Roanoke, Virginia Population 2024

95,811

Roanoke is a city located in Bedford County, Botetourt County, Roanoke County, and Roanoke city Virginia. Roanoke has a 2024 population of 95,811. It is also the county seat of Roanoke County. Roanoke is currently declining at a rate of -1.05% annually and its population has decreased by -4.08% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,883 in 2020.

The average household income in Roanoke is $73,683 with a poverty rate of 19.11%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Roanoke is 38.1 years, 37.2 years for males, and 39.9 years for females.

Roanoke is an independent city located in the Roanoke Valley. Roanoke serves as a center of commercial activity and culture throughout the region.

Roanoke Population Statistics

Roanoke’s top employer is Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital, which employs more than 1,000 people. Other top employers including Roanoke City Public Schools, the City of Roanoke, and Carilion Professional Service, each of which employ at least 1,000 people.

Roanoke Population Growth

Roanoke saw significant population growth throughout history, primarily due to annexation. Between 1880 and 1890, the population jumped by over 2,000%. The city reached over 50,000 residents in 1950 and doubled that number in 1980. This was when the population peaked before it dropped by 3.8% at the time of the 1990 census. The population continued to fall through 2000 before increasing again at the 2010 census. Current estimates show that the population has risen by 2.7% since the last poll, indicating that efforts made to prevent “brain drain” and other initiatives to transform the city may be successful.

Roanoke was established as a town in 1852. At that time, the town was called Big Lick. The name came because of the outcrop of sale near the Roanoke River that attracted wildlife. The name was changed in 1882 to Roanoke, and in 1884, it was incorporated as a city.

Through its early history, the city grew quite quickly. It was designated as a stop along the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad during the mid-19th century and later, the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. The city saw very prosperous times in the year ahead. In particular, the development of coalfields and the manufacturing of steam locomotives led to the growth of the economy and the population. Today, the coal from Roanoke is used in plants and mills around the world.

Manufacturers in the early 20th century were attracted to Roanoke because of its access to the railroad. However, later in the century, the closing of plants and the conversion of the railroad to diesel resulted in the loss of thousands of jobs.

From the 1960s through the 1990s, the city’s growth slowed significantly, falling below national and state averages. This is primarily due to underemployment and many residents being unable to find satisfactory employment—or “brain drain.” The city has launched initiatives to address this problem, including the creation of a job seeker database and career fairs.

Despite these struggles, Roanoke continues to be a hub of retail and economy within the region. It is home to many businesses and headquarters, including Advance Auto Parts and Carillion Health Center. The city’s surrounding suburbs continue to grow, and according to recent estimates and the last census, the city of Roanoke’s population is once again on the rise.

Roanoke Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Roanoke was:

  • White: 59.05%
  • Black or African American: 29.37%
  • Two or more races: 6.43%
  • Asian: 3.22%
  • Other race: 1.71%
  • Native American: 0.11%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Land Area (mi²)
42.5 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,253.30/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.08% (-4,072)
The current population of Roanoke, Virginia is 95,811 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 99,883.

Roanoke, Virginia Population 2024

Population by Race

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White58,58959.05%
Black or African American29,14029.37%
Two or more races6,3846.43%
Asian3,1993.22%
Other race1,6981.71%
Native American1050.11%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander980.1%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Roanoke Population by Race

Roanoke Population Pyramid 2024

Roanoke Median Age

38.1

Total

37.2

Male

39.9

Female

Roanoke Adults

There are 77,190 adults, (17,419 of whom are seniors) in Roanoke.

Roanoke Age Dependency

66

Age Dependency Ratio

29.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Roanoke Sex Ratio

Female52,42252.84%
Male46,79147.16%

Roanoke Population by Age

Roanoke Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All42,8062.2852.147.9
Non Family20,7391.2445.354.7
Married12,750370.829.2
Female7,1403.6641.958.1
Male2,1773.3641.258.8

3.12

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

52.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Roanoke Households and Families

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,3503.37%
9th to 12th Grade5,2287.51%
High School Graduate23,98234.44%
Some College13,18818.94%
Associates Degree5,1097.34%
Bachelors Degree12,31617.68%
Graduate Degree7,47010.73%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Roanoke Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Roanoke Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White43,68440,29215,481
Black18,94916,5542,309
Hispanic3,4992,481738
2+ Races2,5322,034597
Asian2,2121,679896
Other Race825476134
Native American84253
Islander54540

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 40.51%.

