Salem, Illinois Population 2021

6,891
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Salem is a city located in Marion County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Marion County. With a 2020 population of 6,891, it is the 281st largest city in Illinois and the 3989th largest city in the United States . Salem is currently declining at a rate of -0.58% annually and its population has decreased by -7.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 7,485 in 2010. Salem reached it's highest population of 7,909 in 2000. Spanning over 7 miles, Salem has a population density of 991 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $51,528 with a poverty rate of 23.00%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $620 per month, and the median house value is $78,500. The median age in Salem is 36.6 years, 33.6 years for males, and 41.7 years for females.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salem was:

  • White: 95.08%
  • Two or more races: 1.92%
  • Black or African American: 1.75%
  • Asian: 1.14%
  • Native American: 0.11%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Salem, Illinois is 6,891 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 7,011.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 7,485.

Salem, Illinois Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White6,68195.08%
Two or More Races1351.92%
Black or African American1231.75%
Asian801.14%
American Indian and Alaska Native80.11%
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Salem Population by Race

Salem Population Pyramid $2021

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Salem Median Age

36.6


Total

33.6


Male

41.7


Female

Salem Adults

There are 5,377 adults, (1,254 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

70.4

Age Dependency Ratio

30.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

3,609

51.36%

Male

3,418

48.64%

Salem Population by Age

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.8%21.2%
All62.1%37.9%
Non Family56.4%43.6%
Female41.1%58.9%
Male26.5%73.5%

62.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Salem Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,9742.2862.1
Married1,2612.8878.8
Non Family1,1331.1156.4
Female4142.9641.1
Male1663.9926.5

2.85

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

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Salem Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1723.55%
9th to 12th Grade3226.65%
High School Graduate1,94540.16%
Some College1,19724.72%
Associates Degree54011.15%
Bachelors Degree3567.35%
Graduate Degree3116.42%
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Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White4,6214,171624
Black977110
Asian545426
Hispanic3737
2+ Races26167
Native American8

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.15%.

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,667$36,383$24,854
Less Than 9th Grade$15,457$16,517$
High School Graduate$24,688$34,583$19,896
Some College$32,826$36,779$31,042
Bachelors Degree$44,375$47,125$37,344
Graduate Degree$53,241$58,750$42,292

$31,667

Average Earnings

$36,383

Average Male

$24,854

Average Female

Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Salem Language by Age

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Salem Language

98.69% of Salem residents speak only English, while 1.31% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 0.59% of the population.

Salem Language

Salem Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White6,3311,34921.31%
Asian807188.75%
Hispanic1366447.06%
Multiple1354331.85%
Black832327.71%
Native88100.00%

23.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.28%

Male Poverty Rate

24.61%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is White, with 21.31% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.13%.

Salem Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.00%
High School15.47%
Some College12.38%
Bachelors or Greater10.19%

Salem Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed38.85%
Male Unemployed35.56%
Female Employed18.43%
Male Employed4.95%

Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Salem Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$40,449$51,528
Families$50,573$59,901
Married Families$67,639-
Non Families$23,229$33,478
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Income by Household Type

Salem Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.4%

Male Marriage Rate

43.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

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Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Salem Marital Status by Race

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Salem Marital Status

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394

Number of Veterans

394

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam141
Korea69
First Gulf War50
World War II25
Second Gulf War10

Salem Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+146
65 to 74103
55 to 6470
35 to 5465
18 to 3410

Salem Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3817.38%
Black1313.40%

Salem Veterans by Race

Salem Veterans by Education

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5.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

41.24%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Veterans by Education

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60.1%

Labor Force Participation

53%

Employment Rate

11.5%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Employment by Age

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Salem Employment by Race

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Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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81.14%

Born in Salem

98.82%

Native Born

1.18%

Foreign Born

0.73%

Non Citizen

0.46%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.82% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 81.14% having been born in Illinois. 0.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Salem Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20216,891-40-0.58%
20206,931-40-0.57%
20196,971-40-0.57%
20187,011-80-1.13%
20177,091-62-0.87%
20167,153-65-0.90%
20157,218-48-0.66%
20147,266-25-0.34%
20137,291-60-0.82%
20127,351-31-0.42%
20117,382-57-0.77%
20107,439-470-0.61%
20007,9094390.57%
19907,470-343-0.45%
19807,8131,6262.36%
19706,187220.04%
19606,16560.01%
19506,159-1,160-1.71%
19407,3192,8995.17%
19304,4209632.49%
19203,4577882.62%
19102,6690.00%

Salem Population by Year