Raleigh is a city located in Durham County and Wake County North Carolina. Raleigh has a 2023 population of 472,540. It is also the county seat of Wake County.Raleigh is currently growing at a rate of 0.36% annually and its population has increased by 1.09% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 467,425 in 2020.
The average household income in Raleigh is $102,100 with a poverty rate of 12.12%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Raleigh is 34.2 years, 32.9 years for males, and 35.3 years for females.
The Raleigh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population estimated at 1.21 million, however. The larger Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is estimated at 2.03 million. Raleigh has a population density of 2,963 people per square mile (1,097/sq km).
Raleigh is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States with a growth rate of about 3.4% per year. A Forbes study last year found the Raleigh metropolitan area was the fastest growing in the United States, increasing 47% from 2000 to 2012.
Between 2000 and 2009, the Raleigh-Durham-Cary metropolitan area grew 40%, leading the nation. It is predicted that Raleigh will remain the fastest-growing metro area through 2025.
Raleigh was chosen as the new capital of North Carolina in 1788. It is one of the few planned cities in the United States, and its site was chosen in a central location to protect it from coastal attacks. From 1810 to 1820, the population grew from just 876 to more than 2,600. During the Civil War, the city was protected against Union troops and, despite a nearby battle, Raleigh experienced little serious damage, but it failed to grow for decades due to an economy based on agriculture.
After the Civil War, many free blacks (freedmen) migrated from rural areas to Raleigh, which had a large free black community. The city became the site of Shaw University, the first African American college in the South with classes that began in 1865. Despite progress made during the 19th century for black people in the state, voter registration rules passed in 1900 reduced black voting to zero by 1908. It was not until federal civil rights legislation in the 1960s that most black people in North Carolina could vote again, sit on juries and serve in local offices.
Raleigh has since grown and changed dramatically. For the past ten years, it has frequently made Top 10 Lists, including those by Forbes and Money Magazine. Except for 1830, Raleigh has posted positive population growth at every census since 1800.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Raleigh was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.17%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 55%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
82.12% of Raleigh residents speak only English, while 17.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.39% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is Islander, with 27.2% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is White, with 8.75% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.44%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.65%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Raleigh
85.77% of Raleigh residents were born in the United States, with 46.13% having been born in North Carolina. 7.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.