Phoenix, Arizona Population 2020

1,703,080
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Phoenix is a city located in Arizona. With a 2020 population of 1,703,080, it is the largest city in Arizona and the 5th largest city in the United States. Phoenix is currently growing at a rate of 1.27% annually and its population has increased by 17.81% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,445,630 in 2010. Spanning over 519 miles, Phoenix has a population density of 3,290 people per square mile.

The average household income in Phoenix is $76,711 with a poverty rate of 19.41%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $999 per month, and the median house value is $217,400. The median age in Phoenix is 33.5 years, 32.9 years for males, and 34.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.2 males.

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of the state of Arizona, and the 6th most populous city in the United States. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016.

During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed that sometime during 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

The Phoenix metropolitan area, meanwhile, is believed to have surpassed 4.5 million in 2015, and it's now the 12th largest metro area in the country. In 2010, the Phoenix area was 13th with a metro population of 4.19 million.

Phoenix Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%). Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population. In 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenominational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest-growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing an extensive system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be suitable for farming, and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

The land was sold in 1870, and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with a growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Phoenix was:

  • White: 72.33%
  • Other race: 10.92%
  • Black or African American: 6.93%
  • Two or more races: 3.80%
  • Asian: 3.71%
  • Native American: 2.10%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.21%
The current population of Phoenix, Arizona is 1,703,080, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 1,660,270.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 1,445,630.

Phoenix, Arizona Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20205,050,50096,2701.91%
20194,954,23096,2701.94%
20184,857,96096,2701.98%
20174,761,69085,7201.80%
20164,675,97094,8502.03%
20154,581,12089,7001.96%
20144,491,42086,7401.93%
20134,404,68073,6301.67%
20124,331,05077,2301.78%
20114,253,82049,0801.15%
20104,204,7400.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,164,61772.33%
Some Other Race175,75310.92%
Black or African American111,5476.93%
Two or More Races61,1593.80%
Asian59,7843.71%
American Indian and Alaska Native33,8162.10%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,3950.21%
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Phoenix Population Pyramid 2020

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Phoenix Median Age

33.5


Total

32.9


Male

34.2


Female

Phoenix Adults

There are 1,183,570 adults, (165,611 of whom are seniors) in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

58.2

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Sex Ratio

Female

808,134

50.19%

Male

801,937

49.81%

Phoenix Households and Families

Phoenix Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Phoenix Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.2%29.8%
All53.8%46.2%
Male45.3%54.7%
Non Family43%57%
Female38.5%61.5%

53.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All555,0132.8753.8
Married230,4473.6370.2
Non Family201,9181.3543
Female83,9823.9538.5
Male38,6663.8645.3

3.59

Average Family Size

2.87

Average Household Size

8.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Phoenix Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade96,5149.43%
9th to 12th Grade92,9089.07%
High School Graduate239,60723.40%
Some College226,89722.16%
Associates Degree79,5627.77%
Bachelors Degree184,64118.03%
Graduate Degree103,84010.14%
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Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White525,689494,972206,685
Hispanic356,913216,79335,335
Other Race94,46851,2827,264
Black67,75059,18114,513
Asian42,64836,14123,890
Multiple Races24,31320,5446,622
Native American18,90515,4952,808
Islander2,2161,950444

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.16%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 56.02%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,508$40,028$33,114
Less Than High School$22,279$25,653$17,972
High School Grad$29,344$31,428$25,743
Some College$36,271$40,451$32,737
Bachelors Degree$53,394$63,628$45,405
Graduate Degree$68,538$85,631$57,997

$36,508

Average Earnings

$40,028

Average Male

$33,114

Average Female

Phoenix Language

Phoenix Language by Age

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Phoenix Language

62.54% of Phoenix residents speak only English, while 37.46% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.95% of the population.

Phoenix Poverty

Phoenix Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic678,721187,67827.65%
White684,34175,76511.07%
Other173,81650,82629.24%
Black109,06727,14724.89%
Multiple60,52911,24318.57%
Native32,9398,60326.12%
Asian59,2856,43510.85%
Islander3,3373299.86%

19.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.02%

Male Poverty Rate

20.79%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Phoenix

The race most likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Other, with 29.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Islander, with 9.86% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.88%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.62%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.37%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.15%
High School17.95%
Some College12.47%
Bachelors or Greater4.92%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.46%
Male Unemployed33.92%
Female Employed9.12%
Male Employed8.81%

Phoenix Income

Phoenix Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$54,765$76,711
Families$63,072$86,976
Married Families$80,747$106,117
Non Families$39,478$53,991
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Phoenix Marital Status

Phoenix Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

41.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Phoenix Married by Age and Sex

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Phoenix Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Phoenix Marital Status by Race

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Phoenix Veterans

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73,052

Number of Veterans

65,700

Male Veterans

7,352

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam25,489
First Gulf War15,627
Second Gulf War12,935
Korea4,980
World War II2,441
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5419,494
65 to 7417,807
55 to 6414,500
75+14,010
18 to 347,241
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Name Veterans % of Total
White61,2666.94%
Hispanic11,5992.61%
Black5,7367.18%
Other2,1801.86%
2 or More1,5284.95%
Indian1,0684.67%
Asian1,0272.19%
Hawaiian2479.82%

Phoenix Veterans by Education

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8.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.56%

Veteran Disability Rate

Phoenix Employment Status

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66.8%

Labor Force Participation

62.6%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.06%

Born in Arizona

80.46%

Native Born

19.54%

Foreign Born

13.04%

Non Citizen

6.50%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

80.46% of Phoenix residents were born in the United States, with 42.06% having been born in Arizona. 13.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,703,08021,4001.27%
20191,681,68021,4101.29%
20181,660,27025,2901.55%
20171,634,98021,4001.33%
20161,613,58028,6501.81%
20151,584,93028,3801.82%
20141,556,55029,2101.91%
20131,527,34027,5001.83%
20121,499,84029,7902.03%
20111,470,05020,7501.43%
20101,449,300128,2600.93%
20001,321,040337,6373.00%
1990983,403193,6992.22%
1980789,704205,4013.06%
1970584,303145,1332.90%
1960439,170332,35215.19%
1950106,81841,4045.03%
194065,41417,2963.12%
193048,11819,0655.17%
192029,05317,91910.07%
191011,1345,5907.22%
19005,5442,3925.81%
18903,1520.00%