Peoria, Arizona Population 2021

183,357
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Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. With a 2020 population of 183,357, it is the 9th largest city in Arizona and the 141st largest city in the United States . Peoria is currently growing at a rate of 2.06% annually and its population has increased by 19.01% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 154,065 in 2010. Peoria reached it's highest population of 183,357 in 2021. Spanning over 179 miles, Peoria has a population density of 1,042 people per square mile.

The average household income in Peoria is $92,916 with a poverty rate of 7.50%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,255 per month, and the median house value is $264,500. The median age in Peoria is 39.8 years, 38.3 years for males, and 41.3 years for females.

Located mostly in Maricopa Arizona, Peoria is a major Phoenix suburb located about 14 miles northwest of the city. Peoria, a name which is a corrupted version of an Illini word for "prairie fire," is the 9th largest city in Arizona in terms of population and the 8th largest in Metro Phoenix. Maricopa County is Arizona's population center with 61% of the state's population.

Diversity

Peoria is less diverse than Metro Phoenix as a whole as Arizona has the 3rd highest number of American Indians of any state at more than 10% of the U.S. American Indian population. Phoenix borders an American Indian reservation. The American Indian population of Peoria is just 0.7%, however.

In the Phoenix Metro area, the most common ancestry groups include Mexican, German, English, and Irish. Almost 12% of people in Peoria claim Irish ancestry. The largest Asian-American subgroup in Peoria is Filipino Americans.

About 8.7% of Peoria's residents were born outside of the U.S. The city has a notable gender disparity: for every 100 females over the age of 18, there are only 88 males.

Population Growth

Arizona's population has been surging in recent year. In 2019, it was ranked as the 4th fastest growing state in the U.S. Maricopa County, which includes most of Peoria, is believed to have hit 4 million people in 2016. The growth of Metro Phoenix has averaged over 40% per decade between 1950 and 2000 but its growth slowed to 20% between 2000 and 2010 due to water restraints and other resources. It's predicted that the Metro Phoenix area will reach 6-7 million within 20 years, up from 4.6 million in 2019. Peoria is certain to enjoy some of this growth.

The history of Peoria as a city dates back to 1886. William John Murphy, who worked on the major Arizona Canal project, recruited settlers to create a community in Arizona. Many of the first settlers were from Peoria, Illinois. After a year, a new road called Grand Avenue was laid out to connect the new town sites of Peoria, Glendale, and Alhambra and it became the primary route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine, a gold mine and major settlement in Maricopa County. The town was incorporated as Peoria in 1887.

Within 10 years, a spur line of the Santa, Prescott, and Phoenix Railroad was installed to connect Peoria to Phoenix as well as Hesperia, Alhambra, Glendale, and Marinette. This helped the new town grow steadily. Eventually, the Luke Air Force Base and a growing economy -- as well as mass-produced air conditioning -- allowed Peoria to grow faster than ever. Peoria became a major suburb of Phoenix after WWII thaks to a construction boom.

Peoria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:

  • White: 83.56%
  • Two or more races: 4.26%
  • Asian: 4.20%
  • Other race: 3.90%
  • Black or African American: 3.06%
  • Native American: 0.74%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.28%
The current population of Peoria, Arizona is 183,357 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 172,263.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 154,065.

Peoria, Arizona Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White140,54183.56%
Two or More Races7,1684.26%
Asian7,0674.20%
Some Other Race6,5643.90%
Black or African American5,1443.06%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,2490.74%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4630.28%
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Peoria Population by Race

Peoria Population Pyramid $2021

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Peoria Median Age

39.8


Total

38.3


Male

41.3


Female

Peoria Adults

There are 128,253 adults, (28,360 of whom are seniors) in Peoria.

