Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2021

1,585,010
map placeholder

Philadelphia is a city located in Delaware County and Philadelphia County Pennsylvania. It is also the county seat of Philadelphia County. With a 2020 population of 1,585,010, it is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the 6th largest city in the United States . Philadelphia is currently growing at a rate of 0.03% annually and its population has increased by 3.87% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,526,010 in 2010. Philadelphia reached it's highest population of 2,071,600 in 1950. Spanning over 143 miles, Philadelphia has a population density of 11,804 people per square mile.

The average household income in Philadelphia is $68,379 with a poverty rate of 24.34%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,042 per month, and the median house value is $163,000. The median age in Philadelphia is 34.4 years, 32.9 years for males, and 35.9 years for females.

Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010.

Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for seven years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.

This substantial population is even more significant when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metro area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metro division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.

Philadelphia Diversity

The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).

Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American community in the United States and created the first black denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, before 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.

As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This increased immigration by about 113,000 between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that entered during the entire 1990s. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.

Philadelphia Population Growth

Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for seven consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950 when its population peaked just over 2 million.

The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.

The bad news is that Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last four decades and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.

Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see more significant growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.

It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.

The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River Valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.

Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The town grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.

Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.

Philadelphia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:

  • Black or African American: 42.13%
  • White: 40.66%
  • Asian: 7.24%
  • Other race: 6.49%
  • Two or more races: 3.06%
  • Native American: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is 1,585,010 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 1,583,590.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 1,526,010.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20216,124,89011,2300.18%
20206,113,66011,2300.18%
20196,102,43011,2200.18%
20186,091,21012,6900.21%
20176,078,52011,8600.20%
20166,066,6609,8400.16%
20156,056,82010,4400.17%
20146,046,38016,2500.27%
20136,030,13013,5100.22%
20126,016,62020,3900.34%
20115,996,23025,3300.42%
20105,970,9000.00%

Philadelphia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American665,33342.13%
White642,06040.66%
Asian114,3157.24%
Some Other Race102,4806.49%
Two or More Races48,3493.06%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,7540.36%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7840.05%
Loading...

Philadelphia Population by Race

Philadelphia Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Philadelphia Median Age

34.4


Total

32.9


Male

35.9


Female

Philadelphia Adults

There are 1,233,510 adults, (212,274 of whom are seniors) in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia Age Dependency

54.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Philadelphia Sex Ratio

Female

831,596

52.66%

Male

747,479

47.34%

Philadelphia Population by Age

Philadelphia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Philadelphia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.5%27.5%
Male57.1%42.9%
All53%47%
Female48.3%51.7%
Non Family42.5%57.5%

53.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Philadelphia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All601,3372.5553
Non Family275,4211.3142.5
Married170,4133.3872.5
Female120,5893.8848.3
Male34,9143.5957.1

3.46

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

Loading...

Philadelphia Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade58,8755.48%
9th to 12th Grade105,5699.83%
High School Graduate349,87532.59%
Some College178,84616.66%
Associates Degree61,5975.74%
Bachelors Degree185,84917.31%
Graduate Degree132,84212.38%
Loading...

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
Black429,447363,46874,348
White423,625388,806188,117
Hispanic128,12386,14218,713
Asian79,23357,81131,962
Other Race59,36537,7685,244
2+ Races22,26119,4437,244
Native American3,5272,721592
Islander569436134

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.78%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 44.41%.

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,691$40,657$35,384
Less Than 9th Grade$22,902$25,712$20,053
High School Graduate$28,430$31,109$25,736
Some College$34,047$38,188$31,508
Bachelors Degree$50,313$54,426$46,449
Graduate Degree$64,876$72,703$61,344

$37,691

Average Earnings

$40,657

Average Male

$35,384

Average Female

Philadelphia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Philadelphia Language by Age

Loading...

Philadelphia Language

76.79% of Philadelphia residents speak only English, while 23.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.53% of the population.

Philadelphia Language

Philadelphia Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black651,658190,45729.23%
Hispanic227,63585,28737.47%
White523,87469,94113.35%
Other101,33542,02241.47%
Asian109,74325,58723.32%
Multiple46,83111,50324.56%
Native5,5681,34524.16%
Islander77431340.44%

24.34%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.17%

Male Poverty Rate

25.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Philadelphia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is Other, with 41.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is White, with 13.35% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.58%.

Philadelphia Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade36.60%
High School23.88%
Some College16.90%
Bachelors or Greater8.85%

Philadelphia Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed42.47%
Male Unemployed36.94%
Female Employed11.14%
Male Employed7.78%

Philadelphia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Philadelphia Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$45,927$68,379
Families$55,121$79,788
Married Families$82,808$108,250
Non Families$32,433$52,176
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Philadelphia Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

30.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.2%

Male Marriage Rate

28.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Philadelphia Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Philadelphia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Philadelphia Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Philadelphia Marital Status

Loading...

58,670

Number of Veterans

53,141

Male Veterans

5,529

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam21,057
Second Gulf War8,694
First Gulf War7,934
Korea4,834
World War II2,277

Philadelphia Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7415,985
75+14,428
55 to 6412,260
35 to 5411,603
18 to 344,394

Philadelphia Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
Black27,7455.57%
White27,1635.05%
Hispanic3,0041.93%
2+ Races1,3064.65%
Asian1,1451.22%
Other Race1,0121.43%
Native American2917.04%
Islander81.19%

Philadelphia Veterans by Race

Philadelphia Veterans by Education

Loading...

12.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.30%

Veteran Disability Rate

Philadelphia Veterans by Education

Loading...

61%

Labor Force Participation

55.3%

Employment Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

Philadelphia Employment by Age

Loading...

Philadelphia Employment by Race

Loading...

Philadelphia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

65.29%

Born in Philadelphia

85.91%

Native Born

14.09%

Foreign Born

6.87%

Non Citizen

7.22%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.91% of Philadelphia residents were born in the United States, with 65.29% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Philadelphia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,585,0104700.03%
20201,584,5404800.03%
20191,584,0604700.03%
20181,583,5902,9900.19%
20171,580,6004,5500.29%
20161,576,0504,9900.32%
20151,571,0605,6000.36%
20141,565,4607,1500.46%
20131,558,3106,4900.42%
20121,551,82011,3500.74%
20111,540,47012,1900.80%
20101,528,28010,7300.07%
20001,517,550-68,030-0.44%
19901,585,580-102,630-0.63%
19801,688,210-261,790-1.43%
19701,950,000-52,510-0.27%
19602,002,510-69,090-0.34%
19502,071,600140,2700.70%
19401,931,330-19,630-0.10%
19301,950,960127,1800.68%
19201,823,780274,7701.65%
19101,549,010255,3101.82%
19001,293,700246,7402.14%
18901,046,960199,7902.14%
1880847,170173,1482.31%
1870674,022108,4931.77%
1860565,529444,15316.64%
1850121,37627,7112.63%
184093,66513,2031.53%
183080,46216,6602.35%
182063,80210,0801.73%
181053,72212,5022.68%
180041,22012,6983.75%
179028,5220.00%

Philadelphia Population by Year