Pomona, California Population 2021

151,223
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Pomona is a city located in Los Angeles County California. With a 2020 population of 151,223, it is the 38th largest city in California and the 175th largest city in the United States . Pomona is currently declining at a rate of -0.15% annually but its population has increased by 1.45% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 149,058 in 2010. Pomona reached it's highest population of 152,468 in 2017. Spanning over 23 miles, Pomona has a population density of 6,580 people per square mile.

The average household income in Pomona is $76,027 with a poverty rate of 17.93%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,362 per month, and the median house value is $394,500. The median age in Pomona is 32.2 years, 30.7 years for males, and 33.8 years for females.

Pomona is located in Los Angeles County, California in the Pomona Valley region between the San Gabriel Valley and the Inland Empire and about 30 miles due east of Los Angeles. The city is part of Great Los Angeles which has an estimated population of 18.8 million.

Diversity

The foreign-born population of Pomona is just over 34%. Among foreign-born populations, the most common places of birth are Mexico (72.4%) and El Salvador (4.4%). The city is considered fairly diverse for the area and has a Hispanic-majority population. The most common ancestries in Pomona are Mexican (53.6% of the population) and German (2.9%).

The Hispanic population of Pomona has grown from 65% in 2000 to more than 70% today. The non-Hispanic white population, meanwhile, has dropped from 17% to just 11% in the same period of time.

Population Growth

While Pomona has grown rapidly since it was settled, its population growth has slowed in the last twenty years and even went negative between 2000 and 2010 for the first time in its history. While Pomona has continued to grow in the last decade, its growth has been slow and is expected to remain fairly stable for the next decade.

Pomona was settled in the 1830s when the region was still part of Mexico. By 1848, the first Anglo-Americans settled in the area after California became part of the U.S. Coachella Valley water and the railroads reaching the region allowed it to thrive and become part of the region's growing citrus industry.

Pomona was named for the Roman goddess of fruit, Pomona, when a horticulturist won the contest to name the new city in 1875. Surprisingly, the city was named before any fruit trees were planted. The city was incorporated in 1888.

By the 1920s, the city was the Queen of the Citrus Belt and had one of the highest levels of income in the country. For most of its history, Pomona has grown very rapidly with a growth rate that has ranged from 13% to 89% in most decades between 1890 and 2000 with the exception of slowed growth in the 1980s.

Pomona Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Pomona was:

  • White: 47.52%
  • Other race: 29.63%
  • Asian: 10.25%
  • Black or African American: 5.65%
  • Two or more races: 4.44%
  • Native American: 2.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
The current population of Pomona, California is 151,223 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 151,925.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 149,058.

Pomona, California Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White72,32847.52%
Some Other Race45,09429.63%
Asian15,59810.25%
Black or African American8,5995.65%
Two or More Races6,7654.44%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,6702.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1550.10%
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Pomona Population by Race

Pomona Population Pyramid $2021

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Pomona Median Age

32.2


Total

30.7


Male

33.8


Female

Pomona Adults

There are 114,113 adults, (16,124 of whom are seniors) in Pomona.

Pomona Age Dependency

55.3

Age Dependency Ratio

16.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Pomona Sex Ratio

Female

77,002

50.59%

Male

75,207

49.41%

Pomona Population by Age

Pomona Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Pomona Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.9%35.1%
All52.7%47.3%
Male43.8%56.2%
Female41.7%58.3%
Non Family40.1%59.9%

52.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Pomona Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All39,0973.7752.7
Married18,8864.4564.9
Non Family9,0601.6640.1
Female7,5234.3541.7
Male3,6284.2843.8

4.18

Average Family Size

3.77

Average Household Size

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Pomona Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,50917.67%
9th to 12th Grade12,17413.03%
High School Graduate22,04923.60%
Some College19,75921.15%
Associates Degree6,0946.52%
Bachelors Degree12,38913.26%
Graduate Degree4,4504.76%
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Pomona Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Pomona Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic61,67736,8975,693
Other Race25,94914,8022,139
White12,97311,6233,910
Asian11,0839,5225,378
Black6,3015,5081,466
2+ Races3,4482,748642
Native American1,9631,259294
Islander1019412

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 93.07%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.52%.

Pomona Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,749$34,399$25,431
Less Than 9th Grade$22,226$27,224$16,320
High School Graduate$28,753$31,805$24,214
Some College$32,707$39,796$27,446
Bachelors Degree$50,065$55,810$43,609
Graduate Degree$64,063$71,204$63,270

$30,749

Average Earnings

$34,399

Average Male

$25,431

Average Female

Pomona Earnings by Educational Attainment

Pomona Language by Age

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Pomona Language

33.98% of Pomona residents speak only English, while 66.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 56.04% of the population.

Pomona Language

Pomona Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic107,34019,58718.25%
Other44,3498,49319.15%
White15,1522,56316.92%
Asian14,9772,20414.72%
Black8,1401,60719.74%
Multiple6,5281,28619.70%
Native3,65741411.32%
Islander14221.41%

17.93%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.87%

Male Poverty Rate

18.97%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Pomona

The race most likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Black, with 19.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Islander, with 1.41% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.42%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.26%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.17%.

Pomona Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade21.83%
High School12.92%
Some College9.92%
Bachelors or Greater8.44%

Pomona Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed37.19%
Male Unemployed28.20%
Female Employed8.48%
Male Employed8.41%

Pomona Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Pomona Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$60,598$76,027
Families$62,650$78,124
Married Families$75,996$91,576
Non Families$38,054$55,851
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Income by Household Type

Pomona Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.5%

Male Marriage Rate

38.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Pomona Married by Age and Sex

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Pomona Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Pomona Marital Status by Race

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Pomona Marital Status

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3,334

Number of Veterans

3,026

Male Veterans

308

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,208
Second Gulf War933
First Gulf War538
Korea277
World War II62

Pomona Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74852
35 to 54763
55 to 64609
75+580
18 to 34530

Pomona Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,0593.80%
Hispanic1,2871.67%
Black6359.13%
Other Race3971.22%
Asian1601.20%
Native American451.88%
2+ Races310.70%
Islander76.19%

Pomona Veterans by Race

Pomona Veterans by Education

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6.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.64%

Veteran Disability Rate

Pomona Veterans by Education

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63.9%

Labor Force Participation

59.3%

Employment Rate

7.1%

Unemployment Rate

Pomona Employment by Age

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Pomona Employment by Race

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Pomona Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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57.66%

Born in Pomona

65.86%

Native Born

34.14%

Foreign Born

19.03%

Non Citizen

15.11%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

65.86% of Pomona residents were born in the United States, with 57.66% having been born in California. 19.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Pomona Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021151,223-234-0.15%
2020151,457-234-0.15%
2019151,691-234-0.15%
2018151,925-543-0.36%
2017152,468230.02%
2016152,445380.02%
2015152,4071820.12%
2014152,2251,1530.76%
2013151,0726190.41%
2012150,4537600.51%
2011149,6935860.39%
2010149,107-366-0.02%
2000149,47317,7501.27%
1990131,72338,9813.57%
198092,7425,3580.60%
197087,38420,2272.67%
196067,15731,7526.61%
195035,40511,8664.17%
194023,5392,7351.24%
193020,8047,2994.42%
192013,5053,2982.84%
191010,2074,6816.33%
19005,5261,8924.28%
18903,6340.00%

Pomona Population by Year