Sacramento, California Population 2021

525,398
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Sacramento is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 525,398, it is the 6th largest city in California and the 36th largest city in the United States. Sacramento is currently growing at a rate of 1.13% annually and its population has increased by 12.63% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 466,488 in 2010. Sacramento reached it's highest population of 525,398 in 2021. Spanning over 100 miles, Sacramento has a population density of 5,376 people per square mile.

The average household income in Sacramento is $83,189 with a poverty rate of 16.57%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,263 per month, and the median house value is $336,900. The median age in Sacramento is 34.5 years, 33.7 years for males, and 35.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males.

Sacramento is the capital of the state of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have recently grown to just over 501,000 residents. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metro area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Diversity Statistics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City. Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940s. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian community began exploding in the 1980s, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the most substantial population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow by 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, floods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britain, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudicial legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Sacramento was:

  • White: 46.35%
  • Asian: 18.88%
  • Black or African American: 13.18%
  • Other race: 11.69%
  • Two or more races: 7.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.74%
  • Native American: 0.73%
The current population of Sacramento, California is 525,398, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 507,737.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 466,488.

Sacramento, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,407,31021,7900.91%
20202,385,52021,7900.91%
20192,363,73021,7900.92%
20182,341,94022,3700.96%
20172,319,57028,0401.21%
20162,291,53028,4101.24%
20152,263,12027,4801.21%
20142,235,64025,1301.12%
20132,210,51020,2400.92%
20122,190,27017,3200.79%
20112,172,95019,3400.89%
20102,153,6100.00%

Sacramento Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White232,15746.35%
Asian94,59818.88%
Black or African American66,00413.18%
Some Other Race58,56711.69%
Two or More Races37,2397.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8,7001.74%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,6650.73%
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Sacramento Population by Race

Sacramento Population Pyramid 2021

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Sacramento Median Age

34.5


Total

33.7


Male

35.5


Female

Sacramento Adults

There are 385,199 adults, (65,629 of whom are seniors) in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

56.8

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Sex Ratio

Female

255,742

51.05%

Male

245,188

48.95%

Sacramento Population by Age

Sacramento Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Sacramento Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.9%34.1%
All48.5%51.5%
Male42.3%57.7%
Non Family37.4%62.6%
Female35.3%64.7%

48.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Sacramento Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All185,3312.6648.5
Non Family75,1691.3637.4
Married71,8033.5465.9
Female25,8993.5235.3
Male12,4603.5742.3

3.42

Average Family Size

2.66

Average Household Size

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Sacramento Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,5678.13%
9th to 12th Grade22,4116.61%
High School Graduate72,11721.26%
Some College75,85122.36%
Associates Degree28,9148.53%
Bachelors Degree71,90921.20%
Graduate Degree40,38411.91%
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Sacramento Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White129,617121,86259,313
Hispanic80,91259,04614,288
Asian66,44852,95524,859
Black43,54839,2499,143
Other Race33,12222,9864,221
Multiple Races16,97715,0695,318
Islander5,8444,686669
Native American2,7682,193611

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.02%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.76%.

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,171$43,813$38,424
Less Than High School$23,689$28,370$17,657
High School Grad$30,702$33,740$26,299
Some College$35,817$39,261$32,246
Bachelors Degree$56,160$62,258$51,581
Graduate Degree$78,573$82,818$75,408

$41,171

Average Earnings

$43,813

Average Male

$38,424

Average Female

Sacramento Earnings by Educational Attainment

Sacramento Language by Age

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Sacramento Language

62.22% of Sacramento residents speak only English, while 37.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.31% of the population.

Sacramento Language

Sacramento Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic142,03527,59919.43%
White159,98818,76611.73%
Asian93,81915,78616.83%
Black64,33913,68221.27%
Other57,49011,10219.31%
Multiple36,5085,81615.93%
Islander8,6791,43616.55%
Native3,57191625.65%

16.57%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.99%

Male Poverty Rate

17.12%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sacramento

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Native, with 25.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is White, with 11.73% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.18%.

Sacramento Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.14%
High School18.00%
Some College13.21%
Bachelors or Greater5.46%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.15%
Male Unemployed32.69%
Female Employed8.50%
Male Employed7.33%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Sacramento Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$62,335$83,189
Families$72,467$94,990
Married Families$91,082$113,320
Non Families$47,218$62,118
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Income by Household Type

Sacramento Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.0%

Male Marriage Rate

39.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Sacramento Married by Age and Sex

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Sacramento Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Sacramento Marital Status by Race

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Sacramento Marital Status

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21,682

Number of Veterans

19,725

Male Veterans

1,957

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam7,677
Second Gulf War4,388
First Gulf War3,569
Korea1,727
World War II1,170

Sacramento Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 745,686
75+5,076
35 to 544,643
55 to 643,783
18 to 342,494

Sacramento Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White12,5406.68%
Black4,2948.58%
Hispanic3,0663.09%
Asian2,3563.16%
2 or More1,1135.29%
Other1,0012.41%
Indian2789.03%
Hawaiian1001.51%

Sacramento Veterans by Race

Sacramento Veterans by Education

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10.25%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sacramento Veterans by Education

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63.7%

Labor Force Participation

59.1%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Sacramento Employment by Age

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Sacramento Employment by Race

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Sacramento Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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60.38%

Born in California

77.77%

Native Born

22.23%

Foreign Born

9.80%

Non Citizen

12.43%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

77.77% of Sacramento residents were born in the United States, with 60.38% having been born in California. 9.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Sacramento Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021525,3985,8871.13%
2020519,5115,8871.15%
2019513,6245,8871.16%
2018507,7376,9601.39%
2017500,7776,6501.35%
2016494,1275,9941.23%
2015488,1335,3711.11%
2014482,7624,5480.95%
2013478,2143,9880.84%
2012474,2263,3240.71%
2011470,9023,6160.77%
2010467,28660,2681.39%
2000407,01837,6530.98%
1990369,36593,6242.97%
1980275,74118,6360.70%
1970257,10565,4382.98%
1960191,66754,0953.37%
1950137,57231,6142.65%
1940105,95812,2081.23%
193093,75027,8423.59%
192065,90821,2123.96%
191044,69615,4144.32%
190029,2822,8961.05%
189026,3864,9662.11%
188021,4205,1372.78%
187016,2832,4981.68%
186013,7856,9657.29%
18506,8200.00%

Sacramento Population by Year