Shelby, New York Population 2024

4,787

Shelby is a city located in Genesee County, Niagara County, and Orleans County New York. Shelby has a 2024 population of 4,787. Shelby is currently declining at a rate of -0.6% annually and its population has decreased by -1.7% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,870 in 2020.

The average household income in Shelby is $71,520 with a poverty rate of 17.47%. The median age in Shelby is 37.3 years: 33.3 years for males, and 38.7 years for females.

Shelby Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Shelby was:

  • White: 86.15%
  • Other race: 6.84%
  • Two or more races: 2.66%
  • Black or African American: 1.94%
  • Asian: 1.65%
  • Native American: 0.76%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
46.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
103.20/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.7% (-83)
The current population of Shelby, New York is 4,787 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 4,870.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White4,21886.15%
Other race3356.84%
Two or more races1302.66%
Black or African American951.94%
Asian811.65%
Native American370.76%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Other race

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Shelby Population by Race

Shelby Population Pyramid 2024

Shelby Median Age

37.3

Total

33.3

Male

38.7

Female

Shelby Adults

There are 3,821 adults, (879 of whom are seniors) in Shelby.

Shelby Age Dependency

66.4

Age Dependency Ratio

29.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Shelby Sex Ratio

Female2,32547.49%
Male2,57152.51%

Shelby Population by Age

Shelby Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All1,9252.3769.530.5
Married9293.0384.815.2
Non Family6731.1860.939.1
Female1752.7849.750.3
Male1483.1335.164.9

2.75

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

69.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Shelby Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade51514.94%
Associates Degree36410.56%
Bachelors Degree41111.93%
Graduate Degree2667.72%
High School Graduate1,15333.46%
Less Than 9th Grade1424.12%
Some College59517.27%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Shelby Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Shelby Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White2,9772,631607
Hispanic2874113
Other Race23120
Asian816057
Black47190
Native American37210
2+ Races34170

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 88.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 70.37%.

Shelby Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$53,558$67,569$48,800
Graduate Degree$67,717$0$68,315
High School Graduate$45,693$47,259$24,338
Less Than 9th Grade$2,499$0$2,499
Overall$42,005$46,160$30,859
Some College$41,382$44,167$35,000

$42,005

Average Earnings

$46,160

Average Male

$30,859

Average Female

Shelby Earnings by Educational Attainment

Shelby Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Shelby Language

86.95% of Shelby residents speak only English, while 13.05% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.62% of the population.

Shelby Language

Shelby Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White3,9953829.56%
Hispanic40933381.42%
Other33531694.33%
Multiple1306247.69%
Black746081.08%

17.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.39%

Male Poverty Rate

17.55%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Shelby

The race most likely to be in poverty in Shelby is Other, with 94.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Shelby is White, with 9.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.15%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.42%.

Shelby Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade46.53%
High School10.96%
Some College8.39%
Bachelors or Greater2.04%

Shelby Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed63.69%
Female Employed10.41%
Male Employed7.95%
Female Unemployed0%

Shelby Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Shelby Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$71,167$80,061
Households$58,393$71,520
Married Families$89,542$-999,999,999
Non Families$45,324$47,325

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Shelby Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

50.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.7%

Male Marriage Rate

48.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Shelby Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Shelby Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Shelby Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Shelby Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

312

Number of Veterans

252

Male Veterans

60

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Second Gulf War87
Vietnam72
First Gulf War29
Korea27
World War II0

Shelby Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 6491
18 to 3487
75+59
65 to 7455
35 to 5420

Shelby Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White3019.02%
Native American1027.03%
Black11.35%

Shelby Veterans by Race

Shelby Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.33%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Shelby Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58.8%

Labor Force Participation

53.7%

Employment Rate

8.6%

Unemployment Rate

Shelby Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Shelby Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Shelby Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

80.11%

Born in Shelby

94.79%

Native Born

5.21%

Foreign Born

3.94%

Non Citizen

1.27%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.79% of Shelby residents were born in the United States, with 80.11% having been born in New York. 3.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Shelby Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20294,642-29-0.62%
20284,671-29-0.62%
20274,700-29-0.61%
20264,729-29-0.61%
20254,758-29-0.61%
20244,787-29-0.6%
20234,816-29-0.6%
20224,845-29-0.59%
20214,87440.08%
20204,870-165-3.28%
20195,035-24-0.47%
20185,059-15-0.3%
20175,074-60-1.17%
20165,134-30-0.58%
20155,164-47-0.9%
20145,211-46-0.88%
20135,257-31-0.59%
20125,288-33-0.62%
20115,321-24-0.45%
20105,34500%

Shelby Population by Year