Salem, Illinois Population 2022

7,242
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Salem is a city located in Marion County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Marion County. With a 2020 population of 7,242, it is the 278th largest city in Illinois and the 5230th largest city in the United States. Salem is currently declining at a rate of -0.28% annually and its population has decreased by -0.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 7,282 in 2020. Spanning over 7 miles, Salem has a population density of 1,041 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $51,528 with a poverty rate of 20.06%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $638 per month, and the median house value is $78,900. The median age in Salem is 36.6 years, 33.6 years for males, and 41.7 years for females.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salemwas:

  • White: 94.79%
  • Two or more races: 2.50%
  • Black or African American: 2.29%
  • Asian: 0.21%
  • Native American: 0.10%
  • Other race: 0.10%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Salem, Illinois is 7,242 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 7,282.

Salem, Illinois Population 2022

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White6,62494.79%
Black or African American1602.29%
American Indian and Alaska Native70.10%
Asian150.21%
Some Other Race70.10%
Two or More Races1752.50%
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Salem Population by Race

Salem Population Pyramid 2022

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Salem Median Age

38


Total

34.7


Male

39.6


Female

Salem Adults

There are 5,491 adults, (1,339 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

3,768

53.92%

Male

3,220

46.08%

Salem Population by Age

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.1%19.9%
All64.2%35.8%
Non Family60.2%39.8%
Male43.7%56.3%
Female36.6%63.4%

64.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Salem Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,0912.1864.2
Married1,2652.7480.1
Male1513.5243.7
Female4322.9336.6
Non Family1,2431.1960.2

2.73

Average Family Size

2.18

Average Household Size

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Salem Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1763.55%
9th to 12th Grade2585.20%
High School Graduate1,89138.11%
Some College1,21724.53%
Associates Degree73014.71%
Bachelors Degree3988.02%
Graduate Degree2925.88%
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Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian555
2+ Races50289
Black1289521
White4,7544,382655
Other Race77
Hispanic2828
Native American7

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,517$40,450$31,920
Less Than 9th Grade$13,625$16,122$2,500
High School Graduate$27,045$34,609$20,257
Some College$39,139$40,558$38,300
Bachelors Degree$59,453$59,904$56,250
Graduate Degree$55,000$56,806$44,375

$37,517

Average Earnings

$40,450

Average Male

$31,920

Average Female

Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Salem Language by Age

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Salem Language

99.51% of Salem residents speak only English, while 0.49% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.18% of the population.

Salem Language

Salem Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native77100.00%
Asian151066.67%
Hispanic161062.50%
Multiple1754626.29%
Black1012120.79%
White6,4421,26919.70%
OtherNaN%

20.06%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.66%

Male Poverty Rate

22.90%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.90%.

Salem Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade45.79%
High School14.20%
Some College9.24%
Bachelors or Greater9.86%

Salem Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed4.33%
Male Unemployed46.54%
Female Employed16.68%
Female Unemployed58.16%

Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Salem Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$48,022$60,993
Families$52,333$71,643
Married Families$76,125-
Non Families$27,454$40,271
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Income by Household Type

Salem Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

43.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

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Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Salem Marital Status by Race

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Salem Marital Status

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390

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War8
First Gulf War53
Vietnam134
Korea76
World War II32

Salem Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 348
35 to 5449
55 to 6456
65 to 74103
75+174

Salem Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3777.16%
Black139.85%

Salem Veterans by Race

Salem Veterans by Education

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2.37%

Veteran Poverty Rate

46.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Veterans by Education

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62.3%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

7.4%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Employment by Age

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Salem Employment by Race

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Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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81.43%

Born in Salem

99.79%

Native Born

0.21%

Foreign Born

0.10%

Non Citizen

0.11%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.79% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 81.43% having been born in Illinois. 0.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Salem Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19102,6690.00%
19203,4577882.62%
19304,4209632.49%
19407,3192,8995.17%
19506,159-1,160-1.71%
19606,16560.01%
19706,187220.04%
19807,8131,6262.36%
19907,470-343-0.45%
20007,9094390.57%
20107,485-424-0.55%
20117,465-20-0.27%
20127,445-20-0.27%
20137,425-20-0.27%
20147,405-20-0.27%
20157,385-20-0.27%
20167,365-20-0.27%
20177,345-20-0.27%
20187,325-20-0.27%
20197,305-20-0.27%
20207,282-23-0.31%
20217,262-20-0.27%
20227,242-20-0.28%

Salem Population by Year