Pomona, California Population 2023

152,511

Pomona is a city located in Los Angeles County California. With a 2023 population of 152,511, it is the 39th largest city in California and the 185th largest city in the United States.Pomona is currently growing at a rate of 0.17% annually and its population has increased by 0.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 151,713 in 2020. Spanning over 23 miles, Pomona has a population density of 6,636 people per square mile.

The average household income in Pomona is $76,027 with a poverty rate of 21.07%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Pomona is 33.3 years, 31.7 years for males, and 34.9 years for females.

Pomona is located in Los Angeles County, California in the Pomona Valley region between the San Gabriel Valley and the Inland Empire and about 30 miles due east of Los Angeles. The city is part of Great Los Angeles which has an estimated population of 18.8 million.

Diversity

The foreign-born population of Pomona is just over 34%. Among foreign-born populations, the most common places of birth are Mexico (72.4%) and El Salvador (4.4%). The city is considered fairly diverse for the area and has a Hispanic-majority population. The most common ancestries in Pomona are Mexican (53.6% of the population) and German (2.9%).

The Hispanic population of Pomona has grown from 65% in 2000 to more than 70% today. The non-Hispanic white population, meanwhile, has dropped from 17% to just 11% in the same period of time.

Population Growth

While Pomona has grown rapidly since it was settled, its population growth has slowed in the last twenty years and even went negative between 2000 and 2010 for the first time in its history. While Pomona has continued to grow in the last decade, its growth has been slow and is expected to remain fairly stable for the next decade.

Pomona was settled in the 1830s when the region was still part of Mexico. By 1848, the first Anglo-Americans settled in the area after California became part of the U.S. Coachella Valley water and the railroads reaching the region allowed it to thrive and become part of the region's growing citrus industry.

Pomona was named for the Roman goddess of fruit, Pomona, when a horticulturist won the contest to name the new city in 1875. Surprisingly, the city was named before any fruit trees were planted. The city was incorporated in 1888.

By the 1920s, the city was the Queen of the Citrus Belt and had one of the highest levels of income in the country. For most of its history, Pomona has grown very rapidly with a growth rate that has ranged from 13% to 89% in most decades between 1890 and 2000 with the exception of slowed growth in the 1980s.

Pomona Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Pomona was:

  • White: 40.03%
  • Other race: 32.49%
  • Asian: 10.56%
  • Two or more races: 8.24%
  • Black or African American: 6.02%
  • Native American: 2.6%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Pomona, California is 152,511 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 151,713.

Pomona, California Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Other race

Asian

Two or more races

Black or African American

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Pomona Population by Race

Pomona Population Pyramid 2023

Pomona Median Age

33.3

Total

31.7

Male

34.9

Female

Pomona Adults

There are 113,988 adults, (17,357 of whom are seniors) in Pomona.

Pomona Age Dependency

56.4

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Pomona Sex Ratio

Female77,25151.12%
Male73,87348.88%

Pomona Population by Age

Pomona Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

4.07

Average Family Size

3.64

Average Household Size

53.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Pomona Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Pomona Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Pomona Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 77.87%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 38.68%.

Pomona Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$31,312

Average Earnings

$35,043

Average Male

$26,129

Average Female

Pomona Earnings by Educational Attainment

Pomona Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Pomona Language

34.98% of Pomona residents speak only English, while 65.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 54.65% of the population.

Pomona Language

Pomona Poverty by Race

rate

21.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.93%

Male Poverty Rate

18.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Pomona

The race most likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Black, with 27.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Islander, with 4.05% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.8%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.61%.

Pomona Poverty

Pomona Poverty Rate by Education

Pomona Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Pomona Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Pomona Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

37.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Pomona Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Pomona Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Pomona Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Pomona Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

3,436

Number of Veterans

3,056

Male Veterans

380

Female Veterans

Pomona Veterans by War

Pomona Veterans by Age

count

Pomona Veterans by Race

Pomona Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Pomona Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.6%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Pomona Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Pomona Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Pomona Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

57.41%

Born in Pomona

65.65%

Native Born

33.97%

Foreign Born

18.05%

Non Citizen

15.92%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

65.65% of Pomona residents were born in the United States, with 57.41% having been born in California. 18.05% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Pomona Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Pomona Population by Year