Roswell, New Mexico Population 2024

46,355

Roswell is a city located in Chaves County and Lincoln County New Mexico. Roswell has a 2024 population of 46,355. Roswell is currently declining at a rate of -1.1% annually and its population has decreased by -4.27% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 48,425 in 2020.

The average household income in Roswell is $68,407 with a poverty rate of 23.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Roswell is 35.5 years, 33.5 years for males, and 37.6 years for females.

Roswell Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Roswell was:

  • White: 68.08%
  • Other race: 14.04%
  • Two or more races: 13.54%
  • Black or African American: 1.81%
  • Asian: 1.44%
  • Native American: 1.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
Land Area (mi²)
29.7 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,559.90/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.27% (-2,070)
The current population of Roswell, New Mexico is 46,355 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 48,425.

Roswell, New Mexico Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White32,70168.08%
Other race6,74214.04%
Two or more races6,50413.54%
Black or African American8701.81%
Asian6901.44%
Native American5001.04%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander280.06%

White

Other race

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Roswell Population by Race

Roswell Population Pyramid 2024

Roswell Median Age

35.5

Total

33.5

Male

37.6

Female

Roswell Adults

There are 35,557 adults, (7,324 of whom are seniors) in Roswell.

Roswell Age Dependency

70.1

Age Dependency Ratio

25.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Roswell Sex Ratio

Female24,09850.17%
Male23,93749.83%

Roswell Population by Age

Roswell Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All17,4382.6564.335.7
Married6,9943.3780.419.6
Non Family6,2191.250.349.7
Female3,2153.435446
Male1,0104.0872.927.1

3.31

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

64.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Roswell Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,7158.89%
9th to 12th Grade2,9309.59%
High School Graduate8,32027.23%
Some College8,27727.09%
Associates Degree2,6908.8%
Bachelors Degree3,39611.11%
Graduate Degree2,2267.29%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Roswell Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Roswell Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Hispanic16,45512,2891,722
White12,53011,3713,474
2+ Races3,9953,251243
Other Race3,8803,114372
Black573437199
Asian425316204
Native American32027068
Islander2200

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48%.

Roswell Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$32,954$42,278$28,003
Less Than 9th Grade$22,386$32,917$19,404
High School Graduate$29,311$32,223$26,740
Some College$31,131$39,695$26,019
Bachelors Degree$47,013$66,667$43,986
Graduate Degree$64,775$63,975$66,809

$32,954

Average Earnings

$42,278

Average Male

$28,003

Average Female

Roswell Earnings by Educational Attainment

Roswell Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Roswell Language

65.63% of Roswell residents speak only English, while 34.37% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.05% of the population.

Roswell Language

Roswell Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic28,2717,45126.36%
White15,5942,92318.74%
Other6,3251,96931.13%
Multiple6,3121,60225.38%
Black76520526.8%
Native4727115.04%
Asian583366.17%

23.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.84%

Male Poverty Rate

26.45%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Roswell

The race most likely to be in poverty in Roswell is Other, with 31.13% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Roswell is Asian, with 6.17% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.32%.

Roswell Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.57%
High School22.91%
Some College15.97%
Bachelors or Greater9.75%

Roswell Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed54.71%
Female Unemployed54.11%
Female Employed15.23%
Male Employed5.92%

Roswell Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Roswell Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$48,298$68,407
Families$57,490$79,631
Married Families$74,949$97,827
Non Families$27,515$44,389

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Roswell Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.3%

Male Marriage Rate

38.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Roswell Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Roswell Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Roswell Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Roswell Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,631

Number of Veterans

2,501

Male Veterans

130

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam1,003
Second Gulf War418
First Gulf War368
Korea356
World War II38

Roswell Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
75+820
65 to 74759
35 to 54501
55 to 64386
18 to 34165

Roswell Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White2,1058.61%
Hispanic8264.14%
2+ Races3016.45%
Other Race1793.73%
Black334.89%
Native American133.28%

Roswell Veterans by Race

Roswell Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

45.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

Roswell Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

56.2%

Labor Force Participation

53.1%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Roswell Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Roswell Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Roswell Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

59.65%

Born in Roswell

88.7%

Native Born

11.3%

Foreign Born

5.45%

Non Citizen

5.85%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.7% of Roswell residents were born in the United States, with 59.65% having been born in New Mexico. 5.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Roswell Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202943,767-518-1.17%
202844,285-517-1.15%
202744,802-518-1.14%
202645,320-517-1.13%
202545,837-518-1.12%
202446,355-517-1.1%
202346,872-518-1.09%
202247,390-601-1.25%
202147,991-434-0.9%
202048,4258991.89%
201947,526450.09%
201847,481-464-0.97%
201747,945-364-0.75%
201648,309-155-0.32%
201548,46440.01%
201448,460-152-0.31%
201348,6121740.36%
201248,438-10-0.02%
201148,448-18-0.04%
201048,4663,1737.01%
200045,2936391.43%
199044,6544,97812.55%
198039,6765,76817.01%
197033,908-5,685-14.36%
196039,59313,85553.83%
195025,73812,25690.91%
194013,4822,30920.67%
193011,1734,14058.87%
19207,03386113.95%
19106,1725,8721957.33%
190030000%
showing: 31 rows

Roswell Population by Year