Rochester, Minnesota Population 2021

122,711
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Rochester is a city located in Minnesota. With a 2020 population of 122,711, it is the 3rd largest city in Minnesota (after Minneapolis and St. Paul) and the 233rd largest city in the United States. Rochester is currently growing at a rate of 1.56% annually and its population has increased by 14.93% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 106,769 in 2010. Rochester reached it's highest population of 122,711 in 2021. Spanning over 55 miles, Rochester has a population density of 2,223 people per square mile.

The average household income in Rochester is $96,015 with a poverty rate of 10.07%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $974 per month, and the median house value is $200,100. The median age in Rochester is 35.7 years, 35 years for males, and 36.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.9 males.

Rochester is located along the Zumbro River in the Southeast region, and it serves as the county seat for Olmstead County. Numerous publications have named Rochester as one of the best places in the country to live, and it is also one of the most educated cities in the world.

Rochester Population and Economy Statistics

The city’s top employer is the Mayo Clinic, which employs over 34,000 people. IBM is another top employer, providing jobs to nearly 3,000 people. Other top employers include Rochester Public Schools, the City of Rochester and Olmsted County.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the 19th century. The city’s population rose to over 5,000 by 1880 and had more than doubled by 1920. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 1970 census. This number more than doubled by the 2010 census. Current estimates show that the population is up almost 7% since the last census, indicating that this city will continue to see growth into the future.

The region that is now the city of Rochester was initially inhabited by native tribes including the Sioux and Winnebago people. European explorers arrived in 1660. It wasn’t until 1853 when a treaty with the U.S. government transferred hands from the Dakota/Sioux Indians to the government.

Rochester was originally a stagecoach coach located between Dubuque, Iowa, and Saint Paul, Minnesota. In 1854, George Head laid claims to land which now make up the central business district of Rochester. One year later, Olmsted County was established, and Rochester was designated as the county seat. In 1858, it received designation as a city. The area began to expand, and the population grew with the arrival of the Winona and St. Peter Railroad in 1864. By 1880, the city had a population of over 5,000.

The city was struck by disaster with a tornado that killed 24 and injured 100 - this same system also destroyed many buildings in the area. Dr. W.W. Mayo, the “County Doctor” and the Sisters of Saint Francis were of great assistance following the storm. Shortly after, the Sisters approached Dr. Mayo with an opportunity to build a hospital provided that Dr. Mayo and his sons would join the practice. This partnership led to St. Marys Hospital. The partnership continued to grow through the 20th century, and the Mayo Clinic was developed. Today, it is one of the most innovative medical practices in the world. Two other people from Rochester – Thomas J. Watson, Jr. and Leland Fiegel – became famous for innovation for their role at IBM, which was founded by Watson’s father.

Throughout the 20th century, the city was plagued with floods. This led to the development of a flood control system for the city, which wasn’t completed until 1996.

Today, the economy of Rochester is centered on the Mayo Clinic. The city’s population has continued to grow as has the city itself with the addition of hotels, restaurants, and retail stores. Agriculture is also important to the economy, as well as manufacturing, particularly with IBM’s Rochester campus. Numerous publications have named Rochester as one of the best places in the U.S. to live, and it is also one of the most educated cities not just in the U.S., but in the world.

Rochester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Rochester was:

  • White: 79.43%
  • Black or African American: 8.16%
  • Asian: 7.28%
  • Two or more races: 3.40%
  • Other race: 1.15%
  • Native American: 0.48%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
The current population of Rochester, Minnesota is 122,711, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 117,047.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 106,769.

Rochester, Minnesota Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021226,1352,1070.93%
2020224,0282,1070.94%
2019221,9212,1070.95%
2018219,8141,8210.83%
2017217,9931,8300.84%
2016216,1632,2301.03%
2015213,9331,2740.60%
2014212,6591,1570.54%
2013211,5021,9550.92%
2012209,5471,0740.51%
2011208,4731,2510.60%
2010207,2220.00%

Rochester Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White91,78679.43%
Black or African American9,4308.16%
Asian8,4107.28%
Two or More Races3,9293.40%
Some Other Race1,3241.15%
American Indian and Alaska Native5500.48%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1280.11%
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Rochester Population by Race

