Raleigh, North Carolina Population 2020

478,824
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Raleigh is a city located in North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 478,824, it is the 2nd largest city in North Carolina (after Charlotte) and the 41st largest city in the United States. Raleigh is currently growing at a rate of 1.00% annually and its population has increased by 18.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 403,892 in 2010. Spanning over 147 miles, Raleigh has a population density of 3,282 people per square mile.

The average household income in Raleigh is $94,359 with a poverty rate of 12.60%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,121 per month, and the median house value is $248,300. The median age in Raleigh is 33.6 years, 32.3 years for males, and 34.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.1 males.

The Raleigh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population estimated at 1.21 million, however. The larger Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is estimated at 2.03 million. Raleigh has a population density of 2,963 people per square mile (1,097/sq km).

Raleigh Population Growth

Raleigh is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States with a growth rate of about 3.4% per year. A Forbes study last year found the Raleigh metropolitan area was the fastest growing in the United States, increasing 47% from 2000 to 2012.

Between 2000 and 2009, the Raleigh-Durham-Cary metropolitan area grew 40%, leading the nation. It is predicted that Raleigh will remain the fastest-growing metro area through 2025.

Raleigh was chosen as the new capital of North Carolina in 1788. It is one of the few planned cities in the United States, and its site was chosen in a central location to protect it from coastal attacks. From 1810 to 1820, the population grew from just 876 to more than 2,600. During the Civil War, the city was protected against Union troops and, despite a nearby battle, Raleigh experienced little serious damage, but it failed to grow for decades due to an economy based on agriculture.

After the Civil War, many free blacks (freedmen) migrated from rural areas to Raleigh, which had a large free black community. The city became the site of Shaw University, the first African American college in the South with classes that began in 1865. Despite progress made during the 19th century for black people in the state, voter registration rules passed in 1900 reduced black voting to zero by 1908. It was not until federal civil rights legislation in the 1960s that most black people in North Carolina could vote again, sit on juries and serve in local offices.

Raleigh has since grown and changed dramatically. For the past ten years, it has frequently made Top 10 Lists, including those by Forbes and Money Magazine. Except for 1830, Raleigh has posted positive population growth at every census since 1800.

Raleigh Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Raleigh was:

  • White: 58.31%
  • Black or African American: 29.01%
  • Other race: 4.82%
  • Asian: 4.59%
  • Two or more races: 2.88%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Raleigh, North Carolina is 478,824, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 469,314.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 403,892.

Raleigh, North Carolina Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,419,98029,2002.06%
20191,390,78029,1902.10%
20181,361,59027,3502.01%
20171,334,24030,3902.28%
20161,303,85032,7602.51%
20151,271,09029,9002.35%
20141,241,19027,6902.23%
20131,213,50025,6502.11%
20121,187,85025,6702.16%
20111,162,18024,8002.13%
20101,137,3800.00%

Raleigh Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White270,81858.31%
Black or African American134,75129.01%
Some Other Race22,3744.82%
Asian21,3324.59%
Two or More Races13,3672.88%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,6420.35%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2010.04%
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Raleigh Population by Race

Raleigh Population Pyramid 2020

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Raleigh Median Age

33.6


Total

32.3


Male

34.8


Female

Raleigh Adults

There are 367,526 adults, (49,315 of whom are seniors) in Raleigh.

Raleigh Age Dependency

46

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Raleigh Sex Ratio

Female

240,543

51.79%

Male

223,942

48.21%

Raleigh Population by Age

Raleigh Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Raleigh Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.2%25.8%
All51.5%48.5%
Male40.5%59.5%
Non Family37%63%
Female35.2%64.8%

51.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Raleigh Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All183,3352.4251.5
Non Family80,4041.4237
Married71,9613.1474.2
Female24,1583.3535.2
Male6,8123.3940.5

3.12

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

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Raleigh Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,2623.66%
9th to 12th Grade13,9454.53%
High School Graduate47,93515.58%
Some College54,77917.80%
Associates Degree23,1697.53%
Bachelors Degree99,63232.38%
Graduate Degree56,96518.51%
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Raleigh Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Raleigh Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White175,828172,120113,007
Black84,95876,23426,363
Hispanic27,62016,9046,053
Asian14,29012,4038,574
Other Race12,2766,3991,539
Multiple Races6,0755,3943,039
Native American1,126869252
Islander1069154

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.89%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 64.27%.

