Salinas, California Population 2020

155,619
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Salinas is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 155,619, it is the 35th largest city in California and the 166th largest city in the United States. Salinas is currently declining at a rate of -0.21% annually but its population has increased by 3.44% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 150,441 in 2010. Salinas reached it's highest population of 157,144 in 2016. Spanning over 23 miles, Salinas has a population density of 6,642 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salinas is $73,830 with a poverty rate of 17.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,299 per month, and the median house value is $378,000. The median age in Salinas is 30.5 years, 30.1 years for males, and 30.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.7 males.

Salinas, the county seat of Monterey County, is an urban area located 10 miles east-southeast of the mouth of the Salinas River and just outside the Greater Bay Area.

Diversity

About 38% of people in Salinas, CA were born outside the U.S. The city of Salinas has a Hispanic-majority population; nearly three quarters of its residents are Latino, many of them immigrants from Mexico who arrived to work in the region’s agricultural fields.

Population Growth

In 1870, just prior to being incorporated, the population stood at 599 people. This more than tripled in the ten years that followed and, as of the latest 2019 figures, the population of Salinas stands at 157,596.

Salinas struggles with a high youth crime rate, being dubbed the “youth murder capital of California.” On top of this, a lack of affordable housing has kept its growth rate from climbing in later years. The city is expected to continue its modest growth since recovering from the 2007-2008 financial crisis.

On September 9th, 1850, California was admitted to the Union and officially became a state. 1867 saw the first streets laid out for Salinas and the town was incorporated in 1874. Post-war, major urban and suburban development converted what was mainly farmland to a thriving city. The 1950s and 1960s saw a particularly large growth spurt, which was seen again in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Agriculture has always been the area's major industry. This “green gold” went some considerable way toward making Salinas one of the wealthiest cities per capita in the U.S. shortly after the end of World War I. Today, this fuels a $2 billion industry, supplying the country with 80% of its lettuce and artichokes, amongst many other crops.

Salinas is also the birthplace of Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck. The historic downtown district is home to the National Steinbeck Center, John Steinbeck House and the John Steinbeck Library.

Salinas Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salinas was:

  • White: 47.08%
  • Other race: 42.01%
  • Asian: 5.52%
  • Two or more races: 3.33%
  • Black or African American: 1.30%
  • Native American: 0.71%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Salinas, California is 155,619, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 156,259.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 150,441.

Salinas, California Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020435,8281170.03%
2019435,7111170.03%
2018435,5941170.03%
2017435,4777100.16%
2016434,7673,5260.81%
2015431,2412,2610.52%
2014428,9801,9260.45%
2013427,0542,0540.48%
2012425,0004,4581.05%
2011420,5424,1460.99%
2010416,3960.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White73,70847.08%
Some Other Race65,76642.01%
Asian8,6415.52%
Two or More Races5,2203.33%
Black or African American2,0391.30%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1120.71%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander640.04%
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Salinas Population Pyramid 2020

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Salinas Median Age

30.5


Total

30.1


Male

30.9


Female

Salinas Adults

There are 108,161 adults, (13,797 of whom are seniors) in Salinas.

Salinas Age Dependency

65.9

Age Dependency Ratio

14.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

51.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Salinas Sex Ratio

Female

78,405

50.08%

Male

78,145

49.92%

Salinas Households and Families

Salinas Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salinas Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married54.6%45.4%
All44.7%55.3%
Non Family40%60%
Male33.8%66.2%
Female28.3%71.7%

44.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,6233.8144.7
Married20,8734.3654.6
Non Family8,2081.4640
Female8,0514.4628.3
Male3,4914.633.8

4.21

Average Family Size

3.81

Average Household Size

9.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Salinas Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,71430.16%
9th to 12th Grade9,95810.84%
High School Graduate20,48622.29%
Some College14,50715.79%
Associates Degree7,0117.63%
Bachelors Degree8,6499.41%
Graduate Degree3,5753.89%
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Salinas Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic66,47131,3545,061
Other Race36,38915,0992,262
White16,22914,7484,752
Asian6,4495,6311,932
Multiple Races2,0741,751469
Black1,5881,446234
Native American66642344
Islander573711

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 91.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 29.96%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,207$30,135$24,608
Less Than High School$21,023$22,973$17,929
High School Grad$27,750$31,357$24,596
Some College$36,007$43,962$31,691
Bachelors Degree$50,929$52,097$49,659
Graduate Degree$82,125$82,989$78,646

$27,207

Average Earnings

$30,135

Average Male

$24,608

Average Female

Salinas Language

Salinas Language by Age

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Salinas Language

28.05% of Salinas residents speak only English, while 71.95% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 67.47% of the population.

Salinas Poverty

Salinas Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic122,24623,26519.03%
Other65,47412,73119.44%
White20,2302,04510.11%
Asian8,58687210.16%
Multiple5,10852510.28%
Black1,96522711.55%
Native1,109968.66%
Islander643148.44%

17.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.96%

Male Poverty Rate

18.46%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salinas

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salinas is Islander, with 48.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salinas is Native, with 8.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.24%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.12%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.16%
High School11.38%
Some College8.66%
Bachelors or Greater4.92%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.41%
Male Unemployed18.16%
Male Employed7.28%
Female Employed6.67%

Salinas Income

Salinas Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,598$73,830
Families$60,253$76,017
Married Families$72,485$90,044
Non Families$37,178$49,699
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Salinas Marital Status

Salinas Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

41.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Salinas Married by Age and Sex

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Salinas Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Salinas Marital Status by Race

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Salinas Veterans

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3,326

Number of Veterans

3,094

Male Veterans

232

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,412
First Gulf War577
Second Gulf War533
Korea209
World War II206
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74951
75+803
35 to 54765
55 to 64631
18 to 34176
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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,0743.99%
Hispanic1,0781.35%
Other3980.91%
Black36520.85%
Asian3254.53%
2 or More1445.19%
Hawaiian2033.33%

Salinas Veterans by Education

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9.45%

Veteran Poverty Rate

38.08%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salinas Employment Status

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63.5%

Labor Force Participation

60%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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54.54%

Born in California

62.15%

Native Born

37.85%

Foreign Born

29.26%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

62.15% of Salinas residents were born in the United States, with 54.54% having been born in California. 29.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020155,619-320-0.21%
2019155,939-320-0.20%
2018156,259-565-0.36%
2017156,824-320-0.20%
2016157,1446320.40%
2015156,5125990.38%
2014155,9138160.53%
2013155,0971,1960.78%
2012153,9011,4470.95%
2011152,4541,5501.03%
2010150,904-156-0.01%
2000151,06042,2833.34%
1990108,77728,2983.06%
198080,47921,5833.17%
197058,89629,9397.36%
196028,95715,0407.60%
195013,9172,3311.85%
194011,5861,3231.22%
193010,2635,9559.07%
19204,3085721.43%
19103,7364321.24%
19003,3049653.51%
18902,3394852.35%
18801,8541,25511.96%
18705990.00%