Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2020

1,591,800
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Philadelphia is a city located in Pennsylvania. With a 2020 population of 1,591,800, it is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the 6th largest city in the United States. Philadelphia is currently growing at a rate of 0.24% annually and its population has increased by 4.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,526,010 in 2010. Philadelphia reached it's highest population of 2,071,600 in 1950. Spanning over 143 miles, Philadelphia has a population density of 11,854 people per square mile.

The average household income in Philadelphia is $65,090 with a poverty rate of 24.86%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,007 per month, and the median house value is $156,800. The median age in Philadelphia is 34.3 years, 32.7 years for males, and 35.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 89.8 males.

Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010.

Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for seven years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.

This substantial population is even more significant when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metro area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metro division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.

Philadelphia Diversity

The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).

Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American community in the United States and created the first black denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, before 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.

As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This increased immigration by about 113,000 between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that entered during the entire 1990s. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.

Philadelphia Population Growth

Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for seven consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950 when its population peaked just over 2 million.

The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.

The bad news is that Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last four decades and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.

Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see more significant growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.

It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.

The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River Valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.

Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The town grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.

Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.

Philadelphia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:

  • Black or African American: 42.27%
  • White: 41.19%
  • Asian: 7.15%
  • Other race: 5.94%
  • Two or more races: 3.03%
  • Native American: 0.37%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is 1,591,800, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 1,584,140.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 1,526,010.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20206,132,21017,9200.29%
20196,114,29017,9200.29%
20186,096,37017,9200.29%
20176,078,45010,7600.18%
20166,067,69010,0700.17%
20156,057,62010,5100.17%
20146,047,11016,5700.27%
20136,030,54013,8800.23%
20126,016,66020,8900.35%
20115,995,77024,8200.41%
20105,970,9500.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American666,04742.27%
White648,89041.19%
Asian112,6517.15%
Some Other Race93,6515.94%
Two or More Races47,6713.03%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,8430.37%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7690.05%
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Philadelphia Population Pyramid 2020

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Philadelphia Median Age

34.3


Total

32.7


Male

35.7


Female

Philadelphia Adults

There are 1,229,260 adults, (207,563 of whom are seniors) in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia Age Dependency

54.2

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Philadelphia Sex Ratio

Female

829,979

52.68%

Male

745,543

47.32%

Philadelphia Households and Families

Philadelphia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Philadelphia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73%27%
Male55.3%44.7%
All53%47%
Female48%52%
Non Family42.6%57.4%

53.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All594,7782.5753
Non Family273,3891.3142.6
Married167,2423.4273
Female120,3143.9248
Male33,8333.6855.3

3.51

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Philadelphia Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade60,7985.72%
9th to 12th Grade110,09610.35%
High School Graduate351,16733.01%
Some College177,01716.64%
Associates Degree60,6995.71%
Bachelors Degree177,18016.66%
Graduate Degree126,79611.92%
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Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black426,586358,21470,662
White423,242385,414180,572
Hispanic124,29981,80717,396
Asian77,07054,93429,844
Other Race53,71634,2054,864
Multiple Races21,44318,3146,796
Native American3,7802,869663
Islander518448136

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 42.66%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,467$39,863$34,407
Less Than High School$21,692$24,313$19,321
High School Grad$28,332$31,142$25,673
Some College$33,689$37,166$31,475
Bachelors Degree$49,466$53,573$45,321
Graduate Degree$62,935$69,827$59,141

$36,467

Average Earnings

$39,863

Average Male

$34,407

Average Female

Philadelphia Language

Philadelphia Language by Age

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Philadelphia Language

76.94% of Philadelphia residents speak only English, while 23.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.57% of the population.

Philadelphia Poverty

Philadelphia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black653,024195,81529.99%
Hispanic223,65285,17338.08%
White524,79371,80613.68%
Other92,51237,12340.13%
Asian108,06425,40423.51%
Multiple46,38011,66525.15%
Native5,6841,63528.76%
Islander75829138.39%

24.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.48%

Male Poverty Rate

26.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Philadelphia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is Other, with 40.13% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is White, with 13.68% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.98%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.07%
High School23.74%
Some College16.96%
Bachelors or Greater8.65%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.94%
Male Unemployed38.78%
Female Employed11.18%
Male Employed7.77%

Philadelphia Income

Philadelphia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,744$65,090
Families$53,090$76,453
Married Families$79,639$104,010
Non Families$31,348$49,347
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Philadelphia Marital Status

Philadelphia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.7%

Male Marriage Rate

27.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Philadelphia Married by Age and Sex

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Philadelphia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Philadelphia Marital Status by Race

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Philadelphia Veterans

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59,623

Number of Veterans

54,147

Male Veterans

5,476

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam21,187
Second Gulf War8,055
First Gulf War7,588
Korea5,146
World War II3,014
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 7415,977
75+15,003
55 to 6412,621
35 to 5411,669
18 to 344,353
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Name Veterans % of Total
White28,0665.17%
Black27,8095.59%
Hispanic3,0392.00%
2 or More1,2364.56%
Asian1,1281.23%
Other1,0651.64%
Indian3197.34%

Philadelphia Veterans by Education

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12.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Philadelphia Employment Status

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60.6%

Labor Force Participation

54.4%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.03%

Born in Pennsylvania

86.13%

Native Born

13.87%

Foreign Born

6.86%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.13% of Philadelphia residents were born in the United States, with 66.03% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,591,8003,8300.24%
20191,587,9703,8300.24%
20181,584,1403,9200.25%
20171,580,2203,8300.24%
20161,576,3905,1300.33%
20151,571,2605,6600.36%
20141,565,6007,2300.46%
20131,558,3706,5700.42%
20121,551,80011,4800.75%
20111,540,32012,0300.79%
20101,528,29010,7400.07%
20001,517,550-68,030-0.44%
19901,585,580-102,630-0.63%
19801,688,210-261,790-1.43%
19701,950,000-52,510-0.27%
19602,002,510-69,090-0.34%
19502,071,600140,2700.70%
19401,931,330-19,630-0.10%
19301,950,960127,1800.68%
19201,823,780274,7701.65%
19101,549,010255,3101.82%
19001,293,700246,7402.14%
18901,046,960199,7902.14%
1880847,170173,1482.31%
1870674,022108,4931.77%
1860565,529444,15316.64%
1850121,37627,7112.63%
184093,66513,2031.53%
183080,46216,6602.35%
182063,80210,0801.73%
181053,72212,5022.68%
180041,22012,6983.75%
179028,5220.00%