Sacramento, California Population 2020

521,769
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Sacramento is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 521,769, it is the 6th largest city in California and the 37th largest city in the United States. Sacramento is currently growing at a rate of 1.29% annually and its population has increased by 11.85% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 466,488 in 2010. Spanning over 100 miles, Sacramento has a population density of 5,339 people per square mile.

The average household income in Sacramento is $79,490 with a poverty rate of 18.27%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,179 per month, and the median house value is $313,400. The median age in Sacramento is 34.4 years, 33.5 years for males, and 35.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.5 males.

Sacramento is the capital of the state of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have recently grown to just over 501,000 residents. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metro area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Diversity Statistics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City. Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940s. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian community began exploding in the 1980s, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the most substantial population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow by 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, floods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britain, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudicial legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Sacramento was:

  • White: 47.24%
  • Asian: 18.90%
  • Black or African American: 13.43%
  • Other race: 10.95%
  • Two or more races: 7.01%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.72%
  • Native American: 0.75%
The current population of Sacramento, California is 521,769, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 508,529.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 466,488.

Sacramento, California Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,394,87024,8301.04%
20192,370,04024,8301.05%
20182,345,21024,8301.06%
20172,320,38027,9701.21%
20162,292,41028,3501.24%
20152,264,06027,4401.21%
20142,236,62025,5601.14%
20132,211,06020,5000.93%
20122,190,56017,6300.80%
20112,172,93019,2700.89%
20102,153,6600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White233,82047.24%
Asian93,56918.90%
Black or African American66,48413.43%
Some Other Race54,21110.95%
Two or More Races34,6837.01%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8,5241.72%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,7200.75%
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Sacramento Population Pyramid 2020

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Sacramento Median Age

34.4


Total

33.5


Male

35.3


Female

Sacramento Adults

There are 378,641 adults, (62,776 of whom are seniors) in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

56.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Sex Ratio

Female

253,223

51.16%

Male

241,788

48.84%

Sacramento Households and Families

Sacramento Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Sacramento Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.1%34.9%
All48%52%
Male41%59%
Non Family37.4%62.6%
Female34.4%65.6%

48.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All183,1062.6648
Non Family74,1891.3437.4
Married70,9963.5765.1
Female25,7833.5334.4
Male12,1383.4941

3.43

Average Family Size

2.66

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Sacramento Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,5298.29%
9th to 12th Grade23,1946.98%
High School Graduate69,59620.95%
Some College74,58022.45%
Associates Degree29,1368.77%
Bachelors Degree68,42120.60%
Graduate Degree39,75811.97%
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Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White127,828120,63858,337
Hispanic78,39355,82113,301
Asian65,20151,49423,664
Black43,70839,0209,027
Other Race30,57720,6123,730
Multiple Races15,06513,1254,160
Islander5,6874,674522
Native American2,7082,146613

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.64%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,018$41,605$36,605
Less Than High School$22,268$26,157$16,749
High School Grad$29,339$31,934$25,063
Some College$35,246$38,789$31,810
Bachelors Degree$54,560$60,859$50,356
Graduate Degree$76,691$80,483$73,403

$40,018

Average Earnings

$41,605

Average Male

$36,605

Average Female

Sacramento Language

Sacramento Language by Age

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Sacramento Language

61.84% of Sacramento residents speak only English, while 38.16% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.65% of the population.

Sacramento Poverty

Sacramento Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic139,39829,95921.49%
White158,23820,20212.77%
Asian92,90916,83918.12%
Black64,78615,31923.65%
Other53,10610,83220.40%
Multiple34,1396,47918.98%
Islander8,5051,75120.59%
Native3,60970519.53%

18.27%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.81%

Male Poverty Rate

18.70%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sacramento

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Black, with 23.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is White, with 12.77% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.25%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.96%
High School19.45%
Some College14.16%
Bachelors or Greater6.14%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.88%
Male Unemployed37.19%
Female Employed9.56%
Male Employed7.87%

Sacramento Income

Sacramento Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,456$79,490
Families$67,969$91,546
Married Families$86,608$109,782
Non Families$44,083$58,516
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Sacramento Marital Status

Sacramento Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Sacramento Married by Age and Sex

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Sacramento Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Sacramento Marital Status by Race

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Sacramento Veterans

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22,364

Number of Veterans

20,192

Male Veterans

2,172

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam7,841
Second Gulf War4,091
First Gulf War3,915
Korea1,972
World War II1,215
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 745,435
75+5,166
35 to 545,101
55 to 644,276
18 to 342,386
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Name Veterans % of Total
White13,3137.11%
Black4,3718.58%
Hispanic3,3123.44%
Asian2,2783.10%
2 or More1,0615.51%
Other9422.49%
Indian2909.26%
Hawaiian1091.69%

Sacramento Veterans by Education

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10.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sacramento Employment Status

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63.3%

Labor Force Participation

58.1%

Employment Rate

8%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.70%

Born in California

77.38%

Native Born

22.62%

Foreign Born

10.25%

Non Citizen

12.37%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

77.38% of Sacramento residents were born in the United States, with 59.70% having been born in California. 10.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020521,7696,6201.29%
2019515,1496,6201.30%
2018508,5297,5851.51%
2017500,9446,6201.34%
2016494,3245,9711.22%
2015488,3535,3471.11%
2014483,0064,6460.97%
2013478,3604,0510.85%
2012474,3093,3950.72%
2011470,9143,6120.77%
2010467,30260,2841.39%
2000407,01837,6530.98%
1990369,36593,6242.97%
1980275,74118,6360.70%
1970257,10565,4382.98%
1960191,66754,0953.37%
1950137,57231,6142.65%
1940105,95812,2081.23%
193093,75027,8423.59%
192065,90821,2123.96%
191044,69615,4144.32%
190029,2822,8961.05%
189026,3864,9662.11%
188021,4205,1372.78%
187016,2832,4981.68%
186013,7856,9657.29%
18506,8200.00%