Long Beach, California Population 2021

456,154
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Long Beach is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 456,154, it is the 7th largest city in California and the 43rd largest city in the United States. Long Beach is currently declining at a rate of -0.70% annually and its population has decreased by -1.32% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 462,257 in 2010. Long Beach reached it's highest population of 470,128 in 2015. Spanning over 80 miles, Long Beach has a population density of 8,998 people per square mile.

The average household income in Long Beach is $86,806 with a poverty rate of 16.83%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,324 per month, and the median house value is $556,100. The median age in Long Beach is 34.9 years, 34.2 years for males, and 35.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.9 males.

Long Beach is most known for being the home of the Port of Long Beach, which is one of the largest ports in the world.

Top Employers in Long Beach

The city’s top employer is the Long Beach Unified School District, which has over 12,000 employees. Other top employers in the city including Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, the City of Long Beach, Boeing and California State University at Long Beach.

Long Beach Population Growth

Long Beach has seen substantial population growth throughout its history, even recording almost 700% growth between the census taken in 1900 and 1910. In recent years, however, growth has slowed, with the statistics of 2000 and 2010 showing only a 0.2% increase in population. Current estimates show that since the 2010 census, the population has grown by 1.7%, indicating that the city still has some growing to do, although not quite at the rate observed in the past.

The region that is now Long Beach has been inhabited for thousands of years. Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, and during this time the Tongva people resided in the area. The Tongva people relocated during the 19th century because of political issues, missionization, and death by diseases. The region was initially known as Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos. Rancho Los Cerritos was purchased by Jonathan Temple in the 1840s, using the land to build a cattle ranch. He later sold it in the 1860s to a group of men who had previously purchased land that would later become Irvine. In 1880, 4.000 acres of the property was sold to William Willmore, who subdivided it. His venture of creating a farm community was unsuccessful, and the land was purchased by the Long Beach Land and Water Company.

Following this purchase, the name was changed to Long Beach. It was incorporated as a city in 1897. Later in the early 1900s, the remaining land of Rancho Los Cerritos was divided into neighborhoods including North Long Beach. Long Beach got its start as a seaside resort, complete with an amusement park that operated until the late 1960s. During its early history, the city’s industry was centered on the Navy shipyard and the oil industry. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Long Beach was known for its thriving oil industry, and in the 1960s, many immigrants also came to call Long Beach home.

The city faced challenges in 1933 when an earthquake hit, killing over 100 people and destroying many of the buildings. However, the city persevered, and it became home to the Ford Motor Company Long Beach Assembly. Douglas Aircraft Company also built its largest facility in Long Beach – a plant that is over 1.4 million square feet. Today, Long Beach is a very multicultural city that boasts museums, theaters, and cultural events. Long Beach is the site of beautiful beaches and multiple parks that have fishing lakes, campgrounds, bike trails, and other recreational activities.

Long Beach Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Long Beach was:

  • White: 51.23%
  • Other race: 16.53%
  • Asian: 13.08%
  • Black or African American: 12.67%
  • Two or more races: 4.66%
  • Native American: 1.05%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.78%
The current population of Long Beach, California is 456,154, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 465,865.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 462,257.

Long Beach, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202113,144,600-35,100-0.27%
202013,179,700-35,100-0.27%
201913,214,800-35,100-0.27%
201813,249,900-28,100-0.21%
201713,278,0007,3000.05%
201613,270,70036,0000.27%
201513,234,70068,1000.51%
201413,166,60069,2000.53%
201313,097,40084,0000.64%
201213,013,40087,6000.67%
201112,925,80087,4000.68%
201012,838,4000.00%

Long Beach Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White239,11051.23%
Some Other Race77,13716.53%
Asian61,06613.08%
Black or African American59,12612.67%
Two or More Races21,7724.66%
American Indian and Alaska Native4,9161.05%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,6490.78%
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Long Beach Population by Race

Long Beach Population Pyramid 2021

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Long Beach Median Age

34.9


Total

34.2


Male

35.6


Female

Long Beach Adults

There are 362,340 adults, (53,311 of whom are seniors) in Long Beach.

