Nashville, Tennessee Population 2021

678,448
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Nashville is the capital of the state of Tennessee and known for its music industries, earning it the nickname Music City, and it is also known for several colleges and universities. Nashville has a consolidated city-county government with 6 municipalities. In the 2010 census, the population of the city, not including semi-independent municipalities, was 601,000. Counting all municipalities, Nashville had a population of 626,600.

Nashville is the largest city in the state, behind Memphis, and the fourth-largest in the Southeastern US. In 2010, the 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was home to 1.59 million people. With 528 square miles of land, the consolidated population of Nashville is estimated at 678,448 in 2021. Nashville's metropolitan area is the largest in Tennessee and encompasses all Middle Tennessee counties.

Nashville Diversity

Nashville has become a trendy destination for immigrants due to a healthy job market and relatively low cost of living. The foreign-born population of the city tripled between 1990 and 2000, from 12,600 to 39,500. The foreign-born population has nearly doubled over the last decade and makes up about 12% of the population. The city is home to large populations of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Arabs and Bantus. There are also small communities of Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan, mostly concentrated in Antioch. Nashville is home to the largest population of Kurdish people in the country, while many of around 60,000 Bhutanese refugees admitted to the country settled in the area. There is also an active American Jewish community here with a history dating back more than 150 years.

Nashville Population Growth

Nashville is enjoying healthy growth due to its music industry, tourists and new residents primarily comprised of immigrants and young people. A Gallup poll in 2013 ranked Nashville as one of the top 5 regions for job growth in the country.

Despite its growth and improvements, many point out that the city still has work to do if it wants to continue on this path. The city is more socially progressive than the state as a whole, but its mostly white population is still struggling with its legacy of segregation.

The modest growth in Nashville allowed it to recover more quickly from the recession, with real estate closings up 28% in 2012 over the previous year, and the unemployment rate remains lower than the national average.

Nashville's metropolitan area is expected to reach 2 million by the next census in 2020, placing it in 10th place for most considerable urban growth.

Nashville was founded in 1779 near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough. The city was named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Francis Nash, and it quickly grew in population thanks to its strategic location along the river and later the railroads. Nashville was incorporated in 1806 and became the county seat. It was named as the capital of Tennessee in 1843.

In 1963, the city consolidated its government with nearby Davidson County to form a metropolitan government. Nashville has enjoyed steady growth since the 1970s, particularly during the boom of the 90s, and it is today one of the fastest-growing regions in the Upland South.

Nashville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Nashville was:

  • White: 63.49%
  • Black or African American: 27.58%
  • Asian: 3.66%
  • Two or more races: 2.62%
  • Other race: 2.36%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Nashville, Tennessee is 678,448based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 667,006.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 601,222.

Nashville, Tennessee Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,993,50029,5901.48%
20201,963,91029,5901.51%
20191,934,32029,5901.53%
20181,904,73030,2101.59%
20171,874,52033,2301.77%
20161,841,29036,6201.99%
20151,804,67036,3202.01%
20141,768,35033,3401.89%
20131,735,01031,4001.81%
20121,703,61029,0801.71%
20111,674,53023,7001.42%
20101,650,8300.00%

Nashville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White421,44263.49%
Black or African American183,09127.58%
Asian24,2773.66%
Two or More Races17,4162.62%
Some Other Race15,6412.36%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4710.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4120.06%
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Nashville Population By Race

Nashville Population Pyramid 2021

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Nashville Median Age

34.2


Total

33.6


Male

34.8


Female

Nashville Adults

There are 524,135 adults, (77,979 of whom are seniors) in Nashville.

