Pomona is a city located in Los Angeles County California. Pomona has a 2023 population of 142,912. Pomona is currently declining at a rate of -1.85% annually and its population has decreased by -5.44% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 151,128 in 2020.
The average household income in Pomona is $82,734 with a poverty rate of 16.36%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Pomona is 33.9 years, 32.7 years for males, and 35.1 years for females.
Pomona is located in Los Angeles County, California in the Pomona Valley region between the San Gabriel Valley and the Inland Empire and about 30 miles due east of Los Angeles. The city is part of Great Los Angeles which has an estimated population of 18.8 million.
The foreign-born population of Pomona is just over 34%. Among foreign-born populations, the most common places of birth are Mexico (72.4%) and El Salvador (4.4%). The city is considered fairly diverse for the area and has a Hispanic-majority population. The most common ancestries in Pomona are Mexican (53.6% of the population) and German (2.9%).
The Hispanic population of Pomona has grown from 65% in 2000 to more than 70% today. The non-Hispanic white population, meanwhile, has dropped from 17% to just 11% in the same period of time.
While Pomona has grown rapidly since it was settled, its population growth has slowed in the last twenty years and even went negative between 2000 and 2010 for the first time in its history. While Pomona has continued to grow in the last decade, its growth has been slow and is expected to remain fairly stable for the next decade.
Pomona was settled in the 1830s when the region was still part of Mexico. By 1848, the first Anglo-Americans settled in the area after California became part of the U.S. Coachella Valley water and the railroads reaching the region allowed it to thrive and become part of the region's growing citrus industry.
Pomona was named for the Roman goddess of fruit, Pomona, when a horticulturist won the contest to name the new city in 1875. Surprisingly, the city was named before any fruit trees were planted. The city was incorporated in 1888.
By the 1920s, the city was the Queen of the Citrus Belt and had one of the highest levels of income in the country. For most of its history, Pomona has grown very rapidly with a growth rate that has ranged from 13% to 89% in most decades between 1890 and 2000 with the exception of slowed growth in the 1980s.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Pomona was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 87.5%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 39.19%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
34.94% of Pomona residents speak only English, while 65.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 54.42% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Islander, with 26.88% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Pomona is Multiple, with 11.16% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.21%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Pomona
68.1% of Pomona residents were born in the United States, with 60.18% having been born in California. 17.7% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.