Springfield, Missouri Population 2021

168,568
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Springfield is a city located in Greene County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Greene County. With a 2020 population of 168,568, it is the 3rd largest city in Missouri (after Kansas City and St. Louis) and the 157th largest city in the United States . Springfield is currently growing at a rate of 0.20% annually and its population has increased by 5.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 159,498 in 2010. Springfield reached it's highest population of 168,568 in 2021. Spanning over 83 miles, Springfield has a population density of 2,046 people per square mile.

The average household income in Springfield is $51,407 with a poverty rate of 22.92%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $744 per month, and the median house value is $118,100. The median age in Springfield is 33.1 years, 31.8 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.

Springfield is a city located in the state of Missouri. The city serves as the county seat for Greene County and is part of the Springfield-Branson Metro Area. The city is also known as the "Queen City of the Ozarks".

Springfield Today

One of the most unusual things about this city is its weather, which has been listed on Forbes’ list of “America’s Wildest Weather Cities” because of the many changes that can occur even in just one day.

Today, the city has undertaken many renovation projects, particularly in its downtown area. Downtown Springfield is now the site of restaurants, boutiques, loft apartments, bars, and music venues. The city is also home to many museums, parks and performing arts centers, as well as many interesting historical sites. Several institutions of higher education are located in Springfield, including Missouri State University.

The city also has many tourists, with over 3 million overnight visitors coming to the city each year. The national headquarters of many large companies including O’Reilly and Bass Pro Shops have also set up in Springfield, significantly contributing to the local economy.

Springfield Population Statistics

The city’s primary industries are health care, manufacturing, education, tourism, and retail. The largest employer in the city is the Mercy Health System, which employs over 9,000 individuals. CoxHealth, Wal-Mart, Springfield Public Schools, and Missouri State University are among the city’s top employers.

Springfield Population Growth

There hasn’t been a time when the city of Springfield has experienced a decline in population. In its earliest years, it saw significant growth according to census data. In 1880, the population was just over 6,500. By the time of the next census, the population had grown to over 21,000. While population growth has slowed since that time, each 10-year census shows that the numbers continue to climb. In 1970, the city surpassed 100,000 residents. In 2000, that number jumped to over 150,000. Recent estimates indicate that the population has grown almost 5% since the last census taken in 2010. Based on these figures, it won’t be long until Springfield has over 200,000 residents.

The area that is now the city of Springfield was first inhabited by the Osage, Delaware, and Kickapoo tribes. A small village was constructed by the Kickapoo but was abandoned during the 1800s. Shortly after the tribe left the site, John Polk Campbell, the first settler, arrived with his brother from Tennessee. A natural well and small stream were what attracted Campbell to the site. Other immigrants came after, clearing the land for their farms and constructing a general store.

In the 1830s, Greene County was established. Campbell was given 50 acres of land which was to become the county seat. The town was incorporated in 1838. After its incorporation, Springfield grew at a relatively rapid rate. By the 1860s, the town had about 2,000 residents, and it was known for being a commercial center. Trouble was ahead, however, for the town.

The Civil War divided Springfield’s loyalty, leading to the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, which was won by the Confederates. Union troops retreated and upon their return, found that the majority of the Confederates had withdrawn. However, Charles Zagonyi attacked remaining Confederates during the First Battle of Springfield, and the Union was victorious. Confederate forces moved to take over Springfield but later withdrew on the same day. The Union controlled Springfield through the end of the war.

The city’s troubles weren’t over just yet. During the early 1900s, a mob lynched several black men, hanging and burning them in the town square. The attacks led to nationwide attention. Evidence later showed that the men were innocent of the sexual assaults they were accused of. Following this event, many African Americans left the area and today only make up a small percentage of the population.

Springfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Springfield was:

  • White: 88.07%
  • Black or African American: 4.36%
  • Two or more races: 3.59%
  • Asian: 2.08%
  • Other race: 1.17%
  • Native American: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Springfield, Missouri is 168,568 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 167,539.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 159,498.

