St. Elmo, Illinois Population 2024

1,226

St. Elmo is a city located in Fayette County Illinois. St. Elmo has a 2024 population of 1,226. St. Elmo is currently declining at a rate of -0.65% annually and its population has decreased by -2.08% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,252 in 2020.

The average household income in St. Elmo is $58,921 with a poverty rate of 25.29%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in St. Elmo is 35.7 years, 35.8 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

St. Elmo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of St. Elmo was:

  • White: 97.79%
  • Two or more races: 1.14%
  • Black or African American: 1.07%
  • Native American:
  • Asian:
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
  • Other race:
Land Area (mi²)
1.3 sq mi
Density (mi²)
970.30/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-2.08% (-26)
The current population of St. Elmo, Illinois is 1,226 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 1,252.

St. Elmo, Illinois Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White1,37397.79%
Two or more races161.14%
Black or African American151.07%
Native American
Asian
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Other race
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

St. Elmo Population by Race

St. Elmo Population Pyramid 2024

St. Elmo Median Age

35.7

Total

35.8

Male

35.6

Female

St. Elmo Adults

There are 1,043 adults, (188 of whom are seniors) in St. Elmo.

St. Elmo Age Dependency

64.2

Age Dependency Ratio

22

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.2

Child Dependency Ratio

St. Elmo Sex Ratio

Female73352.21%
Male67147.79%

St. Elmo Population by Age

St. Elmo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All4812.8484.415.6
Married2124.0293.46.6
Non Family2011.2278.621.4
Female514.0464.735.3
Male173.531000
showing: 5 rows

3.94

Average Family Size

2.84

Average Household Size

84.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

St. Elmo Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

St. Elmo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

St. Elmo Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 9.16%.

St. Elmo Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$34,688

Average Earnings

$40,250

Average Male

$28,906

Average Female

St. Elmo Earnings by Educational Attainment

St. Elmo Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

St. Elmo Language

98.93% of St. Elmo residents speak only English, while 1.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 0.69% of the population.

St. Elmo Language

St. Elmo Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White1,33134325.77%
Multiple16212.5%
showing: 2 rows

25.29%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.54%

Male Poverty Rate

25.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in St. Elmo

The race most likely to be in poverty in St. Elmo is White, with 25.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in St. Elmo is Multiple, with 12.5% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.57%.

St. Elmo Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade25.89%
High School16.16%
Some College5.42%
Bachelors or Greater
showing: 4 rows

St. Elmo Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed14.29%
Female Employed13.17%
Male Employed6.98%
Female Unemployed
showing: 4 rows

St. Elmo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

St. Elmo Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

St. Elmo Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

42.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.1%

Male Marriage Rate

38.9%

Female Marriage Rate

St. Elmo Married by Age and Sex

male

female

St. Elmo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

St. Elmo Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

St. Elmo Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

49

Number of Veterans

43

Male Veterans

6

Female Veterans

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St. Elmo Veterans by War

count

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St. Elmo Veterans by Age

count

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St. Elmo Veterans by Race

St. Elmo Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

Veteran Poverty Rate

67.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

St. Elmo Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60.1%

Labor Force Participation

55.5%

Employment Rate

7.6%

Unemployment Rate

St. Elmo Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

St. Elmo Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

St. Elmo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

90.46%

Born in St. Elmo

99.29%

Native Born

0.71%

Foreign Born

Non Citizen

0.71%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.29% of St. Elmo residents were born in the United States, with 90.46% having been born in Illinois. of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

St. Elmo Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20291,186-8-0.67%
20281,194-8-0.67%
20271,202-8-0.66%
20261,210-8-0.66%
20251,218-8-0.65%
20241,226-8-0.65%
20231,234-8-0.64%
20221,242-8-0.64%
20211,250-2-0.16%
20201,252-122-8.88%
20191,37420.15%
20181,372-13-0.94%
20171,385-5-0.36%
20161,390-13-0.93%
20151,403-4-0.28%
20141,407-13-0.92%
20131,420
20121,420-11-0.77%
20111,43130.21%
20101,428
showing: 20 rows

St. Elmo Population by Year