Missoula, Montana Population 2020

77,058
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Missoula is a city located in Montana. With a 2020 population of 77,058, it is the 2nd largest city in Montana (after Billings) and the 466th largest city in the United States. Missoula is currently growing at a rate of 1.74% annually and its population has increased by 15.38% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 66,788 in 2010. Spanning over 35 miles, Missoula has a population density of 2,236 people per square mile.

The average household income in Missoula is $65,371 with a poverty rate of 18.27%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $813 per month, and the median house value is $262,500. The median age in Missoula is 32.7 years, 32.2 years for males, and 33.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.1 males.

Over 95% of residents at least 25 years old have at least a high school education, while 45.7% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher, exceeding both the state and national averages. The city’s largest employers include Missoula County Public Schools, the city’s hospital and the University of Montana.

Missoula Population Growth

Missoula started quite small, with a population of just 400 in 1870. This number decreased further in 1880. However, the community jumped by over 887% in 1890, bringing the population to over 3,400. Though the city never saw growth quite this substantial again, it has seen continuous growth throughout its history. In 1950, the city’s population exceeding 22,000. This number rose to over 57,000 in 2000. Recent estimates show that the population has risen 7.9% since the last census was taken in 2010.

Evidence shows that the area that is now Missoula was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago. In the 18th century, the city was primarily occupied by native tribes including the Shoshone, Blackfeet, and Salish.

The first citizens of the United States came to the area during the expedition of Lewis and Clark of the 19th century, where they camped nearby during their westbound trip and their return. In 1860, Hell Gate Village was established by Frank Worden and Christopher Higgins. It was originally located about five miles west of the current-day downtown area, but the need for a water supply led to relocation just four years later.

Missoula Mills was established in 1866 and was the county seat. Fort Missoula was created during the next decade to offer protection for settlers. The area continued to grow when the Northern Pacific Railway arrived, and during the same year, Missoula was designated as a town. Many sawmills were opened during this period because of the need for lumber to construct bridges and railways. This launched the city’s lumber industry, which was an essential part of the economy through the 20th century.

Logging was a primary industry throughout the mid-20th century with the opening of the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill, although the pulp mill severely impacted the air quality. However, the lumber industry was affected by a recession in the 1980s, which led to the city focusing on other sectors.

Today, education and health care are the primary drivers of the economy. The University of Montana is a higher education institution that has been expanded and renovated significantly in recent years. The city’s hospital, St. Patrick Hospital, and Health Sciences Center, was founded in 1873 and has since gone through several expansions.

Missoula Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Missoula was:

  • White: 91.19%
  • Two or more races: 3.87%
  • Native American: 1.96%
  • Asian: 1.94%
  • Black or African American: 0.60%
  • Other race: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Missoula, Montana is 77,058, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 74,428.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 66,788.

Missoula, Montana Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020120,6479280.77%
2019119,7199280.78%
2018118,7919280.78%
2017117,8631,5111.28%
2016116,3522,2381.92%
2015114,1141,3211.16%
2014112,7939040.80%
2013111,8898540.76%
2012111,0358040.72%
2011110,2317650.69%
2010109,4660.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White65,77091.19%
Two or More Races2,7933.87%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4111.96%
Asian1,3961.94%
Black or African American4340.60%
Some Other Race2000.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1210.17%
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Missoula Population Pyramid 2020

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Missoula Median Age

32.7


Total

32.2


Male

33.9


Female

Missoula Adults

There are 59,361 adults, (9,029 of whom are seniors) in Missoula.

Missoula Age Dependency

43.3

Age Dependency Ratio

17.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Missoula Sex Ratio

Female

35,859

49.72%

Male

36,266

50.28%

Missoula Households and Families

Missoula Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Missoula Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.9%22.1%
Male60.7%39.3%
All47.4%52.6%
Female38%62%
Non Family26.8%73.2%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All31,3932.1947.4
Non Family16,2401.4426.8
Married11,3033.0377.9
Female2,6812.8138
Male1,1693.1960.7

2.91

Average Family Size

2.19

Average Household Size

9.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Missoula Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4100.89%
9th to 12th Grade1,2632.74%
High School Graduate8,32118.04%
Some College10,67023.14%
Associates Degree3,4667.52%
Bachelors Degree12,87427.91%
Graduate Degree9,11619.77%
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Missoula Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White41,88140,51520,314
Hispanic1,1771,051439
Multiple Races1,1501,144520
Asian967879627
Native American74367988
Black311281129
Other Race13313332
Islander1219821

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 64.84%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,740$32,869$27,924
Less Than High School$15,023$20,139$13,237
High School Grad$24,205$28,188$19,183
Some College$26,405$28,675$25,446
Bachelors Degree$31,388$32,248$30,822
Graduate Degree$53,312$63,090$44,813

$30,740

Average Earnings

$32,869

Average Male

$27,924

Average Female

Missoula Language

Missoula Language by Age

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Missoula Language

94.61% of Missoula residents speak only English, while 5.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.92% of the population.

Missoula Poverty

Missoula Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White61,68410,92017.70%
Multiple2,70759421.94%
Hispanic2,31243618.86%
Native1,30238229.34%
Asian1,29630523.53%
Other1998442.21%
Black3984912.31%
Islander1212319.01%

18.27%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.91%

Male Poverty Rate

17.61%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Missoula

The race most likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Other, with 42.21% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Black, with 12.31% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.80%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.79%
High School21.47%
Some College16.05%
Bachelors or Greater6.88%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.11%
Male Unemployed35.73%
Male Employed16.01%
Female Employed15.54%

Missoula Income

Missoula Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,010$65,371
Families$73,897$90,872
Married Families$86,966-
Non Families$29,488$39,891
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Missoula Marital Status

Missoula Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.0%

Male Marriage Rate

38.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Missoula Married by Age and Sex

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Missoula Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Missoula Marital Status by Race

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Missoula Veterans

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4,419

Number of Veterans

3,964

Male Veterans

455

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,466
First Gulf War1,058
Second Gulf War906
Korea249
World War II123
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,436
65 to 741,115
75+718
55 to 64656
18 to 34494
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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0357.40%
Hispanic19912.14%
2 or More19410.69%
Indian676.49%
Other6138.61%
Black359.78%
Asian272.17%

Missoula Veterans by Education

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12.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Missoula Employment Status

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72.2%

Labor Force Participation

68.8%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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47.46%

Born in Montana

96.64%

Native Born

3.36%

Foreign Born

1.77%

Non Citizen

1.59%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.64% of Missoula residents were born in the United States, with 47.46% having been born in Montana. 1.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202077,0581,3151.74%
201975,7431,3151.77%
201874,4288821.20%
201773,5461,3151.82%
201672,2311,4842.10%
201570,7471,0641.53%
201469,6837371.07%
201368,9466030.88%
201268,3438051.19%
201167,5386030.90%
201066,9359,8821.61%
200057,05314,1352.89%
199042,9189,5672.55%
198033,3513,8541.24%
197029,4972,4070.85%
196027,0904,6051.88%
195022,4854,0362.00%
194018,4493,7922.33%
193014,6571,9891.47%
192012,668-201-0.16%
191012,8698,50311.42%
19004,3669402.45%
18903,4260.00%