San Bernardino is a city located in San Bernardino County California. San Bernardino has a 2023 population of 223,044. It is also the county seat of San Bernardino County.San Bernardino is currently growing at a rate of 0.19% annually and its population has increased by 0.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 221,784 in 2020.
The average household income in San Bernardino is $70,063 with a poverty rate of 20.91%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in San Bernardino is 31.3 years, 31.1 years for males, and 31.5 years for females.
This city plays a vital role within the diplomatic missions of the Inland Empire. It also has numerous attractions that draw in visitors and residents.
The city’s top employer according to its annual financial report taken in 2010 is California State University at San Bernardino, which employs over 2,500 residents. Other top employers include the City of San Bernardino and the Community Hospital of San Bernardino.
The city of San Bernardino, despite suffering from hardships such as bankruptcy and terrorist attacks, has seen continuous population growth since the census taken in 1880. At times, it has even seen a percentage growth of over 100%. The city surpassed 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. In 2010, it saw another milestone, exceeding over 200,000 people. Today, its population has grown about 3% since the last poll taken in 2010. While comparing this to previous census data shows that some slowdown has occurred, the city is continuing to become more populous.
The city of San Bernardino was incorporated as a city in 1857. Before this, however, a Spanish settlement by the name of Politana was established in 1810. However, it was destroyed by local tribesmen following earthquakes that struck the San Bernardino Valley. Politana was rebuilt, and in 1819, missionaries returned to establish San Bernardino de Sena Estancia.
The present location of the city was mostly settled during the 1850s after California was designated as a state. It is considered to be one of the oldest cities in California. The town of San Bernardino was established in 1851, with the county being developed just two years later. It was incorporated as a city in 1857.
It was during the 1860s when San Bernardino saw a surge in its population. A gold rush began nearby when gold was discovered. The city was also a hub for trade in the southern region of the state. The city continued to grow throughout the century after a hotel was built along a spring that was believed to have healing properties. Water from the springs was bottled and shipped to Los Angeles, further boosting the city’s economy.
During the 20th century, many events occurred, including the development of Norton Air Force Base during World War II, the founding of McDonald’s chain of restaurants, and the Panorama Fire that destroyed hundreds of San Bernardino homes. The air force base was closed during the 1990s and later became the San Bernardino International Airport.
The 2000s brought another wildfire that destroyed more than 1,000 homes in the city. Some additional hardships also occurred, including the city’s filing of bankruptcy in 2012, with the city bouncing back after five years, as well as the 2015 terrorist attack. Today, the city has many attractions including the largest outdoor amphitheater in the nation, a baseball team, and the ADU Fox Theatre. The city’s economy is reliant on the government, retail and service industries.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Bernardino was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 77.76%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 34.31%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
47.82% of San Bernardino residents speak only English, while 52.18% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 47.68% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in San Bernardino is Islander, with 41.52% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in San Bernardino is Multiple, with 15.56% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.2%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.3%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in San Bernardino
81.8% of San Bernardino residents were born in the United States, with 70.01% having been born in California. 14.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.