Sacramento, California Population 2022

531,285
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Sacramento is a city located in Sacramento County California. Sacramento has a 2020 population of 531,285. It is also the county seat of Sacramento County. Sacramento is currently growing at a rate of 1.12% annually and its population has increased by 13.70% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 467,286 in 2010.

The average household income in Sacramento is $83,189 with a poverty rate of 15.68%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,328 per month, and the median house value is $361,300. The median age in Sacramento is 34.5 years, 33.7 years for males, and 35.5 years for females.

Sacramento is the capital of the state of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have recently grown to just over 501,000 residents. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metro area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Diversity Statistics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City. Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940s. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian community began exploding in the 1980s, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the most substantial population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow by 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, floods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britain, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudicial legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Sacramentowas:

  • White: 43.54%
  • Asian: 19.29%
  • Black or African American: 13.48%
  • Other race: 11.62%
  • Two or more races: 9.61%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.65%
  • Native American: 0.79%
The current population of Sacramento, California is 531,285 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 531,285.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 467,286.

Sacramento, California Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20102,153,6100.00%
20112,172,95019,3400.89%
20122,190,27017,3200.79%
20132,210,51020,2400.92%
20142,235,64025,1301.12%
20152,263,12027,4801.21%
20162,291,53028,4101.24%
20172,319,57028,0401.21%
20182,341,94022,3700.96%
20192,363,73021,7900.92%
20202,385,52021,7900.91%
20212,407,31021,7900.91%

Sacramento Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White219,22743.54%
Black or African American67,89113.48%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,9930.79%
Asian97,13919.29%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8,3161.65%
Some Other Race58,52511.62%
Two or More Races48,3919.61%
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Sacramento Population by Race

Sacramento Population Pyramid 2022

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Sacramento Median Age

34.9


Total

34


Male

35.8


Female

Sacramento Adults

There are 389,334 adults, (67,129 of whom are seniors) in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Sex Ratio

Female

256,356

50.92%

Male

247,126

49.08%

Sacramento Population by Age

Sacramento Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Sacramento Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.5%33.5%
All49.8%50.2%
Male45%55%
Female39.5%60.5%
Non Family38.3%61.7%

49.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Sacramento Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All187,6832.6349.8
Married72,9843.4966.5
Male12,3313.5445
Female26,2493.5239.5
Non Family76,1191.3638.3

3.38

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

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Sacramento Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,2317.90%
9th to 12th Grade21,2926.18%
High School Graduate70,88620.56%
Some College77,86422.59%
Associates Degree29,1098.44%
Bachelors Degree75,33821.86%
Graduate Degree42,97912.47%
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Sacramento Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White129,679122,12259,719
Asian68,44455,13226,308
2+ Races24,57421,4597,602
Black44,57240,59110,692
Native American2,8782,262608
Hispanic80,42859,39515,971
Islander5,7704,332834
Other Race34,68124,2344,756

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.17%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.05%.

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,563$45,447$40,317
Less Than 9th Grade$25,688$30,534$17,777
High School Graduate$31,527$34,783$26,604
Some College$37,492$41,548$33,581
Bachelors Degree$57,486$63,060$53,737
Graduate Degree$77,358$81,779$73,875

$42,563

Average Earnings

$45,447

Average Male

$40,317

Average Female

Sacramento Earnings by Educational Attainment

Sacramento Language by Age

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Sacramento Language

63.87% of Sacramento residents speak only English, while 36.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.68% of the population.

Sacramento Language

Sacramento Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native3,89495024.40%
Black66,11513,66620.67%
Hispanic139,92426,06618.63%
Multiple47,6177,60915.98%
Asian96,41114,62615.17%
Islander8,2801,10913.39%
White158,46718,25811.52%
Other10,778NaN%

15.68%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.16%

Male Poverty Rate

16.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sacramento

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Native, with 24.40% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.79%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.18%.

Sacramento Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.92%
High School18.51%
Some College13.33%
Bachelors or Greater4.80%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed6.88%
Male Unemployed32.83%
Female Employed8.14%
Female Unemployed33.32%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Sacramento Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$65,847$87,213
Families$76,108$99,600
Married Families$96,297$119,127
Non Families$50,534$64,559
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Income by Household Type

Sacramento Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.1%

Male Marriage Rate

39.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Sacramento Married by Age and Sex

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Sacramento Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Sacramento Marital Status by Race

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Sacramento Marital Status

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21,631

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War4,685
First Gulf War3,360
Vietnam7,749
Korea1,403
World War II781

Sacramento Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 342,718
35 to 544,433
55 to 644,064
65 to 745,691
75+4,725

Sacramento Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White12,1896.79%
Black4,1568.17%
Native American2688.31%
Asian2,2692.98%
Islander1071.66%
Other Race1,0192.36%
2+ Races1,6235.55%
Hispanic3,2213.29%

Sacramento Veterans by Race

Sacramento Veterans by Education

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9.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sacramento Veterans by Education

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64.4%

Labor Force Participation

60%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

Sacramento Employment by Age

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Sacramento Employment by Race

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Sacramento Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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61.02%

Born in Sacramento

78.66%

Native Born

21.34%

Foreign Born

9.27%

Non Citizen

12.07%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

78.66% of Sacramento residents were born in the United States, with 61.02% having been born in California. 9.27% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Sacramento Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18506,8200.00%
186013,7856,9657.29%
187016,2832,4981.68%
188021,4205,1372.78%
189026,3864,9662.11%
190029,2822,8961.05%
191044,69615,4144.32%
192065,90821,2123.96%
193093,75027,8423.59%
1940105,95812,2081.23%
1950137,57231,6142.65%
1960191,66754,0953.37%
1970257,10565,4382.98%
1980275,74118,6360.70%
1990369,36593,6242.97%
2000407,01837,6530.98%
2010467,28660,2681.39%
2011470,9023,6160.77%
2012474,2263,3240.71%
2013478,2143,9880.84%
2014482,7624,5480.95%
2015488,1335,3711.11%
2016494,1275,9941.23%
2017500,7776,6501.35%
2018507,7376,9601.39%
2019513,6245,8871.16%
2020519,5115,8871.15%
2021525,3985,8871.13%
2022531,2855,8871.12%

Sacramento Population by Year