Omaha, Nebraska Population 2023

509,178

Omaha is a city located in Douglas County and Sarpy County Nebraska. It is also the county seat of Douglas County. With a 2023 population of 509,178, it is the largest city in Nebraska and the 38th largest city in the United States.Omaha is currently growing at a rate of 1.54% annually and its population has increased by 4.76% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 486,051 in 2020. Spanning over 145 miles, Omaha has a population density of 3,612 people per square mile.

The average household income in Omaha is $82,945 with a poverty rate of 14.77%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Omaha is 34.9 years, 34 years for males, and 35.9 years for females.

Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and sits on the Missouri River, around 10 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River. Omaha also anchors the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area.

The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of about 935,000, and there are approximately 1.3 million people in the Greater Omaha area with a 50-mile radius around the city center.

Omaha today is a very diverse city, both in terms of population and economy. Forbes ranked Omaha as the Best Bang-For-The-Buck City in 2009 and the number one Fastest-Recovering City in America.

Omaha Diversity

Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area, with the city of Omaha established by European Americans from Council Bluffs. Over the next century, many ethnic groups made their way to Omaha. In 1910, the population was 3.9% black. Irish immigrants also moved to the area in high numbers, settling in present-day North Omaha, or Gophertown. Irish immigrants were followed by people from Poland who settled in Sheelytown. In the beginning, immigrants to the city worked in the stockyards and meatpacking industries, although later German immigrants founded the beer industry.

Jewish immigrants moved to Omaha in the early 20th century and began setting up businesses in the commercial area, which is now the heart of the African American community. Omaha also has a Little Italy neighborhood south of downtown.

There is a sizable population of Czechs in the city, and many institutions in South Omaha and Downtown show the history of European immigrants in Omaha. The majority of Omaha's Hispanic population are Mexican, who originally came to the city to work in rail yards. Other early ethnic groups include Danes, Swedes, and Poles.

In the last two decades, some African immigrants have settled in Omaha. There are around 8,500 Sudanese in the city, which is the largest population of Sudanese refugees in the U.S. There are ten tribes from Sudan in Omaha, along with immigrants from Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Cameroon, and Togo.

Omaha Population Growth

Since 2000, Omaha has grown more than 13% and the state has a whole has increased steadily, although it has lagged behind the national average for more than twenty years. Omaha and its suburbs are expected to continue moderate population growth in the coming decade.

The area of Omaha was first inhabited by several Native American tribes, including the Omaha and Ponca. The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area that would later become Omaha in 1804, and members of the expedition met with tribal leaders at the Council Bluff twenty miles from present-day Omaha. Fur trading outposts were eventually built in the area. Through treaties with the federal government, Native American tribes in the state eventually ceded the lands that currently make up Nebraska.

Omaha was settled as residents from nearby Council Bluffs began to stake out claims. The young city has several booms and busts in its early years. From the late 19th century through the 21st century, immigrants have created enclaves throughout Omaha, such as the Irish in Sheelytown, Germans in the Near North Side, and Little Italy and Little Bohemia in South Omaha.

Omaha Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Omaha was:

  • White: 75.52%
  • Black or African American: 12.07%
  • Two or more races: 5.00%
  • Asian: 3.97%
  • Other race: 2.88%
  • Native American: 0.53%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Omaha, Nebraska is 509,178 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 486,051.

Omaha, Nebraska Population 2023

Omaha Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Omaha Population by Race

Omaha Population Pyramid 2023

Omaha Median Age

34.9

Total

34

Male

35.9

Female

Omaha Adults

There are 360,471 adults, (63,720 of whom are seniors) in Omaha.

Omaha Age Dependency

61.6

Age Dependency Ratio

21.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Omaha Sex Ratio

Female243,26950.73%
Male236,26049.27%

Omaha Population by Age

Omaha Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.19

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

59.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Omaha Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Omaha Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Omaha Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.90%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 38.66%.

Omaha Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$42,269

Average Earnings

$48,162

Average Male

$36,944

Average Female

Omaha Earnings by Educational Attainment

Omaha Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Omaha Language

83.44% of Omaha residents speak only English, while 16.56% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.48% of the population.

Omaha Language

Omaha Poverty by Race

rate

14.77%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.96%

Male Poverty Rate

12.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Omaha

The race most likely to be in poverty in Omaha is Black, with 33.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Omaha is White, with 9.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.94%.

Omaha Poverty

Omaha Poverty Rate by Education

Omaha Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Omaha Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Omaha Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

46.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

45.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Omaha Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Omaha Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Omaha Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Omaha Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

24,488

Number of Veterans

22,201

Male Veterans

2,287

Female Veterans

Omaha Veterans by War

Omaha Veterans by Age

count

Omaha Veterans by Race

Omaha Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

Omaha Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

70.1%

Labor Force Participation

66.8%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Omaha Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Omaha Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Omaha Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

58.48%

Born in Omaha

88.06%

Native Born

10.60%

Foreign Born

7.07%

Non Citizen

3.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.06% of Omaha residents were born in the United States, with 58.48% having been born in Nebraska. 7.07% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Omaha Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Omaha Population by Year