Phoenix, Arizona Population 2022

1,640,641
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Phoenix is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. Phoenix has a 2020 population of 1,640,641. It is also the county seat of Maricopa County. Phoenix is currently growing at a rate of 1.00% annually and its population has increased by 2.02% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,608,139 in 2010.

The average household income in Phoenix is $80,631 with a poverty rate of 16.17%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,100 per month, and the median house value is $250,800. The median age in Phoenix is 33.8 years, 33.1 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of the state of Arizona. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016. During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed that sometime during 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

Phoenix Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%). Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population. In 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenominational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest-growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing an extensive system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be suitable for farming, and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

The land was sold in 1870, and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with a growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Phoenixwas:

  • White: 68.23%
  • Other race: 10.31%
  • Two or more races: 8.27%
  • Black or African American: 7.10%
  • Asian: 3.86%
  • Native American: 2.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.19%
The current population of Phoenix, Arizona is 1,640,641 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,608,139.

Phoenix, Arizona Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20104,204,2000.00%
20114,253,04048,8401.15%
20124,329,76076,7201.77%
20134,403,12073,3601.67%
20144,488,97085,8501.91%
20154,578,52089,5501.96%
20164,673,34094,8202.03%
20174,758,75085,4101.79%
20184,849,21090,4601.87%
20194,948,20098,9902.00%
20205,047,20099,0001.96%
20215,146,19098,9901.92%

Phoenix Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,131,59468.23%
Black or African American117,8077.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native33,7192.03%
Asian64,0603.86%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,1480.19%
Some Other Race170,92810.31%
Two or More Races137,1668.27%
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Phoenix Population by Race

Phoenix Population Pyramid 2022

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Phoenix Median Age

33.9


Total

33.3


Male

34.6


Female

Phoenix Adults

There are 1,232,572 adults, (182,002 of whom are seniors) in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Sex Ratio

Female

830,337

50.07%

Male

828,085

49.93%

Phoenix Population by Age

Phoenix Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Phoenix Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.3%27.7%
All55.6%44.4%
Male48.7%51.3%
Non Family43.3%56.7%
Female41.4%58.6%

55.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Phoenix Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All580,8352.8255.6
Married243,9583.5772.3
Male40,0483.7348.7
Female86,3783.941.4
Non Family210,4511.3543.3

3.51

Average Family Size

2.82

Average Household Size

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Phoenix Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade91,1518.52%
9th to 12th Grade91,5768.56%
High School Graduate250,41823.40%
Some College237,48422.19%
Associates Degree84,6617.91%
Bachelors Degree198,25718.53%
Graduate Degree116,53610.89%
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Phoenix Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian45,59439,05426,702
White533,913505,662217,337
Black71,26963,41817,172
2+ Races70,09954,53915,964
Native American19,61316,2953,316
Islander2,0981,783353
Hispanic380,748244,43942,079
Other Race98,08156,2187,582

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.71%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.56%.

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,304$42,044$35,667
Less Than 9th Grade$25,387$28,374$21,065
High School Graduate$30,972$33,852$26,577
Some College$38,053$41,905$34,179
Bachelors Degree$55,343$66,729$48,798
Graduate Degree$72,661$90,492$62,039

$39,304

Average Earnings

$42,044

Average Male

$35,667

Average Female

Phoenix Earnings by Educational Attainment

Phoenix Language by Age

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Phoenix Language

63.00% of Phoenix residents speak only English, while 37.00% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.41% of the population.

Phoenix Language

Phoenix Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black115,33927,18123.57%
Hispanic698,989151,53521.68%
Native32,5766,96321.37%
Multiple136,22022,34716.41%
Asian63,5576,78610.68%
White691,98067,8409.80%
Islander3,1172497.99%
Other37,328NaN%

16.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.88%

Male Poverty Rate

17.45%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Phoenix

The race most likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Black, with 23.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.60%.

Phoenix Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.96%
High School15.35%
Some College11.44%
Bachelors or Greater4.78%

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.31%
Male Unemployed27.76%
Female Employed7.51%
Female Unemployed33.98%

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Phoenix Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$60,914$85,527
Families$70,803$96,514
Married Families$88,307$117,191
Non Families$42,310$60,382
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Income by Household Type

Phoenix Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.0%

Male Marriage Rate

41.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Phoenix Married by Age and Sex

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Phoenix Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Phoenix Marital Status by Race

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Phoenix Marital Status

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73,226

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War16,448
First Gulf War16,030
Vietnam24,883
Korea4,161
World War II1,619

Phoenix Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 348,391
35 to 5418,979
55 to 6413,473
65 to 7417,655
75+14,728

Phoenix Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White58,5816.76%
Black5,8337.04%
Native American1,2375.14%
Asian9921.98%
Islander1667.25%
Other Race2,5562.13%
2+ Races3,8614.49%
Hispanic12,8322.73%

Phoenix Veterans by Race

Phoenix Veterans by Education

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8.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Phoenix Veterans by Education

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68%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Phoenix Employment by Age

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Phoenix Employment by Race

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Phoenix Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.68%

Born in Phoenix

80.67%

Native Born

19.33%

Foreign Born

12.13%

Non Citizen

7.20%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

80.67% of Phoenix residents were born in the United States, with 42.68% having been born in Arizona. 12.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Phoenix Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18903,1520.00%
19005,5442,3925.81%
191011,1345,5907.22%
192029,05317,91910.07%
193048,11819,0655.17%
194065,41417,2963.12%
1950106,81841,4045.03%
1960439,170332,35215.19%
1970584,303145,1332.90%
1980789,704205,4013.06%
1990983,403193,6992.22%
20001,321,040337,6373.00%
20101,445,632124,5920.91%
20111,461,88316,2511.12%
20121,478,13416,2511.11%
20131,494,38516,2511.10%
20141,510,63616,2511.09%
20151,526,88716,2511.08%
20161,543,13816,2511.06%
20171,559,38916,2511.05%
20181,575,64016,2511.04%
20191,591,89116,2511.03%
20201,608,13916,2481.02%
20211,624,39016,2511.01%
20221,640,64116,2511.00%

Phoenix Population by Year