Missoula, Montana Population 2022

77,418
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Missoula is a city located in Missoula County Montana. Missoula has a 2020 population of 77,418. It is also the county seat of Missoula County. Missoula is currently growing at a rate of 0.83% annually and its population has increased by 14.75% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 67,466 in 2010.

The average household income in Missoula is $68,404 with a poverty rate of 16.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $900 per month, and the median house value is $301,700. The median age in Missoula is 32.8 years, 31.7 years for males, and 34.6 years for females.

Over 95% of residents at least 25 years old have at least a high school education, while 45.7% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher, exceeding both the state and national averages. The city’s largest employers include Missoula County Public Schools, the city’s hospital and the University of Montana.

Missoula Population Growth

Missoula started quite small, with a population of just 400 in 1870. This number decreased further in 1880. However, the community jumped by over 887% in 1890, bringing the population to over 3,400. Though the city never saw growth quite this substantial again, it has seen continuous growth throughout its history. In 1950, the city’s population exceeding 22,000. This number rose to over 57,000 in 2000. Recent estimates show that the population has risen 7.9% since the last census was taken in 2010.

Evidence shows that the area that is now Missoula was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago. In the 18th century, the city was primarily occupied by native tribes including the Shoshone, Blackfeet, and Salish.

The first citizens of the United States came to the area during the expedition of Lewis and Clark of the 19th century, where they camped nearby during their westbound trip and their return. In 1860, Hell Gate Village was established by Frank Worden and Christopher Higgins. It was originally located about five miles west of the current-day downtown area, but the need for a water supply led to relocation just four years later.

Missoula Mills was established in 1866 and was the county seat. Fort Missoula was created during the next decade to offer protection for settlers. The area continued to grow when the Northern Pacific Railway arrived, and during the same year, Missoula was designated as a town. Many sawmills were opened during this period because of the need for lumber to construct bridges and railways. This launched the city’s lumber industry, which was an essential part of the economy through the 20th century.

Logging was a primary industry throughout the mid-20th century with the opening of the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill, although the pulp mill severely impacted the air quality. However, the lumber industry was affected by a recession in the 1980s, which led to the city focusing on other sectors.

Today, education and health care are the primary drivers of the economy. The University of Montana is a higher education institution that has been expanded and renovated significantly in recent years. The city’s hospital, St. Patrick Hospital, and Health Sciences Center, was founded in 1873 and has since gone through several expansions.

Missoula Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Missoulawas:

  • White: 89.53%
  • Two or more races: 5.16%
  • Asian: 2.05%
  • Native American: 1.50%
  • Black or African American: 0.88%
  • Other race: 0.71%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Missoula, Montana is 77,418 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 77,418.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 67,466.

Missoula, Montana Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010109,4670.00%
2011110,2457780.71%
2012111,0427970.72%
2013111,9008580.77%
2014112,8019010.80%
2015114,1221,3211.16%
2016116,3492,2271.91%
2017117,8341,4851.26%
2018118,6408060.68%
2019119,6009600.80%
2020120,5609600.80%
2021121,5209600.79%

Missoula Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White67,14089.53%
Black or African American6620.88%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1241.50%
Asian1,5352.05%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1270.17%
Some Other Race5350.71%
Two or More Races3,8715.16%
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Missoula Population by Race

Missoula Population Pyramid 2022

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Missoula Median Age

33.1


Total

31.9


Male

34.5


Female

Missoula Adults

There are 61,943 adults, (9,778 of whom are seniors) in Missoula.

Missoula Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

18.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25

Child Dependency Ratio

Missoula Sex Ratio

Female

37,671

50.23%

Male

37,323

49.77%

Missoula Population by Age

Missoula Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Missoula Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.6%26.4%
Male48.7%51.3%
All47.4%52.6%
Female35%65%
Non Family31.7%68.3%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Missoula Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All32,5552.2147.4
Married11,5242.9973.6
Male1,1543.0148.7
Female2,7803.0835
Non Family17,0971.4931.7

2.92

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

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Missoula Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5131.05%
9th to 12th Grade1,2682.60%
High School Graduate8,21316.85%
Some College9,68119.86%
Associates Degree4,2248.67%
Bachelors Degree15,48231.76%
Graduate Degree9,36619.21%
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Missoula Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Missoula Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian1,3281,242841
Black396366243
White43,32942,01222,482
Hispanic1,5441,318679
2+ Races1,6861,533668
Native American802776271
Islander848420
Other Race40137495

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 63.33%.

Missoula Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,796$36,082$31,788
Less Than 9th Grade$17,719$29,524$10,809
High School Graduate$26,884$30,190$25,943
Some College$27,137$26,743$27,490
Bachelors Degree$35,143$38,453$32,377
Graduate Degree$55,427$62,145$46,759

$33,796

Average Earnings

$36,082

Average Male

$31,788

Average Female

Missoula Earnings by Educational Attainment

Missoula Language by Age

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Missoula Language

94.75% of Missoula residents speak only English, while 5.25% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.78% of the population.

Missoula Language

Missoula Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native1,01337036.53%
Multiple3,7961,22632.30%
White63,25710,11015.98%
Hispanic2,79840714.55%
Asian1,469664.49%
Black648274.17%
Other90NaN%

16.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.10%

Male Poverty Rate

16.40%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Missoula

The race most likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Native, with 36.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.96%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.31%.

Missoula Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade42.24%
High School14.12%
Some College17.26%
Bachelors or Greater6.55%

Missoula Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed13.16%
Male Unemployed46.45%
Female Employed13.25%
Female Unemployed41.18%

Missoula Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Missoula Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,947$73,199
Families$75,000$99,130
Married Families$89,798-
Non Families$33,613$48,254
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Income by Household Type

Missoula Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.5%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Missoula Married by Age and Sex

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Missoula Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Missoula Marital Status by Race

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Missoula Marital Status

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4,372

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,150
First Gulf War881
Vietnam1,264
Korea143
World War II121

Missoula Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34483
35 to 541,508
55 to 64462
65 to 741,122
75+797

Missoula Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,8926.96%
Black14333.65%
Native American232.54%
Asian604.13%
Other Race12830.33%
2+ Races1264.66%
Hispanic30314.30%

Missoula Veterans by Race

Missoula Veterans by Education

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7.50%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Missoula Veterans by Education

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73.3%

Labor Force Participation

69.6%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Missoula Employment by Age

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Missoula Employment by Race

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Missoula Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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46.76%

Born in Missoula

96.84%

Native Born

3.16%

Foreign Born

1.40%

Non Citizen

1.76%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.84% of Missoula residents were born in the United States, with 46.76% having been born in Montana. 1.40% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Missoula Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18903,4260.00%
19004,3669402.45%
191012,8698,50311.42%
192012,668-201-0.16%
193014,6571,9891.47%
194018,4493,7922.33%
195022,4854,0362.00%
196027,0904,6051.88%
197029,4972,4070.85%
198033,3513,8541.24%
199042,9189,5672.55%
200057,05314,1352.89%
201067,46610,4131.69%
201168,0786120.91%
201268,8777991.17%
201369,4876100.89%
201470,2277401.06%
201571,2921,0651.52%
201672,7791,4872.09%
201774,0771,2981.78%
201874,8828051.09%
201975,5166340.85%
202076,1506340.84%
202176,7846340.83%
202277,4186340.83%

Missoula Population by Year