Springfield, Missouri Population 2023

172,080

Springfield is a city located in Greene County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Greene County. With a 2023 population of 172,080, it is the 3rd largest city in Missouri and the 165th largest city in the United States.Springfield is currently growing at a rate of 0.57% annually and its population has increased by 1.72% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 169,176 in 2020. Spanning over 83 miles, Springfield has a population density of 2,089 people per square mile.

The average household income in Springfield is $51,407 with a poverty rate of 23.77%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Springfield is 33.2 years, 32.4 years for males, and 34.4 years for females.

Springfield is a city located in the state of Missouri. The city serves as the county seat for Greene County and is part of the Springfield-Branson Metro Area. The city is also known as the "Queen City of the Ozarks".

Springfield Today

One of the most unusual things about this city is its weather, which has been listed on Forbes’ list of “America’s Wildest Weather Cities” because of the many changes that can occur even in just one day.

Today, the city has undertaken many renovation projects, particularly in its downtown area. Downtown Springfield is now the site of restaurants, boutiques, loft apartments, bars, and music venues. The city is also home to many museums, parks and performing arts centers, as well as many interesting historical sites. Several institutions of higher education are located in Springfield, including Missouri State University.

The city also has many tourists, with over 3 million overnight visitors coming to the city each year. The national headquarters of many large companies including O’Reilly and Bass Pro Shops have also set up in Springfield, significantly contributing to the local economy.

Springfield Population Statistics

The city’s primary industries are health care, manufacturing, education, tourism, and retail. The largest employer in the city is the Mercy Health System, which employs over 9,000 individuals. CoxHealth, Wal-Mart, Springfield Public Schools, and Missouri State University are among the city’s top employers.

Springfield Population Growth

There hasn’t been a time when the city of Springfield has experienced a decline in population. In its earliest years, it saw significant growth according to census data. In 1880, the population was just over 6,500. By the time of the next census, the population had grown to over 21,000. While population growth has slowed since that time, each 10-year census shows that the numbers continue to climb. In 1970, the city surpassed 100,000 residents. In 2000, that number jumped to over 150,000. Recent estimates indicate that the population has grown almost 5% since the last census taken in 2010. Based on these figures, it won’t be long until Springfield has over 200,000 residents.

The area that is now the city of Springfield was first inhabited by the Osage, Delaware, and Kickapoo tribes. A small village was constructed by the Kickapoo but was abandoned during the 1800s. Shortly after the tribe left the site, John Polk Campbell, the first settler, arrived with his brother from Tennessee. A natural well and small stream were what attracted Campbell to the site. Other immigrants came after, clearing the land for their farms and constructing a general store.

In the 1830s, Greene County was established. Campbell was given 50 acres of land which was to become the county seat. The town was incorporated in 1838. After its incorporation, Springfield grew at a relatively rapid rate. By the 1860s, the town had about 2,000 residents, and it was known for being a commercial center. Trouble was ahead, however, for the town.

The Civil War divided Springfield’s loyalty, leading to the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, which was won by the Confederates. Union troops retreated and upon their return, found that the majority of the Confederates had withdrawn. However, Charles Zagonyi attacked remaining Confederates during the First Battle of Springfield, and the Union was victorious. Confederate forces moved to take over Springfield but later withdrew on the same day. The Union controlled Springfield through the end of the war.

The city’s troubles weren’t over just yet. During the early 1900s, a mob lynched several black men, hanging and burning them in the town square. The attacks led to nationwide attention. Evidence later showed that the men were innocent of the sexual assaults they were accused of. Following this event, many African Americans left the area and today only make up a small percentage of the population.

Springfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Springfield was:

  • White: 87.65%
  • Two or more races: 4.38%
  • Black or African American: 4.28%
  • Asian: 1.81%
  • Other race: 1.18%
  • Native American: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Springfield, Missouri is 172,080 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 169,176.

Springfield, Missouri Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Springfield Population by Race

Springfield Population Pyramid 2023

Springfield Median Age

33.2

Total

32.4

Male

34.4

Female

Springfield Adults

There are 138,310 adults, (26,563 of whom are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

50

Age Dependency Ratio

23.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female86,81851.8%
Male80,78348.2%

Springfield Population by Age

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

2.7

Average Family Size

2.01

Average Household Size

42.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Springfield Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Springfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 72.46%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 32.98%.

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$32,001

Average Earnings

$36,183

Average Male

$29,033

Average Female

Springfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Springfield Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Springfield Language

94.91% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 5.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.38% of the population.

Springfield Language

Springfield Poverty by Race

rate

23.77%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.14%

Male Poverty Rate

22.14%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Other, with 43.21% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Islander, with 11.59% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.28%.

Springfield Poverty

Springfield Poverty Rate by Education

Springfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Springfield Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Springfield Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

38.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.4%

Male Marriage Rate

36.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Springfield Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

9,188

Number of Veterans

8,469

Male Veterans

719

Female Veterans

Springfield Veterans by War

Springfield Veterans by Age

count

Springfield Veterans by Race

Springfield Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

9.38%

Veteran Poverty Rate

38.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

59.7%

Labor Force Participation

56.5%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Springfield Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Springfield Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Springfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

63.1%

Born in Springfield

95.88%

Native Born

3.19%

Foreign Born

1.81%

Non Citizen

1.38%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.88% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 63.1% having been born in Missouri. 1.81% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Springfield Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Springfield Population by Year