Philadelphia is a city located in Philadelphia County Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has a 2023 population of 1,527,886. It is also the county seat of Philadelphia County.Philadelphia is currently declining at a rate of -1.55% annually and its population has decreased by -4.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,601,005 in 2020.
The average household income in Philadelphia is $77,454 with a poverty rate of 22.82%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Philadelphia is 34.8 years, 33.5 years for males, and 36 years for females.
Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010.
Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for seven years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.
This substantial population is even more significant when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metro area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metro division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.
The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).
Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American community in the United States and created the first black denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, before 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.
As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This increased immigration by about 113,000 between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that entered during the entire 1990s. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.
Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for seven consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950 when its population peaked just over 2 million.
The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.
The bad news is that Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last four decades and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.
Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see more significant growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.
It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.
The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River Valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.
Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The town grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.
Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 83.08%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.31%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
76.28% of Philadelphia residents speak only English, while 23.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is Hispanic, with 49.61% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is White, with 13.37% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.34%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.19%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Philadelphia
88.02% of Philadelphia residents were born in the United States, with 66.09% having been born in Pennsylvania. 7.05% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.