Peoria Age Dependency

68.4

Age Dependency Ratio

28.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40

Child Dependency Ratio

Peoria Sex Ratio

Female

87,703

52.14%

Male

80,493

47.86%

Peoria Population by Age

Peoria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Peoria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86.1%13.9%
All74.2%25.8%
Female60.3%39.7%
Non Family58.8%41.2%
Male57.3%42.7%

74.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Peoria Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All59,6592.874.2
Married33,4233.3786.1
Non Family16,7291.2558.8
Female6,6593.5360.3
Male2,8483.4457.3

3.31

Average Family Size

2.8

Average Household Size

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Peoria Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8502.48%
9th to 12th Grade5,6294.90%
High School Graduate27,20723.68%
Some College30,02226.13%
Associates Degree11,4659.98%
Bachelors Degree25,03521.79%
Graduate Degree12,69811.05%
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Peoria Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White84,93880,60929,130
Hispanic18,89815,6983,609
Asian4,9194,4602,888
Other Race4,0303,249626
Black3,1622,9621,018
2+ Races2,8362,5721,067
Native American891764227
Islander331287119

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.90%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.71%.

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$44,785$51,817$39,483
Less Than 9th Grade$25,978$31,098$18,990
High School Graduate$34,967$40,908$30,199
Some College$43,353$51,717$36,791
Bachelors Degree$53,755$71,029$47,639
Graduate Degree$69,848$91,026$55,563

$44,785

Average Earnings

$51,817

Average Male

$39,483

Average Female

Peoria Earnings by Educational Attainment

Peoria Language by Age

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Peoria Language

85.04% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 14.96% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.63% of the population.

Peoria Language

Peoria Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White115,0497,5016.52%
Hispanic33,7533,2119.51%
Asian7,06080811.44%
Multiple6,97978111.19%
Other6,56268910.50%
Black5,0574548.98%
Native1,2331149.25%
Islander463326.91%

7.50%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.95%

Male Poverty Rate

8.00%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Peoria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Asian, with 11.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is White, with 6.52% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 8.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.64%.

Peoria Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade19.62%
High School9.44%
Some College6.43%
Bachelors or Greater2.99%

Peoria Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed21.84%
Male Unemployed18.31%
Male Employed3.51%
Female Employed3.38%

Peoria Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Peoria Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$75,323$92,916
Families$87,566$104,730
Married Families$98,319$116,347
Non Families$42,124$57,382
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Income by Household Type

Peoria Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

53.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

56.5%

Male Marriage Rate

51.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Peoria Married by Age and Sex

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Peoria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Peoria Marital Status by Race

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Peoria Marital Status

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11,927

Number of Veterans

10,748

Male Veterans

1,179

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,346
First Gulf War2,861
Second Gulf War1,960
Korea962
World War II401

Peoria Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,953
75+2,841
35 to 542,796
55 to 642,462
18 to 34875

Peoria Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,8839.98%
Hispanic1,1725.08%
Black40410.97%
Other Race2084.30%
Asian1933.59%
2+ Races1754.83%
Native American464.30%
Islander185.25%

Peoria Veterans by Race

Peoria Veterans by Education

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4.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Peoria Veterans by Education

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63.4%

Labor Force Participation

60%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Peoria Employment by Age

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Peoria Employment by Race

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Peoria Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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38.67%

Born in Peoria

90.87%

Native Born

9.13%

Foreign Born

3.98%

Non Citizen

5.15%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.87% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 38.67% having been born in Arizona. 3.98% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Peoria Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021183,3573,6982.06%
2020179,6593,6982.10%
2019175,9613,6982.15%
2018172,2634,0712.42%
2017168,1923,9802.42%
2016164,2123,7812.36%
2015160,4312,6611.69%
2014157,7701,4160.91%
2013156,3541,0280.66%
2012155,3263120.20%
2011155,0141680.11%
2010154,84646,4823.63%
2000108,36457,7467.91%
199050,61838,44715.32%
198012,1717,3799.77%
19704,7922,1926.31%
19602,6001,9006.78%
19407000.00%

Peoria Population by Year