Raleigh Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,939$48,608$40,136
Less Than High School$21,171$24,322$16,515
High School Grad$28,390$31,150$24,072
Some College$36,450$41,139$32,477
Bachelors Degree$53,271$64,327$47,042
Graduate Degree$65,016$86,825$56,201

$43,939

Average Earnings

$48,608

Average Male

$40,136

Average Female

Raleigh Earnings by Educational Attainment

Raleigh Language by Age

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Raleigh Language

82.45% of Raleigh residents speak only English, while 17.55% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.70% of the population.

Raleigh Language

Raleigh Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black129,50122,20817.15%
White234,38418,2177.77%
Hispanic50,83911,42622.47%
Other21,8934,58420.94%
Asian20,4983,53617.25%
Multiple12,9041,88514.61%
Native1,49415310.24%
Islander2018441.79%

12.60%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.17%

Male Poverty Rate

13.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Raleigh

The race most likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is Islander, with 41.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is White, with 7.77% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.33%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.21%.

Raleigh Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.54%
High School14.34%
Some College8.71%
Bachelors or Greater4.03%

Raleigh Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed29.36%
Male Unemployed26.15%
Female Employed7.75%
Male Employed6.93%

Raleigh Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Raleigh Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$67,266$94,359
Families$85,999$116,308
Married Families$111,354$142,816
Non Families$49,418$63,692
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Income by Household Type

Raleigh Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.9%

Male Marriage Rate

38.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Raleigh Married by Age and Sex

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Raleigh Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Raleigh Marital Status by Race

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Raleigh Marital Status

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19,784

Number of Veterans

17,095

Male Veterans

2,689

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War5,600
Vietnam5,370
Second Gulf War4,271
Korea1,611
World War II418

Raleigh Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 546,077
75+4,127
65 to 743,878
55 to 643,401
18 to 342,301

Raleigh Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White12,0895.42%
Black6,5346.40%
Hispanic7362.18%
Asian3782.15%
2 or More3664.60%
Other2681.78%
Indian14911.52%

Raleigh Veterans by Race

Raleigh Veterans by Education

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5.40%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

Raleigh Veterans by Education

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70.4%

Labor Force Participation

67.4%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Raleigh Employment by Age

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Raleigh Employment by Race

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Raleigh Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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47.24%

Born in North Carolina

86.56%

Native Born

13.44%

Foreign Born

8.25%

Non Citizen

5.20%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.56% of Raleigh residents were born in the United States, with 47.24% having been born in North Carolina. 8.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Raleigh Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020478,8244,7551.00%
2019474,0694,7551.01%
2018469,3143,5380.76%
2017465,7766,3071.37%
2016459,4699,9232.21%
2015449,54610,0432.29%
2014439,5038,1121.88%
2013431,3918,0871.91%
2012423,3049,3462.26%
2011413,9587,6051.87%
2010406,353130,2603.94%
2000276,09368,1422.87%
1990207,95157,6963.30%
1980150,25527,4252.04%
1970122,83028,8992.72%
196093,93128,2523.64%
195065,67918,7823.43%
194046,8979,5182.29%
193037,37912,9614.35%
192024,4185,2002.42%
191019,2185,5753.49%
190013,6439650.74%
189012,6783,4133.19%
18809,2651,4751.75%
18707,7903,0105.01%
18604,7802620.57%
18504,5182,3187.46%
18402,2005002.61%
18301,700-974-4.43%
18202,6741,9746.93%
18007000.00%

Raleigh Population by Year