Springfield, Missouri Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021478,3544,0270.84%
2020474,3274,0270.85%
2019470,3004,0270.86%
2018466,2734,1830.90%
2017462,0904,1730.90%
2016457,9172,3240.51%
2015455,5934,0370.89%
2014451,5563,1290.69%
2013448,4274,0980.91%
2012444,3293,8970.88%
2011440,4323,0830.70%
2010437,3490.00%

Springfield Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White147,12488.07%
Black or African American7,2814.36%
Two or More Races6,0023.59%
Asian3,4822.08%
Some Other Race1,9551.17%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1190.67%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander880.05%
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Springfield Population by Race

Springfield Population Pyramid $2021

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Springfield Median Age

33.1


Total

31.8


Male

34.5


Female

Springfield Adults

There are 137,181 adults, (26,172 of whom are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

50.5

Age Dependency Ratio

23.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female

86,056

51.51%

Male

80,995

48.49%

Springfield Population by Age

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Springfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.6%37.4%
All42.3%57.7%
Male37.6%62.4%
Non Family32%68%
Female30.4%69.6%

42.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Springfield Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,9482.0642.3
Non Family39,2441.332
Married25,3552.8362.6
Female7,9862.9730.4
Male3,3632.8937.6

2.76

Average Family Size

2.06

Average Household Size

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Springfield Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,9492.80%
9th to 12th Grade7,0966.75%
High School Graduate30,20528.73%
Some College27,61626.26%
Associates Degree8,5208.10%
Bachelors Degree17,71316.85%
Graduate Degree11,04710.51%
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Springfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White92,79484,77125,791
Black4,1183,369551
Hispanic3,5462,765845
2+ Races2,2652,018596
Asian1,8561,763927
Other Race954637295
Native American782610124
Islander555511

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.95%.

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,029$34,346$27,243
Less Than 9th Grade$19,640$24,490$14,563
High School Graduate$25,945$30,664$22,347
Some College$27,973$30,999$26,098
Bachelors Degree$38,595$45,702$34,383
Graduate Degree$50,415$56,766$45,973

$31,029

Average Earnings

$34,346

Average Male

$27,243

Average Female

Springfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Springfield Language by Age

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Springfield Language

94.43% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 5.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.75% of the population.

Springfield Language

Springfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White133,74728,85321.57%
Black6,2422,03232.55%
Hispanic6,7661,84227.22%
Multiple5,7471,60928.00%
Asian3,4291,40140.86%
Other1,86547425.42%
Native98822722.98%
Islander523465.38%

22.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.48%

Male Poverty Rate

24.28%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Islander, with 65.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is White, with 21.57% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 37.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.39%.

Springfield Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade34.25%
High School21.57%
Some College16.54%
Bachelors or Greater8.24%

Springfield Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed48.65%
Male Unemployed44.89%
Female Employed16.04%
Male Employed12.94%

Springfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Springfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$36,856$51,407
Families$49,887$66,694
Married Families$60,099$78,744
Non Families$26,262$35,351
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Income by Household Type

Springfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.2%

Male Marriage Rate

36.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

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Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

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Springfield Marital Status

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9,726

Number of Veterans

8,824

Male Veterans

902

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,428
Second Gulf War1,740
First Gulf War1,400
Korea814
World War II334

Springfield Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,395
65 to 742,315
75+2,224
55 to 641,798
18 to 34994

Springfield Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,9567.30%
Black3736.42%
Hispanic2204.45%
2+ Races1845.67%
Native American11612.99%
Asian642.10%
Other Race332.38%

Springfield Veterans by Race

Springfield Veterans by Education

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11.12%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Veterans by Education

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59.3%

Labor Force Participation

56.3%

Employment Rate

4.9%

Unemployment Rate

Springfield Employment by Age

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Springfield Employment by Race

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Springfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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62.75%

Born in Springfield

96.58%

Native Born

3.42%

Foreign Born

2.03%

Non Citizen

1.39%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.58% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 62.75% having been born in Missouri. 2.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Springfield Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021168,5683430.20%
2020168,2253430.20%
2019167,8823430.20%
2018167,5394230.25%
2017167,1165750.35%
2016166,5414080.25%
2015166,1331,3840.84%
2014164,7491,0410.64%
2013163,7081,7931.11%
2012161,9151,6691.04%
2011160,2468700.55%
2010159,3767,7960.50%
2000151,58011,0860.76%
1990140,4947,3780.54%
1980133,11613,0201.03%
1970120,09624,2312.28%
196095,86529,1343.69%
195066,7315,4930.86%
194061,2383,7110.63%
193057,52717,8963.80%
192039,6314,4301.19%
191035,20111,9344.23%
190023,2671,4170.63%
189021,85015,32812.85%
18806,5229671.62%
18705,5555,15514.06%
18504000.00%

Springfield Population by Year