Long Beach Age Dependency

51

Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Long Beach Sex Ratio

Female

235,898

50.54%

Male

230,878

49.46%

Long Beach Population by Age

Long Beach Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Long Beach Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married56.9%43.1%
All39.8%60.2%
Non Family30.3%69.7%
Male30.2%69.8%
Female26.3%73.7%

39.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Long Beach Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All166,8132.7439.8
Non Family67,3121.3630.3
Married63,7203.6256.9
Female25,3123.826.3
Male10,4693.7730.2

3.54

Average Family Size

2.74

Average Household Size

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Long Beach Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,92812.08%
9th to 12th Grade24,1947.70%
High School Graduate57,05118.16%
Some College74,17823.62%
Associates Degree22,9227.30%
Bachelors Degree63,29020.15%
Graduate Degree34,51410.99%
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Long Beach Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Long Beach Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic113,34369,52516,447
White106,640101,73650,958
Asian45,11436,07917,803
Other Race44,71926,6354,861
Black39,83236,1759,620
Multiple Races10,1869,0133,567
Native American3,3052,112472
Islander2,5012,290394

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.40%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.79%.

Long Beach Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,181$43,144$36,464
Less Than High School$23,763$27,232$17,620
High School Grad$30,689$32,847$25,994
Some College$38,532$43,907$33,661
Bachelors Degree$59,649$67,403$52,327
Graduate Degree$81,059$87,123$73,725

$40,181

Average Earnings

$43,144

Average Male

$36,464

Average Female

Long Beach Earnings by Educational Attainment

Long Beach Language by Age

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Long Beach Language

53.89% of Long Beach residents speak only English, while 46.11% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.99% of the population.

Long Beach Language

Long Beach Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic196,89640,68420.66%
Other76,64815,94120.80%
White128,48712,7909.95%
Black58,32112,28321.06%
Asian60,2529,31615.46%
Multiple21,4382,90713.56%
Native4,8971,06621.77%
Islander3,62955215.21%

16.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.82%

Male Poverty Rate

17.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Long Beach

The race most likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is Native, with 21.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is White, with 9.95% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.26%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.75%.

Long Beach Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.63%
High School16.26%
Some College12.30%
Bachelors or Greater5.41%

Long Beach Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.15%
Male Unemployed31.31%
Female Employed8.16%
Male Employed6.37%

Long Beach Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Long Beach Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$63,017$86,806
Families$72,206$97,710
Married Families$92,411$119,568
Non Families$50,184$65,739
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Income by Household Type

Long Beach Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.4%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Long Beach Married by Age and Sex

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Long Beach Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Long Beach Marital Status by Race

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Long Beach Marital Status

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16,659

Number of Veterans

15,180

Male Veterans

1,479

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,843
Second Gulf War3,313
First Gulf War2,949
Korea1,272
World War II808

Long Beach Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 744,219
35 to 543,756
75+3,683
55 to 643,013
18 to 341,988

Long Beach Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,4635.45%
Black3,6667.99%
Hispanic2,5761.86%
Asian1,0972.15%
Other6841.27%
2 or More6064.72%
Indian752.02%
Hawaiian682.33%

Long Beach Veterans by Race

Long Beach Veterans by Education

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11.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.91%

Veteran Disability Rate

Long Beach Veterans by Education

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66%

Labor Force Participation

62%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Long Beach Employment by Age

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Long Beach Employment by Race

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Long Beach Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.19%

Born in California

74.85%

Native Born

25.15%

Foreign Born

12.21%

Non Citizen

12.95%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

74.85% of Long Beach residents were born in the United States, with 59.19% having been born in California. 12.21% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Long Beach Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021456,154-3,237-0.70%
2020459,391-3,237-0.70%
2019462,628-3,237-0.69%
2018465,865-781-0.17%
2017466,646-2,073-0.44%
2016468,719-1,409-0.30%
2015470,1281,0190.22%
2014469,1091,1090.24%
2013468,0001,1270.24%
2012466,8732,3610.51%
2011464,5122,0810.45%
2010462,4319090.02%
2000461,52232,0890.72%
1990429,43367,9351.74%
1980361,4982,6190.07%
1970358,87914,7110.42%
1960344,16893,4013.22%
1950250,76786,4964.32%
1940164,27122,2391.47%
1930142,03286,4399.83%
192055,59337,78412.06%
191017,80915,55722.97%
19002,2521,68814.85%
18905640.00%

Long Beach Population by Year