Newark, New Jersey Population 2020

282,270
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Newark is a city located in New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 282,270, it is the largest city in New Jersey and the 74th largest city in the United States. Newark is currently growing at a rate of 0.09% annually and its population has increased by 1.85% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 277,140 in 2010. Newark reached it's highest population of 442,337 in 1930. Spanning over 26 miles, Newark has a population density of 11,691 people per square mile.

The average household income in Newark is $51,880 with a poverty rate of 27.41%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,085 per month, and the median house value is $245,200. The median age in Newark is 34.4 years, 33.3 years for males, and 35.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.3 males.

Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark Population Statistics

Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in the population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last poll was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city, which is home to the oldest county park in the nation and is also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT, and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Newark was:

  • Black or African American: 50.13%
  • White: 28.58%
  • Other race: 16.64%
  • Two or more races: 2.42%
  • Asian: 1.88%
  • Native American: 0.33%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Newark, New Jersey is 282,270, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 281,752.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 277,140.

Newark, New Jersey Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202019,155,700-60,500-0.32%
201919,216,200-60,400-0.31%
201819,276,600-46,000-0.24%
201719,322,600-12,200-0.06%
201619,334,80013,8000.07%
201519,321,00040,1000.21%
201419,280,90054,5000.28%
201319,226,40076,7000.40%
201219,149,70096,9000.51%
201119,052,800129,4000.68%
201018,923,4000.00%

Newark Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American140,88850.13%
White80,31528.58%
Some Other Race46,76016.64%
Two or More Races6,7982.42%
Asian5,2751.88%
American Indian and Alaska Native9330.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander850.03%
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Newark Population by Race

Newark Population Pyramid 2020

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Newark Median Age

34.4


Total

33.3


Male

35.6


Female

Newark Adults

There are 211,934 adults, (29,457 of whom are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

54

Age Dependency Ratio

16.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female

143,918

51.21%

Male

137,136

48.79%

Newark Population by Age

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Newark Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married36.6%63.4%
Male24.9%75.1%
All22.3%77.7%
Female16.2%83.8%
Non Family16.1%83.9%

22.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Newark Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All100,2622.6722.3
Non Family40,4861.1916.1
Married26,8683.7736.6
Female25,5533.6416.2
Male7,3553.4224.9

3.53

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

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Newark Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade24,04413.15%
9th to 12th Grade21,09711.54%
High School Graduate65,09735.59%
Some College34,24018.72%
Associates Degree10,4825.73%
Bachelors Degree19,88310.87%
Graduate Degree8,0424.40%
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Newark Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black91,71076,30913,429
Hispanic63,23840,7747,154
Other Race29,19118,2682,897
White22,86016,0564,917
Multiple Races3,5982,698840
Asian3,4663,0311,805
Native American619435117
Islander64

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 87.45%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 52.08%.

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,736$34,932$25,989
Less Than High School$23,491$26,971$18,606
High School Grad$27,157$31,824$21,742
Some College$32,104$39,084$29,678
Bachelors Degree$42,902$48,548$36,928
Graduate Degree$56,425$67,031$51,156

$30,736

Average Earnings

$34,932

Average Male

$25,989

Average Female

Newark Earnings by Educational Attainment

Newark Language by Age

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Newark Language

51.61% of Newark residents speak only English, while 48.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.61% of the population.

Newark Language

Newark Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black134,52839,69429.51%
Hispanic99,87827,65927.69%
Other46,50013,99430.09%
White28,3545,50419.41%
Multiple6,6441,65424.89%
Asian4,39496021.85%
Native92619521.06%
Islander856374.12%

27.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.54%

Male Poverty Rate

30.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Islander, with 74.12% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is White, with 19.41% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.60%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.37%.

Newark Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.89%
High School25.71%
Some College17.46%
Bachelors or Greater12.63%

Newark Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed52.13%
Male Unemployed39.59%
Female Employed15.64%
Male Employed8.87%

Newark Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Newark Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$35,199$51,880
Families$42,538$59,235
Married Families$61,473$76,083
Non Families$23,411$37,231
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Income by Household Type

Newark Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.7%

Male Marriage Rate

27.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

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Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Newark Marital Status by Race

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Newark Marital Status

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4,968

Number of Veterans

4,457

Male Veterans

511

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,269
First Gulf War917
Second Gulf War843
Korea250
World War II80

Newark Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
55 to 641,449
35 to 541,355
65 to 74979
75+740
18 to 34445

Newark Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black3,1292.96%
White1,2491.99%
Hispanic1,0671.45%
Other2920.88%
2 or More2014.36%
Indian667.90%
Asian310.69%

Newark Veterans by Race

Newark Veterans by Education

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16.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Veterans by Education

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61.2%

Labor Force Participation

54.3%

Employment Rate

11.3%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Employment by Age

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Newark Employment by Race

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Newark Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.57%

Born in New Jersey

68.18%

Native Born

31.82%

Foreign Born

17.80%

Non Citizen

14.02%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

68.18% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 49.57% having been born in New Jersey. 17.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Newark Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020282,2702590.09%
2019282,0112590.09%
2018281,7525150.18%
2017281,2375560.20%
2016280,6811,0450.37%
2015279,6367000.25%
2014278,9368150.29%
2013278,1215270.19%
2012277,594200.01%
2011277,5743990.14%
2010277,1753,6290.13%
2000273,546-1,675-0.06%
1990275,221-54,027-1.78%
1980329,248-52,682-1.47%
1970381,930-23,290-0.59%
1960405,220-33,556-0.79%
1950438,7769,0160.21%
1940429,760-12,577-0.29%
1930442,33727,8130.65%
1920414,52467,0551.78%
1910347,469101,3993.51%
1900246,07064,2403.07%
1890181,83045,3222.91%
1880136,50831,4492.65%
1870105,05933,1183.86%
186071,94133,0476.34%
185038,89421,6048.44%
184017,2906,3374.67%
183010,9530.00%

Newark Population by Year