Roanoke Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$39,769$43,473$36,251
Less Than 9th Grade$22,300$26,030$20,227
High School Graduate$34,183$35,863$32,778
Some College$35,489$40,550$32,821
Bachelors Degree$53,708$57,375$48,580
Graduate Degree$70,049$84,450$65,237

$39,769

Average Earnings

$43,473

Average Male

$36,251

Average Female

Roanoke Earnings by Educational Attainment

Roanoke Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Roanoke Language

90.47% of Roanoke residents speak only English, while 9.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.2% of the population.

Roanoke Language

Roanoke Poverty by Race

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White55,1847,48713.57%
Black28,8807,48525.92%
Hispanic6,8042,08330.61%
Multiple6,3341,81628.67%
Asian3,19975123.48%
Other1,67263137.74%
Native10587.62%

19.11%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.2%

Male Poverty Rate

19.93%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Roanoke

The race most likely to be in poverty in Roanoke is Other, with 37.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Roanoke is Native, with 7.62% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.8%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.24%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.18%.

Roanoke Poverty

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.46%
High School20.08%
Some College12.96%
Bachelors or Greater6.42%

Roanoke Poverty Rate by Education

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed37.65%
Female Unemployed37.37%
Female Employed9.58%
Male Employed7.31%

Roanoke Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Roanoke Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Median
Mean
Households$51,523$73,683
Families$66,055$94,307
Married Families$88,004$122,992
Non Families$35,483$49,053

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Roanoke Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

34.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.3%

Male Marriage Rate

31.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Roanoke Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Roanoke Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Roanoke Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Roanoke Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

5,629

Number of Veterans

5,023

Male Veterans

606

Female Veterans

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

War
Veterans
Vietnam1,882
First Gulf War1,336
Second Gulf War1,161
Korea286
World War II132

Roanoke Veterans by War

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Age Group
Veterans
65 to 741,546
35 to 541,513
55 to 641,128
75+1,049
18 to 34393

Roanoke Veterans by Age

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Veterans
% of Total
White3,9168.06%
Black1,4676.75%
2+ Races1244.1%
Native American5148.57%
Asian391.53%
Islander3232.65%
Hispanic200.47%

Roanoke Veterans by Race

Roanoke Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

10.2%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.32%

Veteran Disability Rate

Roanoke Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.8%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Roanoke Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Roanoke Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Roanoke Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

64.38%

Born in Roanoke

93.07%

Native Born

6.93%

Foreign Born

4.47%

Non Citizen

2.46%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.07% of Roanoke residents were born in the United States, with 64.38% having been born in Virginia. 4.47% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Roanoke Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202990,721-1,018-1.11%
202891,739-1,018-1.1%
202792,757-1,018-1.09%
202693,775-1,018-1.07%
202594,793-1,018-1.06%
202495,811-1,018-1.05%
202396,829-1,018-1.04%
202297,847-897-0.91%
202198,744-1,139-1.14%
202099,8836670.67%
201999,2162520.25%
201898,964-25-0.03%
201798,989-394-0.4%
201699,383-358-0.36%
201599,7412660.27%
201499,4755910.6%
201398,8848500.87%
201298,0341,2431.28%
201196,791690.07%
201096,7221,8111.91%
200094,911-1,486-1.54%
199096,397-3,823-3.81%
1980100,2208,1058.8%
197092,115-4,995-5.14%
196097,1105,1895.65%
195091,92122,63432.67%
194069,287810.12%
193069,20618,36436.12%
192050,84215,96845.79%
191034,87413,37962.24%
190021,4955,33633.02%
189016,15900%
showing: 32 rows

Roanoke Population by Year