Nashville, Tennessee Population 2023

658,525

Nashville is a city located in Davidson County Tennessee. Nashville has a 2023 population of 658,525. It is also the county seat of Davidson County.Nashville is currently declining at a rate of -1.51% annually and its population has decreased by -4.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 689,248 in 2020.

The average household income in Nashville is $92,866 with a poverty rate of 14.52%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Nashville is 34.5 years, 34.1 years for males, and 34.9 years for females.

Nashville is the capital of the state of Tennessee and known for its music industries, earning it the nickname Music City, and it is also known for several colleges and universities. Nashville has a consolidated city-county government with 6 municipalities. In the 2010 census, the population of the city, not including semi-independent municipalities, was 601,000. Counting all municipalities, Nashville had a population of 626,600.

Nashville is the largest city in the state, behind Memphis, and the fourth-largest in the Southeastern US. In 2010, the 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was home to 1.59 million people. With 528 square miles of land, the consolidated population of Nashville is estimated at 678,448 in 2021. Nashville's metropolitan area is the largest in Tennessee and encompasses all Middle Tennessee counties.

Nashville Diversity

Nashville has become a trendy destination for immigrants due to a healthy job market and relatively low cost of living. The foreign-born population of the city tripled between 1990 and 2000, from 12,600 to 39,500. The foreign-born population has nearly doubled over the last decade and makes up about 12% of the population. The city is home to large populations of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Arabs and Bantus. There are also small communities of Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan, mostly concentrated in Antioch. Nashville is home to the largest population of Kurdish people in the country, while many of around 60,000 Bhutanese refugees admitted to the country settled in the area. There is also an active American Jewish community here with a history dating back more than 150 years.

Nashville Population Growth

Nashville is enjoying healthy growth due to its music industry, tourists and new residents primarily comprised of immigrants and young people. A Gallup poll in 2013 ranked Nashville as one of the top 5 regions for job growth in the country.

Despite its growth and improvements, many point out that the city still has work to do if it wants to continue on this path. The city is more socially progressive than the state as a whole, but its mostly white population is still struggling with its legacy of segregation.

The modest growth in Nashville allowed it to recover more quickly from the recession, with real estate closings up 28% in 2012 over the previous year, and the unemployment rate remains lower than the national average.

Nashville's metropolitan area is expected to reach 2 million by the next census in 2020, placing it in 10th place for most considerable urban growth.

Nashville was founded in 1779 near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough. The city was named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Francis Nash, and it quickly grew in population thanks to its strategic location along the river and later the railroads. Nashville was incorporated in 1806 and became the county seat. It was named as the capital of Tennessee in 1843.

In 1963, the city consolidated its government with nearby Davidson County to form a metropolitan government. Nashville has enjoyed steady growth since the 1970s, particularly during the boom of the 90s, and it is today one of the fastest-growing regions in the Upland South.

Nashville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Nashville was:

  • White: 60.52%
  • Black or African American: 27.17%
  • Two or more races: 4.89%
  • Other race: 3.65%
  • Asian: 3.55%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Land Area (mi²)
475.5 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,384.80/sq mi
Growth Rate
-1.51% (-10,086)
Growth Since 2020
-4.46% (-30,723)
The current population of Nashville, Tennessee is 658,525 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 689,248.

Nashville, Tennessee Population 2023

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White413,14760.52%
Black or African American185,46627.17%
Two or more races33,3734.89%
Other race24,8963.65%
Asian24,2593.55%
Native American1,1950.18%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander3100.05%
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Nashville Population by Race

Nashville Population Pyramid 2023

Nashville Median Age

34.5

Total

34.1

Male

34.9

Female

Nashville Adults

There are 541,011 adults, (83,074 of whom are seniors) in Nashville.

Nashville Age Dependency

49.1

Age Dependency Ratio

18.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Nashville Sex Ratio

Female352,18651.59%
Male330,46048.41%

Nashville Population by Age

Nashville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All282,8552.3454.145.9
Non Family131,6301.3741.258.8
Married103,5923.1375.624.4
Female35,8263.2741.758.3
Male11,8073.4347.652.4
showing: 5 rows

3.09

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

54.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Nashville Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Nashville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 83.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.74%.

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$43,467

Average Earnings

$46,813

Average Male

$40,691

Average Female

Nashville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Nashville Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Nashville Language

82.17% of Nashville residents speak only English, while 17.83% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.71% of the population.

Nashville Language

Nashville Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black178,47638,48421.56%
White365,11534,7789.53%
Hispanic70,05815,05721.49%
Other24,0945,57423.13%
Multiple32,3135,52617.1%
Asian23,1833,17113.68%
Islander28415554.58%
Native1,1041049.42%
showing: 8 rows

14.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.72%

Male Poverty Rate

16.2%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Nashville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Islander, with 54.58% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Native, with 9.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.87%.

Nashville Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.73%
High School15.58%
Some College10.6%
Bachelors or Greater5.48%
showing: 4 rows

Nashville Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed35.01%
Male Unemployed25.03%
Female Employed8.04%
Male Employed6.11%
showing: 4 rows

Nashville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Nashville Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Nashville Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.5%

Male Marriage Rate

38.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Nashville Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Nashville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Nashville Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Nashville Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

27,771

Number of Veterans

24,775

Male Veterans

2,996

Female Veterans

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Nashville Veterans by War

count

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Nashville Veterans by Age

count

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Nashville Veterans by Race

Nashville Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Nashville Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

71.9%

Labor Force Participation

68.4%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Nashville Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Nashville Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Nashville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

48.93%

Born in Nashville

89.11%

Native Born

14.15%

Foreign Born

8.55%

Non Citizen

5.6%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.11% of Nashville residents were born in the United States, with 48.93% having been born in Tennessee. 8.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Nashville Place of Birth

Note: data after 2021 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
1800300-600,8253.38%
18305,5665,26610.23%
18406,9291,3632.21%
185010,1653,2363.91%
186016,9886,8235.27%
187025,8658,8774.29%
188043,35017,4855.3%
189076,16832,8185.8%
190080,8654,6970.6%
1910110,36429,4993.16%
1920118,3427,9780.7%
1930153,86635,5242.66%
1940167,40213,5360.85%
1950174,3076,9050.41%
1960170,874-3,433-0.2%
1970448,003277,12910.12%
1980455,6517,6480.17%
1990488,37432,7230.7%
2000545,52457,1501.11%
2010601,222
2011610,0448,8221.47%
2012618,8668,8221.45%
2013627,6888,8221.43%
2014636,5108,8221.41%
2015645,3328,8221.39%
2016654,1548,8221.37%
2017662,9768,8221.35%
2018671,7988,8221.33%
2019680,6208,8221.31%
2020689,2488,6281.27%
2021678,851-10,397-1.51%
2022668,611-10,240-1.51%
2023658,525-10,086-1.51%
2024648,591-9,934-1.51%
2025638,807-9,784-1.51%
2026629,171-9,636-1.51%
2027619,680-9,491-1.51%
2028610,332-9,348-1.51%
2029601,125-9,207-1.51%
showing: 39 rows

Nashville Population by Year