Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County and Yavapai County Arizona. Peoria has a 2023 population of 200,916. Peoria is currently growing at a rate of 1.53% annually and its population has increased by 4.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 191,985 in 2020.
The average household income in Peoria is $103,265 with a poverty rate of 8.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Peoria is 40.8 years, 39.8 years for males, and 41.8 years for females.
Located mostly in Maricopa Arizona, Peoria is a major Phoenix suburb located about 14 miles northwest of the city. Peoria, a name which is a corrupted version of an Illini word for "prairie fire," is the 9th largest city in Arizona in terms of population and the 8th largest in Metro Phoenix. Maricopa County is Arizona's population center with 61% of the state's population.
Peoria is less diverse than Metro Phoenix as a whole as Arizona has the 3rd highest number of American Indians of any state at more than 10% of the U.S. American Indian population. Phoenix borders an American Indian reservation. The American Indian population of Peoria is just 0.7%, however.
In the Phoenix Metro area, the most common ancestry groups include Mexican, German, English, and Irish. Almost 12% of people in Peoria claim Irish ancestry. The largest Asian-American subgroup in Peoria is Filipino Americans.
About 8.7% of Peoria's residents were born outside of the U.S. The city has a notable gender disparity: for every 100 females over the age of 18, there are only 88 males.
Arizona's population has been surging in recent year. In 2019, it was ranked as the 4th fastest growing state in the U.S. Maricopa County, which includes most of Peoria, is believed to have hit 4 million people in 2016. The growth of Metro Phoenix has averaged over 40% per decade between 1950 and 2000 but its growth slowed to 20% between 2000 and 2010 due to water restraints and other resources. It's predicted that the Metro Phoenix area will reach 6-7 million within 20 years, up from 4.6 million in 2019. Peoria is certain to enjoy some of this growth.
The history of Peoria as a city dates back to 1886. William John Murphy, who worked on the major Arizona Canal project, recruited settlers to create a community in Arizona. Many of the first settlers were from Peoria, Illinois. After a year, a new road called Grand Avenue was laid out to connect the new town sites of Peoria, Glendale, and Alhambra and it became the primary route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine, a gold mine and major settlement in Maricopa County. The town was incorporated as Peoria in 1887.
Within 10 years, a spur line of the Santa, Prescott, and Phoenix Railroad was installed to connect Peoria to Phoenix as well as Hesperia, Alhambra, Glendale, and Marinette. This helped the new town grow steadily. Eventually, the Luke Air Force Base and a growing economy -- as well as mass-produced air conditioning -- allowed Peoria to grow faster than ever. Peoria became a major suburb of Phoenix after WWII thaks to a construction boom.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 85.73%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 53.84%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
83.43% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 16.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.2% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Other, with 22.81% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Asian, with 5.21% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.48%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.95%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Peoria
90.14% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 38.53% having been born in Arizona. 4.6% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.