Phoenix, Arizona Population 2021

1,733,630
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Phoenix is a city located in Arizona. With a 2020 population of 1,733,630, it is the largest city in Arizona and the 5th largest city in the United States. Phoenix is currently growing at a rate of 1.54% annually and its population has increased by 19.92% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,445,630 in 2010. Phoenix reached it's highest population of 1,733,630 in 2021. Spanning over 519 miles, Phoenix has a population density of 3,349 people per square mile.

The average household income in Phoenix is $80,631 with a poverty rate of 17.97%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,053 per month, and the median house value is $235,400. The median age in Phoenix is 33.8 years, 33.1 years for males, and 34.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.3 males.

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of the state of Arizona. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016. During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed that sometime during 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

Phoenix Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%). Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population. In 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenominational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest-growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing an extensive system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be suitable for farming, and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

The land was sold in 1870, and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with a growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Phoenix was:

  • White: 72.87%
  • Other race: 10.01%
  • Black or African American: 7.12%
  • Two or more races: 3.91%
  • Asian: 3.79%
  • Native American: 2.08%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.21%
The current population of Phoenix, Arizona is 1,733,630, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 1,654,680.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 1,445,630.

Phoenix, Arizona Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20215,146,19098,9901.92%
20205,047,20099,0001.96%
20194,948,20098,9902.00%
20184,849,21090,4601.87%
20174,758,75085,4101.79%
20164,673,34094,8202.03%
20154,578,52089,5501.96%
20144,488,97085,8501.91%
20134,403,12073,3601.67%
20124,329,76076,7201.77%
20114,253,04048,8401.15%
20104,204,2000.00%

Phoenix Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,190,03072.87%
Some Other Race163,50910.01%
Black or African American116,2077.12%
Two or More Races63,9283.91%
Asian61,8823.79%
American Indian and Alaska Native33,9962.08%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,4650.21%
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Phoenix Population by Race

Phoenix Population Pyramid 2021

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Phoenix Median Age

33.8


Total

33.1


Male

34.5


Female

Phoenix Adults

There are 1,206,740 adults, (173,258 of whom are seniors) in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

58

Age Dependency Ratio

16.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Sex Ratio

Female

819,242

50.17%

Male

813,775

49.83%

Phoenix Population by Age

Phoenix Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Phoenix Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.8%29.2%
All54.4%45.6%
Male46.7%53.3%
Non Family43.2%56.8%
Female39.2%60.8%

54.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Phoenix Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All565,8322.8554.4
Married237,1703.6170.8
Non Family204,3131.3543.2
Female85,1043.8939.2
Male39,2453.8346.7

3.55

Average Family Size

2.85

Average Household Size

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Phoenix Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade93,1438.89%
9th to 12th Grade95,9609.16%
High School Graduate247,20823.60%
Some College230,87522.04%
Associates Degree80,4627.68%
Bachelors Degree191,41218.27%
Graduate Degree108,43710.35%
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Phoenix Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White529,800499,443211,066
Hispanic368,665229,08938,056
Other Race89,65750,5467,618
Black70,53861,69515,346
Asian44,76738,01625,710
Multiple Races26,93723,4418,018
Native American19,20116,0853,204
Islander2,2871,874467

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.27%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.43%.

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,888$41,208$34,118
Less Than High School$23,795$26,940$19,278
High School Grad$30,359$32,166$26,197
Some College$37,186$41,396$32,963
Bachelors Degree$54,545$65,291$47,183
Graduate Degree$71,216$87,068$60,288

$37,888

Average Earnings

$41,208

Average Male

$34,118

Average Female

Phoenix Earnings by Educational Attainment

Phoenix Language by Age

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Phoenix Language

62.65% of Phoenix residents speak only English, while 37.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.71% of the population.

Phoenix Language

Phoenix Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic689,804172,87125.06%
White686,65572,83910.61%
Other161,53943,76927.10%
Black113,53226,55523.39%
Multiple63,27911,14817.62%
Native32,9648,02824.35%
Asian61,3936,21710.13%
Islander3,4252697.85%

17.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.52%

Male Poverty Rate

19.40%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Phoenix

The race most likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Other, with 27.10% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Islander, with 7.85% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.65%.

Phoenix Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.90%
High School16.51%
Some College11.75%
Bachelors or Greater4.76%

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.73%
Male Unemployed31.93%
Female Employed8.59%
Male Employed8.20%

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Phoenix Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$57,459$80,631
Families$66,048$91,569
Married Families$84,491$111,450
Non Families$40,846$55,976
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Income by Household Type

Phoenix Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.0%

Male Marriage Rate

41.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Phoenix Married by Age and Sex

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Phoenix Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Phoenix Marital Status by Race

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Phoenix Marital Status

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71,783

Number of Veterans

64,186

Male Veterans

7,597

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam24,782
First Gulf War15,665
Second Gulf War14,249
Korea4,384
World War II1,835

Phoenix Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5418,641
65 to 7417,151
75+14,123
55 to 6414,009
18 to 347,859

Phoenix Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White59,7936.62%
Hispanic11,5932.54%
Black5,6166.76%
Other2,2522.04%
2 or More1,6744.96%
Indian1,2245.24%
Asian1,0242.08%
Hawaiian2007.99%

Phoenix Veterans by Race

Phoenix Veterans by Education

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8.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.50%

Veteran Disability Rate

Phoenix Veterans by Education

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67.2%

Labor Force Participation

63.5%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Phoenix Employment by Age

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Phoenix Employment by Race

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Phoenix Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.19%

Born in Arizona

80.59%

Native Born

19.41%

Foreign Born

12.64%

Non Citizen

6.77%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

80.59% of Phoenix residents were born in the United States, with 42.19% having been born in Arizona. 12.64% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Phoenix Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,733,63026,3201.54%
20201,707,31026,3201.57%
20191,680,99026,3101.59%
20181,654,68021,1201.29%
20171,633,56021,3601.32%
20161,612,20028,5101.80%
20151,583,69028,2501.82%
20141,555,44028,9501.90%
20131,526,49027,2201.82%
20121,499,27029,4702.01%
20111,469,80020,7601.43%
20101,449,040128,0000.93%
20001,321,040337,6373.00%
1990983,403193,6992.22%
1980789,704205,4013.06%
1970584,303145,1332.90%
1960439,170332,35215.19%
1950106,81841,4045.03%
194065,41417,2963.12%
193048,11819,0655.17%
192029,05317,91910.07%
191011,1345,5907.22%
19005,5442,3925.81%
18903,1520.00%

Phoenix Population by Year