Phoenix, Arizona Population 2022

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Phoenix is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. It is also the county seat of Maricopa County. With a 2020 population of 1,640,641, it is the largest city in Arizona and the 5th largest city in the United States. Phoenix is currently growing at a rate of 1.00% annually but its population has decreased by -1.07% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,658,422 in 2020. Spanning over 519 miles, Phoenix has a population density of 3,169 people per square mile.

The average household income in Phoenix is $80,631 with a poverty rate of 16.17%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Phoenix is 33.8 years, 33.1 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of the state of Arizona. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016. During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed that sometime during 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

Phoenix Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%). Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population. In 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenominational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest-growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing an extensive system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be suitable for farming, and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

The land was sold in 1870, and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with a growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Phoenixwas:

  • White: 68.23%
  • Other race: 10.31%
  • Two or more races: 8.27%
  • Black or African American: 7.10%
  • Asian: 3.86%
  • Native American: 2.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.19%
The current population of Phoenix, Arizona is 1,640,641 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,658,422.

Phoenix, Arizona Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Phoenix Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Phoenix Population by Race

Phoenix Population Pyramid 2022


Phoenix Median Age







Phoenix Adults

There are 1,232,572 adults, (182,002 of whom are seniors) in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Sex Ratio







Phoenix Population by Age

Phoenix Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Phoenix Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Phoenix Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Phoenix Households by Type


Phoenix Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.71%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.56%.

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Phoenix Earnings by Educational Attainment

Phoenix Language by Age


Phoenix Language

63.00% of Phoenix residents speak only English, while 37.00% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.41% of the population.

Phoenix Language

Phoenix Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Phoenix

The race most likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Black, with 23.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.60%.

Phoenix Poverty


Phoenix Poverty Rate by Education


Phoenix Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Phoenix Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Phoenix Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Phoenix Married by Age and Sex


Phoenix Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Phoenix Marital Status by Race

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Phoenix Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Phoenix Veterans by War


Phoenix Veterans by Age


Phoenix Veterans by Race

Phoenix Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Phoenix Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Phoenix Employment by Age


Phoenix Employment by Race


Phoenix Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Phoenix


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

80.67% of Phoenix residents were born in the United States, with 42.68% having been born in Arizona. 12.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Phoenix Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Phoenix Population by Year