Oelwein, Iowa Population 2024

5,794

Oelwein is a city located in Fayette County Iowa. Oelwein has a 2024 population of 5,794. Oelwein is currently declining at a rate of -0.34% annually and its population has decreased by -1.91% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 5,907 in 2020.

The average household income in Oelwein is $57,561 with a poverty rate of 17.45%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Oelwein is 44.2 years, 40.7 years for males, and 47.7 years for females.

Oelwein Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oelwein was:

  • White: 91.73%
  • Two or more races: 6.47%
  • Native American: 1.08%
  • Black or African American: 0.71%
  • Asian: 0.02%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
  • Other race:
State
Iowa
Land Area (mi²)
4.8 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,198.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.91% (-113)
The current population of Oelwein, Iowa is 5,794 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 5,907.

Oelwein, Iowa Population 2024

Population by Race

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White5,44391.73%
Two or more races3846.47%
Native American641.08%
Black or African American420.71%
Asian10.02%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Native American

Black or African American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Oelwein Population by Race

Oelwein Population Pyramid 2024

Oelwein Median Age

44.2

Total

40.7

Male

47.7

Female

Oelwein Adults

There are 4,755 adults, (1,340 of whom are seniors) in Oelwein.

Oelwein Age Dependency

73.8

Age Dependency Ratio

39.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Oelwein Sex Ratio

Female2,92649.31%
Male3,00850.69%

Oelwein Population by Age

Oelwein Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All2,6282.273.226.8
Non Family1,2211.2159.440.6
Married9872.9896.83.2
Female3153.1953.346.7
Male1053.3173.326.7
showing: 5 rows

2.88

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

73.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Oelwein Households and Families

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Oelwein Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Oelwein Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 47.06%.

Oelwein Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

$35,859

Average Earnings

$45,867

Average Male

$27,282

Average Female

Oelwein Earnings by Educational Attainment

Oelwein Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Oelwein Language

98.6% of Oelwein residents speak only English, while 1.4% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.84% of the population.

Oelwein Language

Oelwein Poverty by Race

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White5,15875814.7%
Multiple38423059.9%
Native641828.13%
Black4212.38%
showing: 4 rows

17.45%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.76%

Male Poverty Rate

18.16%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oelwein

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oelwein is Multiple, with 59.9% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oelwein is Black, with 2.38% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.07%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.89%.

Oelwein Poverty

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.49%
Some College22.38%
High School12.72%
Bachelors or Greater5.93%
showing: 4 rows

Oelwein Poverty Rate by Education

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed75%
Male Employed11.31%
Female Employed7.51%
Male Unemployed
showing: 4 rows

Oelwein Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Oelwein Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Oelwein Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.7%

Male Marriage Rate

38.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Oelwein Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Oelwein Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Oelwein Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Oelwein Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

513

Number of Veterans

473

Male Veterans

40

Female Veterans

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Oelwein Veterans by War

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Oelwein Veterans by Age

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Oelwein Veterans by Race

Oelwein Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

13.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

17.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oelwein Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

51.6%

Labor Force Participation

48.1%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

Oelwein Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Oelwein Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Oelwein Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

76.31%

Born in Oelwein

99.98%

Native Born

0.02%

Foreign Born

Non Citizen

0.02%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.98% of Oelwein residents were born in the United States, with 76.31% having been born in Iowa. of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Oelwein Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20295,694-20-0.35%
20285,714-20-0.35%
20275,734-20-0.35%
20265,754-20-0.35%
20255,774-20-0.35%
20245,794-20-0.34%
20235,814-20-0.34%
20225,834-20-0.34%
20215,854-53-0.9%
20205,907120.2%
20195,895-12-0.2%
20185,907-34-0.57%
20175,941-79-1.31%
20166,020-78-1.28%
20156,098-69-1.12%
20146,167-67-1.07%
20136,234-101-1.59%
20126,335-90-1.4%
20116,425190.3%
20106,406-286-4.27%
20006,6921993.06%
19906,493-1,071-14.16%
19807,564-171-2.21%
19707,735-547-6.6%
19608,2824245.4%
19507,858570.73%
19407,80170.09%
19307,7943394.55%
19207,4551,42723.67%
19106,02888617.23%
19005,142
showing: 31 rows

Oelwein Population by Year