Long Beach is a city located in Los Angeles County California. Long Beach has a 2023 population of 439,153. Long Beach is currently declining at a rate of -1.87% annually and its population has decreased by -5.51% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 464,759 in 2020.
The average household income in Long Beach is $95,035 with a poverty rate of 15.45%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Long Beach is 35.9 years, 35.3 years for males, and 36.4 years for females.
Long Beach is most known for being the home of the Port of Long Beach, which is one of the largest ports in the world.
The city’s top employer is the Long Beach Unified School District, which has over 12,000 employees. Other top employers in the city including Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, the City of Long Beach, Boeing and California State University at Long Beach.
Long Beach has seen substantial population growth throughout its history, even recording almost 700% growth between the census taken in 1900 and 1910. In recent years, however, growth has slowed, with the statistics of 2000 and 2010 showing only a 0.2% increase in population. Current estimates show that since the 2010 census, the population has grown by 1.7%, indicating that the city still has some growing to do, although not quite at the rate observed in the past.
The region that is now Long Beach has been inhabited for thousands of years. Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, and during this time the Tongva people resided in the area. The Tongva people relocated during the 19th century because of political issues, missionization, and death by diseases. The region was initially known as Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos. Rancho Los Cerritos was purchased by Jonathan Temple in the 1840s, using the land to build a cattle ranch. He later sold it in the 1860s to a group of men who had previously purchased land that would later become Irvine. In 1880, 4.000 acres of the property was sold to William Willmore, who subdivided it. His venture of creating a farm community was unsuccessful, and the land was purchased by the Long Beach Land and Water Company.
Following this purchase, the name was changed to Long Beach. It was incorporated as a city in 1897. Later in the early 1900s, the remaining land of Rancho Los Cerritos was divided into neighborhoods including North Long Beach. Long Beach got its start as a seaside resort, complete with an amusement park that operated until the late 1960s. During its early history, the city’s industry was centered on the Navy shipyard and the oil industry. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Long Beach was known for its thriving oil industry, and in the 1960s, many immigrants also came to call Long Beach home.
The city faced challenges in 1933 when an earthquake hit, killing over 100 people and destroying many of the buildings. However, the city persevered, and it became home to the Ford Motor Company Long Beach Assembly. Douglas Aircraft Company also built its largest facility in Long Beach – a plant that is over 1.4 million square feet. Today, Long Beach is a very multicultural city that boasts museums, theaters, and cultural events. Long Beach is the site of beautiful beaches and multiple parks that have fishing lakes, campgrounds, bike trails, and other recreational activities.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Long Beach was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.28%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.65%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
53.96% of Long Beach residents speak only English, while 46.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 34.32% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is Black, with 25.01% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is White, with 10.8% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.22%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.87%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Long Beach
76.63% of Long Beach residents were born in the United States, with 60.41% having been born in California. 12.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.