Nashville Age Dependency

48.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Nashville Sex Ratio

Mujer

343,906

51.81%

Masculino

319,844

48.19%

Nashville Population by Age

Nashville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Nashville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.9%26.1%
All53.9%46.1%
Masculino47.1%52.9%
Mujer42.5%57.5%
Non Family41.4%58.6%

53.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Nashville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All272,6482.3653.9
Non Family122,4811.3641.4
Married101,7803.1173.9
Mujer36,9313.2342.5
Masculino11,4563.4747.1

3.07

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

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Nashville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,6334.51%
9th to 12th Grade30,4576.66%
High School Graduate102,13722.32%
Some College86,62418.93%
Associates Degree29,5016.45%
Bachelors Degree118,01025.79%
Graduate Degree70,22915.35%
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Nashville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White280,045262,542138,798
Black116,543102,82832,211
Hispanic35,59120,2835,469
Asian16,41112,7818,067
Other Race8,5025,1201,680
2+ Races7,3486,5923,150
Native American1,211999322
Islander2181874

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 49.56%.

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$39,817$42,664$36,682
Less Than 9th Grade$23,706$26,491$19,129
High School Graduate$29,227$31,573$25,969
Some College$35,237$39,159$31,874
Bachelors Degree$49,370$55,044$44,925
Graduate Degree$61,246$75,104$54,534

$39,817

Average Earnings

$42,664

Average Male

$36,682

Average Female

Nashville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Nashville Language by Age

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Nashville Language

82.22% of Nashville residents speak only English, while 17.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.09% of the population.

Nashville Language

Nashville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black176,40438,73921.96%
White356,90835,1699.85%
Hispanic67,89816,99025.02%
Other15,3483,96225.81%
Asian23,2433,01612.98%
Multiple16,7662,75116.41%
Native1,39926418.87%
Islander38825766.24%

15.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.08%

Male Poverty Rate

16.02%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Nashville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Islander, with 66.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Nashville is White, with 9.85% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.90%.

Nashville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.46%
High School16.14%
Some College10.15%
Bachelors or Greater5.17%

Nashville Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.22%
Male Unemployed36.02%
Female Employed8.29%
Male Employed6.55%

Nashville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Nashville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$59,828$83,348
Families$71,890$99,050
Married Families$91,077$119,876
Non Families$46,417$61,482
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Income by Household Type

Nashville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Nashville Married by Age and Sex

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Nashville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Nashville Marital Status by Race

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Nashville Marital Status

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28,912

Number of Veterans

25,927

Male Veterans

2,985

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam9,903
First Gulf War6,234
Second Gulf War5,788
Korea1,817
World War II697

Nashville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 547,251
65 to 747,164
75+5,952
55 to 645,809
18 to 342,736

Nashville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White19,1855.55%
Black8,7436.34%
Hispanic9732.29%
Asian3932.05%
2+ Races2762.90%
Other Race1711.73%
Native American14410.68%

Nashville Veterans by Race

Nashville Veterans by Education

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7.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.89%

Veteran Disability Rate

Nashville Veterans by Education

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71.7%

Labor Force Participation

68.6%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Nashville Employment by Age

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Nashville Employment by Race

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Nashville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.95%

Born in Nashville

86.70%

Native Born

13.30%

Foreign Born

8.61%

Non Citizen

4.69%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.70% of Nashville residents were born in the United States, with 48.95% having been born in Tennessee. 8.61% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Nashville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021678,4483,8140.57%
2020674,6343,8140.57%
2019670,8203,8140.57%
2018667,0063,4190.52%
2017663,5871,8220.28%
2016661,7656,2670.96%
2015655,49810,2391.59%
2014645,2599,2601.46%
2013635,99910,4491.67%
2012625,55013,0322.13%
2011612,5187,9291.31%
2010604,58959,0651.03%
2000545,52457,1501.11%
1990488,37432,7230.70%
1980455,6517,6480.17%
1970448,003277,12910.12%
1960170,874-3,433-0.20%
1950174,3076,9050.41%
1940167,40213,5360.85%
1930153,86635,5242.66%
1920118,3427,9780.70%
1910110,36429,4993.16%
190080,8654,6970.60%
189076,16832,8185.80%
188043,35017,4855.30%
187025,8658,8774.29%
186016,9886,8235.27%
185010,1653,2363.91%
18406,9291,3632.21%
18305,5665,26610.23%
18003000.00%

Nashville Population by Year