Salinas, California Population 2021

155,101
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Salinas is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 155,101, it is the 34th largest city in California and the 166th largest city in the United States. Salinas is currently declining at a rate of -0.12% annually but its population has increased by 3.10% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 150,441 in 2010. Salinas reached it's highest population of 156,830 in 2016. Spanning over 23 miles, Salinas has a population density of 6,620 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salinas is $77,528 with a poverty rate of 16.81%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,411 per month, and the median house value is $415,000. The median age in Salinas is 30.5 years, 30.1 years for males, and 30.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.9 males.

Salinas, the county seat of Monterey County, is an urban area located 10 miles east-southeast of the mouth of the Salinas River and just outside the Greater Bay Area.

Diversity

About 38% of people in Salinas, CA were born outside the U.S. The city of Salinas has a Hispanic-majority population; nearly three quarters of its residents are Latino, many of them immigrants from Mexico who arrived to work in the region’s agricultural fields.

Population Growth

In 1870, just prior to being incorporated, the population stood at 599 people. This more than tripled in the ten years that followed and, as of the latest 2019 figures, the population of Salinas stands at 157,596.

Salinas struggles with a high youth crime rate, being dubbed the “youth murder capital of California.” On top of this, a lack of affordable housing has kept its growth rate from climbing in later years. The city is expected to continue its modest growth since recovering from the 2007-2008 financial crisis.

On September 9th, 1850, California was admitted to the Union and officially became a state. 1867 saw the first streets laid out for Salinas and the town was incorporated in 1874. Post-war, major urban and suburban development converted what was mainly farmland to a thriving city. The 1950s and 1960s saw a particularly large growth spurt, which was seen again in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Agriculture has always been the area's major industry. This “green gold” went some considerable way toward making Salinas one of the wealthiest cities per capita in the U.S. shortly after the end of World War I. Today, this fuels a $2 billion industry, supplying the country with 80% of its lettuce and artichokes, amongst many other crops.

Salinas is also the birthplace of Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck. The historic downtown district is home to the National Steinbeck Center, John Steinbeck House and the John Steinbeck Library.

Salinas Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salinas was:

  • Other race: 51.58%
  • White: 37.37%
  • Asian: 5.47%
  • Two or more races: 3.36%
  • Black or African American: 1.51%
  • Native American: 0.63%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Salinas, California is 155,101, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 155,647.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 150,441.

Salinas, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021434,2831110.03%
2020434,1721110.03%
2019434,0611110.03%
2018433,950-584-0.13%
2017434,5345810.13%
2016433,9533,4010.78%
2015430,5522,0770.48%
2014428,4751,7630.41%
2013426,7121,9240.45%
2012424,7884,3321.02%
2011420,4564,0830.97%
2010416,3730.00%

Salinas Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Some Other Race80,54651.58%
White58,35537.37%
Asian8,5365.47%
Two or More Races5,2493.36%
Black or African American2,3541.51%
American Indian and Alaska Native9910.63%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1120.07%
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Salinas Population by Race

Salinas Population Pyramid 2021

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Salinas Median Age

30.5


Total

30.1


Male

30.9


Female

Salinas Adults

There are 107,809 adults, (13,853 of whom are seniors) in Salinas.

Salinas Age Dependency

66.2

Age Dependency Ratio

14.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

51.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Salinas Sex Ratio

Female

77,355

49.54%

Male

78,788

50.46%

Salinas Population by Age

Salinas Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salinas Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married54.3%45.7%
All44.8%55.2%
Non Family39.6%60.4%
Male31.9%68.1%
Female29.3%70.7%

44.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Salinas Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,8003.7944.8
Married21,4674.3854.3
Non Family8,6031.4939.6
Female7,4914.529.3
Male3,2394.3431.9

4.2

Average Family Size

3.79

Average Household Size

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Salinas Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,61130.09%
9th to 12th Grade9,79410.67%
High School Graduate20,60022.45%
Some College14,40015.69%
Associates Degree7,0997.74%
Bachelors Degree8,6509.43%
Graduate Degree3,5993.92%
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Salinas Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Salinas Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic67,11031,9755,346
Other Race44,02918,1432,517
White15,40314,0314,332
Asian6,4435,7781,985
Multiple Races2,2281,915588
Black1,7091,514281
Native American61537852
Islander1036917

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.09%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 30.81%.

Salinas Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,132$31,157$25,976
Less Than High School$21,955$24,541$18,884
High School Grad$30,520$33,861$26,417
Some College$36,184$43,589$31,703
Bachelors Degree$51,845$55,889$50,854
Graduate Degree$85,683$87,568$79,323

$29,132

Average Earnings

$31,157

Average Male

$25,976

Average Female

Salinas Earnings by Educational Attainment

Salinas Language by Age

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Salinas Language

27.81% of Salinas residents speak only English, while 72.19% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 67.70% of the population.

Salinas Language

Salinas Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic122,84222,62818.42%
Other80,06015,59119.47%
White19,3211,97910.24%
Asian8,47790110.63%
Multiple5,1664689.06%
Black2,23525611.45%
Native981939.48%
Islander1124943.75%

16.81%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.56%

Male Poverty Rate

18.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salinas

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salinas is Islander, with 43.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salinas is Multiple, with 9.06% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.31%.

Salinas Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.18%
High School10.47%
Some College9.39%
Bachelors or Greater4.87%

Salinas Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed22.63%
Male Unemployed18.10%
Male Employed6.67%
Female Employed6.04%

Salinas Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Salinas Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,527$77,528
Families$63,412$79,903
Married Families$75,600$93,229
Non Families$40,244$54,062
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Income by Household Type

Salinas Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.7%

Male Marriage Rate

42.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Salinas Married by Age and Sex

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Salinas Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Salinas Marital Status by Race

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Salinas Marital Status

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3,344

Number of Veterans

3,073

Male Veterans

271

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,458
First Gulf War656
Second Gulf War550
Korea175
World War II157

Salinas Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,031
35 to 54801
75+749
55 to 64620
18 to 34143

Salinas Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,9464.61%
Hispanic1,2011.49%
Other5130.97%
Black34417.94%
Asian2844.00%
2 or More2187.61%
Hawaiian3936.11%

Salinas Veterans by Race

Salinas Veterans by Education

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8.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.27%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salinas Veterans by Education

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63.8%

Labor Force Participation

60.6%

Employment Rate

4.9%

Unemployment Rate

Salinas Employment by Age

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Salinas Employment by Race

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Salinas Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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55.25%

Born in California

62.68%

Native Born

37.32%

Foreign Born

28.95%

Non Citizen

8.37%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

62.68% of Salinas residents were born in the United States, with 55.25% having been born in California. 28.95% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Salinas Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021155,101-182-0.12%
2020155,283-182-0.12%
2019155,465-182-0.12%
2018155,647-816-0.52%
2017156,463-367-0.23%
2016156,8305860.38%
2015156,2445270.34%
2014155,7177590.49%
2013154,9581,1430.74%
2012153,8151,4030.92%
2011152,4121,5251.01%
2010150,887-173-0.01%
2000151,06042,2833.34%
1990108,77728,2983.06%
198080,47921,5833.17%
197058,89629,9397.36%
196028,95715,0407.60%
195013,9172,3311.85%
194011,5861,3231.22%
193010,2635,9559.07%
19204,3085721.43%
19103,7364321.24%
19003,3049653.51%
18902,3394852.35%
18801,8541,25511.96%
18705990.00%

Salinas Population by Year