Peoria, Arizona Population 2023

202,061

Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. With a 2023 population of 202,061, it is the 8th largest city in Arizona and the 132nd largest city in the United States.Peoria is currently growing at a rate of 1.86% annually and its population has increased by 5.8% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 190,985 in 2020. Spanning over 179 miles, Peoria has a population density of 1,148 people per square mile.

The average household income in Peoria is $92,916 with a poverty rate of 10.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Peoria is 40.3 years, 38.8 years for males, and 41.7 years for females.

Located mostly in Maricopa Arizona, Peoria is a major Phoenix suburb located about 14 miles northwest of the city. Peoria, a name which is a corrupted version of an Illini word for "prairie fire," is the 9th largest city in Arizona in terms of population and the 8th largest in Metro Phoenix. Maricopa County is Arizona's population center with 61% of the state's population.

Diversity

Peoria is less diverse than Metro Phoenix as a whole as Arizona has the 3rd highest number of American Indians of any state at more than 10% of the U.S. American Indian population. Phoenix borders an American Indian reservation. The American Indian population of Peoria is just 0.7%, however.

In the Phoenix Metro area, the most common ancestry groups include Mexican, German, English, and Irish. Almost 12% of people in Peoria claim Irish ancestry. The largest Asian-American subgroup in Peoria is Filipino Americans.

About 8.7% of Peoria's residents were born outside of the U.S. The city has a notable gender disparity: for every 100 females over the age of 18, there are only 88 males.

Population Growth

Arizona's population has been surging in recent year. In 2019, it was ranked as the 4th fastest growing state in the U.S. Maricopa County, which includes most of Peoria, is believed to have hit 4 million people in 2016. The growth of Metro Phoenix has averaged over 40% per decade between 1950 and 2000 but its growth slowed to 20% between 2000 and 2010 due to water restraints and other resources. It's predicted that the Metro Phoenix area will reach 6-7 million within 20 years, up from 4.6 million in 2019. Peoria is certain to enjoy some of this growth.

The history of Peoria as a city dates back to 1886. William John Murphy, who worked on the major Arizona Canal project, recruited settlers to create a community in Arizona. Many of the first settlers were from Peoria, Illinois. After a year, a new road called Grand Avenue was laid out to connect the new town sites of Peoria, Glendale, and Alhambra and it became the primary route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine, a gold mine and major settlement in Maricopa County. The town was incorporated as Peoria in 1887.

Within 10 years, a spur line of the Santa, Prescott, and Phoenix Railroad was installed to connect Peoria to Phoenix as well as Hesperia, Alhambra, Glendale, and Marinette. This helped the new town grow steadily. Eventually, the Luke Air Force Base and a growing economy -- as well as mass-produced air conditioning -- allowed Peoria to grow faster than ever. Peoria became a major suburb of Phoenix after WWII thaks to a construction boom.

Peoria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:

  • White: 79.97%
  • Two or more races: 5.58%
  • Asian: 5.57%
  • Other race: 4.85%
  • Black or African American: 3.16%
  • Native American: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.21%
The current population of Peoria, Arizona is 202,061 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 190,985.

Peoria, Arizona Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Peoria Population by Race

Peoria Population Pyramid 2023

Peoria Median Age

40.3

Total

38.8

Male

41.7

Female

Peoria Adults

There are 131,927 adults, (30,188 of whom are seniors) in Peoria.

Peoria Age Dependency

69.2

Age Dependency Ratio

29.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Peoria Sex Ratio

Female89,49552%
Male82,61448%

Peoria Population by Age

Peoria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.25

Average Family Size

2.75

Average Household Size

74.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Peoria Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Peoria Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 84.16%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 55.5%.

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$46,640

Average Earnings

$53,280

Average Male

$41,265

Average Female

Peoria Earnings by Educational Attainment

Peoria Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Peoria Language

84.57% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 15.43% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.44% of the population.

Peoria Language

Peoria Poverty by Race

rate

10.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.75%

Male Poverty Rate

9.3%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Peoria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Other, with 31.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Native, with 4.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.27%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.58%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.02%.

Peoria Poverty

Peoria Poverty Rate by Education

Peoria Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Peoria Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Peoria Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

53.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

57.0%

Male Marriage Rate

51.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Peoria Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Peoria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Peoria Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Peoria Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

11,769

Number of Veterans

10,563

Male Veterans

1,206

Female Veterans

Peoria Veterans by War

Peoria Veterans by Age

count

Peoria Veterans by Race

Peoria Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

5.04%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Peoria Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

62.4%

Labor Force Participation

59.4%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Peoria Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Peoria Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Peoria Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

34.41%

Born in Peoria

81.17%

Native Born

8.94%

Foreign Born

3.91%

Non Citizen

5.03%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

81.17% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 34.41% having been born in Arizona. 3.91% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Peoria Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Peoria Population by Year