,3190.00%

Lancaster Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White35,53659.79%
Black or African American10,20917.18%
Some Other Race6,91911.64%
Two or More Races3,9646.67%
Asian2,6054.38%
American Indian and Alaska Native1370.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander630.11%
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Lancaster Population by Race

Lancaster Population Pyramid $2021

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Lancaster Median Age

32


Total

31.4


Male

32.6


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 45,604 adults, (5,841 of whom are seniors) in Lancaster.

Lancaster Age Dependency

49.5

Age Dependency Ratio

14.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Lancaster Sex Ratio

Female

29,982

50.45%

Male

29,451

49.55%

Lancaster Population by Age

Lancaster Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Lancaster Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.4%33.6%
All43.4%56.6%
Male43.1%56.9%
Non Family32.9%67.1%
Female27.3%72.7%

43.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Lancaster Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,0922.5443.4
Non Family9,0941.3432.9
Married7,3243.2566.4
Female4,4583.5527.3
Male1,2163.6443.1

3.24

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

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Lancaster Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,1308.25%
9th to 12th Grade5,04413.30%
High School Graduate12,27132.35%
Some College6,25516.49%
Associates Degree2,5536.73%
Bachelors Degree5,48014.45%
Graduate Degree3,1948.42%
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Lancaster Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White17,80815,8176,296
Hispanic13,1748,7111,192
Black5,7814,867977
Other Race4,4173,089345
2+ Races1,5781,001205
Asian1,428630294
Native American10910422
Islander4949

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 35.35%.

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,486$36,845$26,991
Less Than 9th Grade$21,459$23,491$20,518
High School Graduate$26,891$31,743$21,686
Some College$32,173$41,574$26,513
Bachelors Degree$43,268$47,218$38,834
Graduate Degree$51,120$61,513$44,208

$31,486

Average Earnings

$36,845

Average Male

$26,991

Average Female

Lancaster Earnings by Educational Attainment

Lancaster Language by Age

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Lancaster Language

65.11% of Lancaster residents speak only English, while 34.89% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.87% of the population.

Lancaster Language

Lancaster Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic22,2487,18432.29%
White21,9362,99813.67%
Black9,8542,69727.37%
Other6,8652,21832.31%
Multiple3,8171,27533.40%
Asian2,43770729.01%

23.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.11%

Male Poverty Rate

26.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lancaster

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is Multiple, with 33.40% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is White, with 13.67% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.84%.

Lancaster Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.25%
High School20.34%
Some College16.31%
Bachelors or Greater4.85%

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed61.50%
Male Unemployed39.50%
Female Employed14.25%
Male Employed9.60%

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Lancaster Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,514$57,768
Families$52,817$64,577
Married Families$72,934-
Non Families$33,161$45,129
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Income by Household Type

Lancaster Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

33.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.8%

Male Marriage Rate

32.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Lancaster Married by Age and Sex

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Lancaster Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Lancaster Marital Status by Race

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Lancaster Marital Status

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1,632

Number of Veterans

1,524

Male Veterans

108

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam515
First Gulf War268
Second Gulf War264
Korea119
World War II53

Lancaster Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54432
65 to 74387
75+339
55 to 64309
18 to 34165

Lancaster Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,0513.59%
Black3725.31%
Hispanic3031.93%
Other Race1282.48%
2+ Races452.31%
Asian361.76%

Lancaster Veterans by Race

Lancaster Veterans by Education

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10.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lancaster Veterans by Education

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67.3%

Labor Force Participation

62.5%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Lancaster Employment by Age

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Lancaster Employment by Race

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Lancaster Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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56.73%

Born in Lancaster

88.68%

Native Born

11.32%

Foreign Born

6.21%

Non Citizen

5.11%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.68% of Lancaster residents were born in the United States, with 56.73% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.21% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Lancaster Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202158,981-142-0.24%
202059,123-142-0.24%
201959,265-142-0.24%
201859,407-87-0.15%
201759,49480.01%
201659,486400.07%
201559,446350.06%
201459,411140.02%
201359,397-9-0.02%
201259,406-11-0.02%
201159,4171400.24%
201059,2772,9290.51%
200056,3487970.14%
199055,5518260.15%
198054,725-2,965-0.53%
197057,690-3,365-0.57%
196061,055-2,719-0.43%
195063,7742,4290.39%
194061,3451,3960.23%
193059,9496,7991.21%
192053,1505,9231.19%
191047,2275,7681.31%
190041,4599,4482.62%
189032,0116,2422.19%
188025,7695,5362.45%
187020,2332,6301.40%
186017,6035,2343.59%
185012,3693,9523.92%
18408,4177130.89%
18307,7041,0711.51%
18206,6331,2282.07%
18105,4051,1132.33%
18004,2920.00%

Lancaster Population by Year