Rochester Population Pyramid 2021

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Rochester Median Age

35.7


Total

35


Male

36.9


Female

Rochester Adults

There are 87,824 adults, (17,216 of whom are seniors) in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

63.7

Age Dependency Ratio

24.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Sex Ratio

Female

59,295

51.31%

Male

56,262

48.69%

Rochester Population by Age

Rochester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Rochester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86%14%
All67.8%32.2%
Male67.7%32.3%
Female55.3%44.7%
Non Family48%52%

67.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rochester Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All47,0972.467.8
Married22,8783.1186
Non Family18,2051.2548
Female4,3803.1455.3
Male1,6343.3867.7

3.04

Average Family Size

2.4

Average Household Size

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Rochester Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,4583.15%
9th to 12th Grade2,2032.82%
High School Graduate14,55218.66%
Some College13,42317.21%
Associates Degree8,92911.45%
Bachelors Degree20,04225.70%
Graduate Degree16,38021.00%
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Rochester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White62,48360,80730,421
Asian5,8824,9303,525
Black4,5463,508819
Hispanic3,5512,630930
Multiple Races1,2911,240668
Other Race735536168
Native American36033741
Islander828267

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 81.71%.

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$48,380$53,339$43,478
Less Than High School$21,377$25,141$17,327
High School Grad$29,655$32,098$24,680
Some College$39,665$43,132$34,780
Bachelors Degree$61,223$67,419$54,496
Graduate Degree$75,088$90,407$67,542

$48,380

Average Earnings

$53,339

Average Male

$43,478

Average Female

Rochester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Rochester Language by Age

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Rochester Language

82.23% of Rochester residents speak only English, while 17.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 5.63% of the population.

Rochester Language

Rochester Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White85,2945,4336.37%
Black9,1953,72740.53%
Hispanic6,6371,31819.86%
Asian8,3785927.07%
Multiple3,8883428.80%
Other1,21312710.47%
Native501397.78%
Islander1281511.72%

10.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.85%

Male Poverty Rate

11.22%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Black, with 40.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester is White, with 6.37% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.08%.

Rochester Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.69%
High School11.75%
Some College7.54%
Bachelors or Greater3.15%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.68%
Male Unemployed23.21%
Female Employed7.35%
Male Employed4.43%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Rochester Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$73,106$96,015
Families$93,410$119,431
Married Families$107,618$135,180
Non Families$43,154$54,977
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Income by Household Type

Rochester Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

52.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.1%

Male Marriage Rate

50.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Married by Age and Sex

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Rochester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Rochester Marital Status by Race

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Rochester Marital Status

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5,667

Number of Veterans

5,318

Male Veterans

349

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,196
First Gulf War798
Second Gulf War757
Korea521
World War II354

Rochester Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,673
75+1,588
35 to 541,036
55 to 64915
18 to 34455

Rochester Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,3507.39%
Black1232.16%
2 or More1015.93%
Hispanic761.77%
Asian640.99%
Indian225.63%
Other70.74%

Rochester Veterans by Race

Rochester Veterans by Education

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4.29%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Veterans by Education

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70.8%

Labor Force Participation

68.3%

Employment Rate

3.5%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Employment by Age

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Rochester Employment by Race

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Rochester Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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54.47%

Born in Minnesota

85.90%

Native Born

14.10%

Foreign Born

7.59%

Non Citizen

6.51%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.90% of Rochester residents were born in the United States, with 54.47% having been born in Minnesota. 7.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Rochester Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021122,7111,8881.56%
2020120,8231,8881.59%
2019118,9351,8881.61%
2018117,0471,4611.26%
2017115,5861,5351.35%
2016114,0511,8911.69%
2015112,1609620.87%
2014111,1987710.70%
2013110,4271,5111.39%
2012108,9168190.76%
2011108,0971,0500.98%
2010107,04721,2412.24%
200085,80615,0611.95%
199070,74512,8392.02%
198057,9064,1400.74%
197053,76613,1032.83%
196040,66310,7783.13%
195029,8853,5731.28%
194026,3125,6912.47%
193020,6216,8994.16%
192013,7225,8785.75%
19107,8441,0011.37%
19006,8431,5222.55%
18905,3212180.42%
18805,1031,1502.59%
18703,9530.00%

Rochester Population by Year