Newark, New Jersey Population 2022

282,788
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Newark is a city located in Essex County New Jersey. Newark has a 2020 population of 282,788. Newark is currently growing at a rate of 0.09% annually and its population has increased by 2.03% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 277,175 in 2010.

The average household income in Newark is $51,880 with a poverty rate of 26.29%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,116 per month, and the median house value is $254,900. The median age in Newark is 34.4 years, 33.3 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark Population Statistics

Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in the population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last poll was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city, which is home to the oldest county park in the nation and is also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT, and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Newarkwas:

  • Black or African American: 49.54%
  • White: 26.81%
  • Other race: 14.82%
  • Two or more races: 6.59%
  • Asian: 1.77%
  • Native American: 0.39%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Newark, New Jersey is 282,788 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 282,788.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 277,175.

Newark, New Jersey Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201018,923,4000.00%
201119,052,800129,4000.68%
201219,149,70096,9000.51%
201319,226,40076,7000.40%
201419,280,90054,5000.28%
201519,321,00040,1000.21%
201619,334,80013,8000.07%
201719,322,600-12,200-0.06%
201819,276,600-46,000-0.24%
201919,216,200-60,400-0.31%
202019,155,700-60,500-0.32%
202119,095,300-60,400-0.32%

Newark Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White75,58926.81%
Black or African American139,66049.54%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1020.39%
Asian4,9891.77%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2170.08%
Some Other Race41,78514.82%
Two or More Races18,5756.59%
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Newark Population by Race

Newark Population Pyramid 2022

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Newark Median Age

34.5


Total

33.3


Male

35.8


Female

Newark Adults

There are 213,257 adults, (29,914 of whom are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female

144,088

51.11%

Male

137,829

48.89%

Newark Population by Age

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Newark Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married39.5%60.5%
All23.5%76.5%
Male23%77%
Non Family17.4%82.6%
Female16%84%

23.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Newark Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All102,1952.6323.5
Married28,0513.6839.5
Male7,1393.423
Female25,9183.5716
Non Family41,0871.1717.4

3.46

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

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Newark Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade22,67812.32%
9th to 12th Grade20,64311.21%
High School Graduate67,02436.41%
Some College34,00218.47%
Associates Degree11,2886.13%
Bachelors Degree20,07710.91%
Graduate Degree8,3884.56%
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Newark Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian3,2402,8311,864
Islander1927171
White22,57915,6154,497
2+ Races11,8159,5862,024
Black90,92876,24813,950
Native American787578115
Hispanic65,08443,7207,247
Other Race26,02516,4592,379

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 87.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.53%.

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,627$36,518$26,739
Less Than 9th Grade$24,086$29,429$18,504
High School Graduate$28,331$32,789$22,686
Some College$34,227$40,877$30,568
Bachelors Degree$45,673$50,904$38,100
Graduate Degree$57,792$64,105$53,860

$31,627

Average Earnings

$36,518

Average Male

$26,739

Average Female

Newark Earnings by Educational Attainment

Newark Language by Age

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Newark Language

50.49% of Newark residents speak only English, while 49.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.45% of the population.

Newark Language

Newark Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Islander2177835.94%
Native1,09533630.68%
Black133,08237,27228.01%
Hispanic101,26326,62026.29%
Multiple18,1154,06622.45%
Asian4,14088321.33%
White28,2185,86320.78%
Other11,239NaN%

26.29%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.69%

Male Poverty Rate

28.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Islander, with 35.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.93%.

Newark Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade33.05%
High School24.09%
Some College17.03%
Bachelors or Greater12.93%

Newark Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.81%
Male Unemployed39.63%
Female Employed14.05%
Female Unemployed46.11%

Newark Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Newark Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,476$53,750
Families$45,507$61,835
Married Families$63,142$78,798
Non Families$25,456$37,436
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Income by Household Type

Newark Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.3%

Male Marriage Rate

28.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

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Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Newark Marital Status by Race

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Newark Marital Status

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5,357

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,239
First Gulf War1,161
Vietnam1,421
Korea152
World War II1

Newark Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34544
35 to 541,598
55 to 641,315
65 to 741,139
75+761

Newark Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,3222.21%
Black2,9542.83%
Native American807.52%
Asian320.73%
Other Race2940.99%
2+ Races6754.82%
Hispanic1,5332.03%

Newark Veterans by Race

Newark Veterans by Education

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16.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Veterans by Education

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61.1%

Labor Force Participation

54.6%

Employment Rate

10.6%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Employment by Age

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Newark Employment by Race

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Newark Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.59%

Born in Newark

67.48%

Native Born

32.52%

Foreign Born

18.20%

Non Citizen

14.32%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

67.48% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 48.59% having been born in New Jersey. 18.20% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Newark Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
183010,9530.00%
184017,2906,3374.67%
185038,89421,6048.44%
186071,94133,0476.34%
1870105,05933,1183.86%
1880136,50831,4492.65%
1890181,83045,3222.91%
1900246,07064,2403.07%
1910347,469101,3993.51%
1920414,52467,0551.78%
1930442,33727,8130.65%
1940429,760-12,577-0.29%
1950438,7769,0160.21%
1960405,220-33,556-0.79%
1970381,930-23,290-0.59%
1980329,248-52,682-1.47%
1990275,221-54,027-1.78%
2000273,546-1,675-0.06%
2010277,1753,6290.13%
2011277,5743990.14%
2012277,594200.01%
2013278,1215270.19%
2014278,9368150.29%
2015279,6367000.25%
2016280,6811,0450.37%
2017281,2375560.20%
2018281,7525150.18%
2019282,0112590.09%
2020282,2702590.09%
2021282,5292590.09%
2022282,7882590.09%

Newark Population by Year