Newark, New Jersey Population 2023

321,872

Newark is a city located in Essex County New Jersey. With a 2023 population of 321,872, it is the largest city in New Jersey and the 62nd largest city in the United States.Newark is currently growing at a rate of 1.08% annually and its population has increased by 3.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 311,549 in 2020. Spanning over 26 miles, Newark has a population density of 13,332 people per square mile.

The average household income in Newark is $51,880 with a poverty rate of 31.70%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Newark is 34.5 years, 33.3 years for males, and 35.8 years for females.

Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark Population Statistics

Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in the population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last poll was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city, which is home to the oldest county park in the nation and is also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT, and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Newark was:

  • Black or African American: 49.54%
  • White: 26.81%
  • Other race: 14.82%
  • Two or more races: 6.59%
  • Asian: 1.77%
  • Native American: 0.39%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Newark, New Jersey is 321,872 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 311,549.

Newark, New Jersey Population 2023

Newark Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Black or African American

White

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Newark Population by Race

Newark Population Pyramid 2023

Newark Median Age

34.5

Total

33.3

Male

35.8

Female

Newark Adults

There are 213,257 adults, (29,914 of whom are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

53.8

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female144,08851.11%
Male137,82948.89%

Newark Population by Age

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.46

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

23.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Newark Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Newark Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 69.31%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.15%.

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$31,627

Average Earnings

$36,518

Average Male

$26,739

Average Female

Newark Earnings by Educational Attainment

Newark Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Newark Language

50.49% of Newark residents speak only English, while 49.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.45% of the population.

Newark Language

Newark Poverty by Race

rate

31.70%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.69%

Male Poverty Rate

28.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Islander, with 35.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is Asian, with 19.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.93%.

Newark Poverty

Newark Poverty Rate by Education

Newark Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Newark Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Newark Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

30.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.3%

Male Marriage Rate

28.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Newark Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Newark Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

5,357

Number of Veterans

4,841

Male Veterans

516

Female Veterans

Newark Veterans by War

Newark Veterans by Age

count

Newark Veterans by Race

Newark Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

16.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

61.1%

Labor Force Participation

54.6%

Employment Rate

10.6%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Newark Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Newark Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

43.97%

Born in Newark

61.07%

Native Born

29.42%

Foreign Born

16.47%

Non Citizen

12.96%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

61.07% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 43.97% having been born in New Jersey. 16.47% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Newark Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Newark Population by Year