Nashville is a city located in Davidson County Tennessee. Nashville has a 2023 population of 658,525. It is also the county seat of Davidson County.Nashville is currently declining at a rate of -1.51% annually and its population has decreased by -4.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 689,248 in 2020.
The average household income in Nashville is $92,866 with a poverty rate of 14.52%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Nashville is 34.5 years, 34.1 years for males, and 34.9 years for females.
Nashville is the capital of the state of Tennessee and known for its music industries, earning it the nickname Music City, and it is also known for several colleges and universities. Nashville has a consolidated city-county government with 6 municipalities. In the 2010 census, the population of the city, not including semi-independent municipalities, was 601,000. Counting all municipalities, Nashville had a population of 626,600.
Nashville is the largest city in the state, behind Memphis, and the fourth-largest in the Southeastern US. In 2010, the 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was home to 1.59 million people. With 528 square miles of land, the consolidated population of Nashville is estimated at 678,448 in 2021. Nashville's metropolitan area is the largest in Tennessee and encompasses all Middle Tennessee counties.
Nashville has become a trendy destination for immigrants due to a healthy job market and relatively low cost of living. The foreign-born population of the city tripled between 1990 and 2000, from 12,600 to 39,500. The foreign-born population has nearly doubled over the last decade and makes up about 12% of the population. The city is home to large populations of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Arabs and Bantus. There are also small communities of Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan, mostly concentrated in Antioch. Nashville is home to the largest population of Kurdish people in the country, while many of around 60,000 Bhutanese refugees admitted to the country settled in the area. There is also an active American Jewish community here with a history dating back more than 150 years.
Nashville is enjoying healthy growth due to its music industry, tourists and new residents primarily comprised of immigrants and young people. A Gallup poll in 2013 ranked Nashville as one of the top 5 regions for job growth in the country.
Despite its growth and improvements, many point out that the city still has work to do if it wants to continue on this path. The city is more socially progressive than the state as a whole, but its mostly white population is still struggling with its legacy of segregation.
The modest growth in Nashville allowed it to recover more quickly from the recession, with real estate closings up 28% in 2012 over the previous year, and the unemployment rate remains lower than the national average.
Nashville's metropolitan area is expected to reach 2 million by the next census in 2020, placing it in 10th place for most considerable urban growth.
Nashville was founded in 1779 near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough. The city was named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Francis Nash, and it quickly grew in population thanks to its strategic location along the river and later the railroads. Nashville was incorporated in 1806 and became the county seat. It was named as the capital of Tennessee in 1843.
In 1963, the city consolidated its government with nearby Davidson County to form a metropolitan government. Nashville has enjoyed steady growth since the 1970s, particularly during the boom of the 90s, and it is today one of the fastest-growing regions in the Upland South.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Nashville was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 83.51%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.74%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
82.17% of Nashville residents speak only English, while 17.83% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.71% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Islander, with 54.58% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Native, with 9.42% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.87%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Nashville
89.11% of Nashville residents were born in the United States, with 48.93% having been born in Tennessee. 8.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.